Provided by: shorewall_4.4.21-1_all bug

NAME

       shorewall - Administration tool for Shoreline Firewall (Shorewall)

SYNOPSIS

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] add
                 interface[:host-list]... zone

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] allow address

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] check [-e] [-d] [-p] [-r] [-T]
                 [directory]

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] clear [-f]

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] compile [-e] [-d] [-p] [-T]
                 [directory] [pathname]

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] delete
                 interface[:host-list]... zone

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] drop address

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] dump [-x] [-l] [-m]

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] export [directory1]
                 [user@]system[:directory2]

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] forget [filename]

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] help

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] hits [-t]

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] ipcalc {address mask | address/vlsm}

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] iprange address1-address2

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] iptrace iptables match expression

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] load [-s] [-c] [-r root-user-name]
                 [directory] system

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] logdrop address

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] logwatch [-m] [refresh-interval]

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] logreject address

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] noiptrace iptables match expression

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] refresh [chain...]

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] reject address

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] reload [-s] [-c] [-r root-user-name]
                 [directory] system

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] reset

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] restart [-n] [-p [-d]] [-f]
                 [-c] [directory]

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] restore [filename]

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] safe-restart [-d] [-p]
                 [directory]

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] safe-start [-d] [-p] [directory]

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] save [filename]

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] show [-x] [-l]
                 [-t {filter|mangle|nat|raw}] [[chain] chain...]

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] show [-f] capabilities

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] show
                 {actions|classifiers|connections|config|filters|ip|ipa|macros|zones}

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] show macro macro

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] show [-x] {mangle|nat|raw}

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] show policies

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] show tc

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] show [-m] log

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] start [-n] [-f] [-p] [-c]
                 [directory]

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] stop [-f]

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] status

       shorewall [trace|debug [nolock]] [-options] try directory [timeout]

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] update [-e] [-d] [-p] [-r] [-T] [-a]
                 [directory]

       shorewall [trace|debug] [-options] version [-a]

DESCRIPTION

       The shorewall utility is used to control the Shoreline Firewall
       (Shorewall).

OPTIONS

       The trace and debug options are used for debugging. See
       http://www.shorewall.net/starting_and_stopping_shorewall.htm#Trace.

       The nolock option prevents the command from attempting to acquire the
       Shorewall lockfile. It is useful if you need to include shorewall
       commands in /etc/shorewall/started.

       The options control the amount of output that the command produces.
       They consist of a sequence of the letters v and q. If the options are
       omitted, the amount of output is determined by the setting of the
       VERBOSITY parameter in shorewall.conf[1](5). Each v adds one to the
       effective verbosity and each q subtracts one from the effective
       VERBOSITY. Anternately, v may be followed immediately with one of
       -1,0,1,2 to specify a specify VERBOSITY. There may be no white space
       between v and the VERBOSITY.

       The options may also include the letter t which causes all progress
       messages to be timestamped.

COMMANDS

       The available commands are listed below.

       add
           Adds a list of hosts or subnets to a dynamic zone usually used with
           VPN's.

           The interface argument names an interface defined in the
           shorewall-interfaces[2](5) file. A host-list is comma-separated
           list whose elements are host or network addresses..if n .sp
               Caution
               The add command is not very robust. If there are errors in the
               host-list, you may see a large number of error messages yet a
               subsequent shorewall show zones command will indicate that all
               hosts were added. If this happens, replace add by delete and
               run the same command again. Then enter the correct command.

       allow
           Re-enables receipt of packets from hosts previously blacklisted by
           a drop, logdrop, reject, or logreject command.

       check
           Compiles the configuraton in the specified directory and discards
           the compiled output script. If no directory is given, then
           /etc/shorewall is assumed.

           The -e option causes the compiler to look for a file named
           capabilities. This file is produced using the command
           shorewall-lite show -f capabilities > capabilities on a system with
           Shorewall Lite installed.

           The -d option causes the compiler to be run under control of the
           Perl debugger.

           The -p option causes the compiler to be profiled via the Perl
           -wd:DProf command-line option.

           The -r option was added in Shorewall 4.5.2 and causes the compiler
           to print the generated ruleset to standard out.

