Provided by: git-svn_1.7.9.5-1_all bug

NAME

       git-svn - Bidirectional operation between a Subversion repository and git

SYNOPSIS

       git svn <command> [options] [arguments]

DESCRIPTION

       git svn is a simple conduit for changesets between Subversion and git. It provides a
       bidirectional flow of changes between a Subversion and a git repository.

       git svn can track a standard Subversion repository, following the common
       "trunk/branches/tags" layout, with the --stdlayout option. It can also follow branches and
       tags in any layout with the -T/-t/-b options (see options to init below, and also the
       clone command).

       Once tracking a Subversion repository (with any of the above methods), the git repository
       can be updated from Subversion by the fetch command and Subversion updated from git by the
       dcommit command.

COMMANDS

       init
           Initializes an empty git repository with additional metadata directories for git svn.
           The Subversion URL may be specified as a command-line argument, or as full URL
           arguments to -T/-t/-b. Optionally, the target directory to operate on can be specified
           as a second argument. Normally this command initializes the current directory.

           -T<trunk_subdir>, --trunk=<trunk_subdir>, -t<tags_subdir>, --tags=<tags_subdir>,
           -b<branches_subdir>, --branches=<branches_subdir>, -s, --stdlayout
               These are optional command-line options for init. Each of these flags can point to
               a relative repository path (--tags=project/tags) or a full url
               (--tags=https://foo.org/project/tags). You can specify more than one --tags and/or
               --branches options, in case your Subversion repository places tags or branches
               under multiple paths. The option --stdlayout is a shorthand way of setting
               trunk,tags,branches as the relative paths, which is the Subversion default. If any
               of the other options are given as well, they take precedence.

           --no-metadata
               Set the noMetadata option in the [svn-remote] config. This option is not
               recommended, please read the svn.noMetadata section of this manpage before using
               this option.

           --use-svm-props
               Set the useSvmProps option in the [svn-remote] config.

           --use-svnsync-props
               Set the useSvnsyncProps option in the [svn-remote] config.

           --rewrite-root=<URL>
               Set the rewriteRoot option in the [svn-remote] config.

           --rewrite-uuid=<UUID>
               Set the rewriteUUID option in the [svn-remote] config.

           --username=<user>
               For transports that SVN handles authentication for (http, https, and plain svn),
               specify the username. For other transports (eg svn+ssh://), you must include the
               username in the URL, eg svn+ssh://foo@svn.bar.com/project

           --prefix=<prefix>
               This allows one to specify a prefix which is prepended to the names of remotes if
               trunk/branches/tags are specified. The prefix does not automatically include a
               trailing slash, so be sure you include one in the argument if that is what you
               want. If --branches/-b is specified, the prefix must include a trailing slash.
               Setting a prefix is useful if you wish to track multiple projects that share a
               common repository.

           --ignore-paths=<regex>
               When passed to init or clone this regular expression will be preserved as a config
               key. See fetch for a description of --ignore-paths.

           --no-minimize-url
               When tracking multiple directories (using --stdlayout, --branches, or --tags
               options), git svn will attempt to connect to the root (or highest allowed level)
               of the Subversion repository. This default allows better tracking of history if
               entire projects are moved within a repository, but may cause issues on
               repositories where read access restrictions are in place. Passing
               --no-minimize-url will allow git svn to accept URLs as-is without attempting to
               connect to a higher level directory. This option is off by default when only one
               URL/branch is tracked (it would do little good).

       fetch
           Fetch unfetched revisions from the Subversion remote we are tracking. The name of the
           [svn-remote "..."] section in the .git/config file may be specified as an optional
           command-line argument.

           --localtime
               Store Git commit times in the local timezone instead of UTC. This makes git log
               (even without --date=local) show the same times that svn log would in the local
               timezone.

               This doesn’t interfere with interoperating with the Subversion repository you
               cloned from, but if you wish for your local Git repository to be able to
               interoperate with someone else’s local Git repository, either don’t use this
               option or you should both use it in the same local timezone.

           --parent
               Fetch only from the SVN parent of the current HEAD.

           --ignore-paths=<regex>
               This allows one to specify a Perl regular expression that will cause skipping of
               all matching paths from checkout from SVN. The --ignore-paths option should match
               for every fetch (including automatic fetches due to clone, dcommit, rebase, etc)
               on a given repository.

                   config key: svn-remote.<name>.ignore-paths

               If the ignore-paths config key is set and the command line option is also given,
               both regular expressions will be used.

