Provided by: git-email_1.7.9.5-1_all bug

NAME

       git-send-email - Send a collection of patches as emails

SYNOPSIS

       git send-email [options] <file|directory|rev-list options>...

DESCRIPTION

       Takes the patches given on the command line and emails them out. Patches can be specified
       as files, directories (which will send all files in the directory), or directly as a
       revision list. In the last case, any format accepted by git-format-patch(1) can be passed
       to git send-email.

       The header of the email is configurable by command line options. If not specified on the
       command line, the user will be prompted with a ReadLine enabled interface to provide the
       necessary information.

       There are two formats accepted for patch files:

        1. mbox format files

           This is what git-format-patch(1) generates. Most headers and MIME formatting are
           ignored.

        2. The original format used by Greg Kroah-Hartman’s send_lots_of_email.pl script

           This format expects the first line of the file to contain the "Cc:" value and the
           "Subject:" of the message as the second line.

OPTIONS

   Composing
       --annotate
           Review and edit each patch you’re about to send. See the CONFIGURATION section for
           sendemail.multiedit.

       --bcc=<address>
           Specify a "Bcc:" value for each email. Default is the value of sendemail.bcc.

           The --bcc option must be repeated for each user you want on the bcc list.

       --cc=<address>
           Specify a starting "Cc:" value for each email. Default is the value of sendemail.cc.

           The --cc option must be repeated for each user you want on the cc list.

       --compose
           Invoke a text editor (see GIT_EDITOR in git-var(1)) to edit an introductory message
           for the patch series.

           When --compose is used, git send-email will use the From, Subject, and In-Reply-To
           headers specified in the message. If the body of the message (what you type after the
           headers and a blank line) only contains blank (or GIT: prefixed) lines the summary
           won’t be sent, but From, Subject, and In-Reply-To headers will be used unless they are
           removed.

           Missing From or In-Reply-To headers will be prompted for.

           See the CONFIGURATION section for sendemail.multiedit.

       --from=<address>
           Specify the sender of the emails. If not specified on the command line, the value of
           the sendemail.from configuration option is used. If neither the command line option
           nor sendemail.from are set, then the user will be prompted for the value. The default
           for the prompt will be the value of GIT_AUTHOR_IDENT, or GIT_COMMITTER_IDENT if that
           is not set, as returned by "git var -l".

       --in-reply-to=<identifier>
           Make the first mail (or all the mails with --no-thread) appear as a reply to the given
           Message-Id, which avoids breaking threads to provide a new patch series. The second
           and subsequent emails will be sent as replies according to the --[no]-chain-reply-to
           setting.

           So for example when --thread and --no-chain-reply-to are specified, the second and
           subsequent patches will be replies to the first one like in the illustration below
           where [PATCH v2 0/3] is in reply to [PATCH 0/2]:

               [PATCH 0/2] Here is what I did...
                 [PATCH 1/2] Clean up and tests
                 [PATCH 2/2] Implementation
                 [PATCH v2 0/3] Here is a reroll
                   [PATCH v2 1/3] Clean up
                   [PATCH v2 2/3] New tests
                   [PATCH v2 3/3] Implementation

           Only necessary if --compose is also set. If --compose is not set, this will be
           prompted for.

       --subject=<string>
           Specify the initial subject of the email thread. Only necessary if --compose is also
           set. If --compose is not set, this will be prompted for.

       --to=<address>
           Specify the primary recipient of the emails generated. Generally, this will be the
           upstream maintainer of the project involved. Default is the value of the sendemail.to
           configuration value; if that is unspecified, and --to-cmd is not specified, this will
           be prompted for.

           The --to option must be repeated for each user you want on the to list.

       --8bit-encoding=<encoding>
           When encountering a non-ASCII message or subject that does not declare its encoding,
           add headers/quoting to indicate it is encoded in <encoding>. Default is the value of
           the sendemail.assume8bitEncoding; if that is unspecified, this will be prompted for if
           any non-ASCII files are encountered.

           Note that no attempts whatsoever are made to validate the encoding.

