Provided by: tftpd-hpa_5.1-2ubuntu1_i386
tftpd - Trivial File Transfer Protocol server
in.tftpd [options...] directory...
tftpd is a server for the Trivial File Transfer Protocol. The TFTP
protocol is extensively used to support remote booting of diskless
devices. The server is normally started by inetd, but can also run
Connect with IPv4 only, even if IPv6 support was compiled in.
Connect with IPv6 only, if compiled in.
Run the server in standalone (listen) mode, rather than run from
inetd. In listen mode, the --timeout option is ignored, and the
--address option can be used to specify a specific local address
or port to listen to.
Similar to --listen but do not detach from the foreground
process. Implies --listen.
--address [address][:port], -a [address][:port]
Specify a specific address and port to listen to when called
with the --listen or --foreground option. The default is to
listen to the tftp port specified in /etc/services on all local
Please note: Numeric IPv6 adresses must be enclosed in square
brackets to avoid ambiguity with the optional port information.
Allow new files to be created. By default, tftpd will only
allow upload of files that already exist. Files are created
with default permissions allowing anyone to read or write them,
unless the --permissive or --umask options are specified.
Change root directory on startup. This means the remote host
does not need to pass along the directory as part of the
transfer, and may add security. When --secure is specified,
exactly one directory should be specified on the command line.
The use of this option is recommended for security as well as
compatibility with some boot ROMs which cannot be easily made to
include a directory name in its request.
--user username, -u username
Specify the username which tftpd will run as; the default is
"nobody". The user ID, group ID, and (if possible on the
platform) the supplementary group IDs will be set to the ones
specified in the system permission database for this username.
--umask umask, -U umask
Sets the umask for newly created files to the specified value.
The default is zero (anyone can read or write) if the
--permissive option is not specified, or inherited from the
invoking process if --permissive is specified.
Perform no additional permissions checks above the normal
system-provided access controls for the user specified via the
--pidfile pidfile, -P pidfile
When run in standalone mode, write the process ID of the
listening server into pidfile. On normal termination (SIGTERM
or SIGINT) the pid file is automatically removed.
--timeout timeout, -t timeout
When run from inetd this specifies how long, in seconds, to wait
for a second connection before terminating the server. inetd
will then respawn the server when another request comes in. The
default is 900 (15 minutes.)
--retransmit timeout, -T timeout
Determine the default timeout, in microseconds, before the first
packet is retransmitted. This can be modified by the client if
the timeout or utimeout option is negotiated. The default is
1000000 (1 second.)
--map-file remap-file, -m remap-file
Specify the use of filename remapping. The remap-file is a file
containing the remapping rules. See the section on filename
remapping below. This option may not be compiled in, see the
output of in.tftpd -V to verify whether or not it is available.
Increase the logging verbosity of tftpd. This flag can be
specified multiple times for even higher verbosity.
Set the verbosity value to value.
--refuse tftp-option, -r tftp-option
Indicate that a specific RFC 2347 TFTP option should never be
--blocksize max-block-size, -B max-block-size
Specifies the maximum permitted block size. The permitted range
for this parameter is from 512 to 65464. Some embedded clients
request large block sizes and yet do not handle fragmented
packets correctly; for these clients, it is recommended to set
this value to the smallest MTU on your network minus 32 bytes
(20 bytes for IP, 8 for UDP, and 4 for TFTP; less if you use IP
options on your network.) For example, on a standard Ethernet
(MTU 1500) a value of 1468 is reasonable.
--port-range port:port, -R port:port
Force the server port number (the Transaction ID) to be in the
specified range of port numbers.
Print the version number and configuration to standard output,
then exit gracefully.
RFC 2347 OPTION NEGOTIATION
This version of tftpd supports RFC 2347 option negotation. Currently
implemented options are:
blksize (RFC 2348)
Set the transfer block size to anything less than or equal to
the specified option. This version of tftpd can support any
block size up to the theoretical maximum of 65464 bytes.
Set the transfer block size to anything less than or equal to
the specified option, but restrict the possible responses to
powers of 2. The maximum is 32768 bytes (the largest power of 2
less than or equal to 65464.)
tsize (RFC 2349)
Report the size of the file that is about to be transferred.