           The -T option was added in Shorewall 4.4.20 and causes a Perl stack
           trace to be included with each compiler-generated error and warning
           message.

       clear
           Clear will remove all rules and chains installed by Shorewall. The
           firewall is then wide open and unprotected. Existing connections
           are untouched. Clear is often used to see if the firewall is
           causing connection problems.

           If -f is given, the command will be processed by the compiled
           script that executed the last successful start, restart or refresh
           command if that script exists.

       compile
           Compiles the current configuration into the executable file
           pathname. If a directory is supplied, Shorewall will look in that
           directory first for configuration files. If the pathname is
           omitted, the file firewall in the VARDIR (normally
           /var/lib/shorewall/) is assumed. A pathname of '-' causes the
           compiler to send the generated script to it's standard output file.
           Note that '-v-1' is usually specified in this case (e.g., shorewall
           -v-1 compile -- -) to suppress the 'Compiling...' message normally
           generated by /sbin/shorewall.

           When -e is specified, the compilation is being performed on a
           system other than where the compiled script will run. This option
           disables certain configuration options that require the script to
           be compiled where it is to be run. The use of -e requires the
           presense of a configuration file named capabilities which may be
           produced using the command shorewall-lite show -f capabilities >
           capabilities on a system with Shorewall Lite installed

           The -d option causes the compiler to be run under control of the
           Perl debugger.

           The -p option causes the compiler to be profiled via the Perl
           -wd:DProf command-line option.

           The -T option was added in Shorewall 4.4.20 and causes a Perl stack
           trace to be included with each compiler-generated error and warning
           message.

       delete
           The delete command reverses the effect of an earlier add command.

           The interface argument names an interface defined in the
           shorewall-interfaces[2](5) file. A host-list is comma-separated
           list whose elements are a host or network address.

       drop
           Causes traffic from the listed addresses to be silently dropped.

       dump
           Produces a verbose report about the firewall configuration for the
           purpose of problem analysis.

           The -x option causes actual packet and byte counts to be displayed.
           Without that option, these counts are abbreviated. The -m option
           causes any MAC addresses included in Shorewall log messages to be
           displayed.

           The -l option causes the rule number for each Netfilter rule to be
           displayed.

       export
           If directory1 is omitted, the current working directory is assumed.

           Allows a non-root user to compile a shorewall script and stage it
           on a system (provided that the user has access to the system via
           ssh). The command is equivalent to:

                   /sbin/shorewall compile -e directory1 directory1/firewall &&\
                   scp directory1/firewall directory1/firewall.conf [user@]system:[directory2]

           In other words, the configuration in the specified (or defaulted)
           directory is compiled to a file called firewall in that directory.
           If compilation succeeds, then firewall and firewall.conf are copied
           to system using scp.

       forget
           Deletes /var/lib/shorewall/filename and /var/lib/shorewall/save. If
           no filename is given then the file specified by RESTOREFILE in
           shorewall.conf[1](5) is assumed.

       help
           Displays a syntax summary.

       hits
           Generates several reports from Shorewall log messages in the
           current log file. If the -t option is included, the reports are
           restricted to log messages generated today.

       ipcalc
           Ipcalc displays the network address, broadcast address, network in
           CIDR notation and netmask corresponding to the input[s].

       iprange
           Iprange decomposes the specified range of IP addresses into the
           equivalent list of network/host addresses.

       iptrace
           This is a low-level debugging command that causes iptables TRACE
           log records to be created. See iptables(8) for details.

           The iptables match expression must be one or more matches that may
           appear in both the raw table OUTPUT and raw table PREROUTING
           chains.

           The trace records are written to the kernel's log buffer with
           faciility = kernel and priority = warning, and they are routed from
           there by your logging daemon (syslogd, rsyslog, syslog-ng, ...) --
           Shorewall has no control over where the messages go; consult your
           logging daemon's documentation.

       load
           If directory is omitted, the current working directory is assumed.
           Allows a non-root user to compile a shorewall script and install it
           on a system (provided that the user has root access to the system
           via ssh). The command is equivalent to:

                   /sbin/shorewall compile -e directory directory/firewall &&\
                   scp directory/firewall directory/firewall.conf root@system:/var/lib/shorewall-lite/ &&\
                   ssh root@system '/sbin/shorewall-lite start'

           In other words, the configuration in the specified (or defaulted)
           directory is compiled to a file called firewall in that directory.
           If compilation succeeds, then firewall is copied to system using
           scp. If the copy succeeds, Shorewall Lite on system is started via
           ssh.

