Provided by: mercurial-common_1.9.1-1_all bug

NAME

       hg - Mercurial source code management system

SYNOPSIS

       hg command [option]... [argument]...

DESCRIPTION

       The  hg  command  provides  a  command  line interface to the Mercurial
       system.

COMMAND ELEMENTS

       files...
              indicates one or more filename or relative path  filenames;  see
              File Name Patterns for information on pattern matching

       path   indicates a path on the local machine

       revision
              indicates  a  changeset  which  can  be specified as a changeset
              revision number, a tag, or a unique substring of  the  changeset
              hash value

       repository path
              either the pathname of a local repository or the URI of a remote
              repository.

OPTIONS

       -R, --repository
              repository root directory or name of overlay bundle file

       --cwd  change working directory

       -y, --noninteractive
              do not prompt, automatically  pick  the  first  choice  for  all
              prompts

       -q, --quiet
              suppress output

       -v, --verbose
              enable additional output

       --config
              set/override config option (use 'section.name=value')

       --debug
              enable debugging output

       --debugger
              start debugger

       --encoding
              set the charset encoding (default: ascii)

       --encodingmode
              set the charset encoding mode (default: strict)

       --traceback
              always print a traceback on exception

       --time time how long the command takes

       --profile
              print command execution profile

       --version
              output version information and exit

       -h, --help
              display help and exit

COMMANDS

   add
       hg add [OPTION]... [FILE]...

       Schedule files to be version controlled and added to the repository.

       The  files  will be added to the repository at the next commit. To undo
       an add before that, see hg forget.

       If no names are given, add all files to the repository.

       An example showing how new (unknown) files are added  automatically  by
       hg add:

       $ ls
       foo.c
       $ hg status
       ? foo.c
       $ hg add
       adding foo.c
       $ hg status
       A foo.c

       Returns 0 if all files are successfully added.

       Options:

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

       -S, --subrepos
              recurse into subrepositories

       -n, --dry-run
              do not perform actions, just print output

   addremove
       hg addremove [OPTION]... [FILE]...

       Add all new files and remove all missing files from the repository.

       New  files  are ignored if they match any of the patterns in .hgignore.
       As with add, these changes take effect at the next commit.

       Use  the  -s/--similarity  option  to  detect  renamed  files.  With  a
       parameter  greater  than 0, this compares every removed file with every
       added file and records those similar enough  as  renames.  This  option
       takes  a  percentage  between  0  (disabled)  and  100  (files  must be
       identical) as its parameter. Detecting renamed files this  way  can  be
       expensive.  After  using this option, hg status -C can be used to check
       which files were identified as moved or renamed.

       Returns 0 if all files are successfully added.

       Options:

       -s, --similarity
              guess renamed files by similarity (0<=s<=100)

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

       -n, --dry-run
              do not perform actions, just print output

   annotate
       hg annotate [-r REV] [-f] [-a] [-u] [-d] [-n] [-c] [-l] FILE...

       List changes in files, showing the revision  id  responsible  for  each
       line

       This  command  is  useful for discovering when a change was made and by
       whom.

       Without the -a/--text option, annotate will avoid processing  files  it
       detects  as  binary.  With  -a, annotate will annotate the file anyway,
       although the results will probably be neither useful nor desirable.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -r, --rev
              annotate the specified revision

       --follow
              follow copies/renames and list the filename (DEPRECATED)

       --no-follow
              don't follow copies and renames

       -a, --text
              treat all files as text

       -u, --user
              list the author (long with -v)

       -f, --file
              list the filename

       -d, --date
              list the date (short with -q)

       -n, --number
              list the revision number (default)

       -c, --changeset
              list the changeset

       -l, --line-number
              show line number at the first appearance

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

              aliases: blame

   archive
       hg archive [OPTION]... DEST

       By default, the revision used is the parent of the  working  directory;
       use -r/--rev to specify a different revision.

       The  archive type is automatically detected based on file extension (or
       override using -t/--type).

       Valid types are:

       files

              a directory full of files (default)

       tar

              tar archive, uncompressed

       tbz2

              tar archive, compressed using bzip2

       tgz

              tar archive, compressed using gzip

       uzip

              zip archive, uncompressed

       zip

              zip archive, compressed using deflate

       The exact name of the destination archive or directory is given using a
       format string; see hg help export for details.

       Each  member added to an archive file has a directory prefix prepended.
       Use -p/--prefix to specify a format string for the prefix. The  default
       is the basename of the archive, with suffixes removed.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       --no-decode
              do not pass files through decoders

       -p, --prefix
              directory prefix for files in archive

       -r, --rev
              revision to distribute

       -t, --type
              type of distribution to create

       -S, --subrepos
              recurse into subrepositories

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

   backout
       hg backout [OPTION]... [-r] REV

       Prepare  a  new  changeset with the effect of REV undone in the current
       working directory.

       If REV is the parent of the working directory, then this new  changeset
       is  committed  automatically.  Otherwise, hg needs to merge the changes
       and the merged result is left uncommitted.

       By default, the pending changeset will have one parent,  maintaining  a
       linear  history.  With --merge, the pending changeset will instead have
       two parents: the old parent of the working directory and a new child of
       REV that simply undoes REV.

       Before  version  1.7,  the  behavior  without --merge was equivalent to
       specifying --merge followed by hg update --clean . to cancel the  merge
       and leave the child of REV as a head to be merged separately.

       See hg help dates for a list of formats valid for -d/--date.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       --merge
              merge with old dirstate parent after backout

       --parent
              parent to choose when backing out merge

       -t, --tool
              specify merge tool

       -r, --rev
              revision to backout

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

       -m, --message
              use text as commit message

       -l, --logfile
              read commit message from file

       -d, --date
              record the specified date as commit date

       -u, --user
              record the specified user as committer

   bisect
       hg bisect [-gbsr] [-U] [-c CMD] [REV]

       This command helps to find changesets which introduce problems. To use,
       mark the earliest changeset you know exhibits the problem as bad,  then
       mark  the  latest  changeset  which  is  free from the problem as good.
       Bisect will update your working directory to  a  revision  for  testing
       (unless the -U/--noupdate option is specified). Once you have performed
       tests, mark the working directory as  good  or  bad,  and  bisect  will
       either  update  to  another candidate changeset or announce that it has
       found the bad revision.

       As a shortcut, you can  also  use  the  revision  argument  to  mark  a
       revision as good or bad without checking it out first.

       If  you supply a command, it will be used for automatic bisection.  Its
       exit status will be used to mark revisions as good  or  bad:  status  0
       means  good,  125  means  to skip the revision, 127 (command not found)
       will abort the bisection, and any other non-zero exit status means  the
       revision is bad.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -r, --reset
              reset bisect state

       -g, --good
              mark changeset good

       -b, --bad
              mark changeset bad

       -s, --skip
              skip testing changeset

       -e, --extend
              extend the bisect range

       -c, --command
              use command to check changeset state

       -U, --noupdate
              do not update to target

   bookmarks
       hg bookmarks [-f] [-d] [-i] [-m NAME] [-r REV] [NAME]

       Bookmarks  are  pointers  to certain commits that move when committing.
       Bookmarks are local. They can be renamed, copied  and  deleted.  It  is
       possible  to  use bookmark names in hg merge and hg update to merge and
       update respectively to a given bookmark.

       You can  use  hg  bookmark  NAME to  set  a  bookmark  on  the  working
       directory's  parent  revision  with  the  given  name. If you specify a
       revision using -r REV (where REV may  be  an  existing  bookmark),  the
       bookmark is assigned to that revision.

       Bookmarks  can  be  pushed and pulled between repositories (see hg help
       push and hg help  pull).  This  requires  both  the  local  and  remote
       repositories  to  support  bookmarks.  For  versions prior to 1.8, this
       means the bookmarks extension must be enabled.

       Options:

       -f, --force
              force

       -r, --rev
              revision

       -d, --delete
              delete a given bookmark

       -m, --rename
              rename a given bookmark

       -i, --inactive
              do not mark a new bookmark active

   branch
       hg branch [-fC] [NAME]

       With no argument, show the current branch name. With one argument,  set
       the  working  directory  branch  name (the branch will not exist in the
       repository until the next commit). Standard  practice  recommends  that
       primary development take place on the 'default' branch.

       Unless  -f/--force  is  specified, branch will not let you set a branch
       name that already exists, even if it's inactive.

       Use -C/--clean to reset the working directory branch  to  that  of  the
       parent of the working directory, negating a previous branch change.

       Use  the  command  hg  update to  switch  to an existing branch. Use hg
       commit --close-branch to mark this branch as closed.

       Note   Branch  names  are  permanent.  Use  hg  bookmark to  create   a
              light-weight  bookmark  instead.  See  hg help glossary for more
              information about named branches and bookmarks.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -f, --force
              set branch name even if it shadows an existing branch

       -C, --clean
              reset branch name to parent branch name

   branches
       hg branches [-ac]

       List  the  repository's  named  branches,  indicating  which  ones  are
       inactive.  If  -c/--closed  is specified, also list branches which have
       been marked closed (see hg commit --close-branch).

       If -a/--active is specified, only show active  branches.  A  branch  is
       considered active if it contains repository heads.

       Use the command hg update to switch to an existing branch.

       Returns 0.

       Options:

       -a, --active
              show only branches that have unmerged heads

       -c, --closed
              show normal and closed branches

   bundle
       hg bundle [-f] [-t TYPE] [-a] [-r REV]... [--base REV]... FILE [DEST]

       Generate  a compressed changegroup file collecting changesets not known
       to be in another repository.

       If you omit the destination repository, then hg assumes the destination
       will have all the nodes you specify with --base parameters. To create a
       bundle containing all changesets, use -a/--all (or --base null).

       You can change compression  method  with  the  -t/--type  option.   The
       available  compression  methods are: none, bzip2, and gzip (by default,
       bundles are compressed using bzip2).

       The bundle file can then be transferred using  conventional  means  and
       applied  to  another repository with the unbundle or pull command. This
       is useful when direct push and pull are not available or when exporting
       an entire repository is undesirable.

       Applying   bundles   preserves   all   changeset   contents   including
       permissions, copy/rename information, and revision history.

       Returns 0 on success, 1 if no changes found.

       Options:

       -f, --force
              run even when the destination is unrelated

       -r, --rev
              a changeset intended to be added to the destination

       -b, --branch
              a specific branch you would like to bundle

       --base a base changeset assumed to be available at the destination

       -a, --all
              bundle all changesets in the repository

       -t, --type
              bundle compression type to use (default: bzip2)

       -e, --ssh
              specify ssh command to use

       --remotecmd
              specify hg command to run on the remote side

       --insecure
              do not verify server certificate (ignoring web.cacerts config)

   cat
       hg cat [OPTION]... FILE...

       Print the specified files as they were at the  given  revision.  If  no
       revision  is given, the parent of the working directory is used, or tip
       if no revision is checked out.

       Output may be to a file, in which case the name of the  file  is  given
       using  a  format  string.  The formatting rules are the same as for the
       export command, with the following additions:

       %s

              basename of file being printed

       %d

              dirname of file being printed, or '.' if in repository root

       %p

              root-relative path name of file being printed

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -o, --output
              print output to file with formatted name

       -r, --rev
              print the given revision

       --decode
              apply any matching decode filter

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

   clone
       hg clone [OPTION]... SOURCE [DEST]

       Create a copy of an existing repository in a new directory.

       If no destination directory name  is  specified,  it  defaults  to  the
       basename of the source.

       The  location  of  the source is added to the new repository's .hg/hgrc
       file, as the default to be used for future pulls.

       See hg help urls for valid source format details.

       It is possible to specify an ssh:// URL  as  the  destination,  but  no
       .hg/hgrc  and  working  directory  will  be created on the remote side.
       Please see hg help urls for important details about ssh:// URLs.

       A set of changesets (tags, or branch names) to pull may be specified by
       listing  each  changeset  (tag,  or  branch  name)  with  -r/--rev.  If
       -r/--rev is used, the cloned repository will contain only a  subset  of
       the  changesets  of  the  source repository. Only the set of changesets
       defined by all -r/--rev options (including all their ancestors) will be
       pulled  into  the  destination  repository.   No  subsequent changesets
       (including subsequent tags) will be present in the destination.

       Using -r/--rev (or 'clone src#rev dest') implies --pull, even for local
       source repositories.

       For  efficiency, hardlinks are used for cloning whenever the source and
       destination are on the same filesystem (note this applies only  to  the
       repository  data, not to the working directory). Some filesystems, such
       as AFS, implement hardlinking incorrectly, but do not report errors. In
       these cases, use the --pull option to avoid hardlinking.

       In  some  cases,  you  can clone repositories and the working directory
       using full hardlinks with

       $ cp -al REPO REPOCLONE

       This is the fastest way to clone,  but  it  is  not  always  safe.  The
       operation  is  not  atomic (making sure REPO is not modified during the
       operation is up to you) and you have to make sure  your  editor  breaks
       hardlinks  (Emacs and most Linux Kernel tools do so). Also, this is not
       compatible with certain extensions that place their metadata under  the
       .hg directory, such as mq.

       Mercurial  will  update  the  working directory to the first applicable
       revision from this list:

       a. null if -U or the source repository has no changesets

       b. if -u . and the source repository is local, the first parent of  the
          source repository's working directory

       c. the  changeset  specified  with -u (if a branch name, this means the
          latest head of that branch)

       d. the changeset specified with -r

       e. the tipmost head specified with -b

       f. the tipmost head specified with the url#branch source syntax

       g. the tipmost head of the default branch

       h. tip

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -U, --noupdate
              the clone will include an empty working copy (only a repository)

       -u, --updaterev
              revision, tag or branch to check out

       -r, --rev
              include the specified changeset

       -b, --branch
              clone only the specified branch

       --pull use pull protocol to copy metadata

       --uncompressed
              use uncompressed transfer (fast over LAN)

       -e, --ssh
              specify ssh command to use

       --remotecmd
              specify hg command to run on the remote side

       --insecure
              do not verify server certificate (ignoring web.cacerts config)

   commit
       hg commit [OPTION]... [FILE]...

       Commit changes to  the  given  files  into  the  repository.  Unlike  a
       centralized SCM, this operation is a local operation. See hg push for a
       way to actively distribute your changes.

       If a list of files is omitted, all changes reported by  hg  status will
       be committed.

       If  you  are  committing  the  result  of  a  merge, do not provide any
       filenames or -I/-X filters.

       If no commit message is specified,  Mercurial  starts  your  configured
       editor  where  you  can enter a message. In case your commit fails, you
       will find a backup of your message in .hg/last-message.txt.

       See hg help dates for a list of formats valid for -d/--date.

       Returns 0 on success, 1 if nothing changed.

       Options:

       -A, --addremove
              mark new/missing files as added/removed before committing

       --close-branch
              mark a branch as closed, hiding it from the branch list

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

       -m, --message
              use text as commit message

       -l, --logfile
              read commit message from file

       -d, --date
              record the specified date as commit date

       -u, --user
              record the specified user as committer

              aliases: ci

   copy
       hg copy [OPTION]... [SOURCE]... DEST

       Mark dest as having copies of source files. If  dest  is  a  directory,
       copies are put in that directory. If dest is a file, the source must be
       a single file.

       By default, this command copies the contents of files as they exist  in
       the  working  directory.  If  invoked with -A/--after, the operation is
       recorded, but no copying is performed.

       This command takes effect with the next commit. To undo a  copy  before
       that, see hg revert.

       Returns 0 on success, 1 if errors are encountered.

       Options:

       -A, --after
              record a copy that has already occurred

       -f, --force
              forcibly copy over an existing managed file

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

       -n, --dry-run
              do not perform actions, just print output

              aliases: cp

   diff
       hg diff [OPTION]... ([-c REV] | [-r REV1 [-r REV2]]) [FILE]...

       Show differences between revisions for the specified files.

       Differences between files are shown using the unified diff format.

       Note   diff  may  generate  unexpected  results  for merges, as it will
              default to  comparing  against  the  working  directory's  first
              parent changeset if no revisions are specified.

       When  two  revision arguments are given, then changes are shown between
       those revisions. If only one revision is specified then  that  revision
       is  compared  to  the  working  directory,  and,  when no revisions are
       specified, the working directory files are compared to its parent.

       Alternatively you can specify -c/--change with a revision  to  see  the
       changes in that changeset relative to its first parent.

       Without the -a/--text option, diff will avoid generating diffs of files
       it detects as binary. With  -a,  diff  will  generate  a  diff  anyway,
       probably with undesirable results.

       Use  the  -g/--git  option  to  generate diffs in the git extended diff
       format. For more information, read hg help diffs.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -r, --rev
              revision

       -c, --change
              change made by revision

       -a, --text
              treat all files as text

       -g, --git
              use git extended diff format

       --nodates
              omit dates from diff headers

       -p, --show-function
              show which function each change is in

       --reverse
              produce a diff that undoes the changes

       -w, --ignore-all-space
              ignore white space when comparing lines

       -b, --ignore-space-change
              ignore changes in the amount of white space

       -B, --ignore-blank-lines
              ignore changes whose lines are all blank

       -U, --unified
              number of lines of context to show

       --stat output diffstat-style summary of changes

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

       -S, --subrepos
              recurse into subrepositories

   export
       hg export [OPTION]... [-o OUTFILESPEC] REV...

       Print the changeset header and diffs for one or more revisions.

       The information shown in the changeset header is: author, date,  branch
       name (if non-default), changeset hash, parent(s) and commit comment.

       Note   export may generate unexpected diff output for merge changesets,
              as it will compare the merge changeset against its first  parent
              only.

       Output  may  be  to a file, in which case the name of the file is given
       using a format string. The formatting rules are as follows:

       %%

              literal "%" character

       %H

              changeset hash (40 hexadecimal digits)

       %N

              number of patches being generated

       %R

              changeset revision number

       %b

              basename of the exporting repository

       %h

              short-form changeset hash (12 hexadecimal digits)

       %n

              zero-padded sequence number, starting at 1

       %r

              zero-padded changeset revision number

       Without the -a/--text option, export will  avoid  generating  diffs  of
       files  it  detects  as  binary.  With  -a,  export will generate a diff
       anyway, probably with undesirable results.

       Use the -g/--git option to generate diffs  in  the  git  extended  diff
       format. See hg help diffs for more information.

       With  the  --switch-parent  option, the diff will be against the second
       parent. It can be useful to review a merge.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -o, --output
              print output to file with formatted name

       --switch-parent
              diff against the second parent

       -r, --rev
              revisions to export

       -a, --text
              treat all files as text

       -g, --git
              use git extended diff format

       --nodates
              omit dates from diff headers

   forget
       hg forget [OPTION]... FILE...

       Mark the specified files so they will no longer be  tracked  after  the
       next commit.

       This  only  removes  files from the current branch, not from the entire
       project  history,  and  it  does  not  delete  them  from  the  working
       directory.

       To undo a forget before the next commit, see hg add.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

   grep
       hg grep [OPTION]... PATTERN [FILE]...

       Search revisions of files for a regular expression.

       This  command  behaves  differently  than  Unix  grep.  It only accepts
       Python/Perl regexps. It searches repository history,  not  the  working
       directory.  It  always  prints  the  revision  number  in which a match
       appears.

       By default, grep only prints output for the first revision of a file in
       which it finds a match. To get it to print every revision that contains
       a change in match status ("-" for a match that becomes a non-match,  or
       "+" for a non-match that becomes a match), use the --all flag.

       Returns 0 if a match is found, 1 otherwise.

       Options:

       -0, --print0
              end fields with NUL

       --all  print all revisions that match

       -a, --text
              treat all files as text

       -f, --follow
              follow  changeset  history,  or  file  history across copies and
              renames

       -i, --ignore-case
              ignore case when matching

       -l, --files-with-matches
              print only filenames and revisions that match

       -n, --line-number
              print matching line numbers

       -r, --rev
              only search files changed within revision range

       -u, --user
              list the author (long with -v)

       -d, --date
              list the date (short with -q)

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

   heads
       hg heads [-ac] [-r STARTREV] [REV]...

       With no arguments, show all repository branch heads.

       Repository "heads" are changesets with no child  changesets.  They  are
       where  development  generally takes place and are the usual targets for
       update and merge operations. Branch heads are changesets that  have  no
       child changeset on the same branch.

       If  one  or  more  REVs  are  given,  only branch heads on the branches
       associated with the specified changesets are shown.

       If -c/--closed is specified, also show branch heads marked closed  (see
       hg commit --close-branch).

       If  STARTREV  is  specified,  only  those heads that are descendants of
       STARTREV will be displayed.

       If -t/--topo is specified, named branch mechanics will be  ignored  and
       only changesets without children will be shown.

       Returns 0 if matching heads are found, 1 if not.

       Options:

       -r, --rev
              show only heads which are descendants of STARTREV

       -t, --topo
              show topological heads only

       -a, --active
              show active branchheads only (DEPRECATED)

       -c, --closed
              show normal and closed branch heads

       --style
              display using template map file

       --template
              display with template

   help
       hg help [-ec] [TOPIC]

       With no arguments, print a list of commands with short help messages.

       Given a topic, extension, or command name, print help for that topic.

       Returns 0 if successful.

       Options:

       -e, --extension
              show only help for extensions

       -c, --command
              show only help for commands

   identify
       hg identify [-nibtB] [-r REV] [SOURCE]

       Print  a  summary  identifying the repository state at REV using one or
       two parent hash identifiers, followed by a "+" if the working directory
       has  uncommitted  changes,  the branch name (if not default), a list of
       tags, and a list of bookmarks.

       When REV is not given, print a summary of  the  current  state  of  the
       repository.

       Specifying  a  path to a repository root or Mercurial bundle will cause
       lookup to operate on that repository/bundle.

       Returns 0 if successful.

       Options:

       -r, --rev
              identify the specified revision

       -n, --num
              show local revision number

       -i, --id
              show global revision id

       -b, --branch
              show branch

       -t, --tags
              show tags

       -B, --bookmarks
              show bookmarks

              aliases: id

   import
       hg import [OPTION]... PATCH...

       Import  a  list  of  patches  and  commit  them  individually   (unless
       --no-commit is specified).

       If  there are outstanding changes in the working directory, import will
       abort unless given the -f/--force flag.

       You can import a patch straight from a mail message.  Even  patches  as
       attachments work (to use the body part, it must have type text/plain or
       text/x-patch). From and Subject headers of email message  are  used  as
       default  committer and commit message. All text/plain body parts before
       first diff are added to commit message.

       If the imported patch was generated by hg export, user and  description
       from  patch override values from message headers and body. Values given
       on command line with -m/--message and -u/--user override these.

       If --exact is specified, import will set the working directory  to  the
       parent  of  each  patch  before  applying  it,  and  will  abort if the
       resulting changeset has a different ID than the  one  recorded  in  the
       patch.  This  may  happen  due  to  character  set  problems  or  other
       deficiencies in the text patch format.

       Use --bypass to apply and commit patches directly  to  the  repository,
       not  touching  the  working directory. Without --exact, patches will be
       applied on top of the working directory parent revision.

       With -s/--similarity, hg will attempt to discover renames and copies in
       the patch in the same way as 'addremove'.

