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       ppmlabel - add text to a portable pixmap


       ppmlabel [-angle angle] [-background transparent | colour] [-colour
                colour] [-file filename] [-size textsize] [-text 'text
                string'] [-x column] [-y row] ...  [ppmfile]


       ppmlabel  uses  the text drawing facilities of ppmdraw to add text to a
       portable pixmap.  The location, size, baseline  angle,  colour  of  the
       text  and  background  colour  (if  any) are controlled by command line
       arguments.  The text can be specified on the command line or read  from
       files.   Any  number  of  separate  text  strings  can  be added by one
       invocation of ppmlabel, limited only  by  the  maximum  length  of  the
       command line.

       If  no  ppmfile  is  specified,  ppmdraw  reads  its  input pixmap from
       standard input.


       The arguments on the ppmlabel command  line  are  not  options  in  the
       strict  sense;  they  are  commands  which  control  the  placement and
       appearance of the text being added  to  the  input  pixmap.   They  are
       executed left to right, and any number of arguments may appear.

       All flags can be abbreviated to their shortest unique prefix.

       -angle angle
                 Sets  the angle of the baseline of subsequent text.  angle is
                 specified  as  an  integral  number  of   degrees,   measured
                 counterclockwise from the row axis of the pixmap.

       -background transparent | colour
                 If  the  argument  is ``transparent'', text is drawn over the
                 existing pixels in the pixmap.  If a colour is given (see the
                 -colour  switch  below  for  information  on  how  to specify
                 colours), rectangles enclosing  subsequent  text  are  filled
                 with that colour.

       -colour colour
                 Sets  the  colour  for  subsequent  text.   The colour can be
                 specified in five ways:

                 o      A name, assuming that a pointer to an X11-style colour
                        names file was compiled in.

                 o      An X11-style hexadecimal specifier: rgb:r/g/b, where r
                        g and b are each 1- to 4-digit hexadecimal numbers.

                 o      An X11-style decimal specifier: rgbi:r/g/b, where r  g
                        and b are floating point numbers between 0 and 1.

                 o      For    backwards   compatibility,   an   old-X11-style
                        hexadecimal  number:  #rgb,  #rrggbb,  #rrrgggbbb,  or

                 o      For  backwards  compatibility,  a  triplet  of numbers
                        separated by commas:  r,g,b,  where  r  g  and  b  are
                        floating  point  numbers between 0 and 1.  (This style
                        was added before MIT came up  with  the  similar  rgbi

       -file filename
                 Reads  text from the file filename and draws it on successive

       -size textsize
                 Sets the height of the tallest characters above the  baseline
                 to textsize pixels.

       -text 'text string'
                 Draws  the  given  text  string  (which  must be quoted if it
                 contains  spaces).   The  location  for  subsequent  text  is
                 advanced  by  1.75  times  the current textsize, which allows
                 drawing multiple lines of text in a reasonable manner without
                 specifying the position of each line.

       -x column Sets  the  column  at  which  subsequent  text  will  be left
                 justified.  Depending on the shape of  the  first  character,
                 the  actual  text may begin a few pixels to the right of this

       -y row    Sets the row which will form the baseline of subsequent text.
                 Characters  with descenders, such as ``y'', will extend below
                 this line.


       Text strings are restricted to 7 bit ASCII.   The  text  font  used  by
       ppmdraw doesn't include definitions for 8 bit ISO 8859/1 characters.

       When  drawing multiple lines of text with a non-transparent background,
       it should probably fill the space between the lines with the background
       colour.  This is tricky to get right when the text is rotated to a non-
       orthogonal angle.

       The -size, -x, and -y options MUST precede the -text option  specifying
       the  string they apply to, or they will be silently ignored in favor of
       the defaults.


       ppmmake(1), ppm(5)


               Copyright (C) 1995 by John Walker (
                       WWW home page:

       Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software  and  its
       documentation  for  any  purpose  and  without  fee  is hereby granted,
       without any conditions or restrictions.  This software is provided ``as
       is'' without express or implied warranty.

                                 14 June 1995                      ppmlabel(1)