Provided by: alsa-utils_1.0.24.2-0ubuntu8_i386 bug

NAME

       alsactl_init - alsa control management - initialization

DESCRIPTION

       "alsactl init" provides soundcard specific initialization.

CONFIGURATION

       All "alsactl init" configuration files are placed in
       /usr/share/alsa/init/ directory. The top level configuration file is
       /usr/share/alsa/init/00main. The default top-level file can be also
       specified using -i or --initfile parameter for the alsactl tool. Every
       file consists of a set of lines of text. All empty lines or lines
       beginning with '#' will be ignored.

   Rules files
       The "alsactl init" rules are read from the files located in the
       /usr/share/alsa/init/*. The top level configuration file is
       /usr/share/alsa/init/00main. Every line in the rules file contains at
       least one key value pair. There are two kind of keys, match and
       assignment keys. If all match keys are matching against its value, the
       rule gets applied and the assign keys get the specified value assigned.

       A rule may consists of a list of one or more key value pairs separated
       by a comma. Each key has a distinct operation, depending on the used
       operator. Valid operators are:

       ==
           Compare for equality.

       !=
           Compare for non-equality.

       =
           Assign a value to a key. Keys that represent a list, are reset and
           only this single value is assigned.

       +=
           Add the value to a key that holds a list of entries.

       :=
           Assign a value to a key finally; disallow any later changes, which
           may be used to prevent changes by any later rules.

       The following key names can be used to match against device properties:

       CARDINDEX
           Match the card index of the ALSA driver.

       CTL{attribute}
           Set or test universal control attribute. Possible attributes:

           numid
               Numeric control identification.

           iface, interface
               Control interface name (CARD, HWEDEP, MIXER, PCM, RAWMIDI,
               TIMER, SEQUENCER)

           subdev, subdevice
               Subdevice number.

           name
               Control name

           index
               Control index

           type
               Control type (BOOLEAN, INTEGER, INTEGER64, ENUMERATED, BYTES,
               IEC958)

           attr, attribute
               Attributes (stored in a string - use match characters * and ?):

               r
                   control is readable

               w
                   control is writable

               v
                   control is volatile

               i
                   control is inactive

               l
                   control is locked

               R
                   control is TLV readable

               W
                   control is TLV writable

               C
                   control is TLV commandable

               o
                   process is owner of this control

               u
                   control created in user space

           owner
               Control owner process PID number

           count
               Control count of values

           min
               Value range - minimum value

           max
               Value range - maximum value

           step
               Value range - step value

           dBmin
               Value range - minimum dB value

           dBmax
               Value range - maximum dB value

           items
               Enumerated value - number of text items

           enums
               Enumerated value - list of text names stored between '|'
               character

           value
               Value of control stored to a string delimited by comma (,).

           do_search
               Search for a control. Value "1" is returned if a control was
               found. The CTL{name} key might contain match characters * and
               ?. An control index might be specified as first argument
               starting from zero (e.g. CTL{do_search 2}="1").

           do_count
               Search for a controls and return total count of matched ones.
               The CTL{name} key might contain match characters * and ?.

       CONFIG{sysfs_device}
           The relative path to sysfs subsystem specifying the root directory
           of a soundcard device. Usually, it should be set to
           "/class/sound/card$cardinfo{card}/device".

       ATTR{filename}
           Match sysfs attribute values of the soundcard device. The relative
           path to sysfs tree must be defined by CONFIG{sysfs_device} key.
           Trailing whitespace in the attribute values is ignored, if the
           specified match value does not contain trailing whitespace itself.
           Depending on the type of operator, this key is also used to set the
           value of a sysfs attribute.

       ENV{key}
           Match against the value of an environment variable. Up to five ENV
           keys can be specified per rule. Depending on the type of operator,
           this key is also used to export a variable to the environment.

       PROGRAM
           Execute external program. The key is true, if the program returns
           without exit code zero. The whole event environment is available to
           the executed program. The program's output printed to stdout is
           available for the RESULT key.

           Several buildin commands are available:

           __ctl_search
               Search for a control. The CTL{name} key might contain match
               characters * and ?. An control index might be specified as
               first argument starting from zero (e.g. PROGRAM="__ctl_search
               2").

