Provided by: openafs-fileserver_1.6.0-1_i386
KeyFile - Defines AFS server encryption keys
The KeyFile file defines the server encryption keys that the AFS server
processes running on the machine use to decrypt the tickets presented
by clients during the mutual authentication process. AFS server
processes perform privileged actions only for clients that possess a
ticket encrypted with one of the keys from the file. The file must
reside in the /etc/openafs/server directory on every server machine.
For more detailed information on mutual authentication and server
encryption keys, see the OpenAFS Administration Guide.
Each key has a corresponding a key version number that distinguishes it
from the other keys. The tickets that clients present are also marked
with a key version number to tell the server process which key to use
to decrypt it. The KeyFile file must always include a key with the same
key version number and contents as the key currently listed for the
"afs/cell" principal in the associated Kerberos v5 realm or
Authentication Database. (The principal "afs" may be used if the cell
and realm names are the same, but adding the cell name to the principal
is recommended even in this case. "afs" must be used as the principal
name if the cell uses the Authentication Server rather than a Kerberos
v5 realm.) The key must be a DES key; no stronger encryption type is
The KeyFile file is in binary format, so always use either the asetkey
command or the appropriate commands from the bos command suite to
· The asetkey add or bos addkey command to add a new key.
· The asetkey list or bos listkeys command to display the keys.
· The asetkey delete or bos removekey command to remove a key from
The asetkey commands must be run on the same server as the KeyFile file
to update. The bos commands may be run remotely. Normally, new keys
should be added from a Kerberos v5 keytab using asetkey add. bos
addkey is normally only used if the Authentication Server is in use
instead of a Kerberos v5 realm.
In cells that use the Update Server to distribute the contents of the
/etc/openafs/server directory, it is customary to edit only the copy of
the file stored on the system control machine. Otherwise, edit the file
on each server machine individually.
The most common error caused by changes to KeyFile is to add a key that
does not match the corresponding key for the Kerberos v5 principal or
Authentication Server database entry. Both the key and the key version
number must match the key for the corresponding principal, either
"afs/cell" or "afs", in the Kerberos v5 realm or Authentication
Database. For a Kerberos v5 realm, that principal must only have DES
encryption types in the Kerberos KDC.
In the unusual case of using bos addkey to add a key with a known
password matching a password used to generate Kerberos v5 keys, the
keys in the Kerberos v5 KDC database must use "afs3" salt, not the
default Kerberos v5 salt. The salt doesn't matter for the more normal
procedure of extracting a keytab and then adding the key using asetkey.
asetkey(8), bos_addkey(8), bos_listkeys(8), bos_removekey(8),
kas_setpassword(8), upclient(8), upserver(8)
The OpenAFS Administration Guide at
IBM Corporation 2000. <http://www.ibm.com/> All Rights Reserved.
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