       To  read  a  patch from standard input, use "-" as the patch name. If a
       URL is specified, the patch will be downloaded from it.   See  hg  help
       dates for a list of formats valid for -d/--date.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -p, --strip
              directory  strip  option for patch. This has the same meaning as
              the corresponding patch option (default: 1)

       -b, --base
              base path (DEPRECATED)

       -f, --force
              skip check for outstanding uncommitted changes

       --no-commit
              don't commit, just update the working directory

       --bypass
              apply patch without touching the working directory

       --exact
              apply patch to the nodes from which it was generated

       --import-branch
              use any branch information in patch (implied by --exact)

       -m, --message
              use text as commit message

       -l, --logfile
              read commit message from file

       -d, --date
              record the specified date as commit date

       -u, --user
              record the specified user as committer

       -s, --similarity
              guess renamed files by similarity (0<=s<=100)

              aliases: patch

   incoming
       hg incoming [-p] [-n] [-M] [-f] [-r REV]... [--bundle FILENAME] [SOURCE]

       Show new changesets found in the specified path/URL or the default pull
       location.  These  are  the  changesets that would have been pulled if a
       pull at the time you issued this command.

       For remote repository, using --bundle avoids downloading the changesets
       twice if the incoming is followed by a pull.

       See pull for valid source format details.

       Returns 0 if there are incoming changes, 1 otherwise.

       Options:

       -f, --force
              run even if remote repository is unrelated

       -n, --newest-first
              show newest record first

       --bundle
              file to store the bundles into

       -r, --rev
              a remote changeset intended to be added

       -B, --bookmarks
              compare bookmarks

       -b, --branch
              a specific branch you would like to pull

       -p, --patch
              show patch

       -g, --git
              use git extended diff format

       -l, --limit
              limit number of changes displayed

       -M, --no-merges
              do not show merges

       --stat output diffstat-style summary of changes

       --style
              display using template map file

       --template
              display with template

       -e, --ssh
              specify ssh command to use

       --remotecmd
              specify hg command to run on the remote side

       --insecure
              do not verify server certificate (ignoring web.cacerts config)

       -S, --subrepos
              recurse into subrepositories

              aliases: in

   init
       hg init [-e CMD] [--remotecmd CMD] [DEST]

       Initialize  a  new  repository  in  the  given  directory. If the given
       directory does not exist, it will be created.

       If no directory is given, the current directory is used.

       It is possible to specify an ssh:// URL as  the  destination.   See  hg
       help urls for more information.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -e, --ssh
              specify ssh command to use

       --remotecmd
              specify hg command to run on the remote side

       --insecure
              do not verify server certificate (ignoring web.cacerts config)

   locate
       hg locate [OPTION]... [PATTERN]...

       Print  files  under  Mercurial  control  in the working directory whose
       names match the given patterns.

       By default, this  command  searches  all  directories  in  the  working
       directory. To search just the current directory and its subdirectories,
       use "--include .".

       If no patterns are given to match, this command prints the names of all
       files under Mercurial control in the working directory.

       If  you  want  to  feed  the  output  of  this command into the "xargs"
       command, use the -0 option to both this command and "xargs". This  will
       avoid  the  problem  of  "xargs" treating single filenames that contain
       whitespace as multiple filenames.

       Returns 0 if a match is found, 1 otherwise.

       Options:

       -r, --rev
              search the repository as it is in REV

       -0, --print0
              end filenames with NUL, for use with xargs

       -f, --fullpath
              print complete paths from the filesystem root

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

   log
       hg log [OPTION]... [FILE]

       Print the revision  history  of  the  specified  files  or  the  entire
       project.

       File  history  is  shown  without  following  rename or copy history of
       files. Use -f/--follow with a filename to follow history across renames
       and  copies.  --follow  without  a filename will only show ancestors or
       descendants of the starting revision. --follow-first only  follows  the
       first parent of merge revisions.

       If no revision range is specified, the default is tip:0 unless --follow
       is set, in which case the working  directory  parent  is  used  as  the
       starting  revision. You can specify a revision set for log, see hg help
       revsets for more information.

       See hg help dates for a list of formats valid for -d/--date.

       By default this command prints revision number and changeset id,  tags,
       non-trivial  parents,  user,  date  and  time,  and  a summary for each
       commit. When the -v/--verbose switch is used, the list of changed files
       and full commit message are shown.

       Note   log  -p/--patch  may  generate  unexpected diff output for merge
              changesets, as it will only compare the merge changeset  against
              its  first  parent. Also, only files different from BOTH parents
              will appear in files:.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -f, --follow
              follow changeset history, or  file  history  across  copies  and
              renames

       --follow-first
              only follow the first parent of merge changesets

       -d, --date
              show revisions matching date spec

       -C, --copies
              show copied files

       -k, --keyword
              do case-insensitive search for a given text

       -r, --rev
              show the specified revision or range

       --removed
              include revisions where files were removed

       -m, --only-merges
              show only merges

       -u, --user
              revisions committed by user

       --only-branch
              show only changesets within the given named branch (DEPRECATED)

       -b, --branch
              show changesets within the given named branch

       -P, --prune
              do not display revision or any of its ancestors

       -h, --hidden
              show hidden changesets

       -p, --patch
              show patch

       -g, --git
              use git extended diff format

       -l, --limit
              limit number of changes displayed

       -M, --no-merges
              do not show merges

       --stat output diffstat-style summary of changes

       --style
              display using template map file

       --template
              display with template

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

              aliases: history

   manifest
       hg manifest [-r REV]

       Print a list of version controlled files for the given revision.  If no
       revision is given, the first parent of the working directory  is  used,
       or the null revision if no revision is checked out.

       With  -v,  print  file  permissions, symlink and executable bits.  With
       --debug, print file revision hashes.

       If option --all is specified, the list of all files from all  revisions
       is printed. This includes deleted and renamed files.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -r, --rev
              revision to display

       --all  list files from all revisions

   merge
       hg merge [-P] [-f] [[-r] REV]

       The  current  working directory is updated with all changes made in the
       requested revision since the last common predecessor revision.

       Files that changed between either parent are marked as changed for  the
       next  commit  and a commit must be performed before any further updates
       to the repository are allowed. The next commit will have two parents.

       --tool can be used to specify the merge tool used for file  merges.  It
       overrides  the  HGMERGE  environment  variable  and  your configuration
       files. See hg help merge-tools for options.

       If no revision is specified, the working directory's parent is  a  head
       revision,  and  the current branch contains exactly one other head, the
       other head is merged with by default. Otherwise, an  explicit  revision
       with which to merge with must be provided.

       hg resolve must be used to resolve unresolved files.

       To  undo an uncommitted merge, use hg update --clean . which will check
       out a clean copy of the original merge parent, losing all changes.

       Returns 0 on success, 1 if there are unresolved files.

       Options:

       -f, --force
              force a merge with outstanding changes

       -t, --tool
              specify merge tool

       -r, --rev
              revision to merge

       -P, --preview
              review revisions to merge (no merge is performed)

   outgoing
       hg outgoing [-M] [-p] [-n] [-f] [-r REV]... [DEST]

       Show changesets not found in the specified  destination  repository  or
       the  default  push  location.  These  are  the changesets that would be
       pushed if a push was requested.

       See pull for details of valid destination formats.

       Returns 0 if there are outgoing changes, 1 otherwise.

       Options:

       -f, --force
              run even when the destination is unrelated

       -r, --rev
              a changeset intended to be included in the destination

       -n, --newest-first
              show newest record first

       -B, --bookmarks
              compare bookmarks

       -b, --branch
              a specific branch you would like to push

       -p, --patch
              show patch

       -g, --git
              use git extended diff format

       -l, --limit
              limit number of changes displayed

       -M, --no-merges
              do not show merges

       --stat output diffstat-style summary of changes

       --style
              display using template map file

       --template
              display with template

       -e, --ssh
              specify ssh command to use

       --remotecmd
              specify hg command to run on the remote side

       --insecure
              do not verify server certificate (ignoring web.cacerts config)

       -S, --subrepos
              recurse into subrepositories

              aliases: out

   parents
       hg parents [-r REV] [FILE]

       Print the working directory's parent revisions. If a revision is  given
       via  -r/--rev,  the parent of that revision will be printed.  If a file
       argument is given, the revision in which  the  file  was  last  changed
       (before  the  working  directory  revision  or the argument to --rev if
       given) is printed.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -r, --rev
              show parents of the specified revision

       --style
              display using template map file

       --template
              display with template

   paths
       hg paths [NAME]

       Show definition of symbolic path name NAME. If no name is  given,  show
       definition of all available names.

       Option  -q/--quiet  suppresses  all  output when searching for NAME and
       shows only the path names when listing all definitions.

       Path names are defined in the [paths]  section  of  your  configuration
       file  and  in /etc/mercurial/hgrc. If run inside a repository, .hg/hgrc
       is used, too.

       The path names default and default-push have a special  meaning.   When
       performing  a  push or pull operation, they are used as fallbacks if no
       location is specified on the command-line.  When default-push  is  set,
       it  will  be used for push and default will be used for pull; otherwise
       default is used as the fallback for both.  When cloning  a  repository,
       the  clone source is written as default in .hg/hgrc.  Note that default
       and default-push apply to all inbound (e.g.  hg incoming) and  outbound
       (e.g. hg outgoing, hg email and hg bundle) operations.

       See hg help urls for more information.

       Returns 0 on success.

   pull
       hg pull [-u] [-f] [-r REV]... [-e CMD] [--remotecmd CMD] [SOURCE]

       Pull changes from a remote repository to a local one.

       This finds all changes from the repository at the specified path or URL
       and adds them to a local repository  (the  current  one  unless  -R  is
       specified). By default, this does not update the copy of the project in
       the working directory.

       Use hg incoming if you want to see what would have been added by a pull
       at  the  time  you issued this command. If you then decide to add those
       changes to the repository, you should use hg pull -r X where X  is  the
       last changeset listed by hg incoming.

       If  SOURCE  is  omitted,  the 'default' path will be used.  See hg help
       urls for more information.

       Returns 0 on success, 1 if an update had unresolved files.

       Options:

       -u, --update
              update to new branch head if changesets were pulled

       -f, --force
              run even when remote repository is unrelated

       -r, --rev
              a remote changeset intended to be added

       -B, --bookmark
              bookmark to pull

       -b, --branch
              a specific branch you would like to pull

       -e, --ssh
              specify ssh command to use

       --remotecmd
              specify hg command to run on the remote side

       --insecure
              do not verify server certificate (ignoring web.cacerts config)

   push
       hg push [-f] [-r REV]... [-e CMD] [--remotecmd CMD] [DEST]

       Push changesets from the local repository to the specified destination.

       This operation is symmetrical to pull: it is identical to a pull in the
       destination repository from the current one.

       By  default,  push  will  not  allow  creation  of  new  heads  at  the
       destination, since multiple heads would make it unclear which  head  to
       use.  In  this  situation,  it  is recommended to pull and merge before
       pushing.

       Use --new-branch if you want to allow push to create a new named branch
       that  is not present at the destination. This allows you to only create
       a new branch without forcing other changes.

       Use -f/--force to override the default behavior and push all changesets
       on all branches.

       If  -r/--rev is used, the specified revision and all its ancestors will
       be pushed to the remote repository.

       Please see hg help urls for important details  about  ssh://  URLs.  If
       DESTINATION is omitted, a default path will be used.

       Returns 0 if push was successful, 1 if nothing to push.

       Options:

       -f, --force
              force push

       -r, --rev
              a changeset intended to be included in the destination

       -B, --bookmark
              bookmark to push

       -b, --branch
              a specific branch you would like to push

       --new-branch
              allow pushing a new branch

       -e, --ssh
              specify ssh command to use

       --remotecmd
              specify hg command to run on the remote side

       --insecure
              do not verify server certificate (ignoring web.cacerts config)

   recover
       hg recover

       Recover from an interrupted commit or pull.

       This  command  tries  to fix the repository status after an interrupted
       operation. It should only be necessary when Mercurial suggests it.

       Returns 0 if successful, 1 if nothing to recover or verify fails.

   remove
       hg remove [OPTION]... FILE...

       Schedule the indicated files for removal from the repository.

       This only removes files from the current branch, not  from  the  entire
       project  history. -A/--after can be used to remove only files that have
       already been deleted, -f/--force can be used to force deletion, and -Af
       can  be  used  to  remove files from the next revision without deleting
       them from the working directory.

       The following table details the behavior of remove for  different  file
       states  (columns)  and  option combinations (rows). The file states are
       Added [A], Clean [C], Modified [M] and Missing [!] (as reported  by  hg
       status).  The  actions  are Warn, Remove (from branch) and Delete (from
       disk):

              A  C  M  !
       none   W  RD W  R
       -f     R  RD RD R
       -A     W  W  W  R
       -Af    R  R  R  R

       Note that remove never deletes  files  in  Added  [A]  state  from  the
       working directory, not even if option --force is specified.

       This  command schedules the files to be removed at the next commit.  To
       undo a remove before that, see hg revert.

       Returns 0 on success, 1 if any warnings encountered.

       Options:

       -A, --after
              record delete for missing files

       -f, --force
              remove (and delete) file even if added or modified

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

              aliases: rm

   rename
       hg rename [OPTION]... SOURCE... DEST

       Mark dest as copies of sources; mark sources for deletion. If dest is a
       directory,  copies  are put in that directory. If dest is a file, there
       can only be one source.

       By default, this command copies the contents of files as they exist  in
       the  working  directory.  If  invoked with -A/--after, the operation is
       recorded, but no copying is performed.

       This command takes effect at the next commit. To undo a  rename  before
       that, see hg revert.

       Returns 0 on success, 1 if errors are encountered.

       Options:

       -A, --after
              record a rename that has already occurred

       -f, --force
              forcibly copy over an existing managed file

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

       -n, --dry-run
              do not perform actions, just print output

              aliases: move mv

   resolve
       hg resolve [OPTION]... [FILE]...

       Merges   with   unresolved   conflicts   are   often   the   result  of
       non-interactive merging using the internal:merge configuration setting,
       or a command-line merge tool like diff3. The resolve command is used to
       manage the files involved in a merge, after hg merge has been run,  and
       before  hg  commit is  run  (i.e.  the  working directory must have two
       parents).

       The resolve command can be used in the following ways:

       · hg resolve [--tool TOOL] FILE...: attempt to re-merge  the  specified
         files,  discarding  any  previous  merge  attempts. Re-merging is not
         performed for files already  marked  as  resolved.  Use  --all/-a  to
         selects all unresolved files. --tool can be used to specify the merge
         tool used for the given files. It overrides the  HGMERGE  environment
         variable and your configuration files.

       · hg resolve -m [FILE]: mark a file as having been resolved (e.g. after
         having manually fixed-up the files).  The  default  is  to  mark  all
         unresolved files.

       · hg resolve -u [FILE]...: mark a file as unresolved. The default is to
         mark all resolved files.

       · hg resolve -l: list files which had or still have conflicts.  In  the
         printed list, U = unresolved and R = resolved.

       Note that Mercurial will not let you commit files with unresolved merge
       conflicts. You must use hg resolve -m ... before you can commit after a
       conflicting merge.

       Returns 0 on success, 1 if any files fail a resolve attempt.

       Options:

       -a, --all
              select all unresolved files

       -l, --list
              list state of files needing merge

       -m, --mark
              mark files as resolved

       -u, --unmark
              mark files as unresolved

       -t, --tool
              specify merge tool

       -n, --no-status
              hide status prefix

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

   revert
       hg revert [OPTION]... [-r REV] [NAME]...

       Note   To  check  out  earlier revisions, you should use hg update REV.
              To cancel a merge (and lose your changes), use hg update --clean
              ..

       With  no  revision specified, revert the specified files or directories
       to the contents they had in the parent of the working directory.   This
       restores  the  contents of files to an unmodified state and unschedules
       adds, removes, copies, and renames. If the working  directory  has  two
       parents, you must explicitly specify a revision.

       Using  the  -r/--rev  or  -d/--date  options, revert the given files or
       directories to their states as of a specific revision.  Because  revert
       does  not  change  the working directory parents, this will cause these
       files to appear modified. This can be helpful to "back out" some or all
       of an earlier change. See hg backout for a related method.

       Modified  files  are  saved  with  a .orig suffix before reverting.  To
       disable these backups, use --no-backup.

       See hg help dates for a list of formats valid for -d/--date.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -a, --all
              revert all changes when no arguments given

       -d, --date
              tipmost revision matching date

       -r, --rev
              revert to the specified revision

       --no-backup
              do not save backup copies of files

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

       -n, --dry-run
              do not perform actions, just print output

   rollback
       hg rollback

       This command should be used with care.  There  is  only  one  level  of
       rollback,  and there is no way to undo a rollback. It will also restore
       the dirstate at the time of the last transaction, losing  any  dirstate
       changes  since  that  time.  This  command  does  not alter the working
       directory.

       Transactions are used to encapsulate the effects of all  commands  that
       create   new   changesets  or  propagate  existing  changesets  into  a
       repository. For example, the following commands are transactional,  and
       their effects can be rolled back:

       · commit

       · import

       · pull

       · push (with this repository as the destination)

       · unbundle

       This  command  is  not  intended  for  use on public repositories. Once
       changes are visible for pull by other users, rolling a transaction back
       locally  is  ineffective  (someone  else  may  already  have pulled the
       changes).  Furthermore,  a  race  is  possible  with  readers  of   the
       repository;  for  example  an  in-progress pull from the repository may
       fail if a rollback is performed.

       Returns 0 on success, 1 if no rollback data is available.

       Options:

       -n, --dry-run
              do not perform actions, just print output

   root
       hg root

       Print the root directory of the current repository.

       Returns 0 on success.

   serve
       hg serve [OPTION]...

       Start a local HTTP repository browser and pull server. You can use this
       for  ad-hoc  sharing and browsing of repositories. It is recommended to
       use a real web server to serve a repository for longer periods of time.

       Please note that the server does not implement  access  control.   This
       means that, by default, anybody can read from the server and nobody can
       write to it by default. Set the web.allow_push option  to  *  to  allow
       everybody  to  push  to the server. You should use a real web server if
       you need to authenticate users.

       By default, the server logs accesses to stdout and  errors  to  stderr.
       Use the -A/--accesslog and -E/--errorlog options to log to files.

       To  have  the  server choose a free port number to listen on, specify a
       port number of 0; in this case, the server will print the  port  number
       it uses.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -A, --accesslog
              name of access log file to write to

       -d, --daemon
              run server in background

       --daemon-pipefds
              used internally by daemon mode

       -E, --errorlog
              name of error log file to write to

       -p, --port
              port to listen on (default: 8000)

       -a, --address
              address to listen on (default: all interfaces)

       --prefix
              prefix path to serve from (default: server root)

       -n, --name
              name to show in web pages (default: working directory)

       --web-conf
              name of the hgweb config file (see "hg help hgweb")

       --webdir-conf
              name of the hgweb config file (DEPRECATED)

       --pid-file
              name of file to write process ID to

       --stdio
              for remote clients

       --cmdserver
              for remote clients

       -t, --templates
              web templates to use

       --style
              template style to use

       -6, --ipv6
              use IPv6 in addition to IPv4

       --certificate
              SSL certificate file

   showconfig
       hg showconfig [-u] [NAME]...

       With no arguments, print names and values of all config items.

       With  one  argument  of  the form section.name, print just the value of
       that config item.

       With multiple arguments, print names and values  of  all  config  items
       with matching section names.

       With --debug, the source (filename and line number) is printed for each
       config item.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -u, --untrusted
              show untrusted configuration options

              aliases: debugconfig

   status
       hg status [OPTION]... [FILE]...

       Show status of files in the repository. If names are given, only  files
       that  match are shown. Files that are clean or ignored or the source of
       a copy/move operation, are not listed unless -c/--clean,  -i/--ignored,
       -C/--copies or -A/--all are given.  Unless options described with "show
       only ..." are given, the options -mardu are used.

       Option -q/--quiet hides untracked (unknown and  ignored)  files  unless
       explicitly requested with -u/--unknown or -i/--ignored.

       Note   status  may  appear  to  disagree  with diff if permissions have
              changed or a merge has occurred. The standard diff  format  does
              not  report  permission  changes  and  diff only reports changes
              relative to one merge parent.

       If one revision is given, it is used as  the  base  revision.   If  two
       revisions  are  given,  the  differences  between  them  are shown. The
       --change option can also be used as a  shortcut  to  list  the  changed
       files of a revision from its first parent.

       The codes used to show the status of files are:

       M = modified
       A = added
       R = removed
       C = clean
       ! = missing (deleted by non-hg command, but still tracked)
       ? = not tracked
       I = ignored
         = origin of the previous file listed as A (added)

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -A, --all
              show status of all files

       -m, --modified
              show only modified files

       -a, --added
              show only added files

       -r, --removed
              show only removed files

       -d, --deleted
              show only deleted (but tracked) files

       -c, --clean
              show only files without changes

       -u, --unknown
              show only unknown (not tracked) files

       -i, --ignored
              show only ignored files

       -n, --no-status
              hide status prefix

       -C, --copies
              show source of copied files

       -0, --print0
              end filenames with NUL, for use with xargs

       --rev  show difference from revision

       --change
              list the changed files of a revision

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

       -S, --subrepos
              recurse into subrepositories

              aliases: st

   summary
       hg summary [--remote]

       This  generates  a  brief  summary  of  the  working  directory  state,
       including parents, branch, commit status, and available updates.

       With the --remote  option,  this  will  check  the  default  paths  for
       incoming and outgoing changes. This can be time-consuming.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       --remote
              check for push and pull

              aliases: sum

   tag
       hg tag [-f] [-l] [-m TEXT] [-d DATE] [-u USER] [-r REV] NAME...

       Name a particular revision using <name>.

       Tags  are  used  to name particular revisions of the repository and are
       very useful to compare different revisions, to go back  to  significant
       earlier versions or to mark branch points as releases, etc. Changing an
       existing tag is normally disallowed; use -f/--force to override.

       If no revision is given, the parent of the working directory  is  used,
       or tip if no revision is checked out.

       To  facilitate version control, distribution, and merging of tags, they
       are stored as a file named ".hgtags"  which  is  managed  similarly  to
       other  project  files  and  can  be hand-edited if necessary. This also
       means that tagging creates a new commit. The  file  ".hg/localtags"  is
       used for local tags (not shared among repositories).

       Tag  commits are usually made at the head of a branch. If the parent of
       the working  directory  is  not  a  branch  head,  hg  tag aborts;  use
       -f/--force to force the tag commit to be based on a non-head changeset.

       See hg help dates for a list of formats valid for -d/--date.

       Since tag names have priority over branch names during revision lookup,
       using an existing branch name as a tag name is discouraged.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -f, --force
              force tag

       -l, --local
              make the tag local

       -r, --rev
              revision to tag

       --remove
              remove a tag

       -e, --edit
              edit commit message

       -m, --message
              use <text> as commit message

       -d, --date
              record the specified date as commit date

       -u, --user
              record the specified user as committer

   tags
       hg tags

       This lists both regular and local tags. When the -v/--verbose switch is
       used, a third column "local" is printed for local tags.

       Returns 0 on success.

   tip
       hg tip [-p] [-g]

       The  tip  revision  (usually just called the tip) is the changeset most
       recently added to the  repository  (and  therefore  the  most  recently
       changed head).

