Provided by: mozplugger_1.14.3-4_i386 bug

NAME

       mozplugger - a streaming multimedia plugin for UNIX mozilla

DESCRIPTION

       MozPlugger is a  Mozilla plugin which can show many types of multimedia
       inside your Mozilla.  To  accomplish  this,  MozPlugger  uses  external
       programs such as mplayer, xanim, mtv, timidity and tracker.

CONFIGURE FILE

       You  can  configure  mozplugger by changing the file mozpluggerrc which
       can be located in any of the following directories:

            $MOZPLUGGER_HOME/
            $HOME/.mozplugger/
            $HOME/.netscape/
            $HOME/.mozilla/
            $HOME/.opera/
            $MOZILLA_HOME/
            $OPERA_HOME/
            /usr/local/netscape/
            /etc/
            /usr/local/mozilla/
            /usr/local/netscape/

       MozPlugger will use the first mozpluggerrc  it  finds  and  ignore  any
       others. The search order is from top of the list above.

       The  format  of  mozpluggerrc  is very simple. The general layout is to
       have one or more lines describing mime types followed by  one  or  more
       lines  describing  commands  used  to  handle  those  mime types. Lines
       beginning with # are considered comments and are  ignored.  Here  is  a
       simple example:

            video/mpeg: mpeg: Mpeg video
            video/quicktime: qt,mov: Mpeg video
                 : xanim +W$window -Zr +q +Ze +f $file

       Each line describing a mime type has three fields:

             mime type : extensions : description

       mime type
              The  mime type is the standardized name for the content type you
              want MozPlugger to handle. This must be the same type as the web
              server claims the file to be, or MozPlugger will not be used for
              that file, regardless of the extension. Note: Some  web  servers
              incorrectly  report  the  wrong  mime type, blame the web server
              adminstrator not mozplugger.

       extensions
              This is a comma separated list  of  extensions  that  should  be
              associated  with  this  particular mime type. The extensions are
              only used when a web server does not report what type of file it
              is, or when loading files directly from disk.

       description
              This  is  the  description that shows up in about:plugins and in
              the application preferences section in Mozilla.

       Lines that describe what command to use for a mime type must begin
              with a whitespace and have two fields:

                    flags : command

       flags  This is a space separated list  of  flags  associated  with  the
              command  and  tells  mozplugger  how to handle this command. See
              below for further details.

       command
              This is a command which is sent to /bin/sh  when  handling  this
              mime  type.  Mozplugger assumes the command line starts with the
              name of an application followed by various arguments  passed  to
              that application.

USING M4

       When  loading, MozPlugger will pass the mozpluggerrc file through m4, a
       general purpose  macro  processor  (assuming  m4  is  installed).  This
       provides  the  ablity  to use macros within mozpluggerrc especially for
       those  commonly  used  command  lines.  m4  brings  text   replacement,
       parameter    substitution,   file   inclusion,   string   manipulation,
       conditional evaluation, arthemtic  expressions,  etc  to  mozpluggerrc.
       Please see m4 documentation for more details.

FINDING THE RIGHT COMMAND

       When  MozPlugger  is  called  from  your  browser, it looks through the
       configuration file and finds a matching mime type.

       When a matching mimetype is found, it tries to figure out which command
       to  use.  Commands  that  have the flags loop, embed, noembed, link and
       fmatch will be rejected if they do not match what is expected from  the
       associated HTML code (see later for details).

       In  addition  for  a  command  to  be  chosen the application has to be
       available. That is, MozPlugger  will  assume  the  first  word  of  the
       command  is  the  name  of  an  application  and  search $PATH for that
       application. If that application is not found MozPlugger will skip that
       command line.

       Of  the  commands  that  remain, Mozplugger looks for the first command
       that has the stream flag set. If there is  not  such  a  command  line,
       Mozplugger  then  downloads  the  file  and  picks  the  first  (of the
       remaining) commands.

WORKING WITH JAVA SCRIPT

       Mozplugger supports a JavaScript interface that allows the state of the
       embedded  object  (i.e.  mozplugger)  to  be  queried  from JavaScript.
       Currently mozplugger supports the following properties.

       isPlaying
              This property  has  the  value  true  if  the  application  that
              mozplugger launched to handle the embedded object is running and
              false if either no application was launched or that  application
              has now terminated.

WHEN IT DOESNT WORK

       If  for  some  reason  the  embedded object fails to be rendered in the
       browser, this could be a fault  with  the  application  as  opposed  to
       MozPlugger.  To diagnosis the fault it is suggested that first you make
       sure that any output from the application will be  visible  to  you  by
       removing the noisy flag (if set in mozpluggerrc).

       Next  run  the browser from the shell (xterm or equivalent) passing the
       appropriate browser command line flag to enable output from stdout  and
       stderr to be displayed.