   Sending
       --envelope-sender=<address>
           Specify the envelope sender used to send the emails. This is useful if your default
           address is not the address that is subscribed to a list. In order to use the From
           address, set the value to "auto". If you use the sendmail binary, you must have
           suitable privileges for the -f parameter. Default is the value of the
           sendemail.envelopesender configuration variable; if that is unspecified, choosing the
           envelope sender is left to your MTA.

       --smtp-encryption=<encryption>
           Specify the encryption to use, either ssl or tls. Any other value reverts to plain
           SMTP. Default is the value of sendemail.smtpencryption.

       --smtp-domain=<FQDN>
           Specifies the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) used in the HELO/EHLO command to the
           SMTP server. Some servers require the FQDN to match your IP address. If not set, git
           send-email attempts to determine your FQDN automatically. Default is the value of
           sendemail.smtpdomain.

       --smtp-pass[=<password>]
           Password for SMTP-AUTH. The argument is optional: If no argument is specified, then
           the empty string is used as the password. Default is the value of sendemail.smtppass,
           however --smtp-pass always overrides this value.

           Furthermore, passwords need not be specified in configuration files or on the command
           line. If a username has been specified (with --smtp-user or a sendemail.smtpuser), but
           no password has been specified (with --smtp-pass or sendemail.smtppass), then the user
           is prompted for a password while the input is masked for privacy.

       --smtp-server=<host>
           If set, specifies the outgoing SMTP server to use (e.g.  smtp.example.com or a raw IP
           address). Alternatively it can specify a full pathname of a sendmail-like program
           instead; the program must support the -i option. Default value can be specified by the
           sendemail.smtpserver configuration option; the built-in default is /usr/sbin/sendmail
           or /usr/lib/sendmail if such program is available, or localhost otherwise.

       --smtp-server-port=<port>
           Specifies a port different from the default port (SMTP servers typically listen to
           smtp port 25, but may also listen to submission port 587, or the common SSL smtp port
           465); symbolic port names (e.g. "submission" instead of 587) are also accepted. The
           port can also be set with the sendemail.smtpserverport configuration variable.

       --smtp-server-option=<option>
           If set, specifies the outgoing SMTP server option to use. Default value can be
           specified by the sendemail.smtpserveroption configuration option.

           The --smtp-server-option option must be repeated for each option you want to pass to
           the server. Likewise, different lines in the configuration files must be used for each
           option.

       --smtp-ssl
           Legacy alias for --smtp-encryption ssl.

       --smtp-user=<user>
           Username for SMTP-AUTH. Default is the value of sendemail.smtpuser; if a username is
           not specified (with --smtp-user or sendemail.smtpuser), then authentication is not
           attempted.

   Automating
       --to-cmd=<command>
           Specify a command to execute once per patch file which should generate patch file
           specific "To:" entries. Output of this command must be single email address per line.
           Default is the value of sendemail.tocmd configuration value.

       --cc-cmd=<command>
           Specify a command to execute once per patch file which should generate patch file
           specific "Cc:" entries. Output of this command must be single email address per line.
           Default is the value of sendemail.cccmd configuration value.

       --[no-]chain-reply-to
           If this is set, each email will be sent as a reply to the previous email sent. If
           disabled with "--no-chain-reply-to", all emails after the first will be sent as
           replies to the first email sent. When using this, it is recommended that the first
           file given be an overview of the entire patch series. Disabled by default, but the
           sendemail.chainreplyto configuration variable can be used to enable it.

       --identity=<identity>
           A configuration identity. When given, causes values in the sendemail.<identity>
           subsection to take precedence over values in the sendemail section. The default
           identity is the value of sendemail.identity.

       --[no-]signed-off-by-cc
           If this is set, add emails found in Signed-off-by: or Cc: lines to the cc list.
           Default is the value of sendemail.signedoffbycc configuration value; if that is
           unspecified, default to --signed-off-by-cc.

       --suppress-cc=<category>
           Specify an additional category of recipients to suppress the auto-cc of:

           ·    author will avoid including the patch author

           ·    self will avoid including the sender

           ·    cc will avoid including anyone mentioned in Cc lines in the patch header except
               for self (use self for that).