       If  you  have  just  made a commit, that commit will be the tip. If you
       have just pulled changes from  another  repository,  the  tip  of  that
       repository becomes the current tip. The "tip" tag is special and cannot
       be renamed or assigned to a different changeset.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -p, --patch
              show patch

       -g, --git
              use git extended diff format

       --style
              display using template map file

       --template
              display with template

   unbundle
       hg unbundle [-u] FILE...

       Apply one or more compressed changegroup files generated by the  bundle
       command.

       Returns 0 on success, 1 if an update has unresolved files.

       Options:

       -u, --update
              update to new branch head if changesets were unbundled

   update
       hg update [-c] [-C] [-d DATE] [[-r] REV]

       Update  the  repository's working directory to the specified changeset.
       If no changeset is specified, update to the tip of  the  current  named
       branch.

       If the changeset is not a descendant of the working directory's parent,
       the  update  is  aborted.  With  the  -c/--check  option,  the  working
       directory  is  checked  for uncommitted changes; if none are found, the
       working directory is updated to the specified changeset.

       Update sets the working directory's parent  revison  to  the  specified
       changeset (see hg help parents).

       The   following   rules  apply  when  the  working  directory  contains
       uncommitted changes:

       1. If neither -c/--check  nor  -C/--clean  is  specified,  and  if  the
          requested  changeset  is  an  ancestor  or descendant of the working
          directory's parent, the uncommitted  changes  are  merged  into  the
          requested  changeset  and  the merged result is left uncommitted. If
          the requested changeset is not an ancestor or descendant  (that  is,
          it  is on another branch), the update is aborted and the uncommitted
          changes are preserved.

       2. With  the  -c/--check  option,  the  update  is  aborted   and   the
          uncommitted changes are preserved.

       3. With  the  -C/--clean  option, uncommitted changes are discarded and
          the working directory is updated to the requested changeset.

       Use null as the changeset to remove  the  working  directory  (like  hg
       clone -U).

       If you want to revert just one file to an older revision, use hg revert
       [-r REV] NAME.

       See hg help dates for a list of formats valid for -d/--date.

       Returns 0 on success, 1 if there are unresolved files.

       Options:

       -C, --clean
              discard uncommitted changes (no backup)

       -c, --check
              update across branches if no uncommitted changes

       -d, --date
              tipmost revision matching date

       -r, --rev
              revision

              aliases: up checkout co

   verify
       hg verify

       Verify the integrity of the current repository.

       This will perform an extensive check  of  the  repository's  integrity,
       validating  the  hashes  and  checksums of each entry in the changelog,
       manifest, and  tracked  files,  as  well  as  the  integrity  of  their
       crosslinks and indices.

       Returns 0 on success, 1 if errors are encountered.

   version
       hg version

       output version and copyright information

DATE FORMATS

       Some commands allow the user to specify a date, e.g.:

       · backout, commit, import, tag: Specify the commit date.

       · log, revert, update: Select revision(s) by date.

       Many date formats are valid. Here are some examples:

       · Wed Dec 6 13:18:29 2006 (local timezone assumed)

       · Dec 6 13:18 -0600 (year assumed, time offset provided)

       · Dec 6 13:18 UTC (UTC and GMT are aliases for +0000)

       · Dec 6 (midnight)

       · 13:18 (today assumed)

       · 3:39 (3:39AM assumed)

       · 3:39pm (15:39)

       · 2006-12-06 13:18:29 (ISO 8601 format)

       · 2006-12-6 13:18

       · 2006-12-6

       · 12-6

       · 12/6

       · 12/6/6 (Dec 6 2006)

       Lastly, there is Mercurial's internal format:

       · 1165432709 0 (Wed Dec 6 13:18:29 2006 UTC)

       This  is the internal representation format for dates. The first number
       is the number of seconds since the epoch (1970-01-01  00:00  UTC).  The
       second  is  the  offset  of  the local timezone, in seconds west of UTC
       (negative if the timezone is east of UTC).

       The log command also accepts date ranges:

       · <DATE - at or before a given date/time

       · >DATE - on or after a given date/time

       · DATE to DATE - a date range, inclusive

       · -DAYS - within a given number of days of today

DIFF FORMATS

       Mercurial's default format for showing changes between two versions  of
       a  file is compatible with the unified format of GNU diff, which can be
       used by GNU patch and many other standard tools.

       While this standard format is often enough,  it  does  not  encode  the
       following information:

       · executable status and other permission bits

       · copy or rename information

       · changes in binary files

       · creation or deletion of empty files

       Mercurial also supports the extended diff format from the git VCS which
       addresses these limitations. The git diff format  is  not  produced  by
       default  because  a  few  widespread tools still do not understand this
       format.

       This means that when generating diffs from a Mercurial repository (e.g.
       with  hg  export),  you should be careful about things like file copies
       and renames or other things mentioned above, because  when  applying  a
       standard  diff  to  a  different  repository, this extra information is
       lost. Mercurial's internal operations (like  push  and  pull)  are  not
       affected  by  this,  because  they  use  an  internal binary format for
       communicating changes.

       To make Mercurial produce the git extended diff format, use  the  --git
       option  available  for many commands, or set 'git = True' in the [diff]
       section of your configuration file. You do not need to set this  option
       when importing diffs in this format or using them in the mq extension.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

       HG     Path  to  the 'hg' executable, automatically passed when running
              hooks, extensions or external tools. If unset or empty, this  is
              the  hg executable's name if it's frozen, or an executable named
              'hg' (with %PATHEXT% [defaulting to COM/EXE/BAT/CMD]  extensions
              on Windows) is searched.

       HGEDITOR
              This  is  the  name  of  the  editor to run when committing. See
              EDITOR.

              (deprecated, use configuration file)

       HGENCODING
              This overrides the default locale setting detected by Mercurial.
              This  setting  is  used  to  convert  data  including usernames,
              changeset descriptions, tag names, and  branches.  This  setting
              can be overridden with the --encoding command-line option.

       HGENCODINGMODE
              This  sets  Mercurial's behavior for handling unknown characters
              while transcoding user input. The  default  is  "strict",  which
              causes  Mercurial  to  abort  if it can't map a character. Other
              settings include "replace", which replaces  unknown  characters,
              and  "ignore",  which drops them. This setting can be overridden
              with the --encodingmode command-line option.

       HGENCODINGAMBIGUOUS
              This sets Mercurial's  behavior  for  handling  characters  with
              "ambiguous"  widths  like  accented  Latin  characters with East
              Asian fonts. By default, Mercurial assumes ambiguous  characters
              are narrow, set this variable to "wide" if such characters cause
              formatting problems.

       HGMERGE
              An executable to use for resolving merge conflicts. The  program
              will  be executed with three arguments: local file, remote file,
              ancestor file.

              (deprecated, use configuration file)

       HGRCPATH
              A list of files  or  directories  to  search  for  configuration
              files.  Item  separator  is  ":"  on  Unix,  ";"  on Windows. If
              HGRCPATH is not set, platform default search path  is  used.  If
              empty, only the .hg/hgrc from the current repository is read.

              For each element in HGRCPATH:

              · if it's a directory, all files ending with .rc are added

              · otherwise, the file itself will be added

       HGPLAIN
              When  set,  this  disables any configuration settings that might
              change  Mercurial's  default  output.  This  includes  encoding,
              defaults,  verbose mode, debug mode, quiet mode, tracebacks, and
              localization.  This  can  be  useful  when   scripting   against
              Mercurial in the face of existing user configuration.

              Equivalent  options  set  via  command line flags or environment
              variables are not overridden.

       HGPLAINEXCEPT
              This is a comma-separated list  of  features  to  preserve  when
              HGPLAIN  is  enabled.  Currently  the  only  value  supported is
              "i18n", which preserves internationalization in plain mode.

              Setting HGPLAINEXCEPT to anything (even an  empty  string)  will
              enable plain mode.

       HGUSER This  is  the string used as the author of a commit. If not set,
              available values will be considered in this order:

              · HGUSER (deprecated)

              · configuration files from the HGRCPATH

              · EMAIL

              · interactive prompt

              · LOGNAME (with @hostname appended)

              (deprecated, use configuration file)

       EMAIL  May be used as the author of a commit; see HGUSER.

       LOGNAME
              May be used as the author of a commit; see HGUSER.

       VISUAL This is the name of the  editor  to  use  when  committing.  See
              EDITOR.

       EDITOR Sometimes Mercurial needs to open a text file in an editor for a
              user to modify, for example when writing  commit  messages.  The
              editor  it  uses  is  determined  by  looking at the environment
              variables HGEDITOR, VISUAL and EDITOR, in that order. The  first
              non-empty  one  is  chosen. If all of them are empty, the editor
              defaults to 'sensible-editor'.

       PYTHONPATH
              This is used by Python to find imported modules and may need  to
              be   set  appropriately  if  this  Mercurial  is  not  installed
              system-wide.

USING ADDITIONAL FEATURES

       Mercurial has the ability to  add  new  features  through  the  use  of
       extensions.  Extensions  may  add new commands, add options to existing
       commands, change the default behavior of commands, or implement hooks.

       Extensions are not loaded by default for a variety of reasons: they can
       increase  startup  overhead; they may be meant for advanced usage only;
       they may provide potentially dangerous abilities (such as  letting  you
       destroy  or modify history); they might not be ready for prime time; or
       they may alter some usual behaviors of stock Mercurial. It is  thus  up
       to the user to activate extensions as needed.

       To  enable the "foo" extension, either shipped with Mercurial or in the
       Python search path, create an entry for it in your configuration  file,
       like this:

       [extensions]
       foo =

       You may also specify the full path to an extension:

       [extensions]
       myfeature = ~/.hgext/myfeature.py

       To  explicitly  disable an extension enabled in a configuration file of
       broader scope, prepend its path with !:

       [extensions]
       # disabling extension bar residing in /path/to/extension/bar.py
       bar = !/path/to/extension/bar.py
       # ditto, but no path was supplied for extension baz
       baz = !

       disabled extensions:

          acl    hooks for controlling repository access

          bugzilla
                 hooks for integrating with the Bugzilla bug tracker

          children
                 command to display child changesets

          churn  command to display statistics about repository history

          color  colorize output from some commands

          convert
                 import revisions from foreign VCS repositories into Mercurial

          eol    automatically manage newlines in repository files

          extdiff
                 command to allow external programs to compare revisions

          fetch  pull, update and merge in one command

          gpg    commands to sign and verify changesets

          graphlog
                 command to view revision graphs from a shell

          hgcia  hooks for integrating with the CIA.vc notification service

          hgk    browse the repository in a graphical way

          highlight
                 syntax highlighting for hgweb (requires Pygments)

          inotify
                 accelerate status report using Linux's inotify service

          interhg
                 expand expressions into changelog and summaries

          keyword
                 expand keywords in tracked files

          mq     manage a stack of patches

          notify hooks for sending email notifications at commit/push time

          pager  browse command output with an external pager

          patchbomb
                 command to send changesets as (a series of) patch emails

          progress
                 show progress bars for some actions

          purge  command to delete untracked files from the working directory

          rebase command to move sets of revisions to a different ancestor

          record commands to interactively select changes for commit/qrefresh

          relink recreates hardlinks between repository clones

          schemes
                 extend schemes with shortcuts to repository swarms

          share  share a common history between several working directories

          transplant
                 command to transplant changesets from another branch

          win32mbcs
                 allow the use of MBCS paths with problematic encodings

          win32text
                 perform automatic newline conversion

          zeroconf
                 discover and advertise repositories on the local network

SPECIFYING FILE SETS

       Mercurial supports a functional language for selecting a set of files.

       Like other file patterns, this pattern type is indicated by  a  prefix,
       'set:'.  The  language supports a number of predicates which are joined
       by infix operators. Parenthesis can be used for grouping.

       Identifiers such as filenames or patterns must be quoted with single or
       double    quotes    if    they    contain    characters    outside   of
       [.*{}[]?/\_a-zA-Z0-9\x80-\xff] or if they match one of  the  predefined
       predicates.  This  generally  applies to file patterns other than globs
       and arguments for predicates.

       Special characters can be used in quoted identifiers by escaping  them,
       e.g.,  \n  is  interpreted  as  a  newline.  To prevent them from being
       interpreted, strings can be prefixed with r, e.g. r'...'.

       There is a single prefix operator:

       not x

              Files not in x. Short form is ! x.

       These are the supported infix operators:

       x and y

              The intersection of files in x and y. Short form is x & y.

       x or y

              The union of files in x and y. There are two  alternative  short
              forms: x | y and x + y.

       x - y

              Files in x but not in y.

       The following predicates are supported:

       added()

              File that is added according to status.

       binary()

              File that appears to be binary (contains NUL bytes).

       clean()

              File that is clean according to status.

       copied()

              File that is recorded as being copied.

       deleted()

              File that is deleted according to status.

       encoding(name)

              File  can  be  successfully  decoded  with  the  given character
              encoding. May not be useful for encodings other than  ASCII  and
              UTF-8.

       exec()

              File that is marked as executable.

       grep(regex)

              File contains the given regular expression.

       hgignore()

              File that matches the active .hgignore pattern.

       ignored()

              File  that is ignored according to status. These files will only
              be considered if this predicate is used.

       modified()

              File that is modified according to status.

       removed()

              File that is removed according to status.

       resolved()

              File that is marked resolved according to the resolve state.

       size(expression)

              File size matches the given expression. Examples:

              · 1k (files from 1024 to 2047 bytes)

              · < 20k (files less than 20480 bytes)

              · >= .5MB (files at least 524288 bytes)

              · 4k - 1MB (files from 4096 bytes to 1048576 bytes)

       symlink()

              File that is marked as a symlink.

       unknown()

              File that is unknown according to status. These files will  only
              be considered if this predicate is used.

       unresolved()

              File that is marked unresolved according to the resolve state.

       Some sample queries:

       · Show  status  of  files  that  appear  to  be  binary  in the working
         directory:

         hg status -A "set:binary()"

       · Forget files that are in .hgignore but are already tracked:

         hg forget "set:hgignore() and not ignored()"

       · Find text files that contain a string:

         hg locate "set:grep(magic) and not binary()"

       · Find C files in a non-standard encoding:

         hg locate "set:**.c and not encoding(ascii)"

       · Revert copies of large binary files:

         hg revert "set:copied() and binary() and size('>1M')"

       · Remove files listed in foo.lst that contain the letter a or b:

         hg remove "set: 'listfile:foo.lst' and (**a* or **b*)"

       See also hg help patterns.

GLOSSARY

       Ancestor
              Any changeset that can be reached by an unbroken chain of parent
              changesets from a given changeset. More precisely, the ancestors
              of a changeset can be defined by two properties: a parent  of  a
              changeset  is  an  ancestor,  and  a parent of an ancestor is an
              ancestor. See also: 'Descendant'.

       Bookmark
              Bookmarks  are  pointers  to  certain  commits  that  move  when
              committing.  They  are similar to tags in that it is possible to
              use bookmark names in  all  places  where  Mercurial  expects  a
              changeset  ID, e.g., with hg update. Unlike tags, bookmarks move
              along when you make a commit.

              Bookmarks can be renamed,  copied  and  deleted.  Bookmarks  are
              local,  unless  they  are  explicitly  pushed  or pulled between
              repositories.   Pushing  and  pulling  bookmarks  allow  you  to
              collaborate  with  others  on  a branch without creating a named
              branch.

       Branch (Noun) A child changeset that has been  created  from  a  parent
              that is not a head. These are known as topological branches, see
              'Branch, topological'. If a  topological  branch  is  named,  it
              becomes a named branch. If a topological branch is not named, it
              becomes  an  anonymous  branch.  See  'Branch,  anonymous'   and
              'Branch, named'.

              Branches  may  be created when changes are pulled from or pushed
              to a remote repository, since new heads may be created by  these
              operations.   Note  that  the  term  branch  can  also  be  used
              informally to describe a development process  in  which  certain
              development  is done independently of other development. This is
              sometimes done explicitly with a named branch, but it  can  also
              be  done  locally,  using  bookmarks  or  clones  and  anonymous
              branches.

              Example: "The experimental branch".

              (Verb) The action of creating a child changeset which results in
              its parent having more than one child.

              Example: "I'm going to branch at X".

       Branch, anonymous
              Every  time  a new child changeset is created from a parent that
              is not a head and the name of the branch is not changed,  a  new
              anonymous branch is created.

       Branch, closed
              A named branch whose branch heads have all been closed.

       Branch, default
              The  branch  assigned to a changeset when no name has previously
              been assigned.

       Branch head
              See 'Head, branch'.

       Branch, inactive
              If a named branch has no topological heads, it is considered  to
              be  inactive.  As  an example, a feature branch becomes inactive
              when it is merged into  the  default  branch.  The  hg  branches
              command  shows  inactive branches by default, though they can be
              hidden with hg branches --active.

              NOTE: this concept is deprecated because  it  is  too  implicit.
              Branches  should  now  be  explicitly  closed  using  hg  commit
              --close-branch when they are no longer needed.

       Branch, named
              A collection of changesets which have the same branch  name.  By
              default, children of a changeset in a named branch belong to the
              same named branch. A child  can  be  explicitly  assigned  to  a
              different  branch.  See  hg help branch, hg help branches and hg
              commit --close-branch for more information on managing branches.

              Named branches can  be  thought  of  as  a  kind  of  namespace,
              dividing   the   collection  of  changesets  that  comprise  the
              repository into a collection of disjoint subsets. A named branch
              is  not  necessarily a topological branch. If a new named branch
              is created from the head of another named branch, or the default
              branch,  but  no  further  changesets are added to that previous
              branch, then that previous branch will be a branch in name only.

       Branch tip
              See 'Tip, branch'.

       Branch, topological
              Every time a new child changeset is created from a  parent  that
              is  not  a  head,  a  new  topological  branch  is created. If a
              topological branch is named, it becomes a  named  branch.  If  a
              topological  branch is not named, it becomes an anonymous branch
              of the current, possibly default, branch.

       Changelog
              A record of the changesets in the order in which they were added
              to  the  repository. This includes details such as changeset id,
              author, commit message, date, and list of changed files.

       Changeset
              A snapshot of the state of  the  repository  used  to  record  a
              change.

       Changeset, child
              The  converse of parent changeset: if P is a parent of C, then C
              is a child of P. There is no limit to  the  number  of  children
              that a changeset may have.

       Changeset id
              A  SHA-1  hash  that  uniquely identifies a changeset. It may be
              represented as either a "long" 40 hexadecimal digit string, or a
              "short" 12 hexadecimal digit string.

       Changeset, merge
              A  changeset  with  two  parents.  This  occurs  when a merge is
              committed.

       Changeset, parent
              A revision upon which a child changeset is based.  Specifically,
              a  parent  changeset  of a changeset C is a changeset whose node
              immediately precedes C in the DAG. Changesets have at  most  two
              parents.

       Checkout
              (Noun)  The  working  directory  being  updated  to  a  specific
              revision. This use should probably be avoided where possible, as
              changeset  is  much  more  appropriate  than  checkout  in  this
              context.

              Example: "I'm using checkout X."

              (Verb) Updating the working directory to a  specific  changeset.
              See hg help update.

              Example: "I'm going to check out changeset X."

       Child changeset
              See 'Changeset, child'.

       Close changeset
              See 'Changeset, close'.

       Closed branch
              See 'Branch, closed'.

       Clone  (Noun)  An  entire  or partial copy of a repository. The partial
              clone must be in the form of a revision and its ancestors.

              Example: "Is your clone up to date?".

              (Verb) The process of creating a clone, using hg clone.

              Example: "I'm going to clone the repository".

       Closed branch head
              See 'Head, closed branch'.

       Commit (Noun) A synonym for changeset.

              Example: "Is the bug fixed in your recent commit?"

              (Verb) The act of recording changes to a repository. When  files
              are  committed  in  a  working  directory,  Mercurial  finds the
              differences  between  the  committed  files  and  their   parent
              changeset, creating a new changeset in the repository.

              Example: "You should commit those changes now."

       Cset   A common abbreviation of the term changeset.

       DAG    The  repository  of  changesets of a distributed version control
              system (DVCS) can be  described  as  a  directed  acyclic  graph
              (DAG),  consisting of nodes and edges, where nodes correspond to
              changesets and edges imply a  parent  ->  child  relation.  This
              graph  can  be  visualized  by  graphical  tools such as hg glog
              (graphlog). In Mercurial, the DAG is limited by the  requirement
              for children to have at most two parents.

       Default branch
              See 'Branch, default'.

       Descendant
              Any changeset that can be reached by a chain of child changesets
              from a given changeset. More precisely,  the  descendants  of  a
              changeset  can  be  defined  by  two  properties: the child of a
              changeset is a descendant, and the child of a  descendant  is  a
              descendant. See also: 'Ancestor'.

       Diff   (Noun)  The  difference  between  the contents and attributes of
              files in two changesets or a changeset and the  current  working
              directory.  The  difference is usually represented in a standard
              form called a "diff" or "patch". The "git diff" format  is  used
              when  the  changes  include  copies, renames, or changes to file
              attributes, none of which can be represented/handled by  classic
              "diff" and "patch".

              Example: "Did you see my correction in the diff?"

              (Verb)  Diffing  two changesets is the action of creating a diff
              or patch.

              Example: "If you diff with changeset X,  you  will  see  what  I
              mean."

       Directory, working
              The  working directory represents the state of the files tracked
              by Mercurial, that will be recorded  in  the  next  commit.  The
              working  directory  initially  corresponds to the snapshot at an
              existing  changeset,  known  as  the  parent  of   the   working
              directory.  See  'Parent,  working  directory'. The state may be
              modified by changes to the files introduced  manually  or  by  a
              merge.  The  repository  metadata  exists  in  the .hg directory
              inside the working directory.

       Graph  See DAG and hg help graphlog.

       Head   The term 'head' may be used to refer to both a branch head or  a
              repository  head,  depending  on the context. See 'Head, branch'
              and 'Head, repository' for specific definitions.

              Heads are where development generally takes place  and  are  the
              usual targets for update and merge operations.

       Head, branch
              A changeset with no descendants on the same named branch.

       Head, closed branch
              A  changeset  that  marks  a  head as no longer interesting. The
              closed head is no  longer  listed  by  hg  heads.  A  branch  is
              considered closed when all its heads are closed and consequently
              is not listed by hg branches.

       Head, repository
              A topological head which has not been closed.

       Head, topological
              A changeset with no children in the repository.

       History, immutable
              Once committed, changesets cannot be altered.  Extensions  which
              appear  to  change  history  actually create new changesets that
              replace existing ones, and  then  destroy  the  old  changesets.
              Doing  so  in  public  repositories can result in old changesets
              being reintroduced to the repository.

       History, rewriting
              The  changesets  in  a  repository   are   immutable.   However,
              extensions  to  Mercurial  can  be used to alter the repository,
              usually in such a way as to preserve changeset contents.

       Immutable history
              See 'History, immutable'.

       Merge changeset
              See 'Changeset, merge'.

       Manifest
              Each changeset has a manifest, which is the list of  files  that
              are tracked by the changeset.