           If -s is specified and the start command succeeds, then the remote
           Shorewall-lite configuration is saved by executing shorewall-lite
           save via ssh.

           if -c is included, the command shorewall-lite show capabilities -f
           > /var/lib/shorewall-lite/capabilities is executed via ssh then the
           generated file is copied to directory using scp. This step is
           performed before the configuration is compiled.

           If -r is included, it specifies that the root user on system is
           named root-user-name rather than "root".

       logdrop
           Causes traffic from the listed addresses to be logged then
           discarded. Logging occurs at the log level specified by the
           BLACKLIST_LOGLEVEL setting in shorewall.conf[1] (5).

       logwatch
           Monitors the log file specified by the LOGFILE option in
           shorewall.conf[1](5) and produces an audible alarm when new
           Shorewall messages are logged. The -m option causes the MAC address
           of each packet source to be displayed if that information is
           available. The refresh-interval specifies the time in seconds
           between screen refreshes. You can enter a negative number by
           preceding the number with "--" (e.g., shorewall logwatch -- -30).
           In this case, when a packet count changes, you will be prompted to
           hit any key to resume screen refreshes.

       logreject
           Causes traffic from the listed addresses to be logged then
           rejected. Logging occurs at the log level specified by the
           BLACKLIST_LOGLEVEL setting in shorewall.conf[1] (5).

       noiptrace
           This is a low-level debugging command that cancels a trace started
           by a preceding iptrace command.

           The iptables match expression must be one given in the iptrace
           command being cancelled.

       refresh
           All steps performed by restart are performed by refresh with the
           exception that refresh only recreates the chains specified in the
           command while restart recreates the entire Netfilter ruleset. If no
           chain is given, the static blacklisting chain blacklst is assumed.

           The listed chains are assumed to be in the filter table. You can
           refresh chains in other tables by prefixing the chain name with the
           table name followed by ":" (e.g., nat:net_dnat). Chain names which
           follow are assumed to be in that table until the end of the list or
           until an entry in the list names another table. Built-in chains
           such as FORWARD may not be refreshed.

           Example:

               shorewall refresh net2fw nat:net_dnat #Refresh the 'net2loc' chain in the filter table and the 'net_dnat' chain in the nat table

           The refresh command has slightly different behavior. When no chain
           name is given to the refresh command, the mangle table is refreshed
           along with the blacklist chain (if any). This allows you to modify
           /etc/shorewall/tcrulesand install the changes using refresh.

       reload
           If directory is omitted, the current working directory is assumed.
           Allows a non-root user to compile a shorewall script and install it
           on a system (provided that the user has root access to the system
           via ssh). The command is equivalent to:

                   /sbin/shorewall compile -e directory directory/firewall &&\
                   scp directory/firewall directory/firewall.conf root@system:/var/lib/shorewall-lite/ &&\
                   ssh root@system '/sbin/shorewall-lite restart'

           In other words, the configuration in the specified (or defaulted)
           directory is compiled to a file called firewall in that directory.
           If compilation succeeds, then firewall is copied to system using
           scp. If the copy succeeds, Shorewall Lite on system is restarted
           via ssh.

           If -s is specified and the restart command succeeds, then the
           remote Shorewall-lite configuration is saved by executing
           shorewall-lite save via ssh.

           if -c is included, the command shorewall-lite show capabilities -f
           > /var/lib/shorewall-lite/capabilities is executed via ssh then the
           generated file is copied to directory using scp. This step is
           performed before the configuration is compiled.

           If -r is included, it specifies that the root user on system is
           named root-user-name rather than "root".

       reset
           All the packet and byte counters in the firewall are reset.

       restart
           Restart is similar to shorewall start except that it assumes that
           the firewall is already started. Existing connections are
           maintained. If a directory is included in the command, Shorewall
           will look in that directory first for configuration files.

           The -n option causes Shorewall to avoid updating the routing
           table(s).

           The -p option causes the connection tracking table to be flushed;
           the conntrack utility must be installed to use this option.

           The -d option causes the compiler to run under the Perl debugger.

           The -f option suppresses the compilation step and simply reused the
           compiled script which last started/restarted Shorewall, provided
           that /etc/shorewall and its contents have not been modified since
           the last start/restart.