           ·    bodycc will avoid including anyone mentioned in Cc lines in the patch body
               (commit message) except for self (use self for that).

           ·    sob will avoid including anyone mentioned in Signed-off-by lines except for self
               (use self for that).

           ·    cccmd will avoid running the --cc-cmd.

           ·    body is equivalent to sob + bodycc

           ·    all will suppress all auto cc values.

           Default is the value of sendemail.suppresscc configuration value; if that is
           unspecified, default to self if --suppress-from is specified, as well as body if
           --no-signed-off-cc is specified.

       --[no-]suppress-from
           If this is set, do not add the From: address to the cc: list. Default is the value of
           sendemail.suppressfrom configuration value; if that is unspecified, default to
           --no-suppress-from.

       --[no-]thread
           If this is set, the In-Reply-To and References headers will be added to each email
           sent. Whether each mail refers to the previous email (deep threading per git
           format-patch wording) or to the first email (shallow threading) is governed by
           "--[no-]chain-reply-to".

           If disabled with "--no-thread", those headers will not be added (unless specified with
           --in-reply-to). Default is the value of the sendemail.thread configuration value; if
           that is unspecified, default to --thread.

           It is up to the user to ensure that no In-Reply-To header already exists when git
           send-email is asked to add it (especially note that git format-patch can be configured
           to do the threading itself). Failure to do so may not produce the expected result in
           the recipient’s MUA.

   Administering
       --confirm=<mode>
           Confirm just before sending:

           ·    always will always confirm before sending

           ·    never will never confirm before sending

           ·    cc will confirm before sending when send-email has automatically added addresses
               from the patch to the Cc list

           ·    compose will confirm before sending the first message when using --compose.

           ·    auto is equivalent to cc + compose

           Default is the value of sendemail.confirm configuration value; if that is unspecified,
           default to auto unless any of the suppress options have been specified, in which case
           default to compose.

       --dry-run
           Do everything except actually send the emails.

       --[no-]format-patch
           When an argument may be understood either as a reference or as a file name, choose to
           understand it as a format-patch argument (--format-patch) or as a file name
           (--no-format-patch). By default, when such a conflict occurs, git send-email will
           fail.

       --quiet
           Make git-send-email less verbose. One line per email should be all that is output.

       --[no-]validate
           Perform sanity checks on patches. Currently, validation means the following:

           ·   Warn of patches that contain lines longer than 998 characters; this is due to SMTP
               limits as described by http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2821.txt.

           Default is the value of sendemail.validate; if this is not set, default to --validate.

       --force
           Send emails even if safety checks would prevent it.

CONFIGURATION

       sendemail.aliasesfile
           To avoid typing long email addresses, point this to one or more email aliases files.
           You must also supply sendemail.aliasfiletype.

       sendemail.aliasfiletype
           Format of the file(s) specified in sendemail.aliasesfile. Must be one of mutt, mailrc,
           pine, elm, or gnus.

       sendemail.multiedit
           If true (default), a single editor instance will be spawned to edit files you have to
           edit (patches when --annotate is used, and the summary when --compose is used). If
           false, files will be edited one after the other, spawning a new editor each time.

       sendemail.confirm
           Sets the default for whether to confirm before sending. Must be one of always, never,
           cc, compose, or auto. See --confirm in the previous section for the meaning of these
           values.

EXAMPLE

   Use gmail as the smtp server
       To use git send-email to send your patches through the GMail SMTP server, edit
       ~/.gitconfig to specify your account settings:

           [sendemail]
                   smtpencryption = tls
                   smtpserver = smtp.gmail.com
                   smtpuser = yourname@gmail.com
                   smtpserverport = 587

       Once your commits are ready to be sent to the mailing list, run the following commands:

           $ git format-patch --cover-letter -M origin/master -o outgoing/
           $ edit outgoing/0000-*
           $ git send-email outgoing/*

       Note: the following perl modules are required Net::SMTP::SSL, MIME::Base64 and
       Authen::SASL

SEE ALSO

       git-format-patch(1), git-imap-send(1), mbox(5)

GIT

       Part of the git(1) suite