Provided by: passwd_4.1.4.2+svn3283-3ubuntu2_i386 bug

NAME

       grpck - verify integrity of group files

SYNOPSIS

       grpck [-r] [group [ shadow ]]

       grpck [-s] [group [ shadow ]]

DESCRIPTION

       The grpck command verifies the integrity of the groups information. It
       checks that all entries in /etc/group and /etc/gshadow have the proper
       format and contain valid data. The user is prompted to delete entries
       that are improperly formatted or which have other uncorrectable errors.

       Checks are made to verify that each entry has:

       o   the correct number of fields

       o   a unique and valid group name

       o   a valid group identifier (/etc/group only)

       o   a valid list of members and administrators

       o   a corresponding entry in the /etc/gshadow file (respectively
           /etc/group for the gshadow checks)

       The checks for correct number of fields and unique group name are
       fatal. If an entry has the wrong number of fields, the user will be
       prompted to delete the entire line. If the user does not answer
       affirmatively, all further checks are bypassed. An entry with a
       duplicated group name is prompted for deletion, but the remaining
       checks will still be made. All other errors are warnings and the user
       is encouraged to run the groupmod command to correct the error.

       The commands which operate on the /etc/group and /etc/gshadow files are
       not able to alter corrupted or duplicated entries.  grpck should be
       used in those circumstances to remove the offending entries.

OPTIONS

       The options which apply to the grpck command are:

       -r
           Execute the grpck command in read-only mode. This causes all
           questions regarding changes to be answered no without user
           intervention.

       -s
           Sort entries in /etc/group and /etc/gshadow by GID.

       By default, grpck operates on /etc/groupand /etc/gshadow. The user may
       select alternate files with the group and shadow parameters.

CONFIGURATION

       The following configuration variables in /etc/login.defs change the
       behavior of this tool:

       MAX_MEMBERS_PER_GROUP (number)
           Maximum members per group entry. When the maximum is reached, a new
           group entry (line) is started in /etc/group (with the same name,
           same password, and same GID).

           The default value is 0, meaning that there are no limits in the
           number of members in a group.

           This feature (split group) permits to limit the length of lines in
           the group file. This is useful to make sure that lines for NIS
           groups are not larger than 1024 characters.

           If you need to enforce such limit, you can use 25.

           Note: split groups may not be supported by all tools (even in the
           Shadow toolsuite). You should not use this variable unless you
           really need it.

FILES

       /etc/group
           Group account information.

       /etc/gshadow
           Secure group account information.

       /etc/passwd
           User account information.

EXIT VALUES

       The grpck command exits with the following values:

       0
           success

       1
           invalid command syntax

       2
           one or more bad group entries

       3
           can't open group files

       4
           can't lock group files

       5
           can't update group files

SEE ALSO

       group(5), groupmod(8), gshadow(5), passwd(5), pwck(8), shadow(5).