           The -c option was added in Shorewall 4.4.20 and performs the
           compilation step unconditionally, overriding the AUTOMAKE setting
           in shorewall.conf[1](5). When both -f and -care present, the result
           is determined by the option that appears last.

       restore
           Restore Shorewall to a state saved using the shorewall save
           command. Existing connections are maintained. The filename names a
           restore file in /var/lib/shorewall created using shorewall save; if
           no filename is given then Shorewall will be restored from the file
           specified by the RESTOREFILE option in shorewall.conf[1](5).

       safe-restart
           Only allowed if Shorewall is running. The current configuration is
           saved in /var/lib/shorewall/safe-restart (see the save command
           below) then a shorewall restart is done. You will then be prompted
           asking if you want to accept the new configuration or not. If you
           answer "n" or if you fail to answer within 60 seconds (such as when
           your new configuration has disabled communication with your
           terminal), the configuration is restored from the saved
           configuration. If a directory is given, then Shorewall will look in
           that directory first when opening configuration files.

       safe-start
           Shorewall is started normally. You will then be prompted asking if
           everything went all right. If you answer "n" or if you fail to
           answer within 60 seconds (such as when your new configuration has
           disabled communication with your terminal), a shorewall clear is
           performed for you. If a directory is given, then Shorewall will
           look in that directory first when opening configuration files.

       save
           The dynamic blacklist is stored in /var/lib/shorewall/save. The
           state of the firewall is stored in /var/lib/shorewall/filename for
           use by the shorewall restore and shorewall -f start commands. If
           filename is not given then the state is saved in the file specified
           by the RESTOREFILE option in shorewall.conf[1](5).

       show
           The show command can have a number of different arguments:

           actions
               Produces a report about the available actions (built-in,
               standard and user-defined).

           capabilities
               Displays your kernel/iptables capabilities. The -f option
               causes the display to be formatted as a capabilities file for
               use with compile -e.

           [ [ chain ] chain... ]
               The rules in each chain are displayed using the iptables -L
               chain -n -v command. If no chain is given, all of the chains in
               the filter table are displayed. The -x option is passed
               directly through to iptables and causes actual packet and byte
               counts to be displayed. Without this option, those counts are
               abbreviated. The -t option specifies the Netfilter table to
               display. The default is filter.

               The -l option causes the rule number for each Netfilter rule to
               be displayed.

               If the t option and the chain keyword are both omitted and any
               of the listed chains do not exist, a usage message is
               displayed.

           classifiers|filters
               Displays information about the packet classifiers defined on
               the system as a result of traffic shaping configuration.

           config
               Dispays distribution-specific defaults.

           connections
               Displays the IP connections currently being tracked by the
               firewall.

           ip
               Displays the system's IPv4 configuration.

           ipa
               Added in Shorewall 4.4.17. Displays the per-IP accounting
               counters (shorewall-accounting[3] (5)).

           log
               Displays the last 20 Shorewall messages from the log file
               specified by the LOGFILE option in shorewall.conf[1](5). The -m
               option causes the MAC address of each packet source to be
               displayed if that information is available.

           macros
               Displays information about each macro defined on the firewall
               system.

           macro
               Added in Shorewall 4.4.6. Displays the file that implements the
               specified macro (usually /usr/share/shorewall/macro.macro).

           mangle
               Displays the Netfilter mangle table using the command iptables
               -t mangle -L -n -v.The -x option is passed directly through to
               iptables and causes actual packet and byte counts to be
               displayed. Without this option, those counts are abbreviated.

           nat
               Displays the Netfilter nat table using the command iptables -t
               nat -L -n -v.The -x option is passed directly through to
               iptables and causes actual packet and byte counts to be
               displayed. Without this option, those counts are abbreviated.

           policies
               Added in Shorewall 4.4.4. Displays the applicable policy
               between each pair of zones. Note that implicit intrazone ACCEPT
               policies are not displayed for zones associated with a single
               network where that network doesn't specify routeback.

           routing
               Displays the system's IPv4 routing configuration.

           raw
               Displays the Netfilter raw table using the command iptables -t
               raw -L -n -v.The -x option is passed directly through to
               iptables and causes actual packet and byte counts to be
               displayed. Without this option, those counts are abbreviated.

           tc
               Displays information about queuing disciplines, classes and
               filters.

           zones
               Displays the current composition of the Shorewall zones on the
               system.

       start
           Start shorewall. Existing connections through shorewall managed
           interfaces are untouched. New connections will be allowed only if
           they are allowed by the firewall rules or policies. If a directory
           is included in the command, Shorewall will look in that directory
           first for configuration files. If -f is specified, the saved
           configuration specified by the RESTOREFILE option in
           shorewall.conf[1](5) will be restored if that saved configuration
           exists and has been modified more recently than the files in
           /etc/shorewall. When -f is given, a directory may not be specified.