       Merge  Used  to  bring  together  divergent  branches of work. When you
              update to a changeset and  then  merge  another  changeset,  you
              bring  the  history  of  the  latter changeset into your working
              directory. Once conflicts are resolved (and marked), this  merge
              may  be  committed  as  a merge changeset, bringing two branches
              together in the DAG.

       Named branch
              See 'Branch, named'.

       Null changeset
              The empty changeset. It is the parent state of newly-initialized
              repositories  and  repositories with no checked out revision. It
              is thus the parent of root changesets and the effective ancestor
              when merging unrelated changesets. Can be specified by the alias
              'null' or by the changeset ID '000000000000'.

       Parent See 'Changeset, parent'.

       Parent changeset
              See 'Changeset, parent'.

       Parent, working directory
              The working directory parent reflects a virtual  revision  which
              is  the  child  of  the  changeset  (or  two  changesets with an
              uncommitted merge) shown by hg parents. This is changed with  hg
              update.  Other  commands to see the working directory parent are
              hg summary and hg id. Can be specified by the alias ".".

       Patch  (Noun) The product of a diff operation.

              Example: "I've sent you my patch."

              (Verb) The process of  using  a  patch  file  to  transform  one
              changeset into another.

              Example: "You will need to patch that revision."

       Pull   An  operation  in  which changesets in a remote repository which
              are not in the local  repository  are  brought  into  the  local
              repository.  Note  that this operation without special arguments
              only updates the repository, it does not update the files in the
              working directory. See hg help pull.

       Push   An operation in which changesets in a local repository which are
              not in a remote repository are sent to  the  remote  repository.
              Note  that  this  operation only adds changesets which have been
              committed locally to the remote repository. Uncommitted  changes
              are not sent. See hg help push.

       Repository
              The  metadata  describing all recorded states of a collection of
              files. Each recorded state is  represented  by  a  changeset.  A
              repository  is  usually  (but  not  always)  found  in  the  .hg
              subdirectory of a working directory. Any recorded state  can  be
              recreated  by  "updating"  a  working  directory  to  a specific
              changeset.

       Repository head
              See 'Head, repository'.

       Revision
              A state of  the  repository  at  some  point  in  time.  Earlier
              revisions  can  be  updated  to  by  using  hg update.  See also
              'Revision number'; See also 'Changeset'.

       Revision number
              This integer uniquely  identifies  a  changeset  in  a  specific
              repository.  It  represents  the  order in which changesets were
              added to a repository, starting with  revision  number  0.  Note
              that  the  revision  number  may be different in each clone of a
              repository. To identify changesets  uniquely  between  different
              clones, see 'Changeset id'.

       Revlog History  storage  mechanism  used  by Mercurial. It is a form of
              delta encoding, with occasional full revision of  data  followed
              by  delta  of  each successive revision. It includes data and an
              index pointing to the data.

       Rewriting history
              See 'History, rewriting'.

       Root   A changeset that has only the null changeset as its parent. Most
              repositories have only a single root changeset.

       Tag    An  alternative  name  given to a changeset. Tags can be used in
              all places where Mercurial expects a changeset ID, e.g., with hg
              update.  The creation of a tag is stored in the history and will
              thus automatically be shared with other using push and pull.

       Tip    The changeset with  the  highest  revision  number.  It  is  the
              changeset most recently added in a repository.

       Tip, branch
              The  head  of  a  given branch with the highest revision number.
              When a branch name is used as a revision identifier,  it  refers
              to  the  branch  tip. See also 'Branch, head'. Note that because
              revision  numbers  may  be  different  in  different  repository
              clones,  the  branch  tip  may  be different in different cloned
              repositories.

       Update (Noun) Another synonym of changeset.

              Example: "I've pushed an update".

              (Verb) This term is usually used to describe updating the  state
              of the working directory to that of a specific changeset. See hg
              help update.

              Example: "You should update".

       Working directory
              See 'Directory, working'.

       Working directory parent
              See 'Parent, working directory'.

SYNTAX FOR MERCURIAL IGNORE FILES

SYNOPSIS

       The Mercurial system uses a file called .hgignore in the root directory
       of a repository to control its behavior when it searches for files that
       it is not currently tracking.

DESCRIPTION

       The working directory of a  Mercurial  repository  will  often  contain
       files  that  should  not  be tracked by Mercurial. These include backup
       files created by editors  and  build  products  created  by  compilers.
       These  files  can be ignored by listing them in a .hgignore file in the
       root of the working directory.  The  .hgignore  file  must  be  created
       manually.  It  is  typically  put  under  version  control, so that the
       settings will propagate to other repositories with push and pull.

       An untracked file is ignored if its path  relative  to  the  repository
       root directory, or any prefix path of that path, is matched against any
       pattern in .hgignore.

       For example, say we have  an  untracked  file,  file.c,  at  a/b/file.c
       inside  our  repository. Mercurial will ignore file.c if any pattern in
       .hgignore matches a/b/file.c, a/b or a.

       In addition, a Mercurial configuration file  can  reference  a  set  of
       per-user  or  global  ignore files. See the ignore configuration key on
       the [ui] section of hg help config for  details  of  how  to  configure
       these files.

       To control Mercurial's handling of files that it manages, many commands
       support the -I and -X  options;  see  hg  help  <command> and  hg  help
       patterns for details.

SYNTAX

       An  ignore  file is a plain text file consisting of a list of patterns,
       with one pattern per line. Empty lines are skipped. The # character  is
       treated  as  a  comment character, and the \ character is treated as an
       escape character.

       Mercurial supports several pattern syntaxes. The default syntax used is
       Python/Perl-style regular expressions.

       To change the syntax used, use a line of the following form:

       syntax: NAME

       where NAME is one of the following:

       regexp

              Regular expression, Python/Perl syntax.

       glob

              Shell-style glob.

       The  chosen  syntax  stays  in  effect  when  parsing all patterns that
       follow, until another syntax is selected.

       Neither glob nor regexp patterns are rooted. A glob-syntax  pattern  of
       the  form  *.c  will  match a file ending in .c in any directory, and a
       regexp pattern of the form \.c$ will do the  same.  To  root  a  regexp
       pattern, start it with ^.

EXAMPLE

       Here is an example ignore file.

       # use glob syntax.
       syntax: glob

       *.elc
       *.pyc
       *~

       # switch to regexp syntax.
       syntax: regexp
       ^\.pc/

CONFIGURING HGWEB

       Mercurial's  internal  web  server,  hgweb,  can  serve either a single
       repository, or a collection of them. In  the  latter  case,  a  special
       configuration  file  can be used to specify the repository paths to use
       and global web configuration options.

       This file uses the same syntax as other Mercurial configuration  files,
       but only the following sections are recognized:

          · web

          · paths

          · collections

       The  web  section  can  specify  all  the settings described in the web
       section  of  the  hgrc(5)  documentation.  See   hg   help   config for
       information on where to find the manual page.

       The  paths  section  provides  mappings of physical repository paths to
       virtual ones. For instance:

       [paths]
       projects/a = /foo/bar
       projects/b = /baz/quux
       web/root = /real/root/*
       / = /real/root2/*
       virtual/root2 = /real/root2/**

       · The first two entries make two repositories in different  directories
         appear under the same directory in the web interface

       · The third entry maps every Mercurial repository found in '/real/root'
         into 'web/root'. This format is preferred over the [collections] one,
         since  using absolute paths as configuration keys is not supported on
         every platform (especially on Windows).

       · The fourth entry is  a  special  case  mapping  all  repositories  in
         '/real/root2' in the root of the virtual directory.

       · The  fifth  entry  recursively  finds all repositories under the real
         root, and maps their relative paths under the virtual root.

       The  collections  section  provides  mappings  of  trees  of   physical
       repositories  paths  to  virtual  ones,  though  the  paths  syntax  is
       generally preferred. For instance:

       [collections]
       /foo = /foo

       Here, the left side will be stripped off all repositories found in  the
       right  side.  Thus  /foo/bar and foo/quux/baz will be listed as bar and
       quux/baz respectively.

MERGE TOOLS

       To merge files Mercurial uses merge tools.

       A merge tool combines two different versions of a file  into  a  merged
       file.  Merge  tools  are  given  the  two files and the greatest common
       ancestor of the two file versions, so they can  determine  the  changes
       made on both branches.

       Merge  tools  are  used  both  for  hg resolve, hg merge, hg update, hg
       backout and in several extensions.

       Usually, the merge tool tries to automatically reconcile the  files  by
       combining  all  non-overlapping changes that occurred separately in the
       two different evolutions of the same initial  base  file.  Furthermore,
       some  interactive  merge  programs  make  it easier to manually resolve
       conflicting merges, either in a graphical way,  or  by  inserting  some
       conflict  markers.  Mercurial  does  not  include any interactive merge
       programs but relies on external tools for that.

   Available merge tools
       External merge  tools  and  their  properties  are  configured  in  the
       merge-tools  configuration  section  - see hgrc(5) - but they can often
       just be named by their executable.

       A merge tool is generally usable if its executable can be found on  the
       system and if it can handle the merge. The executable is found if it is
       an absolute or relative executable path or the name of  an  application
       in the executable search path. The tool is assumed to be able to handle
       the merge if it can handle symlinks if the file is a symlink, if it can
       handle binary files if the file is binary, and if a GUI is available if
       the tool requires a GUI.

       There are some internal merge tools which can  be  used.  The  internal
       merge tools are:

       internal:merge

              Uses  the  internal  non-interactive  simple merge algorithm for
              merging files. It will fail if there are any conflicts and leave
              markers in the partially merged file.

       internal:fail

              Rather than attempting to merge files that were modified on both
              branches, it marks them as unresolved. The resolve command  must
              be used to resolve these conflicts.

       internal:local

              Uses the local version of files as the merged version.

       internal:other

              Uses the other version of files as the merged version.

       internal:prompt

              Asks the user which of the local or the other version to keep as
              the merged version.

       internal:dump

              Creates three versions of the files  to  merge,  containing  the
              contents  of local, other and base. These files can then be used
              to perform a merge manually. If the file to be merged  is  named
              a.txt,  these  files  will  accordingly  be  named  a.txt.local,
              a.txt.other and a.txt.base and they will be placed in  the  same
              directory as a.txt.

       Internal  tools  are always available and do not require a GUI but will
       by default not handle symlinks or binary files.

   Choosing a merge tool
       Mercurial uses these rules when deciding which merge tool to use:

       1. If a tool has been specified with the  --tool  option  to  merge  or
          resolve, it is used.  If it is the name of a tool in the merge-tools
          configuration, its configuration is used.  Otherwise  the  specified
          tool must be executable by the shell.

       2. If  the  HGMERGE  environment variable is present, its value is used
          and must be executable by the shell.

       3. If the filename of the file to be merged matches any of the patterns
          in  the merge-patterns configuration section, the first usable merge
          tool corresponding to a  matching  pattern  is  used.  Here,  binary
          capabilities of the merge tool are not considered.

       4. If  ui.merge  is set it will be considered next. If the value is not
          the name of a configured tool, the specified value is used and  must
          be  executable  by the shell. Otherwise the named tool is used if it
          is usable.

       5. If  any  usable  merge  tools  are  present   in   the   merge-tools
          configuration section, the one with the highest priority is used.

       6. If  a program named hgmerge can be found on the system, it is used -
          but it will by default not be used for symlinks and binary files.

       7. If the file to be merged is not binary and is not  a  symlink,  then
          internal:merge is used.

       8. The merge of the file fails and must be resolved before commit.

       Note   After  selecting  a  merge  program,  Mercurial  will by default
              attempt to merge the files using a simple merge algorithm first.
              Only  if  it  doesn't  succeed  because  of  conflicting changes
              Mercurial will actually execute the merge  program.  Whether  to
              use  the  simple  merge algorithm first can be controlled by the
              premerge setting of the  merge  tool.  Premerge  is  enabled  by
              default unless the file is binary or a symlink.

       See  the  merge-tools  and  ui  sections  of hgrc(5) for details on the
       configuration of merge tools.

SPECIFYING MULTIPLE REVISIONS

       When Mercurial accepts more than one revision, they  may  be  specified
       individually,   or   provided  as  a  topologically  continuous  range,
       separated by the ":" character.

       The syntax of range notation is [BEGIN]:[END], where BEGIN and END  are
       revision  identifiers. Both BEGIN and END are optional. If BEGIN is not
       specified, it defaults to revision number 0. If END is  not  specified,
       it defaults to the tip. The range ":" thus means "all revisions".

       If BEGIN is greater than END, revisions are treated in reverse order.

       A range acts as a closed interval. This means that a range of 3:5 gives
       3, 4 and 5. Similarly, a range of 9:6 gives 9, 8, 7, and 6.

FILE NAME PATTERNS

       Mercurial accepts several notations for identifying one or  more  files
       at a time.

       By  default,  Mercurial  treats  filenames as shell-style extended glob
       patterns.

       Alternate pattern notations must be specified explicitly.

       To use a plain path name without any pattern matching,  start  it  with
       path:.  These  path names must completely match starting at the current
       repository root.

       To use an extended glob, start a name with glob:. Globs are  rooted  at
       the  current directory; a glob such as *.c will only match files in the
       current directory ending with .c.

       The supported glob syntax extensions are ** to match any string  across
       path separators and {a,b} to mean "a or b".

       To use a Perl/Python regular expression, start a name with re:.  Regexp
       pattern matching is anchored at the root of the repository.

       To read name patterns from a file, use listfile:  or  listfile0:.   The
       latter  expects  null  delimited patterns while the former expects line
       feeds. Each string read from the file  is  itself  treated  as  a  file
       pattern.

       Plain examples:

       path:foo/bar   a name bar in a directory named foo in the root
                      of the repository
       path:path:name a file or directory named "path:name"

       Glob examples:

       glob:*.c       any name ending in ".c" in the current directory
       *.c            any name ending in ".c" in the current directory
       **.c           any name ending in ".c" in any subdirectory of the
                      current directory including itself.
       foo/*.c        any name ending in ".c" in the directory foo
       foo/**.c       any name ending in ".c" in any subdirectory of foo
                      including itself.

       Regexp examples:

       re:.*\.c$      any name ending in ".c", anywhere in the repository

       File examples:

       listfile:list.txt  read list from list.txt with one file pattern per line
       listfile0:list.txt read list from list.txt with null byte delimiters

       See also hg help filesets.

SPECIFYING SINGLE REVISIONS

       Mercurial supports several ways to specify individual revisions.

       A  plain integer is treated as a revision number. Negative integers are
       treated as sequential offsets from the tip, with -1 denoting  the  tip,
       -2 denoting the revision prior to the tip, and so forth.

       A   40-digit  hexadecimal  string  is  treated  as  a  unique  revision
       identifier.

       A hexadecimal string less than 40  characters  long  is  treated  as  a
       unique   revision  identifier  and  is  referred  to  as  a  short-form
       identifier. A short-form identifier is only valid if it is  the  prefix
       of exactly one full-length identifier.

       Any  other  string  is treated as a tag or branch name. A tag name is a
       symbolic name associated with a  revision  identifier.  A  branch  name
       denotes  the tipmost revision of that branch. Tag and branch names must
       not contain the ":" character.

       The reserved name "tip" is a special tag  that  always  identifies  the
       most recent revision.

       The  reserved  name  "null"  indicates  the  null revision. This is the
       revision of an empty repository, and the parent of revision 0.

       The reserved name "." indicates the working  directory  parent.  If  no
       working  directory  is  checked  out,  it  is equivalent to null. If an
       uncommitted merge is in progress, "." is  the  revision  of  the  first
       parent.

SPECIFYING REVISION SETS

       Mercurial  supports  a  functional  language  for  selecting  a  set of
       revisions.

       The language supports a number of predicates which are joined by  infix
       operators. Parenthesis can be used for grouping.

       Identifiers  such  as branch names must be quoted with single or double
       quotes if they contain characters outside of [._a-zA-Z0-9\x80-\xff]  or
       if they match one of the predefined predicates.

       Special  characters can be used in quoted identifiers by escaping them,
       e.g., \n is interpreted as  a  newline.  To  prevent  them  from  being
       interpreted, strings can be prefixed with r, e.g. r'...'.

       There is a single prefix operator:

       not x

              Changesets not in x. Short form is ! x.

       These are the supported infix operators:

       x::y

              A  DAG  range,  meaning all changesets that are descendants of x
              and ancestors of y, including x and y themselves. If  the  first
              endpoint is left out, this is equivalent to ancestors(y), if the
              second is left out it is equivalent to descendants(x).

              An alternative syntax is x..y.

       x:y

              All changesets with revision  numbers  between  x  and  y,  both
              inclusive.  Either  endpoint  can be left out, they default to 0
              and tip.

       x and y

              The intersection of changesets in x and y. Short form is x & y.

       x or y

              The union of changesets in x and y. There  are  two  alternative
              short forms: x | y and x + y.

       x - y

              Changesets in x but not in y.

       x^n

              The  nth  parent of x, n == 0, 1, or 2.  For n == 0, x; for n ==
              1, the first parent of each changeset in x;  for  n  ==  2,  the
              second parent of changeset in x.

       x~n

              The nth first ancestor of x; x~0 is x; x~3 is x^^^.

       There is a single postfix operator:

       x^

              Equivalent to x^1, the first parent of each changeset in x.

       The following predicates are supported:

       adds(pattern)

              Changesets that add a file matching pattern.

       all()

              All changesets, the same as 0:tip.

       ancestor(single, single)

              Greatest common ancestor of the two changesets.

       ancestors(set)

              Changesets that are ancestors of a changeset in set.

       author(string)

              Alias for user(string).

       bisected(string)

              Changesets  marked  in  the  specified  bisect state (good, bad,
              skip).

       bookmark([name])

              The named bookmark or all bookmarks.

       branch(string or set)

              All changesets belonging to the given branch or the branches  of
              the given changesets.

       children(set)

              Child changesets of changesets in set.

       closed()

              Changeset is closed.

       contains(pattern)

              Revision  contains a file matching pattern. See hg help patterns
              for information about file patterns.

       date(interval)

              Changesets within the interval, see hg help dates.

       desc(string)

              Search commit message for string. The match is case-insensitive.

       descendants(set)

              Changesets which are descendants of changesets in set.

       file(pattern)

              Changesets affecting files matched by pattern.

       filelog(pattern)

              Changesets connected to the specified filelog.

       follow([file])

              An alias for ::. (ancestors of the working copy's first parent).
              If  a  filename  is  specified, the history of the given file is
              followed, including copies.

       grep(regex)

              Like keyword(string) but accepts a regex.  Use  grep(r'...')  to
              ensure  special  escape characters are handled correctly. Unlike
              keyword(string), the match is case-sensitive.

       head()

              Changeset is a named branch head.

       heads(set)

              Members of set with no children in set.

       id(string)

              Revision non-ambiguously  specified  by  the  given  hex  string
              prefix.

       keyword(string)

              Search commit message, user name, and names of changed files for
              string. The match is case-insensitive.

       last(set, n)

              Last n members of set.

       limit(set, n)

              First n members of set.

       max(set)

              Changeset with highest revision number in set.

       merge()

              Changeset is a merge changeset.

       min(set)

              Changeset with lowest revision number in set.

       modifies(pattern)

              Changesets modifying files matched by pattern.

       outgoing([path])

              Changesets not found in the specified destination repository, or
              the default push location.

       p1([set])

              First parent of changesets in set, or the working directory.

       p2([set])

              Second parent of changesets in set, or the working directory.

       parents([set])

              The set of all parents for all changesets in set, or the working
              directory.

       present(set)

              An empty set, if any revision in set isn't found; otherwise, all
              revisions in set.

       removes(pattern)

              Changesets which remove files matching pattern.

       rev(number)

              Revision with the given numeric identifier.

       reverse(set)

              Reverse order of set.

       roots(set)

              Changesets with no parent changeset in set.

       sort(set[, [-]key...])

              Sort set by keys. The default sort order is ascending, specify a
              key as -key to sort in descending order.

              The keys can be:

              · rev for the revision number,

              · branch for the branch name,

              · desc for the commit message (description),

              · user for user name (author can be used as an alias),

              · date for the commit date

       tag([name])

              The specified tag by name, or all tagged revisions if no name is
              given.

       user(string)

              User name contains string. The match is case-insensitive.

       New   predicates  (known  as  "aliases")  can  be  defined,  using  any
       combination  of  existing  predicates  or  other  aliases.   An   alias
       definition looks like:

       <alias> = <definition>

       in the revsetalias section of a Mercurial configuration file. Arguments
       of the form $1, $2, etc.  are  substituted  from  the  alias  into  the
       definition.

       For example,

       [revsetalias]
       h = heads()
       d($1) = sort($1, date)
       rs($1, $2) = reverse(sort($1, $2))

       defines  three  aliases,  h,  d,  and  rs. rs(0:tip, author) is exactly
       equivalent to reverse(sort(0:tip, author)).

       Command line equivalents for hg log:

       -f    ->  ::.
       -d x  ->  date(x)
       -k x  ->  keyword(x)
       -m    ->  merge()
       -u x  ->  user(x)
       -b x  ->  branch(x)
       -P x  ->  !::x
       -l x  ->  limit(expr, x)

       Some sample queries:

       · Changesets on the default branch:

         hg log -r "branch(default)"

       · Changesets on the default branch since tag 1.5 (excluding merges):

         hg log -r "branch(default) and 1.5:: and not merge()"

       · Open branch heads:

         hg log -r "head() and not closed()"

       · Changesets between tags 1.3 and  1.5  mentioning  "bug"  that  affect
         hgext/*:

         hg log -r "1.3::1.5 and keyword(bug) and file('hgext/*')"

       · Changesets committed in May 2008, sorted by user:

         hg log -r "sort(date('May 2008'), user)"

       · Changesets  mentioning  "bug"  or  "issue"  that  are not in a tagged
         release:

         hg log -r "(keyword(bug) or keyword(issue)) and not ancestors(tagged())"

SUBREPOSITORIES

       Subrepositories let you nest external repositories or projects  into  a
       parent  Mercurial  repository,  and  make commands operate on them as a
       group.  External  Mercurial  and  Subversion  projects  are   currently
       supported.

       Subrepositories are made of three components:

       1. Nested  repository checkouts. They can appear anywhere in the parent
          working directory, and are Mercurial clones or Subversion checkouts.

       2. Nested repository references. They are defined in  .hgsub  and  tell
          where    the    subrepository   checkouts   come   from.   Mercurial
          subrepositories are referenced like:

             path/to/nested = https://example.com/nested/repo/path

          where path/to/nested is the  checkout  location  relatively  to  the
          parent  Mercurial  root, and https://example.com/nested/repo/path is
          the  source  repository  path.  The  source  can  also  reference  a
          filesystem path. Subversion repositories are defined with:

             path/to/nested = [svn]https://example.com/nested/trunk/path

          Note   that   .hgsub   does   not  exist  by  default  in  Mercurial
          repositories, you have to create and add it to the parent repository
          before using subrepositories.

       3. Nested  repository  states.  They  are  defined  in  .hgsubstate and
          capture  whatever   information   is   required   to   restore   the
          subrepositories  to  the  state  they  were  committed  in  a parent
          repository changeset.  Mercurial  automatically  record  the  nested
          repositories states when committing in the parent repository.

       Note
          The .hgsubstate file should not be edited manually.