       For example, for firefox the command line string is:

       firefox -debug

       This  should allow any output from the application to be visible at the
       shell and hopefully lead to a diagnosis of the fault.

FLAGS

       autostart
              This  flag  indicates  that  the  command  uses  the  $autostart
              environment variable. That is mozplugger will run the command on
              the assumption that the command/application will check the value
              of  the  $autostart  environment  variable.  If this flag is not
              present and the HTML code  for  the  embedded  object  indicates
              autostart  is  false,  mozplugger  will  not run the command but
              instead draw a single start button.

       repeat This  flag  indicates  that  the  command  uses   the   $repeats
              environment variable. That is mozplugger will run the command on
              the assumption that the command/application will check the value
              of the $repeats environment variable and perform the repeats. If
              this flag is not  set,  mozplugger  will  perform  the  required
              number  of  repeats as indicated in the HTML code by calling the
              command $repeats times.

       loop   This indicates that the command loops forever. If the HTML  code
              for  the  embedded  object  indicates  don't loop/repeat forever
              (e.g. the loop attribute is not present or not set to true), the
              command on this line will not be used.

       stream This  indicates that this command can take an url. In this case,
              the environment variable $file contains the URL of the  file  to
              play  and  the  browser does not download it. It is assumed that
              the command can  handle  the  URL.   Note:  if  a  username  and
              password  is required for this URL, the command/application will
              have to obtain this as it is not passed to it from the browser.

       ignore_errors
              This flag tells MozPlugger to ignore  the  exit  status  of  the
              command.  For example is mozplugger is repeating the command 'n'
              times and the command exits with an error,  normally  mozplugger
              would  terminate  at  this  time. With this flag set, mozplugger
              continues the repeats.

       noisy  This flag tells MozPlugger to redirect the stdout and stderr  of
              the command to /dev/null.

       swallow (name)
              This  flag  tells mozplugger that the command will open a window
              with the specified name and that Mozplugger will then move  this
              window  inside  your browser.  If name is prefixed with '=' then
              mozplugger looks for an exact match with the window name, if the
              prefix  is  '~'  then  mozplugger  looks  for a case insensitive
              match, if prefixed with '*' then mozplugger looks for  a  window
              name that starts with 'name' and is case insensitive. If none of
              these prefixes then, mozplugger checks if name  occurs  anywhere
              in  the  window  name,  but  is  case sensitive. Note any spaces
              between the brackets are counted as part  of  the  window  name.
              The  window name to use in mozpluggerrc can be obtained by using
              the utility xprop(). Run the command in  question,  type  "xprop
              WM_CLASS"  at  a  shell prompt and then click on the application
              window. In addition any occurance of %f in the name is  replaced
              with  the  filename  being loaded (without path), %p is replaced
              with the full filename including path.

       fmatch (string)
              This flag defines a command  that  will  be  used  only  if  the
              filename  or  url (i.e. $file) contains 'string'. If 'string' is
              prefixed with '*' then mozplugger defines a match when the  file
              starts  with  'string'  (the  check  is  case  insensitive).  If
              'string' is prefixed with '%' then mozplugger  defines  a  match
              when  the  file ends with 'string' (the check is case insenstive
              and  ignores  any  parameters  at  the  end  of  a   url   {i.e.
              '?xxx=yyy'}).  If none of these prefixes then mozplugger defines
              a match when the 'string' is found somewhere in  the  file  (but
              this  time match is case sensitive). Note any spaces between the
              brackets are counted as part of the 'string'.

       nokill This flag tells MozPlugger to not try to kill the  command  when
              leaving  the  page, and to not start the command in a loop. This
              is normally used for applications that are not swallowed and can
              play multiple files, such as xmms.

       exits  This  flag tells MozPlugger that the command will exits straight
              away and hence does not need to be killed when leaving the page,
              and  to  not  start the command in a loop. This is normally used
              for applications that just display an image in the  $window  and
              then exit.

       fill   This flag tells MozPlugger to maximize a swallowed window.

       maxaspect
              This  flag tells Mozplugger to maximize a swallowed window while
              keeping the width/height ratio constant.

       controls
              This flag tells MozPlugger to draw  controls  and  is  typically
              used  with  audio files to display a controller with the buttons
              play, pause and stop.  Be aware if the embedded  object  has  no
              sub-window defined within the browser's window (e.g. if the HTML
              uses the tag hidden = true) then the controls will not appear.

       embed  This flags tells Mozplugger to only  use  this  command  if  the
              associated  HTML  refers  to  an embedded object that is a small
              part of a HTML page.

       noembed
              This flags tells Mozplugger to only  use  this  command  if  the
              associated  HTML  refers to a separate window that only contains
              the object.

       links  This flag tells Mozplugger to only use this command for embedded
              objects  that  are  really  links to external applications (such
              objects typically use the target and href variables to  indicate
              a clickable link). Embedded Quicktime objects sometimes use this
              mechanism.

       needs_xembed
              Some applications when embedded requires  the  Xembed  protocol,
              other applications don't want the Xembed protocol. Add or remove
              this flag if you find that you cannot move keyboard focus to the
              embedded  window.  Currently  it  appears QT4 based applications
              require this flag.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

       There are some envirnoment variables  that  control  the  behaviour  of
       Mozplugger.