           Update: In Shorewall 4.4.20, a new LEGACY_FASTSTART option was
           added to shorewall.conf[1](5). When LEGACY_FASTSTART=No, the
           modificaiotn times of files in /etc/shorewall are compared with
           that of /var/lib/shorewall/firewall (the compiled script that last
           started/restarted the firewall).

           The -n option causes Shorewall to avoid updating the routing
           table(s).

           The -p option causes the connection tracking table to be flushed;
           the conntrack utility must be installed to use this option.

           The -c option was added in Shorewall 4.4.20 and performs the
           compilation step unconditionally, overriding the AUTOMAKE setting
           in shorewall.conf[1](5). When both -f and -care present, the result
           is determined by the option that appears last.

       stop
           Stops the firewall. All existing connections, except those listed
           in shorewall-routestopped[4](5) or permitted by the
           ADMINISABSENTMINDED option in shorewall.conf[1](5), are taken down.
           The only new traffic permitted through the firewall is from systems
           listed in shorewall-routestopped[4](5) or by ADMINISABSENTMINDED.

           If -f is given, the command will be processed by the compiled
           script that executed the last successful start, restart or refresh
           command if that script exists.

       status
           Produces a short report about the state of the Shorewall-configured
           firewall.

       try
           If Shorewall is started then the firewall state is saved to a
           temporary saved configuration (/var/lib/shorewall/.try). Next, if
           Shorewall is currently started then a restart command is issued;
           otherwise, a start command is performed. if an error occurs during
           the compliation phase of the restart or start, the command
           terminates without changing the Shorewall state. If an error occurs
           during the restart phase, then a shorewall restore is performed
           using the saved configuration. If an error occurs during the start
           phase, then Shorewall is cleared. If the start/restart succeeds and
           a timeout is specified then a clear or restore is performed after
           timeout seconds.

       update
           Added in Shorewall 4.4.21 and causes the compiler to update
           /etc/shorewall/shorewall.conf then validate the configuration. The
           update will add options not present in the old file with their
           default values, and will move deprecated options with non-defaults
           to a deprecated options section at the bottom of the file. Your
           existing shorewall.conf file is renamed shorewall.conf.bak.

           The -a option causes the updated shorewall.conf file to be
           annotated with documentation.

           For a description of the other options, see the check command
           above.

       version
           Displays Shorewall's version. The -a option is included for
           compatibility with earlier Shorewall releases and is ignored.

FILES

       /etc/shorewall/

SEE ALSO

       http://www.shorewall.net/starting_and_stopping_shorewall.htm

       shorewall-accounting(5), shorewall-actions(5), shorewall-blacklist(5),
       shorewall-hosts(5), shorewall_interfaces(5), shorewall-ipsets(5),
       shorewall-maclist(5), shorewall-masq(5), shorewall-nat(5),
       shorewall-netmap(5), shorewall-params(5), shorewall-policy(5),
       shorewall-providers(5), shorewall-proxyarp(5),
       shorewall-route_rules(5), shorewall-routestopped(5),
       shorewall-rules(5), shorewall.conf(5), shorewall-secmarks(5),
       shorewall-tcclasses(5), shorewall-tcdevices(5), shorewall-tcrules(5),
       shorewall-tos(5), shorewall-tunnels(5), shorewall-zones(5)

NOTES

        1. shorewall.conf
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall.conf.html

        2. shorewall-interfaces
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-interfaces.html

        3. shorewall-accounting
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/manpages/shorewall-accounting.html

        4. shorewall-routestopped
           http://www.shorewall.net/manpages/shorewall-routestopped.html

[FIXME: source]                   07/10/2011                      SHOREWALL(8)