Provided by: git-man_1.7.9.5-1_all bug

NAME

       git-stash - Stash the changes in a dirty working directory away

SYNOPSIS

       git stash list [<options>]
       git stash show [<stash>]
       git stash drop [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
       git stash ( pop | apply ) [--index] [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
       git stash branch <branchname> [<stash>]
       git stash [save [--patch] [-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-q|--quiet]
                    [-u|--include-untracked] [-a|--all] [<message>]]
       git stash clear
       git stash create

DESCRIPTION

       Use git stash when you want to record the current state of the working
       directory and the index, but want to go back to a clean working
       directory. The command saves your local modifications away and reverts
       the working directory to match the HEAD commit.

       The modifications stashed away by this command can be listed with git
       stash list, inspected with git stash show, and restored (potentially on
       top of a different commit) with git stash apply. Calling git stash
       without any arguments is equivalent to git stash save. A stash is by
       default listed as "WIP on branchname ...", but you can give a more
       descriptive message on the command line when you create one.

       The latest stash you created is stored in refs/stash; older stashes are
       found in the reflog of this reference and can be named using the usual
       reflog syntax (e.g. stash@{0} is the most recently created stash,
       stash@{1} is the one before it, stash@{2.hours.ago} is also possible).

OPTIONS

       save [-p|--patch] [--[no-]keep-index] [-u|--include-untracked]
       [-a|--all] [-q|--quiet] [<message>]
           Save your local modifications to a new stash, and run git reset
           --hard to revert them. The <message> part is optional and gives the
           description along with the stashed state. For quickly making a
           snapshot, you can omit both "save" and <message>, but giving only
           <message> does not trigger this action to prevent a misspelled
           subcommand from making an unwanted stash.

           If the --keep-index option is used, all changes already added to
           the index are left intact.

           If the --include-untracked option is used, all untracked files are
           also stashed and then cleaned up with git clean, leaving the
           working directory in a very clean state. If the --all option is
           used instead then the ignored files are stashed and cleaned in
           addition to the untracked files.

           With --patch, you can interactively select hunks from the diff
           between HEAD and the working tree to be stashed. The stash entry is
           constructed such that its index state is the same as the index
           state of your repository, and its worktree contains only the
           changes you selected interactively. The selected changes are then
           rolled back from your worktree. See the “Interactive Mode” section
           of git-add(1) to learn how to operate the --patch mode.

           The --patch option implies --keep-index. You can use
           --no-keep-index to override this.

       list [<options>]
           List the stashes that you currently have. Each stash is listed with
           its name (e.g.  stash@{0} is the latest stash, stash@{1} is the one
           before, etc.), the name of the branch that was current when the
           stash was made, and a short description of the commit the stash was
           based on.

               stash@{0}: WIP on submit: 6ebd0e2... Update git-stash documentation
               stash@{1}: On master: 9cc0589... Add git-stash

           The command takes options applicable to the git log command to
           control what is shown and how. See git-log(1).

       show [<stash>]
           Show the changes recorded in the stash as a diff between the
           stashed state and its original parent. When no <stash> is given,
           shows the latest one. By default, the command shows the diffstat,
           but it will accept any format known to git diff (e.g., git stash
           show -p stash@{1} to view the second most recent stash in patch
           form).

       pop [--index] [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
           Remove a single stashed state from the stash list and apply it on
           top of the current working tree state, i.e., do the inverse
           operation of git stash save. The working directory must match the
           index.

           Applying the state can fail with conflicts; in this case, it is not
           removed from the stash list. You need to resolve the conflicts by
           hand and call git stash drop manually afterwards.

           If the --index option is used, then tries to reinstate not only the
           working tree’s changes, but also the index’s ones. However, this
           can fail, when you have conflicts (which are stored in the index,
           where you therefore can no longer apply the changes as they were
           originally).