ADDING A SUBREPOSITORY

       If  .hgsub  does  not  exist,  create  it  and  add  it  to  the parent
       repository. Clone or checkout the external projects where you  want  it
       to live in the parent repository. Edit .hgsub and add the subrepository
       entry as described above. At this point, the subrepository  is  tracked
       and the next commit will record its state in .hgsubstate and bind it to
       the committed changeset.

SYNCHRONIZING A SUBREPOSITORY

       Subrepos do not automatically  track  the  latest  changeset  of  their
       sources.  Instead,  they  are updated to the changeset that corresponds
       with the changeset checked out in the top-level changeset. This  is  so
       developers always get a consistent set of compatible code and libraries
       when they update.

       Thus, updating subrepos is a manual process. Simply  check  out  target
       subrepo  at  the  desired  revision,  test  in the top-level repo, then
       commit in the parent repository to record the new combination.

DELETING A SUBREPOSITORY

       To remove a  subrepository  from  the  parent  repository,  delete  its
       reference from .hgsub, then remove its files.

INTERACTION WITH MERCURIAL COMMANDS

       add    add  does  not  recurse  in  subrepos  unless  -S/--subrepos  is
              specified. Subversion  subrepositories  are  currently  silently
              ignored.

       archive
              archive does not recurse in subrepositories unless -S/--subrepos
              is specified.

       commit commit creates a consistent snapshot of the state of the  entire
              project   and   its  subrepositories.  It  does  this  by  first
              attempting  to  commit  all   modified   subrepositories,   then
              recording  their  state  and finally committing it in the parent
              repository. Mercurial can be made to abort if any  subrepository
              content  is  modified  by  setting  "ui.commitsubrepos=no"  in a
              configuration file (see hg help config).

       diff   diff does  not  recurse  in  subrepos  unless  -S/--subrepos  is
              specified.    Changes   are   displayed   as   usual,   on   the
              subrepositories   elements.   Subversion   subrepositories   are
              currently silently ignored.

       incoming
              incoming  does  not  recurse in subrepos unless -S/--subrepos is
              specified. Subversion  subrepositories  are  currently  silently
              ignored.

       outgoing
              outgoing  does  not  recurse in subrepos unless -S/--subrepos is
              specified. Subversion  subrepositories  are  currently  silently
              ignored.

       pull   pull  is  not recursive since it is not clear what to pull prior
              to running hg update. Listing and retrieving all subrepositories
              changes referenced by the parent repository pulled changesets is
              expensive at best, impossible in the Subversion case.

       push   Mercurial will automatically push all subrepositories first when
              the   parent  repository  is  being  pushed.  This  ensures  new
              subrepository changes are available when referenced by top-level
              repositories.

       status status    does   not   recurse   into   subrepositories   unless
              -S/--subrepos is specified. Subrepository changes are  displayed
              as  regular  Mercurial  changes  on  the subrepository elements.
              Subversion subrepositories are currently silently ignored.

       update update restores the subrepos in the state they  were  originally
              committed  in target changeset. If the recorded changeset is not
              available in the current subrepository, Mercurial will  pull  it
              in  first before updating.  This means that updating can require
              network access when using subrepositories.

REMAPPING SUBREPOSITORIES SOURCES

       A subrepository source location  may  change  during  a  project  life,
       invalidating references stored in the parent repository history. To fix
       this, rewriting rules can be defined in parent repository hgrc file  or
       in  Mercurial  configuration. See the [subpaths] section in hgrc(5) for
       more details.

TEMPLATE USAGE

       Mercurial allows you to customize output of commands through templates.
       You  can  either  pass  in  a  template  from the command line, via the
       --template option, or select an existing template-style (--style).

       You can customize output for any  "log-like"  command:  log,  outgoing,
       incoming, tip, parents, heads and glog.

       Four  styles  are packaged with Mercurial: default (the style used when
       no explicit preference is passed), compact, changelog, and xml.  Usage:

       $ hg log -r1 --style changelog

       A template  is  a  piece  of  text,  with  markup  to  invoke  variable
       expansion:

       $ hg log -r1 --template "{node}\n"
       b56ce7b07c52de7d5fd79fb89701ea538af65746

       Strings  in  curly  braces  are  called  keywords.  The availability of
       keywords depends on the exact context of the templater. These  keywords
       are usually available for templating a log-like command:

       author String. The unmodified author of the changeset.

       bookmarks
              List of strings. Any bookmarks associated with the changeset.

       branch String.  The  name  of  the  branch  on  which the changeset was
              committed.

       branches
              List of strings. The name of the branch on which  the  changeset
              was committed. Will be empty if the branch name was default.

       children
              List of strings. The children of the changeset.

       date   Date information. The date when the changeset was committed.

       desc   String. The text of the changeset description.

       diffstat
              String.   Statistics  of  changes  with  the  following  format:
              "modified files: +added/-removed lines"

       file_adds
              List of strings. Files added by this changeset.

       file_copies
              List of strings. Files  copied  in  this  changeset  with  their
              sources.

       file_copies_switch
              List  of  strings.  Like "file_copies" but displayed only if the
              --copied switch is set.

       file_dels
              List of strings. Files removed by this changeset.

       file_mods
              List of strings. Files modified by this changeset.

       files  List of strings. All files modified, added, or removed  by  this
              changeset.

       latesttag
              String.  Most  recent  global  tag  in  the  ancestors  of  this
              changeset.

       latesttagdistance
              Integer. Longest path to the latest tag.

       node   String. The changeset identification hash, as a  40  hexadecimal
              digit string.

       rev    Integer. The repository-local changeset revision number.

       tags   List of strings. Any tags associated with the changeset.

       The  "date" keyword does not produce human-readable output. If you want
       to use a date in your output, you can  use  a  filter  to  process  it.
       Filters  are  functions  which  return  a  string  based  on  the input
       variable. Be sure  to  use  the  stringify  filter  first  when  you're
       applying  a string-input filter to a list-like input variable.  You can
       also use a chain of filters to get the desired output:

       $ hg tip --template "{date|isodate}\n"
       2008-08-21 18:22 +0000

       List of filters:

       addbreaks
              Any text. Add an XHTML "<br />" tag before the end of every line
              except the last.

       age    Date.  Returns a human-readable date/time difference between the
              given date/time and the current date/time.

       basename
              Any text. Treats the text  as  a  path,  and  returns  the  last
              component  of  the  path  after  splitting by the path separator
              (ignoring  trailing  separators).  For  example,   "foo/bar/baz"
              becomes "baz" and "foo/bar//" becomes "bar".

       date   Date.  Returns  a  date  in  a  Unix  date format, including the
              timezone: "Mon Sep 04 15:13:13 2006 0700".

       domain Any text. Finds the  first  string  that  looks  like  an  email
              address,  and  extracts just the domain component. Example: User
              <user@example.com> becomes example.com.

       email  Any text. Extracts the first string that  looks  like  an  email
              address.     Example:     User     <user@example.com>    becomes
              user@example.com.

       escape Any text. Replaces the special XML/XHTML characters "&", "<" and
              ">" with XML entities.

       fill68 Any text. Wraps the text to fit in 68 columns.

       fill76 Any text. Wraps the text to fit in 76 columns.

       firstline
              Any text. Returns the first line of text.

       hex    Any  text.  Convert  a binary Mercurial node identifier into its
              long hexadecimal representation.

       hgdate Date. Returns the date as a pair of numbers: "1157407993  25200"
              (Unix timestamp, timezone offset).

       isodate
              Date.  Returns  the  date  in ISO 8601 format: "2009-08-18 13:00
              +0200".

       isodatesec
              Date. Returns the date in ISO 8601  format,  including  seconds:
              "2009-08-18 13:00:13 +0200". See also the rfc3339date filter.

       localdate
              Date. Converts a date to local date.

       nonempty
              Any text. Returns '(none)' if the string is empty.

       obfuscate
              Any  text.  Returns the input text rendered as a sequence of XML
              entities.

       person Any text. Returns the text before an email address.

       rfc3339date
              Date. Returns a date using the Internet date format specified in
              RFC 3339: "2009-08-18T13:00:13+02:00".

       rfc822date
              Date.  Returns  a  date  using  the  same  format  used in email
              headers: "Tue, 18 Aug 2009 13:00:13 +0200".

       short  Changeset hash. Returns the short form of a changeset hash, i.e.
              a 12 hexadecimal digit string.

       shortdate
              Date. Returns a date like "2006-09-18".

       stringify
              Any  type.  Turns  the value into text by converting values into
              text and concatenating them.

       strip  Any text. Strips all leading and trailing whitespace.

       stripdir
              Treat the text as path and strip a directory level, if possible.
              For example, "foo" and "foo/bar" becomes "foo".

       tabindent
              Any  text.  Returns  the  text, with every line except the first
              starting with a tab character.

       urlescape
              Any text. Escapes all "special" characters.  For  example,  "foo
              bar" becomes "foo%20bar".

       user   Any text. Returns the user portion of an email address.

URL PATHS

       Valid URLs are of the form:

       local/filesystem/path[#revision]
       file://local/filesystem/path[#revision]
       http://[user[:pass]@]host[:port]/[path][#revision]
       https://[user[:pass]@]host[:port]/[path][#revision]
       ssh://[user@]host[:port]/[path][#revision]

       Paths   in   the   local  filesystem  can  either  point  to  Mercurial
       repositories or to bundle files  (as  created  by  hg  bundle or  :hg:`
       incoming --bundle`). See also hg help paths.

       An  optional  identifier after # indicates a particular branch, tag, or
       changeset to use from the remote repository. See also hg help revisions
       .

       Some  features,  such  as pushing to http:// and https:// URLs are only
       possible if the feature is explicitly enabled on the  remote  Mercurial
       server.

       Note that the security of HTTPS URLs depends on proper configuration of
       web.cacerts.

       Some notes about using SSH with Mercurial:

       · SSH requires an accessible shell account on the  destination  machine
         and a copy of hg in the remote path or specified with as remotecmd.

       · path  is relative to the remote user's home directory by default. Use
         an extra slash at the start of a path to specify an absolute path:

         ssh://example.com//tmp/repository

       · Mercurial doesn't use its own compression via SSH; the right thing to
         do is to configure it in your ~/.ssh/config, e.g.:

         Host *.mylocalnetwork.example.com
           Compression no
         Host *
           Compression yes

         Alternatively   specify   "ssh  -C"  as  your  ssh  command  in  your
         configuration file or with the --ssh command line option.

       These URLs can all be stored  in  your  configuration  file  with  path
       aliases under the [paths] section like so:

       [paths]
       alias1 = URL1
       alias2 = URL2
       ...

       You can then use the alias for any command that uses a URL (for example
       hg pull alias1 will be treated as hg pull URL1).

       Two path aliases are special because they are used as defaults when you
       do not provide the URL to a command:

       default:
              When  you  create  a repository with hg clone, the clone command
              saves  the  location  of  the  source  repository  as  the   new
              repository's  'default'  path.  This  is then used when you omit
              path from push- and pull-like commands (including  incoming  and
              outgoing).

       default-push:
              The  push command will look for a path named 'default-push', and
              prefer it over 'default' if both are defined.

EXTENSIONS

       This section contains help for extensions that are distributed together
       with  Mercurial.  Help  for  other  extensions is available in the help
       system.

   acl
       hooks for controlling repository access

       This hook makes it possible to allow or  deny  write  access  to  given
       branches  and  paths of a repository when receiving incoming changesets
       via pretxnchangegroup and pretxncommit.

       The authorization is matched based on the local user name on the system
       where  the  hook  runs, and not the committer of the original changeset
       (since the latter is merely informative).

       The acl hook is best used along with  a  restricted  shell  like  hgsh,
       preventing  authenticating users from doing anything other than pushing
       or pulling. The hook is not safe to use if users have interactive shell
       access,  as  they  can  then disable the hook. Nor is it safe if remote
       users share an account, because then there is  no  way  to  distinguish
       them.

       The order in which access checks are performed is:

       1. Deny  list for branches (section acl.deny.branches)

       2. Allow list for branches (section acl.allow.branches)

       3. Deny  list for paths    (section acl.deny)

       4. Allow list for paths    (section acl.allow)

       The allow and deny sections take key-value pairs.

   Branch-based Access Control
       Use  the  acl.deny.branches  and  acl.allow.branches  sections  to have
       branch-based access control. Keys in these sections can be either:

       · a branch name, or

       · an asterisk, to match any branch;

       The corresponding values can be either:

       · a comma-separated list containing users and groups, or

       · an asterisk, to match anyone;

   Path-based Access Control
       Use the acl.deny and  acl.allow  sections  to  have  path-based  access
       control.  Keys  in these sections accept a subtree pattern (with a glob
       syntax by default). The corresponding values follow the same syntax  as
       the other sections above.

   Groups
       Group  names must be prefixed with an @ symbol. Specifying a group name
       has the same effect as specifying all the users in that group.

       You can define group members in the acl.groups  section.   If  a  group
       name  is  not defined there, and Mercurial is running under a Unix-like
       system, the list of users will be taken from  the  OS.   Otherwise,  an
       exception will be raised.

   Example Configuration
       [hooks]

       # Use this if you want to check access restrictions at commit time
       pretxncommit.acl = python:hgext.acl.hook

       # Use this if you want to check access restrictions for pull, push,
       # bundle and serve.
       pretxnchangegroup.acl = python:hgext.acl.hook

       [acl]
       # Allow or deny access for incoming changes only if their source is
       # listed here, let them pass otherwise. Source is "serve" for all
       # remote access (http or ssh), "push", "pull" or "bundle" when the
       # related commands are run locally.
       # Default: serve
       sources = serve

       [acl.deny.branches]

       # Everyone is denied to the frozen branch:
       frozen-branch = *

       # A bad user is denied on all branches:
       * = bad-user

       [acl.allow.branches]

       # A few users are allowed on branch-a:
       branch-a = user-1, user-2, user-3

       # Only one user is allowed on branch-b:
       branch-b = user-1

       # The super user is allowed on any branch:
       * = super-user

       # Everyone is allowed on branch-for-tests:
       branch-for-tests = *

       [acl.deny]
       # This list is checked first. If a match is found, acl.allow is not
       # checked. All users are granted access if acl.deny is not present.
       # Format for both lists: glob pattern = user, ..., @group, ...

       # To match everyone, use an asterisk for the user:
       # my/glob/pattern = *

       # user6 will not have write access to any file:
       ** = user6

       # Group "hg-denied" will not have write access to any file:
       ** = @hg-denied

       # Nobody will be able to change "DONT-TOUCH-THIS.txt", despite
       # everyone being able to change all other files. See below.
       src/main/resources/DONT-TOUCH-THIS.txt = *

       [acl.allow]
       # if acl.allow is not present, all users are allowed by default
       # empty acl.allow = no users allowed

       # User "doc_writer" has write access to any file under the "docs"
       # folder:
       docs/** = doc_writer

       # User "jack" and group "designers" have write access to any file
       # under the "images" folder:
       images/** = jack, @designers

       # Everyone (except for "user6" - see acl.deny above) will have write
       # access to any file under the "resources" folder (except for 1
       # file. See acl.deny):
       src/main/resources/** = *

       .hgtags = release_engineer

   bugzilla
       hooks for integrating with the Bugzilla bug tracker

       This  hook  extension adds comments on bugs in Bugzilla when changesets
       that refer to bugs by Bugzilla ID are seen. The  comment  is  formatted
       using the Mercurial template mechanism.

       The hook does not change bug status.

       Three basic modes of access to Bugzilla are provided:

       1. Access  via  the Bugzilla XMLRPC interface. Requires Bugzilla 3.4 or
          later.

       2. Check data via the Bugzilla XMLRPC interface and submit  bug  change
          via  email  to  Bugzilla  email  interface. Requires Bugzilla 3.4 or
          later.

       3. Writing  directly  to   the   Bugzilla   database.   Only   Bugzilla
          installations using MySQL are supported. Requires Python MySQLdb.

       Writing  directly to the database is susceptible to schema changes, and
       relies on a Bugzilla contrib script to send out bug change notification
       emails.  This script runs as the user running Mercurial, must be run on
       the host with the Bugzilla install, and  requires  permission  to  read
       Bugzilla  configuration  details  and  the  necessary  MySQL  user  and
       password to have full access rights to the Bugzilla database. For these
       reasons  this access mode is now considered deprecated, and will not be
       updated for new Bugzilla versions going forward.

       Access via  XMLRPC  needs  a  Bugzilla  username  and  password  to  be
       specified in the configuration. Comments are added under that username.
       Since the configuration must be readable by all Mercurial users, it  is
       recommended  that the rights of that user are restricted in Bugzilla to
       the minimum necessary to add comments.

       Access via XMLRPC/email uses XMLRPC to query Bugzilla, but sends  email
       to  the Bugzilla email interface to submit comments to bugs.  The From:
       address in the email is set to the email address of the Mercurial user,
       so  the  comment  appears to come from the Mercurial user. In the event
       that the Mercurial user email  is  not  recognised  by  Bugzilla  as  a
       Bugzilla  user, the email associated with the Bugzilla username used to
       log into Bugzilla is used instead as the source of the comment.

       Configuration items common to all access modes:

       bugzilla.version
              This access type to use. Values recognised are:

              xmlrpc

                     Bugzilla XMLRPC interface.

              xmlrpc+email

                     Bugzilla XMLRPC and email interfaces.

              3.0

                     MySQL access, Bugzilla 3.0 and later.

              2.18

                     MySQL access, Bugzilla 2.18 and up to but  not  including
                     3.0.

              2.16

                     MySQL  access,  Bugzilla 2.16 and up to but not including
                     2.18.

       bugzilla.regexp
              Regular expression to match bug IDs in changeset commit message.
              Must  contain one "()" group. The default expression matches Bug
              1234, Bug no. 1234, Bug number 1234, Bugs  1234,5678,  Bug  1234
              and 5678 and variations thereof. Matching is case insensitive.

       bugzilla.style
              The style file to use when formatting comments.

       bugzilla.template
              Template  to  use  when  formatting comments. Overrides style if
              specified. In addition to  the  usual  Mercurial  keywords,  the
              extension specifies:

              {bug}

                     The Bugzilla bug ID.

              {root}

                     The full pathname of the Mercurial repository.

              {webroot}

                     Stripped pathname of the Mercurial repository.

              {hgweb}

                     Base URL for browsing Mercurial repositories.

              Default  changeset  {node|short}  in  repo  {root} refers to bug
              {bug}.\ndetails:\n\t{desc|tabindent}

       bugzilla.strip
              The number of path separator characters to strip from the  front
              of  the  Mercurial  repository  path  ({root}  in  templates) to
              produce  {webroot}.  For  example,  a  repository  with   {root}
              /var/local/my-project  with  a  strip  of  2  gives  a value for
              {webroot} of my-project. Default 0.

       web.baseurl
              Base URL for browsing Mercurial  repositories.  Referenced  from
              templates as {hgweb}.

       Configuration items common to XMLRPC+email and MySQL access modes:

       bugzilla.usermap
              Path  of  file  containing Mercurial committer email to Bugzilla
              user email mappings. If specified, the file should  contain  one
              mapping per line:

              committer = Bugzilla user

              See also the [usermap] section.

       The  [usermap]  section  is  used  to  specify  mappings  of  Mercurial
       committer email to Bugzilla  user  email.  See  also  bugzilla.usermap.
       Contains entries of the form committer = Bugzilla user.

       XMLRPC access mode configuration:

       bugzilla.bzurl
              The   base   URL   for   the   Bugzilla  installation.   Default
              http://localhost/bugzilla.

       bugzilla.user
              The username to use to log into  Bugzilla  via  XMLRPC.  Default
              bugs.

       bugzilla.password
              The password for Bugzilla login.

       XMLRPC+email  access  mode  uses  the  XMLRPC access mode configuration
       items, and also:

       bugzilla.bzemail
              The Bugzilla email address.

       In addition, the Mercurial email settings must be configured.  See  the
       documentation in hgrc(5), sections [email] and [smtp].

       MySQL access mode configuration:

       bugzilla.host
              Hostname  of  the  MySQL  server  holding the Bugzilla database.
              Default localhost.

       bugzilla.db
              Name of the Bugzilla database in MySQL. Default bugs.

       bugzilla.user
              Username to use to access MySQL server. Default bugs.

       bugzilla.password
              Password to use to access MySQL server.

       bugzilla.timeout
              Database connection timeout (seconds). Default 5.

       bugzilla.bzuser
              Fallback  Bugzilla  user  name  to  record  comments  with,   if
              changeset committer cannot be found as a Bugzilla user.

       bugzilla.bzdir
              Bugzilla  install  directory.  Used  by  default notify. Default
              /var/www/html/bugzilla.

       bugzilla.notify
              The  command  to  run  to  get  Bugzilla  to  send  bug   change
              notification  emails. Substitutes from a map with 3 keys, bzdir,
              id (bug id) and user (committer bugzilla email). Default depends
              on   version;   from  2.18  it  is  "cd  %(bzdir)s  &&  perl  -T
              contrib/sendbugmail.pl %(id)s %(user)s".

       Activating the extension:

       [extensions]
       bugzilla =

       [hooks]
       # run bugzilla hook on every change pulled or pushed in here
       incoming.bugzilla = python:hgext.bugzilla.hook

       Example configurations:

       XMLRPC   example   configuration.   This   uses   the    Bugzilla    at
       http://my-project.org/bugzilla,       logging      in      as      user
       bugmail@my-project.org  with  password  plugh.  It  is  used   with   a
       collection  of  Mercurial  repositories in /var/local/hg/repos/, with a
       web interface at http://my-project.org/hg.

       [bugzilla]
       bzurl=http://my-project.org/bugzilla
       user=bugmail@my-project.org
       password=plugh
       version=xmlrpc
       template=Changeset {node|short} in {root|basename}.
                {hgweb}/{webroot}/rev/{node|short}\n
                {desc}\n
       strip=5

       [web]
       baseurl=http://my-project.org/hg

       XMLRPC+email  example  configuration.  This  uses   the   Bugzilla   at
       http://my-project.org/bugzilla,       logging      in      as      user
       bugmail@my-project.org  with  password  plugh.  It  is  used   with   a
       collection  of  Mercurial  repositories in /var/local/hg/repos/, with a
       web interface at http://my-project.org/hg. Bug comments are sent to the
       Bugzilla email address bugzilla@my-project.org.

       [bugzilla]
       bzurl=http://my-project.org/bugzilla
       user=bugmail@my-project.org
       password=plugh
       version=xmlrpc
       bzemail=bugzilla@my-project.org
       template=Changeset {node|short} in {root|basename}.
                {hgweb}/{webroot}/rev/{node|short}\n
                {desc}\n
       strip=5

       [web]
       baseurl=http://my-project.org/hg

       [usermap]
       user@emaildomain.com=user.name@bugzilladomain.com

       MySQL example configuration. This has a local Bugzilla 3.2 installation
       in /opt/bugzilla-3.2. The MySQL database is on localhost, the  Bugzilla
       database  name  is  bugs and MySQL is accessed with MySQL username bugs
       password XYZZY. It is used with a collection of Mercurial  repositories
       in     /var/local/hg/repos/,     with     a     web     interface    at
       http://my-project.org/hg.