               Examples:

               Skip "doc*" directory for every fetch

                       --ignore-paths="^doc"

               Skip "branches" and "tags" of first level directories

                       --ignore-paths="^[^/]+/(?:branches|tags)"

       clone
           Runs init and fetch. It will automatically create a directory based on the basename of
           the URL passed to it; or if a second argument is passed; it will create a directory
           and work within that. It accepts all arguments that the init and fetch commands
           accept; with the exception of --fetch-all and --parent. After a repository is cloned,
           the fetch command will be able to update revisions without affecting the working tree;
           and the rebase command will be able to update the working tree with the latest
           changes.

           --preserve-empty-dirs
               Create a placeholder file in the local Git repository for each empty directory
               fetched from Subversion. This includes directories that become empty by removing
               all entries in the Subversion repository (but not the directory itself). The
               placeholder files are also tracked and removed when no longer necessary.

           --placeholder-filename=<filename>
               Set the name of placeholder files created by --preserve-empty-dirs. Default:
               ".gitignore"

       rebase
           This fetches revisions from the SVN parent of the current HEAD and rebases the current
           (uncommitted to SVN) work against it.

           This works similarly to svn update or git pull except that it preserves linear history
           with git rebase instead of git merge for ease of dcommitting with git svn.

           This accepts all options that git svn fetch and git rebase accept. However,
           --fetch-all only fetches from the current [svn-remote], and not all [svn-remote]
           definitions.

           Like git rebase; this requires that the working tree be clean and have no uncommitted
           changes.

           -l, --local
               Do not fetch remotely; only run git rebase against the last fetched commit from
               the upstream SVN.

       dcommit
           Commit each diff from a specified head directly to the SVN repository, and then rebase
           or reset (depending on whether or not there is a diff between SVN and head). This will
           create a revision in SVN for each commit in git. It is recommended that you run git
           svn fetch and rebase (not pull or merge) your commits against the latest changes in
           the SVN repository. An optional revision or branch argument may be specified, and
           causes git svn to do all work on that revision/branch instead of HEAD. This is
           advantageous over set-tree (below) because it produces cleaner, more linear history.

           --no-rebase
               After committing, do not rebase or reset.

           --commit-url <URL>
               Commit to this SVN URL (the full path). This is intended to allow existing git svn
               repositories created with one transport method (e.g.  svn:// or http:// for
               anonymous read) to be reused if a user is later given access to an alternate
               transport method (e.g.  svn+ssh:// or https://) for commit.

                   config key: svn-remote.<name>.commiturl
                   config key: svn.commiturl (overwrites all svn-remote.<name>.commiturl options)

               Using this option for any other purpose (don’t ask) is very strongly discouraged.

           --mergeinfo=<mergeinfo>
               Add the given merge information during the dcommit (e.g.
               --mergeinfo="/branches/foo:1-10"). All svn server versions can store this
               information (as a property), and svn clients starting from version 1.5 can make
               use of it. To specify merge information from multiple branches, use a single space
               character between the branches (--mergeinfo="/branches/foo:1-10
               /branches/bar:3,5-6,8")

                   config key: svn.pushmergeinfo

               This option will cause git-svn to attempt to automatically populate the
               svn:mergeinfo property in the SVN repository when possible. Currently, this can
               only be done when dcommitting non-fast-forward merges where all parents but the
               first have already been pushed into SVN.

           --interactive
               Ask the user to confirm that a patch set should actually be sent to SVN. For each
               patch, one may answer "yes" (accept this patch), "no" (discard this patch), "all"
               (accept all patches), or "quit".

               git svn dcommit returns immediately if answer if "no" or "quit", without commiting
               anything to SVN.

       branch
           Create a branch in the SVN repository.

           -m, --message
               Allows to specify the commit message.

           -t, --tag
               Create a tag by using the tags_subdir instead of the branches_subdir specified
               during git svn init.

           -d, --destination
               If more than one --branches (or --tags) option was given to the init or clone
               command, you must provide the location of the branch (or tag) you wish to create
               in the SVN repository. The value of this option must match one of the paths
               specified by a --branches (or --tags) option. You can see these paths with the
               commands

                   git config --get-all svn-remote.<name>.branches
                   git config --get-all svn-remote.<name>.tags

               where <name> is the name of the SVN repository as specified by the -R option to
               init (or "svn" by default).

           --username
               Specify the SVN username to perform the commit as. This option overrides the
               username configuration property.