           __ctl_count
               Search for a controls and return total count of matched ones.
               The CTL{name} key might contain match characters * and ?.

       RESULT
           Match the returned string of the last PROGRAM call. This key can be
           used in the same or in any later rule after a PROGRAM call.

       Most of the fields support a shell style pattern matching. The
       following pattern characters are supported:

       *
           Matches zero, or any number of characters.

       ?
           Matches any single character.

       []
           Matches any single character specified within the brackets. For
           example, the pattern string 'tty[SR]' would match either 'ttyS' or
           'ttyR'. Ranges are also supported within this match with the '-'
           character. For example, to match on the range of all digits, the
           pattern [0-9] would be used. If the first character following the
           '[' is a '!', any characters not enclosed are matched.

       The following keys can get values assigned:

       CTL{numid}, CTL{iface}, CTL{device}, CTL{subdev}, CTL{name},
       CTL{index},
           Select universal control element.

       CTL{value}
           Value is set (written) also to soundcard's control device and
           RESULT key is set to errno code. The result of set operation is
           always true (it means continue with next key on line).

       CTL{values}
           Value is set (written) also to soundcard's control device (all
           control values are set to specified value) and RESULT key is set to
           errno code. The result of set operation is always true (it means
           continue with next key on line).

       CTL{write}
           Value is set (written) also to soundcard's control device (all
           control values are set to specified value). The result of set
           operation is true when operation succeed (it means continue with
           next key on line).

       ENV{key}
           Export a variable to the environment. Depending on the type of
           operator, this key is also to match against an environment
           variable.

       RESULT
           Set RESULT variable. Note that PROGRAM also sets this variable, but
           setting this variable manually might be useful to change code
           execution order (included files).

       LABEL
           Named label where a GOTO can jump to.

       GOTO
           Jumps to the next LABEL with a matching name. The goto cannot jump
           backward.

       INCLUDE
           Include specified filename or all files in specified directory

       ACCESS
           Check if specified file or directory exists

       CONFIG{sysfs_device}
           The relative path to sysfs subsystem specifying the root directory
           of a soundcard device. Usually, it should be set to
           "/class/sound/card$cardinfo{card}/device".

       PRINT
           PRINT value to stdout.

       ERROR
           PRINT value to stderr.

       EXIT
           Exit immediately and set program exit code to value (should be
           integer). If value is "return" string, parser leaves current
           included file and returns to parent configuration file.

       The PROGRAM, RESULT, CTL{value}, PRINT, ERROR, EXIT, CONFIG{} fields
       support simple printf-like string substitutions. It allows the use of
       the complete environment set by earlier matching rules. For all other
       fields, substitutions are applied while the individual rule is being
       processed. The available substitutions are:

       $cardinfo{attribute}, %i{attribute}
           See CARDINFO{} for more details.

       $ctl{attribute}, %C{attribute}
           See CTL{} for more details.

       $attr{file}, %s{file}
           The value of a sysfs attribute found at the device, where all keys
           of the rule have matched. If the attribute is a symlink, the last
           element of the symlink target is returned as the value.

       $env{key}, %E{key}
           The value of an environment variable.

       $result, %c
           The string returned by the external program requested with PROGRAM.
           A single part of the string, separated by a space character may be
           selected by specifying the part number as an attribute: %c{N}. If
           the number is followed by the '+' char this part plus all remaining
           parts of the result string are substituted: %c{N+}

       $sysfsroot, %r
           Root directory where sysfs file-system is mounted. Ususally, this
           value is just "/sys".

       $config{key}, %g{key}
           The value of a configuration variable. See CONFIG{} for more
           details.

       %%
           The '%' character itself.

       $$
           The '$' character itself.

       The count of characters to be substituted may be limited by specifying
       the format length value. For example, '%3s{file}' will only insert the
       first three characters of the sysfs attribute

AUTHOR

       Written by Jaroslav Kysela perex@perex.cz

       Some portions are written by Greg Kroah-Hartman greg@kroah.com and Kay
       Sievers kay.sievers@vrfy.org.

SEE ALSO

       alsactl(1)