           When no <stash> is given, stash@{0} is assumed, otherwise <stash>
           must be a reference of the form stash@{<revision>}.

       apply [--index] [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
           Like pop, but do not remove the state from the stash list. Unlike
           pop, <stash> may be any commit that looks like a commit created by
           stash save or stash create.

       branch <branchname> [<stash>]
           Creates and checks out a new branch named <branchname> starting
           from the commit at which the <stash> was originally created,
           applies the changes recorded in <stash> to the new working tree and
           index. If that succeeds, and <stash> is a reference of the form
           stash@{<revision>}, it then drops the <stash>. When no <stash> is
           given, applies the latest one.

           This is useful if the branch on which you ran git stash save has
           changed enough that git stash apply fails due to conflicts. Since
           the stash is applied on top of the commit that was HEAD at the time
           git stash was run, it restores the originally stashed state with no
           conflicts.

       clear
           Remove all the stashed states. Note that those states will then be
           subject to pruning, and may be impossible to recover (see Examples
           below for a possible strategy).

       drop [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
           Remove a single stashed state from the stash list. When no <stash>
           is given, it removes the latest one. i.e.  stash@{0}, otherwise
           <stash> must a valid stash log reference of the form
           stash@{<revision>}.

       create
           Create a stash (which is a regular commit object) and return its
           object name, without storing it anywhere in the ref namespace.

DISCUSSION

       A stash is represented as a commit whose tree records the state of the
       working directory, and its first parent is the commit at HEAD when the
       stash was created. The tree of the second parent records the state of
       the index when the stash is made, and it is made a child of the HEAD
       commit. The ancestry graph looks like this:

                  .----W
                 /    /
           -----H----I

       where H is the HEAD commit, I is a commit that records the state of the
       index, and W is a commit that records the state of the working tree.

EXAMPLES

       Pulling into a dirty tree
           When you are in the middle of something, you learn that there are
           upstream changes that are possibly relevant to what you are doing.
           When your local changes do not conflict with the changes in the
           upstream, a simple git pull will let you move forward.

           However, there are cases in which your local changes do conflict
           with the upstream changes, and git pull refuses to overwrite your
           changes. In such a case, you can stash your changes away, perform a
           pull, and then unstash, like this:

               $ git pull
                ...
               file foobar not up to date, cannot merge.
               $ git stash
               $ git pull
               $ git stash pop

       Interrupted workflow
           When you are in the middle of something, your boss comes in and
           demands that you fix something immediately. Traditionally, you
           would make a commit to a temporary branch to store your changes
           away, and return to your original branch to make the emergency fix,
           like this:

               # ... hack hack hack ...
               $ git checkout -b my_wip
               $ git commit -a -m "WIP"
               $ git checkout master
               $ edit emergency fix
               $ git commit -a -m "Fix in a hurry"
               $ git checkout my_wip
               $ git reset --soft HEAD^
               # ... continue hacking ...

           You can use git stash to simplify the above, like this:

               # ... hack hack hack ...
               $ git stash
               $ edit emergency fix
               $ git commit -a -m "Fix in a hurry"
               $ git stash pop
               # ... continue hacking ...

       Testing partial commits
           You can use git stash save --keep-index when you want to make two
           or more commits out of the changes in the work tree, and you want
           to test each change before committing:

               # ... hack hack hack ...
               $ git add --patch foo            # add just first part to the index
               $ git stash save --keep-index    # save all other changes to the stash
               $ edit/build/test first part
               $ git commit -m 'First part'     # commit fully tested change
               $ git stash pop                  # prepare to work on all other changes
               # ... repeat above five steps until one commit remains ...
               $ edit/build/test remaining parts
               $ git commit foo -m 'Remaining parts'

       Recovering stashes that were cleared/dropped erroneously
           If you mistakenly drop or clear stashes, they cannot be recovered
           through the normal safety mechanisms. However, you can try the
           following incantation to get a list of stashes that are still in
           your repository, but not reachable any more:

               git fsck --unreachable |
               grep commit | cut -d\  -f3 |
               xargs git log --merges --no-walk --grep=WIP

SEE ALSO

       git-checkout(1), git-commit(1), git-reflog(1), git-reset(1)

GIT

       Part of the git(1) suite