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pcii -- National Instruments PCIIA GPIB controller driver
The pcii driver provides support for driving an IEEE-488 bus, also called
IEC-625 (or just "IEC bus"), or HP-IB (Hewlett Packard Instrument Bus),
or GPIB (General Purpose Instrument Bus). The driver supports National
Instruments PCIIA cards (sometimes also refered to as PC2A) and
compatibles. These cards use a NEC uPD7210 controller IC as the main
interface between the host computer and the instrument bus.
IO memory space layout
The PCIIA cards use a very specific IO memory space allocation layout.
The address bits A0 through A9 (which have traditionally been the only
address bits evaluated on IBM PC XT extension cards) are hardwired to
address 0x2e1. Bits A10 through A12 are used by the uPD7210 register
select lines. This makes the individual 7210 registers being 0x400 bytes
apart in the ISA bus address space. Address bits A13 and A14 are
compared to a DIP switch setting on the card, allowing for up to 4
different cards being installed (at base addresses 0x2e1, 0x22e1, 0x42e1,
and 0x62e1, respectively). A15 has been used to select an optional on-
board time-of-day clock chip (MM58167A) on the original PCIIA rather than
the uPD7210 (which is not implemented on later boards and clones).
Finally, the IO addresses 0x2f0 ... 0x2f7 are used for a special
interrupt handling feature (re-enable interrupts so the IRQ can be
shared), where actually only address 0x2f0 plus the actual IRQ level is
required for each card. Some clones do not appear to require this
special IRQ handling, and are thus likely to not support the shared IRQ
Only the base address of the card needs to be specified in the ISA device
hints; the driver takes care to derive all other IO addresses needed
during the probe phase.
The following cards are known to be supported:
+o B&C Microsystems PC488A-0
+o National Instruments GPIB-PCII/PCIIA (in PCIIa mode)
+o Axiom AX5488
gpib(3), gpib(4), device.hints(5)
The pcii driver was written by Poul-Henning Kamp, and first appeared in
This manual page was written by Jorg Wunsch.