           --commit-url
               Use the specified URL to connect to the destination Subversion repository. This is
               useful in cases where the source SVN repository is read-only. This option
               overrides configuration property commiturl.

                   git config --get-all svn-remote.<name>.commiturl

       tag
           Create a tag in the SVN repository. This is a shorthand for branch -t.

       log
           This should make it easy to look up svn log messages when svn users refer to
           -r/--revision numbers.

           The following features from ‘svn log’ are supported:

           -r <n>[:<n>], --revision=<n>[:<n>]
               is supported, non-numeric args are not: HEAD, NEXT, BASE, PREV, etc ...

           -v, --verbose
               it’s not completely compatible with the --verbose output in svn log, but
               reasonably close.

           --limit=<n>
               is NOT the same as --max-count, doesn’t count merged/excluded commits

           --incremental
               supported

           New features:

           --show-commit
               shows the git commit sha1, as well

           --oneline
               our version of --pretty=oneline

               Note
               SVN itself only stores times in UTC and nothing else. The regular svn client
               converts the UTC time to the local time (or based on the TZ= environment). This
               command has the same behaviour.
           Any other arguments are passed directly to git log

       blame
           Show what revision and author last modified each line of a file. The output of this
           mode is format-compatible with the output of ‘svn blame’ by default. Like the SVN
           blame command, local uncommitted changes in the working tree are ignored; the version
           of the file in the HEAD revision is annotated. Unknown arguments are passed directly
           to git blame.

           --git-format
               Produce output in the same format as git blame, but with SVN revision numbers
               instead of git commit hashes. In this mode, changes that haven’t been committed to
               SVN (including local working-copy edits) are shown as revision 0.

       find-rev
           When given an SVN revision number of the form rN, returns the corresponding git commit
           hash (this can optionally be followed by a tree-ish to specify which branch should be
           searched). When given a tree-ish, returns the corresponding SVN revision number.

       set-tree
           You should consider using dcommit instead of this command. Commit specified commit or
           tree objects to SVN. This relies on your imported fetch data being up-to-date. This
           makes absolutely no attempts to do patching when committing to SVN, it simply
           overwrites files with those specified in the tree or commit. All merging is assumed to
           have taken place independently of git svn functions.

       create-ignore
           Recursively finds the svn:ignore property on directories and creates matching
           .gitignore files. The resulting files are staged to be committed, but are not
           committed. Use -r/--revision to refer to a specific revision.

       show-ignore
           Recursively finds and lists the svn:ignore property on directories. The output is
           suitable for appending to the $GIT_DIR/info/exclude file.

       mkdirs
           Attempts to recreate empty directories that core git cannot track based on information
           in $GIT_DIR/svn/<refname>/unhandled.log files. Empty directories are automatically
           recreated when using "git svn clone" and "git svn rebase", so "mkdirs" is intended for
           use after commands like "git checkout" or "git reset". (See the
           svn-remote.<name>.automkdirs config file option for more information.)

       commit-diff
           Commits the diff of two tree-ish arguments from the command-line. This command does
           not rely on being inside an git svn init-ed repository. This command takes three
           arguments, (a) the original tree to diff against, (b) the new tree result, (c) the URL
           of the target Subversion repository. The final argument (URL) may be omitted if you
           are working from a git svn-aware repository (that has been init-ed with git svn). The
           -r<revision> option is required for this.

       info
           Shows information about a file or directory similar to what ‘svn info’ provides. Does
           not currently support a -r/--revision argument. Use the --url option to output only
           the value of the URL: field.

       proplist
           Lists the properties stored in the Subversion repository about a given file or
           directory. Use -r/--revision to refer to a specific Subversion revision.

       propget
           Gets the Subversion property given as the first argument, for a file. A specific
           revision can be specified with -r/--revision.

       show-externals
           Shows the Subversion externals. Use -r/--revision to specify a specific revision.

       gc
           Compress $GIT_DIR/svn/<refname>/unhandled.log files in .git/svn and remove
           $GIT_DIR/svn/<refname>index files in .git/svn.

       reset
           Undoes the effects of fetch back to the specified revision. This allows you to
           re-fetch an SVN revision. Normally the contents of an SVN revision should never change
           and reset should not be necessary. However, if SVN permissions change, or if you alter
           your --ignore-paths option, a fetch may fail with "not found in commit" (file not
           previously visible) or "checksum mismatch" (missed a modification). If the problem
           file cannot be ignored forever (with --ignore-paths) the only way to repair the repo
           is to use reset.

           Only the rev_map and refs/remotes/git-svn are changed. Follow reset with a fetch and
           then git reset or git rebase to move local branches onto the new tree.