       [bugzilla]
       host=localhost
       password=XYZZY
       version=3.0
       bzuser=unknown@domain.com
       bzdir=/opt/bugzilla-3.2
       template=Changeset {node|short} in {root|basename}.
                {hgweb}/{webroot}/rev/{node|short}\n
                {desc}\n
       strip=5

       [web]
       baseurl=http://my-project.org/hg

       [usermap]
       user@emaildomain.com=user.name@bugzilladomain.com

       All the above add a comment to the Bugzilla bug record of the form:

       Changeset 3b16791d6642 in repository-name.
       http://my-project.org/hg/repository-name/rev/3b16791d6642

       Changeset commit comment. Bug 1234.

   children
       command to display child changesets

   Commands
   children
       hg children [-r REV] [FILE]

       Print the children of the working directory's revisions. If a  revision
       is  given  via -r/--rev, the children of that revision will be printed.
       If a file argument is given,  revision  in  which  the  file  was  last
       changed  (after the working directory revision or the argument to --rev
       if given) is printed.

       Options:

       -r, --rev
              show children of the specified revision

       --style
              display using template map file

       --template
              display with template

   churn
       command to display statistics about repository history

   Commands
   churn
       hg churn [-d DATE] [-r REV] [--aliases FILE] [FILE]

       This command will  display  a  histogram  representing  the  number  of
       changed  lines  or  revisions, grouped according to the given template.
       The default template will group changes by  author.   The  --dateformat
       option may be used to group the results by date instead.

       Statistics  are  based on the number of changed lines, or alternatively
       the  number  of  matching  revisions  if  the  --changesets  option  is
       specified.

       Examples:

       # display count of changed lines for every committer
       hg churn -t '{author|email}'

       # display daily activity graph
       hg churn -f '%H' -s -c

       # display activity of developers by month
       hg churn -f '%Y-%m' -s -c

       # display count of lines changed in every year
       hg churn -f '%Y' -s

       It  is  possible  to map alternate email addresses to a main address by
       providing a file using the following format:

       <alias email> = <actual email>

       Such a file may be specified with the  --aliases  option,  otherwise  a
       .hgchurn file will be looked for in the working directory root.

       Options:

       -r, --rev
              count rate for the specified revision or range

       -d, --date
              count rate for revisions matching date spec

       -t, --template
              template to group changesets (default: {author|email})

       -f, --dateformat
              strftime-compatible format for grouping by date

       -c, --changesets
              count rate by number of changesets

       -s, --sort
              sort by key (default: sort by count)

       --diffstat
              display added/removed lines separately

       --aliases
              file with email aliases

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

   color
       colorize output from some commands

       This extension modifies the status and resolve commands to add color to
       their output to reflect file status, the qseries command to  add  color
       to   reflect   patch  status  (applied,  unapplied,  missing),  and  to
       diff-related commands to highlight additions, removals,  diff  headers,
       and trailing whitespace.

       Other  effects in addition to color, like bold and underlined text, are
       also available. By default, the terminfo database is used to  find  the
       terminal  codes  used  to  change color and effect.  If terminfo is not
       available, then effects are  rendered  with  the  ECMA-48  SGR  control
       function (aka ANSI escape codes).

       Default effects may be overridden from your configuration file:

       [color]
       status.modified = blue bold underline red_background
       status.added = green bold
       status.removed = red bold blue_background
       status.deleted = cyan bold underline
       status.unknown = magenta bold underline
       status.ignored = black bold

       # 'none' turns off all effects
       status.clean = none
       status.copied = none

       qseries.applied = blue bold underline
       qseries.unapplied = black bold
       qseries.missing = red bold

       diff.diffline = bold
       diff.extended = cyan bold
       diff.file_a = red bold
       diff.file_b = green bold
       diff.hunk = magenta
       diff.deleted = red
       diff.inserted = green
       diff.changed = white
       diff.trailingwhitespace = bold red_background

       resolve.unresolved = red bold
       resolve.resolved = green bold

       bookmarks.current = green

       branches.active = none
       branches.closed = black bold
       branches.current = green
       branches.inactive = none

       The  available  effects  in  terminfo  mode are 'blink', 'bold', 'dim',
       'inverse',  'invisible',  'italic',  'standout',  and  'underline';  in
       ECMA-48   mode,  the  options  are  'bold',  'inverse',  'italic',  and
       'underline'.  How each is rendered depends on  the  terminal  emulator.
       Some  may  not  be  available  for  a  given terminal type, and will be
       silently ignored.

       Note that on some systems, terminfo mode may cause problems when  using
       color  with  the  pager  extension and less -R. less with the -R option
       will only display ECMA-48 color codes, and terminfo mode may  sometimes
       emit  codes  that  less doesn't understand. You can work around this by
       either using ansi mode (or auto mode), or by using less -r (which  will
       pass through all terminal control codes, not just color control codes).

       Because there are only eight standard colors, this module allows you to
       define color names for other color slots which might be  available  for
       your terminal type, assuming terminfo mode.  For instance:

       color.brightblue = 12
       color.pink = 207
       color.orange = 202

       to  set  'brightblue'  to  color slot 12 (useful for 16 color terminals
       that have brighter colors defined in the upper eight) and,  'pink'  and
       'orange'  to  colors  in  256-color  xterm's default color cube.  These
       defined colors may then be  used  as  any  of  the  pre-defined  eight,
       including appending '_background' to set the background to that color.

       By  default,  the  color extension will use ANSI mode (or win32 mode on
       Windows) if it detects a terminal. To override  auto  mode  (to  enable
       terminfo mode, for example), set the following configuration option:

       [color]
       mode = terminfo

       Any  value  other  than  'ansi',  'win32',  'terminfo',  or 'auto' will
       disable color.

   convert
       import revisions from foreign VCS repositories into Mercurial

   Commands
   convert
       hg convert [OPTION]... SOURCE [DEST [REVMAP]]

       Accepted source formats [identifiers]:

       · Mercurial [hg]

       · CVS [cvs]

       · Darcs [darcs]

       · git [git]

       · Subversion [svn]

       · Monotone [mtn]

       · GNU Arch [gnuarch]

       · Bazaar [bzr]

       · Perforce [p4]

       Accepted destination formats [identifiers]:

       · Mercurial [hg]

       · Subversion [svn] (history on branches is not preserved)

       If no revision is given, all revisions will be  converted.   Otherwise,
       convert  will  only  import up to the named revision (given in a format
       understood by the source).

       If no destination directory name  is  specified,  it  defaults  to  the
       basename of the source with -hg appended. If the destination repository
       doesn't exist, it will be created.

       By  default,  all  sources  except  Mercurial  will  use  --branchsort.
       Mercurial  uses  --sourcesort  to  preserve  original  revision numbers
       order. Sort modes have the following effects:

       --branchsort
              convert from parent to child revision when possible, which means
              branches are usually converted one after the other. It generates
              more compact repositories.

       --datesort
              sort revisions by date. Converted repositories have good-looking
              changelogs  but  are often an order of magnitude larger than the
              same ones generated by --branchsort.

       --sourcesort
              try to  preserve  source  revisions  order,  only  supported  by
              Mercurial sources.

       If   REVMAP  isn't  given,  it  will  be  put  in  a  default  location
       (<dest>/.hg/shamap by default). The REVMAP is a simple text  file  that
       maps  each  source  commit  ID to the destination ID for that revision,
       like so:

       <source ID> <destination ID>

       If the file doesn't exist, it's automatically created. It's updated  on
       each  commit  copied,  so  hg convert can be interrupted and can be run
       repeatedly to copy new commits.

       The authormap is a simple text file that maps each source commit author
       to  a  destination  commit author. It is handy for source SCMs that use
       unix logins to identify authors (eg: CVS). One line per author  mapping
       and the line format is:

       source author = destination author

       Empty lines and lines starting with a # are ignored.

       The  filemap is a file that allows filtering and remapping of files and
       directories. Each line can contain one of the following directives:

       include path/to/file-or-dir

       exclude path/to/file-or-dir

       rename path/to/source path/to/destination

       Comment lines start with #. A specified path matches if it  equals  the
       full  relative  name  of  a  file or one of its parent directories. The
       include or exclude directive with the longest matching path applies, so
       line order does not matter.

       The include directive causes a file, or all files under a directory, to
       be included in the destination repository, and  the  exclusion  of  all
       other  files  and  directories  not  explicitly  included.  The exclude
       directive causes  files  or  directories  to  be  omitted.  The  rename
       directive  renames  a  file  or directory if it is converted. To rename
       from a subdirectory into the root of the repository, use . as the  path
       to rename to.

       The  splicemap  is  a  file that allows insertion of synthetic history,
       letting you specify the parents of a revision. This is  useful  if  you
       want  to  e.g.  give  a  Subversion  merge  two  parents,  or graft two
       disconnected series of history together. Each  entry  contains  a  key,
       followed by a space, followed by one or two comma-separated values:

       key parent1, parent2

       The  key is the revision ID in the source revision control system whose
       parents should be modified (same format as a key  in  .hg/shamap).  The
       values  are  the  revision  IDs  (in  either  the source or destination
       revision control system) that should be used as  the  new  parents  for
       that  node. For example, if you have merged "release-1.0" into "trunk",
       then you should specify the revision on "trunk" as the first parent and
       the one on the "release-1.0" branch as the second.

       The  branchmap  is a file that allows you to rename a branch when it is
       being brought in  from  whatever  external  repository.  When  used  in
       conjunction  with  a splicemap, it allows for a powerful combination to
       help fix even the most badly mismanaged repositories and turn them into
       nicely  structured Mercurial repositories. The branchmap contains lines
       of the form:

       original_branch_name new_branch_name

       where "original_branch_name" is the name of the branch  in  the  source
       repository,  and  "new_branch_name"  is  the  name of the branch is the
       destination repository. No whitespace is allowed in the  branch  names.
       This  can  be  used  to (for instance) move code in one repository from
       "default" to a named branch.

   Mercurial Source
       The Mercurial source recognizes the  following  configuration  options,
       which you can set on the command line with --config:

       convert.hg.ignoreerrors
              ignore  integrity  errors when reading.  Use it to fix Mercurial
              repositories with missing revlogs, by  converting  from  and  to
              Mercurial. Default is False.

       convert.hg.saverev
              store  original  revision  ID in changeset (forces target IDs to
              change). It takes and boolean argument and defaults to False.

       convert.hg.startrev
              convert start revision and  its  descendants.   It  takes  a  hg
              revision identifier and defaults to 0.

   CVS Source
       CVS  source  will  use  a sandbox (i.e. a checked-out copy) from CVS to
       indicate the starting point of what will be converted. Direct access to
       the  repository files is not needed, unless of course the repository is
       :local:. The conversion uses the top level directory in the sandbox  to
       find  the CVS repository, and then uses CVS rlog commands to find files
       to convert. This means that unless a filemap is given, all files  under
       the  starting  directory  will  be  converted,  and  that any directory
       reorganization in the CVS sandbox is ignored.

       The following options can be used with --config:

       convert.cvsps.cache
              Set to False to disable remote  log  caching,  for  testing  and
              debugging purposes. Default is True.

       convert.cvsps.fuzz
              Specify  the  maximum  time (in seconds) that is allowed between
              commits  with  identical  user  and  log  message  in  a  single
              changeset.  When  very  large files were checked in as part of a
              changeset then the default may not be long enough.  The  default
              is 60.

       convert.cvsps.mergeto
              Specify  a  regular  expression to which commit log messages are
              matched. If a match occurs, then  the  conversion  process  will
              insert  a  dummy  revision  merging the branch on which this log
              message occurs to the branch indicated in the regex. Default  is
              {{mergetobranch ([-\w]+)}}

       convert.cvsps.mergefrom
              Specify  a  regular  expression to which commit log messages are
              matched. If a match occurs, then the conversion process will add
              the most recent revision on the branch indicated in the regex as
              the second parent of the changeset. Default is {{mergefrombranch
              ([-\w]+)}}

       hook.cvslog
              Specify  a  Python function to be called at the end of gathering
              the CVS log. The function is passed a list with the log entries,
              and can modify the entries in-place, or add or delete them.

       hook.cvschangesets
              Specify  a Python function to be called after the changesets are
              calculated from the the CVS log. The function is passed  a  list
              with  the  changeset  entries,  and  can  modify  the changesets
              in-place, or add or delete them.

       An  additional  "debugcvsps"  Mercurial  command  allows  the   builtin
       changeset  merging  code  to  be  run  without  doing a conversion. Its
       parameters and output are similar to that of cvsps 2.1. Please see  the
       command help for more details.

   Subversion Source
       Subversion  source  detects  classical trunk/branches/tags layouts.  By
       default, the supplied svn://repo/path/ source URL  is  converted  as  a
       single  branch. If svn://repo/path/trunk exists it replaces the default
       branch. If  svn://repo/path/branches  exists,  its  subdirectories  are
       listed  as  possible  branches.  If  svn://repo/path/tags exists, it is
       looked for tags referencing converted branches. Default trunk, branches
       and  tags  values can be overridden with following options. Set them to
       paths relative to the source URL, or leave them blank to  disable  auto
       detection.

       The following options can be set with --config:

       convert.svn.branches
              specify  the  directory  containing  branches.   The  default is
              branches.

       convert.svn.tags
              specify the directory containing tags. The default is tags.

       convert.svn.trunk
              specify the name of the trunk branch. The default is trunk.

       Source history can  be  retrieved  starting  at  a  specific  revision,
       instead  of  being integrally converted. Only single branch conversions
       are supported.

       convert.svn.startrev
              specify start Subversion revision number.  The default is 0.

   Perforce Source
       The Perforce (P4) importer can be given a p4 depot  path  or  a  client
       specification  as  source. It will convert all files in the source to a
       flat Mercurial repository, ignoring labels, branches and  integrations.
       Note  that when a depot path is given you then usually should specify a
       target directory, because otherwise the target may be named ...-hg.

       It is possible to limit the amount of source history to be converted by
       specifying an initial Perforce revision:

       convert.p4.startrev
              specify   initial   Perforce  revision  (a  Perforce  changelist
              number).

   Mercurial Destination
       The following options are supported:

       convert.hg.clonebranches
              dispatch source branches in  separate  clones.  The  default  is
              False.

       convert.hg.tagsbranch
              branch name for tag revisions, defaults to default.

       convert.hg.usebranchnames
              preserve branch names. The default is True.

       Options:

       --authors
              username mapping filename (DEPRECATED, use --authormap instead)

       -s, --source-type
              source repository type

       -d, --dest-type
              destination repository type

       -r, --rev
              import up to target revision REV

       -A, --authormap
              remap usernames using this file

       --filemap
              remap file names using contents of file

       --splicemap
              splice synthesized history into place

       --branchmap
              change branch names while converting

       --branchsort
              try to sort changesets by branches

       --datesort
              try to sort changesets by date

       --sourcesort
              preserve source changesets order

   eol
       automatically manage newlines in repository files

       This  extension  allows you to manage the type of line endings (CRLF or
       LF) that are used in the repository and in the local working directory.
       That  way  you can get CRLF line endings on Windows and LF on Unix/Mac,
       thereby letting everybody use their OS native line endings.

       The  extension  reads  its  configuration  from  a   versioned   .hgeol
       configuration  file  found  in the root of the working copy. The .hgeol
       file use the same syntax as all other Mercurial configuration files. It
       uses two sections, [patterns] and [repository].

       The  [patterns]  section specifies how line endings should be converted
       between the working copy and the repository. The format is specified by
       a  file pattern. The first match is used, so put more specific patterns
       first. The available line endings are LF, CRLF, and BIN.

       Files with the declared format of CRLF or LF are always checked out and
       stored in the repository in that format and files declared to be binary
       (BIN) are left unchanged. Additionally, native is an alias for checking
       out in the platform's default line ending: LF on Unix (including Mac OS
       X) and CRLF on Windows. Note that BIN (do nothing to line  endings)  is
       Mercurial's  default  behaviour;  it  is  only  needed  if  you need to
       override a later, more general pattern.

       The optional [repository] section specifies the line endings to use for
       files  stored in the repository. It has a single setting, native, which
       determines the storage line endings for files declared as native in the
       [patterns] section. It can be set to LF or CRLF. The default is LF. For
       example, this means that on Windows, files configured as  native  (CRLF
       by  default)  will  be  converted  to LF when stored in the repository.
       Files declared as LF, CRLF, or BIN in the [patterns] section are always
       stored as-is in the repository.

       Example versioned .hgeol file:

       [patterns]
       **.py = native
       **.vcproj = CRLF
       **.txt = native
       Makefile = LF
       **.jpg = BIN

       [repository]
       native = LF

       Note   The rules will first apply when files are touched in the working
              copy, e.g. by updating to null and back  to  tip  to  touch  all
              files.

       The extension uses an optional [eol] section in your hgrc file (not the
       .hgeol file) for settings that control the overall behavior. There  are
       two settings:

       · eol.native  (default os.linesep) can be set to LF or CRLF to override
         the default interpretation of native for checkout. This can  be  used
         with hg archive on Unix, say, to generate an archive where files have
         line endings for Windows.

       · eol.only-consistent (default True) can be set to False  to  make  the
         extension  convert  files  with inconsistent EOLs. Inconsistent means
         that there is both CRLF and LF present in the file.  Such  files  are
         normally  not  touched under the assumption that they have mixed EOLs
         on purpose.

       The extension provides cleverencode: and cleverdecode: filters like the
       deprecated  win32text  extension  does. This means that you can disable
       win32text and enable eol and your filters will  still  work.  You  only
       need to these filters until you have prepared a .hgeol file.

       The  win32text.forbid*  hooks  provided by the win32text extension have
       been unified into a single hook named eol.checkheadshook. The hook will
       lookup  the expected line endings from the .hgeol file, which means you
       must  migrate  to  a  .hgeol  file  first  before   using   the   hook.
       eol.checkheadshook  only  checks  heads, intermediate invalid revisions
       will be pushed. To forbid them  completely,  use  the  eol.checkallhook
       hook. These hooks are best used as pretxnchangegroup hooks.

       See hg help patterns for more information about the glob patterns used.

   extdiff
       command to allow external programs to compare revisions

       The  extdiff Mercurial extension allows you to use external programs to
       compare revisions, or revision with  working  directory.  The  external
       diff  programs  are  called  with a configurable set of options and two
       non-option arguments: paths  to  directories  containing  snapshots  of
       files to compare.

       The  extdiff  extension also allows you to configure new diff commands,
       so you do not need to type hg extdiff -p kdiff3 always.

       [extdiff]
       # add new command that runs GNU diff(1) in 'context diff' mode
       cdiff = gdiff -Nprc5
       ## or the old way:
       #cmd.cdiff = gdiff
       #opts.cdiff = -Nprc5

       # add new command called vdiff, runs kdiff3
       vdiff = kdiff3

       # add new command called meld, runs meld (no need to name twice)
       meld =

       # add new command called vimdiff, runs gvimdiff with DirDiff plugin
       # (see http://www.vim.org/scripts/script.php?script_id=102) Non
       # English user, be sure to put "let g:DirDiffDynamicDiffText = 1" in
       # your .vimrc
       vimdiff = gvim -f '+next' '+execute "DirDiff" argv(0) argv(1)'

       Tool arguments can include variables that are expanded at runtime:

       $parent1, $plabel1 - filename, descriptive label of first parent
       $child,   $clabel  - filename, descriptive label of child revision
       $parent2, $plabel2 - filename, descriptive label of second parent
       $root              - repository root
       $parent is an alias for $parent1.

       The extdiff extension will look in your [diff-tools] and  [merge-tools]
       sections for diff tool arguments, when none are specified in [extdiff].

       [extdiff]
       kdiff3 =

       [diff-tools]
       kdiff3.diffargs=--L1 '$plabel1' --L2 '$clabel' $parent $child

       You  can  use  -I/-X and list of file or directory names like normal hg
       diff command. The extdiff extension  makes  snapshots  of  only  needed
       files,  so  running  the  external diff program will actually be pretty
       fast (at least faster than having to compare the entire tree).

   Commands
   extdiff
       hg extdiff [OPT]... [FILE]...

       Show differences between revisions for the specified  files,  using  an
       external  program.  The  default  program  used  is  diff, with default
       options "-Npru".

       To select a different program, use the -p/--program option. The program
       will  be  passed  the  names  of  two  directories  to compare. To pass
       additional options to the  program,  use  -o/--option.  These  will  be
       passed before the names of the directories to compare.

       When  two  revision arguments are given, then changes are shown between
       those revisions. If only one revision is specified then  that  revision
       is  compared  to  the  working  directory,  and,  when no revisions are
       specified, the working directory files are compared to its parent.

       Options:

       -p, --program
              comparison program to run

       -o, --option
              pass option to comparison program

       -r, --rev
              revision

       -c, --change
              change made by revision

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

   fetch
       pull, update and merge in one command

   Commands
   fetch
       hg fetch [SOURCE]

       This finds all changes from the repository at the specified path or URL
       and adds them to the local repository.

       If  the pulled changes add a new branch head, the head is automatically
       merged, and the result of  the  merge  is  committed.   Otherwise,  the
       working directory is updated to include the new changes.

       When  a  merge  occurs,  the  newly  pulled  changes  are assumed to be
       "authoritative". The head of the new  changes  is  used  as  the  first
       parent,  with  local  changes as the second. To switch the merge order,
       use --switch-parent.

       See hg help dates for a list of formats valid for -d/--date.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -r, --rev
              a specific revision you would like to pull

       -e, --edit
              edit commit message

       --force-editor
              edit commit message (DEPRECATED)

       --switch-parent
              switch parents when merging

       -m, --message
              use text as commit message

       -l, --logfile
              read commit message from file

       -d, --date
              record the specified date as commit date

       -u, --user
              record the specified user as committer

       -e, --ssh
              specify ssh command to use

       --remotecmd
              specify hg command to run on the remote side

       --insecure
              do not verify server certificate (ignoring web.cacerts config)

   gpg
       commands to sign and verify changesets

   Commands
   sigcheck
       hg sigcheck REVISION

       verify all the signatures there may be for a particular revision

   sign
       hg sign [OPTION]... [REVISION]...

       If no revision is given, the parent of the working directory  is  used,
       or tip if no revision is checked out.

       See hg help dates for a list of formats valid for -d/--date.

       Options:

       -l, --local
              make the signature local

       -f, --force
              sign even if the sigfile is modified

       --no-commit
              do not commit the sigfile after signing

       -k, --key
              the key id to sign with

       -m, --message
              commit message

       -d, --date
              record the specified date as commit date

       -u, --user
              record the specified user as committer

   sigs
       hg sigs

       list signed changesets

   graphlog
       command to view revision graphs from a shell

       This  extension adds a --graph option to the incoming, outgoing and log
       commands. When this options is given, an ASCII  representation  of  the
       revision graph is also shown.

   Commands
   glog
       hg glog [OPTION]... [FILE]

       Print  a  revision  history alongside a revision graph drawn with ASCII
       characters.

       Nodes printed as an @ character are parents of the working directory.