This version of tftpd only supports the tsize option for binary
(octet) mode transfers.
timeout (RFC 2349)
Set the time before the server retransmits a packet, in seconds.
Set the time before the server retransmits a packet, in
Set the block number to resume at after a block number rollover.
The default and recommended value is zero.
The --refuse option can be used to disable specific options; this may
be necessary to work around bugs in specific TFTP client
implementations. For example, some TFTP clients have been found to
request the blksize option, but crash with an error if they actually
get the option accepted by the server.
The --map-file option specifies a file which contains filename
remapping rules. Each non-comment line (comments begin with hash
marks, #) contains an operation, specified below; a regex, a regular
expression in the style of egrep; and optionally a replacement pattern.
The operation indicated by operation is performed if the regex matches
all or part of the filename. Rules are processed from the top down,
and by default, all rules are processed even if there is a match.
The operation can be any combination of the following letters:
r Replace the substring matched by regex by the replacement
pattern. The replacement pattern may contain escape sequences;
g Repeat this rule until it no longer matches. This is always
used with r.
i Match the regex case-insensitively. By default it is case
e If this rule matches, end rule processing after executing the
s If this rule matches, start rule processing over from the very
first rule after executing this rule.
a If this rule matches, refuse the request and send an access
denied error to the client.
G This rule applies to GET (RRQ) requests only.
P This rule applies to PUT (WRQ) requests only.
~ Inverse the sense of this rule, i.e. execute the operation only
if the regex doesn't match. Cannot used together with r.
The following escape sequences are recognized as part of the
\0 The entire string matched by the regex.
\1 to \9
The strings matched by each of the first nine parenthesized
subexpressions, \( ... \), of the regex pattern.
\i The IP address of the requesting host, in dotted-quad notation
\x The IP address of the requesting host, in hexadecimal notation
\\ Literal backslash.
\# Literal hash mark.
\U Turns all subsequent letters to upper case.
\L Turns all subsequent letters to lower case.
\E Cancels the effect of \U or \L.
If the mapping file is changed, you need to send SIGHUP to any
outstanding tftpd process.
The use of TFTP services does not require an account or password on the
server system. Due to the lack of authentication information, tftpd
will allow only publicly readable files (o+r) to be accessed, unless
the --permissive option is specified. Files may be written only if
they already exist and are publicly writable, unless the --create
option is specified. Note that this extends the concept of ``public''
to include all users on all hosts that can be reached through the
network; this may not be appropriate on all systems, and its
implications should be considered before enabling TFTP service.
Typically, some kind of firewall or packet-filter solution should be
employed. If appropriately compiled (see the output of in.tftpd
--version) tftpd will query the hosts_access(5) database for access
control information. This may be slow; sites requiring maximum
performance may want to compile without this option and rely on
firewalling or kernel-based packet filters instead.
The server should be set to run as the user with the lowest possible
privilege; please see the --user flag. It is probably a good idea to
set up a specific user account for tftpd, rather than letting it run as
"nobody", to guard against privilege leaks between applications.
Access to files can, and should, be restricted by invoking tftpd with a
list of directories by including pathnames as server program arguments
on the command line. In this case access is restricted to files whole
names are prefixed by one of the given directories. If possible, it is
recommended that the --secure flag is used to set up a chroot()
environment for the server to run in once a connection has been set up.
Finally, the filename remapping (--map-file flag) support can be used
to provide a limited amount of additional access control.
RFC 1123, Requirements for Internet Hosts - Application and Support.
RFC 1350, The TFTP Protocol (revision 2).
RFC 2347, TFTP Option Extension.
RFC 2348, TFTP Blocksize Option.
RFC 2349, TFTP Timeout Interval and Transfer Size Options.
This version of tftpd is maintained by H. Peter Anvin <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
It was derived from, but has substantially diverged from, an OpenBSD
source base, with added patches by Markus Gutschke and Gero Kulhman.
tftp(1), egrep(1), umask(2), hosts_access(5), regex(7), inetd(8).