       MOZPLUGGER_HOME
              If  MOZPLUGGER_HOME  is  defined, the folder $MOZPLUGGER_HOME is
              checked for the configuration file mozpluggerrc

       MOZPLUGGER_TMP
              If MOZPLUGGER_TMP is defined,   then  any  temporary  files  are
              placed in $MOZPLUGGER_TMP.

       TMPDIR If  MOZPLUGGER_TMP  is  not defined, but TMPDIR is defined, then
              any temporary files are placed in $TMPDIR/mozplugger-xxx/  where
              xxx = PID.

       PATH   Mozplugger uses PATH to look for executables

       MozPlugger gives some variables to /bin/sh when running the command,
              these variables are:

       $autostart
              This  variable  contains 1 or 0. When set to 1 it indicates that
              the command should start playing/showing the  associated  media.
              By  default it is 0 if controls flag is present and 1 otherwise,
              but it  is  overridden  if  the  associated  HTML  contains  the
              attribute  autostart or autoplay.  Command/applications that use
              this environment variable should also have  the  autostart  flag
              set.

       $repeats
              This variable contains how many times the file should be played.
              By default it is once, but it is overridden  if  the  associated
              HTML   contains   the  attribute  loop,  numloop  or  playcount.
              Command/applications which use this environment variable  should
              also have the repeat flag set.

       $window
              This  is  the X window Mozilla has given the plugin. This can be
              used with applications  such  as  MPlayer  to  display  graphics
              inside  the  mozilla window. Be aware if the embedded object has
              no sub-window defined within the browser's window (e.g.  if  the
              HTML uses the tag hidden = true) then the variable will have the
              value zero (null).

       $hexwindow
              Same as $window except the value is expressed as an  hexidecimal
              string  in  the  form  0xNNNNNN  where NNNNNN is the hexadecimal
              digits.

       $width This is the horizontal resolution in pixels and  is  taken  from
              the width attribute in the HTML code.

       $height
              This  is the vertical resolution in pixels and is taken from the
              height attribute in the HTML code.

       $file  This is the file to play.  If the command has  the  stream  flag
              set, this variable contains the URL of the file to play. This is
              taken from the associated HTML code. The value is  that  of  the
              attribute  src,  data,  href,  qtsrc,  filename, url or location
              depending on  which  is  present  and  whether  the  <EMBED>  or
              <OBJECT>  tag  is  used. If the stream is not set, this variable
              contains a local temporary file that the browser has created.

       $fragment
              This is the part of the original URL that appears after the # if
              it  exists.  Sometimes this contains additional information that
              could be useful for the application e.g. starting page number in
              a pdf document

       $mimetype
              This variable contains the mime type of $file.

       $VAR_<parameter_name>
              All  the  parameters  of  the  <EMBED> or <OBJECT> tags are made
              available in mozpluggerrc through  environment  variables.   For
              example  the  parameter  loop="1"  in an <EMBED> tag defines the
              variable VAR_loop=1.

BUGS

       You      have      to      remove      ~/.netscape/plugin-list       or
       ~/.mozilla/firefox/pluginreg.dat  after  changing the configuration, or
       nothing will happen. This is  a  Netscape/Mozilla/Firefox  bug,  not  a
       MozPlugger bug.

       Netscape  3.x  will not play anything for <EMBED> tags for which height
       or width are zero. This too is a Netscape bug.

       Occassionally you may notice some  zombie  mozplugger-helper  processes
       (defunct),  this  is not a bug, this is by design. The zombie processes
       occur when either the application  exits  or  when  using  nokill  flag
       (without  exiting the page with the embedded object). The zombie(s) are
       reaped when closing the web page  containing  the  associated  embedded
       objects.

       If  using behind a non-transparent HTTP proxy, it may be found that the
       commands using the stream flag do not work. This is because  the  proxy
       settings are not passed to the application in the command line. To work
       around  this  situation,  don't  use  the  stream  flag  OR  edit   the
       mozpluggerrc  file  and  passed  in  necessary  proxy  setiings via the
       command line.

       It has been found that certain combinations  of  browser  and  embedded
       application  don't allow keyboard focus in the embedded application, if
       this happens to you try adding or removing the "needs_xembed" flag from
       the associated command in mozpluggerrc.

AUTHORS

       Fredrik Hubinette, hubbe@hubbe.net
       Louis Bavoil, louis@bavoil.net
       Peter Leese, peter@leese.net

                                  2011 Mar 03                    mozplugger(7)