       Options:

       -l, --limit
              limit number of changes displayed

       -p, --patch
              show patch

       -r, --rev
              show the specified revision or range

       --style
              display using template map file

       --template
              display with template

   hgcia
       hooks for integrating with the CIA.vc notification service

       This is meant to be run as a changegroup or incoming hook. To configure
       it, set the following options in your hgrc:

       [cia]
       # your registered CIA user name
       user = foo
       # the name of the project in CIA
       project = foo
       # the module (subproject) (optional)
       #module = foo
       # Append a diffstat to the log message (optional)
       #diffstat = False
       # Template to use for log messages (optional)
       #template = {desc}\n{baseurl}{webroot}/rev/{node}-- {diffstat}
       # Style to use (optional)
       #style = foo
       # The URL of the CIA notification service (optional)
       # You can use mailto: URLs to send by email, eg
       # mailto:cia@cia.vc
       # Make sure to set email.from if you do this.
       #url = http://cia.vc/
       # print message instead of sending it (optional)
       #test = False
       # number of slashes to strip for url paths
       #strip = 0

       [hooks]
       # one of these:
       changegroup.cia = python:hgcia.hook
       #incoming.cia = python:hgcia.hook

       [web]
       # If you want hyperlinks (optional)
       baseurl = http://server/path/to/repo

   hgk
       browse the repository in a graphical way

       The  hgk  extension  allows  browsing  the history of a repository in a
       graphical way. It requires Tcl/Tk version 8.4 or later. (Tcl/Tk is  not
       distributed with Mercurial.)

       hgk  consists  of  two parts: a Tcl script that does the displaying and
       querying of information, and an extension to  Mercurial  named  hgk.py,
       which  provides  hooks  for hgk to get information. hgk can be found in
       the contrib directory, and  the  extension  is  shipped  in  the  hgext
       repository, and needs to be enabled.

       The hg view command will launch the hgk Tcl script. For this command to
       work, hgk must be in your search path. Alternately, you can specify the
       path to hgk in your configuration file:

       [hgk]
       path=/location/of/hgk

       hgk  can  make  use  of  the  extdiff extension to visualize revisions.
       Assuming you had already configured extdiff vdiff command, just add:

       [hgk]
       vdiff=vdiff

       Revisions context menu will now  display  additional  entries  to  fire
       vdiff on hovered and selected revisions.

   Commands
   view
       hg view [-l LIMIT] [REVRANGE]

       start interactive history viewer

       Options:

       -l, --limit
              limit number of changes displayed

   highlight
       syntax highlighting for hgweb (requires Pygments)

       It    depends    on   the   Pygments   syntax   highlighting   library:
       http://pygments.org/

       There is a single configuration option:

       [web]
       pygments_style = <style>

       The default is 'colorful'.

   inotify
       accelerate status report using Linux's inotify service

   Commands
   inserve
       hg inserve [OPTION]...

       start an inotify server for this repository

       Options:

       -d, --daemon
              run server in background

       --daemon-pipefds
              used internally by daemon mode

       -t, --idle-timeout
              minutes to sit idle before exiting

       --pid-file
              name of file to write process ID to

   interhg
       expand expressions into changelog and summaries

       This extension allows the use of a special syntax in  summaries,  which
       will  be  automatically  expanded  into  links  or  any other arbitrary
       expression, much like InterWiki does.

       A few example patterns (link to bug tracking, etc.) that may be used in
       your hgrc:

       [interhg]
       issues = s!issue(\d+)!<a href="http://bts/issue\1">issue\1</a>!
       bugzilla = s!((?:bug|b=|(?=#?\d{4,}))(?:\s*#?)(\d+))!<a..=\2">\1</a>!i
       boldify = s!(^|\s)#(\d+)\b! <b>#\2</b>!

   keyword
       expand keywords in tracked files

       This  extension  expands  RCS/CVS-like or self-customized $Keywords$ in
       tracked text files selected by your configuration.

       Keywords are only expanded in local repositories and not stored in  the
       change  history. The mechanism can be regarded as a convenience for the
       current user or for archive distribution.

       Keywords expand to the changeset data pertaining to the  latest  change
       relative to the working directory parent of each file.

       Configuration  is done in the [keyword], [keywordset] and [keywordmaps]
       sections of hgrc files.

       Example:

       [keyword]
       # expand keywords in every python file except those matching "x*"
       **.py =
       x*    = ignore

       [keywordset]
       # prefer svn- over cvs-like default keywordmaps
       svn = True

       Note   The more specific you are in your filename patterns the less you
              lose speed in huge repositories.

       For  [keywordmaps]  template  mapping  and  expansion demonstration and
       control run hg kwdemo. See hg help templates for a  list  of  available
       templates and filters.

       Three additional date template filters are provided:

       utcdate

              "2006/09/18 15:13:13"

       svnutcdate

              "2006-09-18 15:13:13Z"

       svnisodate

              "2006-09-18 08:13:13 -700 (Mon, 18 Sep 2006)"

       The  default template mappings (view with hg kwdemo -d) can be replaced
       with customized keywords and templates. Again, run hg kwdemo to control
       the results of your configuration changes.

       Before  changing/disabling active keywords, you must run hg kwshrink to
       avoid storing expanded keywords in the change history.

       To force expansion after enabling it, or a configuration change, run hg
       kwexpand.

       Expansions spanning more than one line and incremental expansions, like
       CVS' $Log$, are not supported. A keyword template map  "Log  =  {desc}"
       expands to the first line of the changeset description.

   Commands
   kwdemo
       hg kwdemo [-d] [-f RCFILE] [TEMPLATEMAP]...

       Show  current,  custom,  or  default  keyword  template  maps and their
       expansions.

       Extend the current configuration by specifying maps  as  arguments  and
       using -f/--rcfile to source an external hgrc file.

       Use -d/--default to disable current configuration.

       See hg help templates for information on templates and filters.

       Options:

       -d, --default
              show default keyword template maps

       -f, --rcfile
              read maps from rcfile

   kwexpand
       hg kwexpand [OPTION]... [FILE]...

       Run after (re)enabling keyword expansion.

       kwexpand refuses to run if given files contain local changes.

       Options:

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

   kwfiles
       hg kwfiles [OPTION]... [FILE]...

       List  which files in the working directory are matched by the [keyword]
       configuration patterns.

       Useful to  prevent  inadvertent  keyword  expansion  and  to  speed  up
       execution  by  including  only  files  that  are  actual candidates for
       expansion.

       See hg help keyword on how to construct patterns both for inclusion and
       exclusion of files.

       With  -A/--all  and  -v/--verbose  the codes used to show the status of
       files are:

       K = keyword expansion candidate
       k = keyword expansion candidate (not tracked)
       I = ignored
       i = ignored (not tracked)

       Options:

       -A, --all
              show keyword status flags of all files

       -i, --ignore
              show files excluded from expansion

       -u, --unknown
              only show unknown (not tracked) files

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

   kwshrink
       hg kwshrink [OPTION]... [FILE]...

       Must be run before changing/disabling active keywords.

       kwshrink refuses to run if given files contain local changes.

       Options:

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

   mq
       manage a stack of patches

       This extension lets you work with a stack of  patches  in  a  Mercurial
       repository.  It  manages two stacks of patches - all known patches, and
       applied patches (subset of known patches).

       Known patches  are  represented  as  patch  files  in  the  .hg/patches
       directory. Applied patches are both patch files and changesets.

       Common tasks (use hg help command for more details):

       create new patch                          qnew
       import existing patch                     qimport

       print patch series                        qseries
       print applied patches                     qapplied

       add known patch to applied stack          qpush
       remove patch from applied stack           qpop
       refresh contents of top applied patch     qrefresh

       By  default,  mq  will  automatically  use git patches when required to
       avoid losing file mode changes, copy records,  binary  files  or  empty
       files creations or deletions. This behaviour can be configured with:

       [mq]
       git = auto/keep/yes/no

       If  set  to 'keep', mq will obey the [diff] section configuration while
       preserving existing git patches upon qrefresh. If set to 'yes' or 'no',
       mq  will override the [diff] section and always generate git or regular
       patches, possibly losing data in the second case.

       You will by default be managing a patch queue named "patches". You  can
       create other, independent patch queues with the hg qqueue command.

   Commands
   qapplied
       hg qapplied [-1] [-s] [PATCH]

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -1, --last
              show only the last patch

       -s, --summary
              print first line of patch header

   qclone
       hg qclone [OPTION]... SOURCE [DEST]

       If source is local, destination will have no patches applied. If source
       is remote, this command can not check if patches are applied in source,
       so cannot guarantee that patches are not applied in destination. If you
       clone remote repository, be sure before that it has no patches applied.

       Source patch repository is looked for in <src>/.hg/patches by  default.
       Use -p <url> to change.

       The  patch directory must be a nested Mercurial repository, as would be
       created by hg init --mq.

       Return 0 on success.

       Options:

       --pull use pull protocol to copy metadata

       -U, --noupdate
              do not update the new working directories

       --uncompressed
              use uncompressed transfer (fast over LAN)

       -p, --patches
              location of source patch repository

       -e, --ssh
              specify ssh command to use

       --remotecmd
              specify hg command to run on the remote side

       --insecure
              do not verify server certificate (ignoring web.cacerts config)

   qcommit
       hg qcommit [OPTION]... [FILE]...

       This command is deprecated; use hg commit --mq instead.

       Options:

       -A, --addremove
              mark new/missing files as added/removed before committing

       --close-branch
              mark a branch as closed, hiding it from the branch list

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

       -m, --message
              use text as commit message

       -l, --logfile
              read commit message from file

       -d, --date
              record the specified date as commit date

       -u, --user
              record the specified user as committer

              aliases: qci

   qdelete
       hg qdelete [-k] [PATCH]...

       The patches must not be applied, and at least one  patch  is  required.
       With -k/--keep, the patch files are preserved in the patch directory.

       To stop managing a patch and move it into permanent history, use the hg
       qfinish command.

       Options:

       -k, --keep
              keep patch file

       -r, --rev
              stop managing a revision (DEPRECATED)

              aliases: qremove qrm

   qdiff
       hg qdiff [OPTION]... [FILE]...

       Shows a diff which includes the current patch as well  as  any  changes
       which  have  been  made in the working directory since the last refresh
       (thus showing what the current patch would become after a qrefresh).

       Use hg diff if you only want to see the changes  made  since  the  last
       qrefresh,  or  hg  export  qtip if  you want to see changes made by the
       current patch without including changes made since the qrefresh.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -a, --text
              treat all files as text

       -g, --git
              use git extended diff format

       --nodates
              omit dates from diff headers

       -p, --show-function
              show which function each change is in

       --reverse
              produce a diff that undoes the changes

       -w, --ignore-all-space
              ignore white space when comparing lines

       -b, --ignore-space-change
              ignore changes in the amount of white space

       -B, --ignore-blank-lines
              ignore changes whose lines are all blank

       -U, --unified
              number of lines of context to show

       --stat output diffstat-style summary of changes

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

   qfinish
       hg qfinish [-a] [REV]...

       Finishes the specified revisions (corresponding to applied patches)  by
       moving them out of mq control into regular repository history.

       Accepts  a  revision  range or the -a/--applied option. If --applied is
       specified, all applied  mq  revisions  are  removed  from  mq  control.
       Otherwise,  the  given  revisions  must  be at the base of the stack of
       applied patches.

       This can be especially useful if your changes have been applied  to  an
       upstream  repository,  or  if  you  are  about  to push your changes to
       upstream.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -a, --applied
              finish all applied changesets

   qfold
       hg qfold [-e] [-k] [-m TEXT] [-l FILE] PATCH...

       Patches must not yet  be  applied.  Each  patch  will  be  successively
       applied  to  the  current  patch in the order given. If all the patches
       apply successfully, the current patch will be refreshed  with  the  new
       cumulative  patch,  and  the  folded  patches  will  be  deleted.  With
       -k/--keep, the folded patch files will not be removed afterwards.

       The header for each folded patch will be concatenated with the  current
       patch header, separated by a line of * * *.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -e, --edit
              edit patch header

       -k, --keep
              keep folded patch files

       -m, --message
              use text as commit message

       -l, --logfile
              read commit message from file

   qgoto
       hg qgoto [OPTION]... PATCH

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -f, --force
              overwrite any local changes

   qguard
       hg qguard [-l] [-n] [PATCH] [-- [+GUARD]... [-GUARD]...]

       Guards control whether a patch can be pushed. A patch with no guards is
       always pushed. A patch with a positive guard ("+foo") is pushed only if
       the  hg qselect command has activated it. A patch with a negative guard
       ("-foo") is never pushed if the hg qselect command has activated it.

       With no arguments, print the currently active guards.  With  arguments,
       set guards for the named patch.

       Note   Specifying negative guards now requires '--'.

       To set guards on another patch:

       hg qguard other.patch -- +2.6.17 -stable

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -l, --list
              list all patches and guards

       -n, --none
              drop all guards

   qheader
       hg qheader [PATCH]

       Returns 0 on success.

   qimport
       hg qimport [-e] [-n NAME] [-f] [-g] [-P] [-r REV]... FILE...

       The  patch is inserted into the series after the last applied patch. If
       no patches have been applied, qimport prepends the patch to the series.

       The patch will have the same name as its source file unless you give it
       a new one with -n/--name.

       You  can register an existing patch inside the patch directory with the
       -e/--existing flag.

       With  -f/--force,  an  existing  patch  of  the  same  name   will   be
       overwritten.

       An  existing  changeset  may  be  placed under mq control with -r/--rev
       (e.g. qimport --rev tip -n patch will  place  tip  under  mq  control).
       With  -g/--git,  patches  imported  with  --rev  will  use the git diff
       format. See the diffs  help  topic  for  information  on  why  this  is
       important   for   preserving  rename/copy  information  and  permission
       changes. Use hg qfinish to remove changesets from mq control.

       To import a patch from standard input, pass - as the patch file.   When
       importing from standard input, a patch name must be specified using the
       --name flag.

       To import an existing patch while renaming it:

       hg qimport -e existing-patch -n new-name

       Returns 0 if import succeeded.

       Options:

       -e, --existing
              import file in patch directory

       -n, --name
              name of patch file

       -f, --force
              overwrite existing files

       -r, --rev
              place existing revisions under mq control

       -g, --git
              use git extended diff format

       -P, --push
              qpush after importing

   qinit
       hg qinit [-c]

       The queue repository is unversioned by default. If -c/--create-repo  is
       specified,  qinit  will create a separate nested repository for patches
       (qinit -c may also  be  run  later  to  convert  an  unversioned  patch
       repository into a versioned one). You can use qcommit to commit changes
       to this queue repository.

       This command is deprecated. Without -c, it's implied by other  relevant
       commands. With -c, use hg init --mq instead.

       Options:

       -c, --create-repo
              create queue repository

   qnew
       hg qnew [-e] [-m TEXT] [-l FILE] PATCH [FILE]...

       qnew  creates  a  new  patch  on top of the currently-applied patch (if
       any). The patch will be initialized with any outstanding changes in the
       working  directory. You may also use -I/--include, -X/--exclude, and/or
       a list of files after the patch name to add only  changes  to  matching
       files to the new patch, leaving the rest as uncommitted modifications.

       -u/--user  and  -d/--date can be used to set the (given) user and date,
       respectively. -U/--currentuser and -D/--currentdate set user to current
       user and date to current date.

       -e/--edit, -m/--message or -l/--logfile set the patch header as well as
       the commit message. If none is specified, the header is empty  and  the
       commit message is '[mq]: PATCH'.

       Use  the  -g/--git  option  to  keep the patch in the git extended diff
       format. Read the diffs help topic for more information on why  this  is
       important   for   preserving   permission   changes   and   copy/rename
       information.

       Returns 0 on successful creation of a new patch.

       Options:

       -e, --edit
              edit commit message

       -f, --force
              import uncommitted changes (DEPRECATED)

       -g, --git
              use git extended diff format

       -U, --currentuser
              add "From: <current user>" to patch

       -u, --user
              add "From: <USER>" to patch

       -D, --currentdate
              add "Date: <current date>" to patch

       -d, --date
              add "Date: <DATE>" to patch

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

       -m, --message
              use text as commit message

       -l, --logfile
              read commit message from file

   qnext
       hg qnext [-s]

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -s, --summary
              print first line of patch header

   qpop
       hg qpop [-a] [-f] [PATCH | INDEX]

       By default, pops off the top of the patch stack. If given a patch name,
       keeps  popping  off  patches until the named patch is at the top of the
       stack.

       Return 0 on success.

       Options:

       -a, --all
              pop all patches

       -n, --name
              queue name to pop (DEPRECATED)

       -f, --force
              forget any local changes to patched files

   qprev
       hg qprev [-s]

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -s, --summary
              print first line of patch header

   qpush
       hg qpush [-f] [-l] [-a] [--move] [PATCH | INDEX]

       When -f/--force is applied, all local changes in patched files will  be
       lost.

       Return 0 on success.

       Options:

       -f, --force
              apply on top of local changes

       -e, --exact
              apply the target patch to its recorded parent

       -l, --list
              list patch name in commit text

       -a, --all
              apply all patches

       -m, --merge
              merge from another queue (DEPRECATED)

       -n, --name
              merge queue name (DEPRECATED)

       --move reorder patch series and apply only the patch

   qqueue
       hg qqueue [OPTION] [QUEUE]

       Supports  switching between different patch queues, as well as creating
       new patch queues and deleting existing ones.

       Omitting a queue  name  or  specifying  -l/--list  will  show  you  the
       registered   queues   -  by  default  the  "normal"  patches  queue  is
       registered. The currently active queue will be marked with "(active)".

       To create a new queue, use -c/--create. The queue is automatically made
       active,  except  in  the  case where there are applied patches from the
       currently active queue in the repository. Then the queue will  only  be
       created and switching will fail.

       To  delete  an  existing  queue,  use  --delete.  You cannot delete the
       currently active queue.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -l, --list
              list all available queues

       -c, --create
              create new queue

       --rename
              rename active queue

       --delete
              delete reference to queue

       --purge
              delete queue, and remove patch dir

   qrefresh
       hg qrefresh [-I] [-X] [-e] [-m TEXT] [-l FILE] [-s] [FILE]...

       If any file patterns are provided, the  refreshed  patch  will  contain
       only  the  modifications  that  match  those  patterns;  the  remaining
       modifications will remain in the working directory.

       If -s/--short is specified, files currently included in the patch  will
       be refreshed just like matched files and remain in the patch.

       If  -e/--edit is specified, Mercurial will start your configured editor
       for you to enter a message. In case qrefresh fails,  you  will  find  a
       backup of your message in .hg/last-message.txt.

       hg  add/remove/copy/rename  work as usual, though you might want to use
       git-style patches (-g/--git  or  [diff]  git=1)  to  track  copies  and
       renames.  See the diffs help topic for more information on the git diff
       format.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -e, --edit
              edit commit message

       -g, --git
              use git extended diff format

       -s, --short
              refresh only files already in the patch and specified files

       -U, --currentuser
              add/update author field in patch with current user

       -u, --user
              add/update author field in patch with given user

       -D, --currentdate
              add/update date field in patch with current date

       -d, --date
              add/update date field in patch with given date

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

       -m, --message
              use text as commit message

       -l, --logfile
              read commit message from file

   qrename
       hg qrename PATCH1 [PATCH2]

       With one argument, renames the  current  patch  to  PATCH1.   With  two
       arguments, renames PATCH1 to PATCH2.

       Returns 0 on success.

          aliases: qmv

   qrestore
       hg qrestore [-d] [-u] REV

       This command is deprecated, use hg rebase instead.

       Options:

       -d, --delete
              delete save entry

       -u, --update
              update queue working directory

   qsave
       hg qsave [-m TEXT] [-l FILE] [-c] [-n NAME] [-e] [-f]

       This command is deprecated, use hg rebase instead.

       Options:

       -c, --copy
              copy patch directory

       -n, --name
              copy directory name

       -e, --empty
              clear queue status file

       -f, --force
              force copy

       -m, --message
              use text as commit message

       -l, --logfile
              read commit message from file

   qselect
       hg qselect [OPTION]... [GUARD]...

       Use  the  hg  qguard command  to set or print guards on patch, then use
       qselect to tell mq which guards to use. A patch will be  pushed  if  it
       has  no  guards  or  any  positive  guards match the currently selected
       guard, but will not be pushed if any negative guards match the  current
       guard. For example:

       qguard foo.patch -- -stable    (negative guard)
       qguard bar.patch    +stable    (positive guard)
       qselect stable

       This  activates  the "stable" guard. mq will skip foo.patch (because it
       has a negative match) but push bar.patch (because  it  has  a  positive
       match).

       With  no  arguments,  prints  the  currently  active  guards.  With one
       argument, sets the active guard.

       Use -n/--none to deactivate guards (no other arguments  needed).   When
       no  guards  are  active,  patches  with positive guards are skipped and
       patches with negative guards are pushed.

       qselect can change the guards on  applied  patches.  It  does  not  pop
       guarded  patches  by default. Use --pop to pop back to the last applied
       patch that is not guarded. Use --reapply (which implies --pop) to  push
       back to the current patch afterwards, but skip guarded patches.

       Use  -s/--series  to  print a list of all guards in the series file (no
       other arguments needed). Use -v for more information.

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -n, --none
              disable all guards

       -s, --series
              list all guards in series file

       --pop  pop to before first guarded applied patch

       --reapply
              pop, then reapply patches

   qseries
       hg qseries [-ms]

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -m, --missing
              print patches not in series

       -s, --summary
              print first line of patch header

   qtop
       hg qtop [-s]

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -s, --summary
              print first line of patch header

   qunapplied
       hg qunapplied [-1] [-s] [PATCH]

       Returns 0 on success.

       Options:

       -1, --first
              show only the first patch

       -s, --summary
              print first line of patch header

   strip
       hg strip [-k] [-f] [-n] REV...

       The strip command  removes  the  specified  changesets  and  all  their
       descendants.  If  the  working  directory  has uncommitted changes, the
       operation is aborted unless the --force flag is supplied, in which case
       changes will be discarded.

       If  a  parent  of  the  working directory is stripped, then the working
       directory will automatically be updated to the  most  recent  available
       ancestor of the stripped parent after the operation completes.

       Any stripped changesets are stored in .hg/strip-backup as a bundle (see
       hg help bundle and hg help unbundle). They can be restored  by  running
       hg  unbundle  .hg/strip-backup/BUNDLE,  where BUNDLE is the bundle file
       created by the strip. Note that the  local  revision  numbers  will  in
       general be different after the restore.

       Use  the  --no-backup  option  to  discard  the  backup bundle once the
       operation completes.

       Return 0 on success.

       Options:

       -f, --force
              force removal of changesets,  discard  uncommitted  changes  (no
              backup)

       -b, --backup
              bundle  only  changesets with local revision number greater than
              REV which are not descendants of REV (DEPRECATED)

       -n, --no-backup
              no backups

       --nobackup
              no backups (DEPRECATED)

       -k, --keep
              do not modify working copy during strip

   notify
       hooks for sending email notifications at commit/push time

       Subscriptions can be managed through a hgrc file. Default  mode  is  to
       print messages to stdout, for testing and configuring.

       To use, configure the notify extension and enable it in hgrc like this:

       [extensions]
       notify =

       [hooks]
       # one email for each incoming changeset
       incoming.notify = python:hgext.notify.hook
       # batch emails when many changesets incoming at one time
       changegroup.notify = python:hgext.notify.hook
       # batch emails when many changesets outgoing at one time (client side)
       outgoing.notify = python:hgext.notify.hook

       [notify]
       # config items go here

       Required configuration items:

       config = /path/to/file # file containing subscriptions

       Optional configuration items:

       test = True            # print messages to stdout for testing
       strip = 3              # number of slashes to strip for url paths
       domain = example.com   # domain to use if committer missing domain
       style = ...            # style file to use when formatting email
       template = ...         # template to use when formatting email
       incoming = ...         # template to use when run as incoming hook
       outgoing = ...         # template to use when run as outgoing hook
       changegroup = ...      # template to use when run as changegroup hook
       maxdiff = 300          # max lines of diffs to include (0=none, -1=all)
       maxsubject = 67        # truncate subject line longer than this
       diffstat = True        # add a diffstat before the diff content
       sources = serve        # notify if source of incoming changes in this list
                              # (serve == ssh or http, push, pull, bundle)
       merge = False          # send notification for merges (default True)
       [email]
       from = user@host.com   # email address to send as if none given
       [web]
       baseurl = http://hgserver/... # root of hg web site for browsing commits

       The  notify  config file has same format as a regular hgrc file. It has
       two sections so you  can  express  subscriptions  in  whatever  way  is
       handier for you.

       [usersubs]
       # key is subscriber email, value is ","-separated list of glob patterns
       user@host = pattern

       [reposubs]
       # key is glob pattern, value is ","-separated list of subscriber emails
       pattern = user@host

       Glob patterns are matched against path to repository root.

       If  you  like,  you can put notify config file in repository that users
       can push changes to, they can manage their own subscriptions.

   pager
       browse command output with an external pager

       To set the pager that should be used, set the application variable:

       [pager]
       pager = less -FRSX

       If no pager is set, the pager extensions uses the environment  variable
       $PAGER. If neither pager.pager, nor $PAGER is set, no pager is used.

       If  you  notice  "BROKEN  PIPE" error messages, you can disable them by
       setting:

       [pager]
       quiet = True

       You can disable the pager for certain commands by adding  them  to  the
       pager.ignore list:

       [pager]
       ignore = version, help, update

       You  can  also  enable  the  pager  only  for  certain  commands  using
       pager.attend. Below is the default list of commands to be paged:

       [pager]
       attend = annotate, cat, diff, export, glog, log, qdiff

       Setting pager.attend to an empty value will cause all  commands  to  be
       paged.

       If pager.attend is present, pager.ignore will be ignored.

       To  ignore  global  commands  like  hg  version or hg help, you have to
       specify them in your user configuration file.

       The --pager=... option can also be used to control when  the  pager  is
       used. Use a boolean value like yes, no, on, off, or use auto for normal
       behavior.

   patchbomb
       command to send changesets as (a series of) patch emails

       The series is started off with a "[PATCH 0 of N]"  introduction,  which
       describes the series as a whole.

       Each  patch email has a Subject line of "[PATCH M of N] ...", using the
       first line of the  changeset  description  as  the  subject  text.  The
       message contains two or three body parts:

       · The changeset description.

       · [Optional] The result of running diffstat on the patch.

       · The patch itself, as generated by hg export.

       Each  message  refers  to the first in the series using the In-Reply-To
       and References headers, so they will show up as a sequence in  threaded
       mail and news readers, and in mail archives.

       To   configure  other  defaults,  add  a  section  like  this  to  your
       configuration file:

       [email]
       from = My Name <my@email>
       to = recipient1, recipient2, ...
       cc = cc1, cc2, ...
       bcc = bcc1, bcc2, ...
       reply-to = address1, address2, ...

       Use [patchbomb] as configuration section name if you need  to  override
       global [email] address settings.

       Then you can use the hg email command to mail a series of changesets as
       a patchbomb.

       You can also either configure the method option in the email section to
       be  a sendmail compatible mailer or fill out the [smtp] section so that
       the patchbomb extension can automatically send patchbombs directly from
       the  commandline.  See  the  [email] and [smtp] sections in hgrc(5) for
       details.

   Commands
   email
       hg email [OPTION]... [DEST]...

       By default, diffs are sent in the format generated by  hg  export,  one
       per  message.  The  series starts with a "[PATCH 0 of N]" introduction,
       which describes the series as a whole.

       Each patch email has a Subject line of "[PATCH M of N] ...", using  the
       first  line  of  the  changeset  description  as the subject text.  The
       message contains two or three parts. First, the changeset description.

       With the -d/--diffstat option, if the diffstat  program  is  installed,
       the result of running diffstat on the patch is inserted.

       Finally, the patch itself, as generated by hg export.

       With  the  -d/--diffstat or -c/--confirm options, you will be presented
       with a final summary of all messages and asked for confirmation  before
       the messages are sent.

       By  default  the  patch  is included as text in the email body for easy
       reviewing.  Using  the  -a/--attach  option  will  instead  create   an
       attachment for the patch. With -i/--inline an inline attachment will be
       created.

       With -o/--outgoing, emails will be generated for patches not  found  in
       the  destination  repository  (or only those which are ancestors of the
       specified revisions if any are provided)

       With -b/--bundle, changesets are selected  as  for  --outgoing,  but  a
       single email containing a binary Mercurial bundle as an attachment will
       be sent.

       With -m/--mbox, instead of previewing each patchbomb message in a pager
       or  sending  the  messages directly, it will create a UNIX mailbox file
       with the patch emails. This mailbox file can be previewed with any mail
       user agent which supports UNIX mbox files.

       With  -n/--test,  all  steps  will run, but mail will not be sent.  You
       will be prompted for an email  recipient  address,  a  subject  and  an
       introductory  message  describing  the patches of your patchbomb.  Then
       when all is done,  patchbomb  messages  are  displayed.  If  the  PAGER
       environment  variable is set, your pager will be fired up once for each
       patchbomb message, so you can verify everything is alright.

       In case email sending fails, you will find  a  backup  of  your  series
       introductory message in .hg/last-email.txt.

       Examples:

       hg email -r 3000          # send patch 3000 only
       hg email -r 3000 -r 3001  # send patches 3000 and 3001
       hg email -r 3000:3005     # send patches 3000 through 3005
       hg email 3000             # send patch 3000 (deprecated)

       hg email -o               # send all patches not in default
       hg email -o DEST          # send all patches not in DEST
       hg email -o -r 3000       # send all ancestors of 3000 not in default
       hg email -o -r 3000 DEST  # send all ancestors of 3000 not in DEST

       hg email -b               # send bundle of all patches not in default
       hg email -b DEST          # send bundle of all patches not in DEST
       hg email -b -r 3000       # bundle of all ancestors of 3000 not in default
       hg email -b -r 3000 DEST  # bundle of all ancestors of 3000 not in DEST

       hg email -o -m mbox &&    # generate an mbox file...
         mutt -R -f mbox         # ... and view it with mutt
       hg email -o -m mbox &&    # generate an mbox file ...
         formail -s sendmail \   # ... and use formail to send from the mbox
           -bm -t < mbox         # ... using sendmail

       Before  using this command, you will need to enable email in your hgrc.
       See the [email] section in hgrc(5) for details.

       Options:

       -g, --git
              use git extended diff format

       --plain
              omit hg patch header

       -o, --outgoing
              send changes not found in the target repository

       -b, --bundle
              send changes not in target as a binary bundle

       --bundlename
              name of the bundle attachment file (default: bundle)

       -r, --rev
              a revision to send

       --force
              run even when remote repository is unrelated (with -b/--bundle)

       --base a base changeset to  specify  instead  of  a  destination  (with
              -b/--bundle)

       --intro
              send an introduction email for a single patch

       -a, --attach
              send patches as attachments

       -i, --inline
              send patches as inline attachments

       --bcc  email addresses of blind carbon copy recipients

       -c, --cc
              email addresses of copy recipients

       --confirm
              ask for confirmation before sending

       -d, --diffstat
              add diffstat output to messages

       --date use the given date as the sending date

       --desc use the given file as the series description

       -f, --from
              email address of sender

       -n, --test
              print messages that would be sent

       -m, --mbox
              write messages to mbox file instead of sending them

       --reply-to
              email addresses replies should be sent to

       -s, --subject
              subject of first message (intro or single patch)

       --in-reply-to
              message identifier to reply to

       --flag flags to add in subject prefixes

       -t, --to
              email addresses of recipients

       -e, --ssh
              specify ssh command to use

       --remotecmd
              specify hg command to run on the remote side

       --insecure
              do not verify server certificate (ignoring web.cacerts config)

   progress
       show progress bars for some actions

       This  extension  uses the progress information logged by hg commands to
       draw progress bars that are as informative as possible.  Some  progress
       bars only offer indeterminate information, while others have a definite
       end point.

       The following settings are available:

       [progress]
       delay = 3 # number of seconds (float) before showing the progress bar
       refresh = 0.1 # time in seconds between refreshes of the progress bar
       format = topic bar number estimate # format of the progress bar
       width = <none> # if set, the maximum width of the progress information
                      # (that is, min(width, term width) will be used)
       clear-complete = True # clear the progress bar after it's done
       disable = False # if true, don't show a progress bar
       assume-tty = False # if true, ALWAYS show a progress bar, unless
                          # disable is given

       Valid entries for the  format  field  are  topic,  bar,  number,  unit,
       estimate,  speed,  and item. item defaults to the last 20 characters of
       the item, but this can be changed by adding either -<num>  which  would
       take the last num characters, or +<num> for the first num characters.

   purge
       command to delete untracked files from the working directory

   Commands
   purge
       hg purge [OPTION]... [DIR]...

       Delete  files  not known to Mercurial. This is useful to test local and
       uncommitted changes in an otherwise-clean source tree.

       This means that purge will delete:

       · Unknown files: files marked with "?" by hg status

       · Empty directories: in fact Mercurial ignores directories unless  they
         contain files under source control management

       But it will leave untouched:

       · Modified and unmodified tracked files

       · Ignored files (unless --all is specified)

       · New files added to the repository (with hg add)

       If  directories  are  given  on  the  command line, only files in these
       directories are considered.

       Be careful with purge, as you could irreversibly delete some files  you
       forgot  to add to the repository. If you only want to print the list of
       files that this program would delete, use the --print option.

       Options:

       -a, --abort-on-err
              abort if an error occurs

       --all  purge ignored files too

       -p, --print
              print filenames instead of deleting them

       -0, --print0
              end filenames with NUL, for use with xargs (implies -p/--print)

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

              aliases: clean

   rebase
       command to move sets of revisions to a different ancestor

       This extension lets you rebase  changesets  in  an  existing  Mercurial
       repository.

       For more information: http://mercurial.selenic.com/wiki/RebaseExtension

   Commands
   rebase
       hg rebase [-s REV | -b REV] [-d REV] [options]
       hg rebase {-a|-c}

       Rebase uses repeated merging to  graft  changesets  from  one  part  of
       history (the source) onto another (the destination). This can be useful
       for linearizing local changes relative to a master development tree.

       You should not rebase changesets that have  already  been  shared  with
       others.  Doing  so will force everybody else to perform the same rebase
       or they will end up with duplicated changesets after  pulling  in  your
       rebased changesets.

       If  you  don't specify a destination changeset (-d/--dest), rebase uses
       the tipmost head of the current named branch as the  destination.  (The
       destination  changeset  is not modified by rebasing, but new changesets
       are added as its descendants.)

       You can specify which changesets to rebase in two ways: as  a  "source"
       changeset   or  as  a  "base"  changeset.  Both  are  shorthand  for  a
       topologically related set of changesets (the "source branch").  If  you
       specify source (-s/--source), rebase will rebase that changeset and all
       of its descendants onto dest. If you specify base  (-b/--base),  rebase
       will  select  ancestors  of  base  back to but not including the common
       ancestor with dest. Thus, -b is less precise but more  convenient  than
       -s: you can specify any changeset in the source branch, and rebase will
       select the whole branch. If you specify neither -s nor -b, rebase  uses
       the parent of the working directory as the base.

       By  default,  rebase  recreates  the changesets in the source branch as
       descendants of dest and then destroys  the  originals.  Use  --keep  to
       preserve  the original source changesets. Some changesets in the source
       branch (e.g. merges from the destination branch) may be dropped if they
       no longer contribute any change.

       One  result  of  the  rules for selecting the destination changeset and
       source branch is that, unlike merge, rebase will do nothing if you  are
       at the latest (tipmost) head of a named branch with two heads. You need
       to explicitly specify source and/or destination (or update to the other
       head, if it's the head of the intended source branch).

       If  a  rebase  is  interrupted  to  manually resolve a merge, it can be
       continued with --continue/-c or aborted with --abort/-a.

       Returns 0 on success, 1 if nothing to rebase.

       Options:

       -s, --source
              rebase from the specified changeset

       -b, --base
              rebase from the base of the specified changeset (up to  greatest
              common ancestor of base and dest)

       -d, --dest
              rebase onto the specified changeset

       --collapse
              collapse the rebased changesets

       -m, --message
              use text as collapse commit message

       -l, --logfile
              read collapse commit message from file

       --keep keep original changesets

       --keepbranches
              keep original branch names

       --detach
              force detaching of source from its original branch

       -t, --tool
              specify merge tool

       -c, --continue
              continue an interrupted rebase

       -a, --abort
              abort an interrupted rebase

       --style
              display using template map file

       --template
              display with template

   record
       commands to interactively select changes for commit/qrefresh

   Commands
   qrecord
       hg qrecord [OPTION]... PATCH [FILE]...

       See hg help qnew & hg help record for more information and usage.

   record
       hg record [OPTION]... [FILE]...

       If  a  list of files is omitted, all changes reported by hg status will
       be candidates for recording.

       See hg help dates for a list of formats valid for -d/--date.

       You will be prompted for whether to record  changes  to  each  modified
       file,  and for files with multiple changes, for each change to use. For
       each query, the following responses are possible:

       y - record this change
       n - skip this change

       s - skip remaining changes to this file
       f - record remaining changes to this file

       d - done, skip remaining changes and files
       a - record all changes to all remaining files
       q - quit, recording no changes

       ? - display help

       This command is not available when committing a merge.

       Options:

       -A, --addremove
              mark new/missing files as added/removed before committing

       --close-branch
              mark a branch as closed, hiding it from the branch list

       -I, --include
              include names matching the given patterns

       -X, --exclude
              exclude names matching the given patterns

       -m, --message
              use text as commit message

       -l, --logfile
              read commit message from file

       -d, --date
              record the specified date as commit date

       -u, --user
              record the specified user as committer

       -w, --ignore-all-space
              ignore white space when comparing lines

       -b, --ignore-space-change
              ignore changes in the amount of white space

       -B, --ignore-blank-lines
              ignore changes whose lines are all blank

   relink
       recreates hardlinks between repository clones

   Commands
   relink
       hg relink [ORIGIN]

       When  repositories  are  cloned  locally,  their  data  files  will  be
       hardlinked so that they only use the space of a single repository.

       Unfortunately,  subsequent  pulls  into  either  repository  will break
       hardlinks for any files touched by the new  changesets,  even  if  both
       repositories end up pulling the same changes.

       Similarly,  passing --rev to "hg clone" will fail to use any hardlinks,
       falling back to a complete copy of the source repository.

       This command lets you recreate those hardlinks and reclaim that  wasted
       space.

       This repository will be relinked to share space with ORIGIN, which must
       be  on  the  same  local  disk.  If  ORIGIN  is  omitted,   looks   for
       "default-relink", then "default", in [paths].

       Do not attempt any read operations on this repository while the command
       is running. (Both repositories will be locked against writes.)

   schemes
       extend schemes with shortcuts to repository swarms

       This extension allows you to specify shortcuts for parent URLs  with  a
       lot of repositories to act like a scheme, for example:

       [schemes]
       py = http://code.python.org/hg/

       After that you can use it like:

       hg clone py://trunk/

       Additionally  there  is  support  for  some  more  complex schemas, for
       example used by Google Code:

       [schemes]
       gcode = http://{1}.googlecode.com/hg/

       The syntax is taken from Mercurial templates, and  you  have  unlimited
       number of variables, starting with {1} and continuing with {2}, {3} and
       so on. This variables will receive parts of URL supplied, split  by  /.
       Anything not specified as {part} will be just appended to an URL.

       For convenience, the extension adds these schemes by default:

       [schemes]
       py = http://hg.python.org/
       bb = https://bitbucket.org/
       bb+ssh = ssh://hg@bitbucket.org/
       gcode = https://{1}.googlecode.com/hg/
       kiln = https://{1}.kilnhg.com/Repo/

       You  can override a predefined scheme by defining a new scheme with the
       same name.

   share
       share a common history between several working directories

   Commands
   share
       hg share [-U] SOURCE [DEST]

       Initialize a new repository  and  working  directory  that  shares  its
       history with another repository.

       Note   using  rollback  or  extensions that destroy/modify history (mq,
              rebase, etc.)  can  cause  considerable  confusion  with  shared
              clones.  In particular, if two shared clones are both updated to
              the same changeset, and one of them destroys that changeset with
              rollback,  the  other  clone  will  suddenly  stop  working: all
              operations will fail with "abort: working directory has  unknown
              parent".  The only known workaround is to use debugsetparents on
              the broken clone to reset it to a changeset  that  still  exists
              (e.g. tip).

       Options:

       -U, --noupdate
              do not create a working copy

   transplant
       command to transplant changesets from another branch

       This extension allows you to transplant patches from another branch.

       Transplanted  patches  are recorded in .hg/transplant/transplants, as a
       map from a changeset hash to its hash in the source repository.

   Commands
   transplant
       hg transplant [-s REPO] [-b BRANCH [-a]] [-p REV] [-m REV] [REV]...

       Selected changesets will be applied  on  top  of  the  current  working
       directory  with  the  log of the original changeset. The changesets are
       copied and will thus appear  twice  in  the  history.  Use  the  rebase
       extension  instead  if  you  want to move a whole branch of unpublished
       changesets.

       If --log is specified, log messages will have a comment appended of the
       form:

       (transplanted from CHANGESETHASH)

       You  can  rewrite  the changelog message with the --filter option.  Its
       argument will be invoked with the current changelog message as  $1  and
       the patch as $2.

       If   --source/-s  is  specified,  selects  changesets  from  the  named
       repository. If --branch/-b is specified, selects  changesets  from  the
       branch  holding the named revision, up to that revision. If --all/-a is
       specified, all changesets on the branch will be transplanted, otherwise
       you will be prompted to select the changesets you want.

       hg  transplant  --branch  REVISION  --all will  transplant the selected
       branch (up to the named revision) onto your current working directory.

       You can optionally  mark  selected  transplanted  changesets  as  merge
       changesets.  You  will not be prompted to transplant any ancestors of a
       merged transplant, and you  can  merge  descendants  of  them  normally
       instead of transplanting them.

       If  no  merges  or  revisions are provided, hg transplant will start an
       interactive changeset browser.

       If a changeset application fails, you can fix the  merge  by  hand  and
       then resume where you left off by calling hg transplant --continue/-c.

       Options:

       -s, --source
              pull patches from REPO

       -b, --branch
              pull patches from branch BRANCH

       -a, --all
              pull all changesets up to BRANCH

       -p, --prune
              skip over REV

       -m, --merge
              merge at REV

       --log  append transplant info to log message

       -c, --continue
              continue last transplant session after repair

       --filter
              filter changesets through command

   win32mbcs
       allow the use of MBCS paths with problematic encodings

       Some  MBCS  encodings  are  not  good  for  some  path operations (i.e.
       splitting path, case conversion, etc.) with its encoded bytes. We  call
       such  a  encoding  (i.e. shift_jis and big5) as "problematic encoding".
       This extension can be used to fix the issue  with  those  encodings  by
       wrapping  some  functions  to  convert  to  Unicode  string before path
       operation.

       This extension is useful for:

       · Japanese Windows users using shift_jis encoding.

       · Chinese Windows users using big5 encoding.

       · All users who use a repository with one of problematic  encodings  on
         case-insensitive file system.

       This extension is not needed for:

       · Any user who use only ASCII chars in path.

       · Any user who do not use any of problematic encodings.

       Note that there are some limitations on using this extension:

       · You should use single encoding in one repository.

       · If the repository path ends with 0x5c, .hg/hgrc cannot be read.

       · win32mbcs is not compatible with fixutf8 extension.

       By default, win32mbcs uses encoding.encoding decided by Mercurial.  You
       can specify the encoding by config option:

       [win32mbcs]
       encoding = sjis

       It is useful for the users who want to commit with UTF-8 log message.

   win32text
       perform automatic newline conversion

          Deprecation: The win32text extension requires each user to configure
          the extension again and again for each clone since the configuration
          is not copied when cloning.

          We have therefore made the eol as an alternative.  The  eol  uses  a
          version  controlled  file  for its configuration and each clone will
          therefore use the right settings from the start.

       To perform automatic newline conversion, use:

       [extensions]
       win32text =
       [encode]
       ** = cleverencode:
       # or ** = macencode:

       [decode]
       ** = cleverdecode:
       # or ** = macdecode:

       If not doing conversion, to make sure you  do  not  commit  CRLF/CR  by
       accident:

       [hooks]
       pretxncommit.crlf = python:hgext.win32text.forbidcrlf
       # or pretxncommit.cr = python:hgext.win32text.forbidcr

       To  do  the same check on a server to prevent CRLF/CR from being pushed
       or pulled:

       [hooks]
       pretxnchangegroup.crlf = python:hgext.win32text.forbidcrlf
       # or pretxnchangegroup.cr = python:hgext.win32text.forbidcr

   zeroconf
       discover and advertise repositories on the local network

       The zeroconf extension will advertise hg serve instances over DNS-SD so
       that  they can be discovered using the hg paths command without knowing
       the server's address.

       To allow other people to discover your repository using run hg serve in
       your repository:

       $ cd test
       $ hg serve

       You can discover Zeroconf-enabled repositories by running hg paths:

       $ hg paths
       zc-test = http://example.com:8000/test

FILES

       .hgignore

              This  file  contains  regular  expressions  (one  per line) that
              describe file names that should be ignored by hg.  For  details,
              see hgignore(5).

       .hgtags

              This file contains changeset hash values and text tag names (one
              of each separated by spaces) that correspond to tagged  versions
              of the repository contents.

       /etc/mercurial/hgrc, $HOME/.hgrc, .hg/hgrc

              This   file  contains  defaults  and  configuration.  Values  in
              .hg/hgrc override  those  in  $HOME/.hgrc,  and  these  override
              settings  made  in the global /etc/mercurial/hgrc configuration.
              See hgrc(5) for details of the  contents  and  format  of  these
              files.

       Some  commands  (e.g.  revert) produce backup files ending in .orig, if
       the .orig file already exists and is not tracked by Mercurial, it  will
       be overwritten.

BUGS

       Probably  lots,  please  post  them  to the mailing list (see Resources
       below) when you find them.

SEE ALSO

       hgignore(5), hgrc(5)

AUTHOR

       Written by Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>

RESOURCES

       Main Web Site: http://mercurial.selenic.com/

       Source code repository: http://selenic.com/hg

       Mailing list: http://selenic.com/mailman/listinfo/mercurial

COPYING

       Copyright (C) 2005-2010 Matt Mackall.  Free use  of  this  software  is
       granted  under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 or
       any later version.

AUTHOR

       Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>

       Organization: Mercurial

                                                                         HG(1)