           -r <n>, --revision=<n>
               Specify the most recent revision to keep. All later revisions are discarded.

           -p, --parent
               Discard the specified revision as well, keeping the nearest parent instead.

           Example:
               Assume you have local changes in "master", but you need to refetch "r2".

                       r1---r2---r3 remotes/git-svn
                                   \
                                    A---B master

               Fix the ignore-paths or SVN permissions problem that caused "r2" to be incomplete
               in the first place. Then:

                   git svn reset -r2 -p
                   git svn fetch

                       r1---r2'--r3' remotes/git-svn
                         \
                          r2---r3---A---B master

               Then fixup "master" with git rebase. Do NOT use git merge or your history will not
               be compatible with a future dcommit!

                   git rebase --onto remotes/git-svn A^ master

                       r1---r2'--r3' remotes/git-svn
                                   \
                                    A'--B' master

OPTIONS

       --shared[=(false|true|umask|group|all|world|everybody)], --template=<template_directory>
           Only used with the init command. These are passed directly to git init.

       -r <arg>, --revision <arg>
           Used with the fetch command.

           This allows revision ranges for partial/cauterized history to be supported. $NUMBER,
           $NUMBER1:$NUMBER2 (numeric ranges), $NUMBER:HEAD, and BASE:$NUMBER are all supported.

           This can allow you to make partial mirrors when running fetch; but is generally not
           recommended because history will be skipped and lost.

       -, --stdin
           Only used with the set-tree command.

           Read a list of commits from stdin and commit them in reverse order. Only the leading
           sha1 is read from each line, so git rev-list --pretty=oneline output can be used.

       --rmdir
           Only used with the dcommit, set-tree and commit-diff commands.

           Remove directories from the SVN tree if there are no files left behind. SVN can
           version empty directories, and they are not removed by default if there are no files
           left in them. git cannot version empty directories. Enabling this flag will make the
           commit to SVN act like git.

               config key: svn.rmdir

       -e, --edit
           Only used with the dcommit, set-tree and commit-diff commands.

           Edit the commit message before committing to SVN. This is off by default for objects
           that are commits, and forced on when committing tree objects.

               config key: svn.edit

       -l<num>, --find-copies-harder
           Only used with the dcommit, set-tree and commit-diff commands.

           They are both passed directly to git diff-tree; see git-diff-tree(1) for more
           information.

               config key: svn.l
               config key: svn.findcopiesharder

       -A<filename>, --authors-file=<filename>
           Syntax is compatible with the file used by git cvsimport:

                       loginname = Joe User <user@example.com>

           If this option is specified and git svn encounters an SVN committer name that does not
           exist in the authors-file, git svn will abort operation. The user will then have to
           add the appropriate entry. Re-running the previous git svn command after the
           authors-file is modified should continue operation.

               config key: svn.authorsfile

       --authors-prog=<filename>
           If this option is specified, for each SVN committer name that does not exist in the
           authors file, the given file is executed with the committer name as the first
           argument. The program is expected to return a single line of the form "Name <email>",
           which will be treated as if included in the authors file.

       -q, --quiet
           Make git svn less verbose. Specify a second time to make it even less verbose.

       --repack[=<n>], --repack-flags=<flags>
           These should help keep disk usage sane for large fetches with many revisions.

           --repack takes an optional argument for the number of revisions to fetch before
           repacking. This defaults to repacking every 1000 commits fetched if no argument is
           specified.

           --repack-flags are passed directly to git repack.

               config key: svn.repack
               config key: svn.repackflags

       -m, --merge, -s<strategy>, --strategy=<strategy>
           These are only used with the dcommit and rebase commands.

           Passed directly to git rebase when using dcommit if a git reset cannot be used (see
           dcommit).

       -n, --dry-run
           This can be used with the dcommit, rebase, branch and tag commands.

           For dcommit, print out the series of git arguments that would show which diffs would
           be committed to SVN.

           For rebase, display the local branch associated with the upstream svn repository
           associated with the current branch and the URL of svn repository that will be fetched
           from.

           For branch and tag, display the urls that will be used for copying when creating the
           branch or tag.

       --use-log-author
           When retrieving svn commits into git (as part of fetch, rebase, or dcommit
           operations), look for the first From: or Signed-off-by: line in the log message and
           use that as the author string.

       --add-author-from
           When committing to svn from git (as part of commit-diff, set-tree or dcommit
           operations), if the existing log message doesn’t already have a From: or
           Signed-off-by: line, append a From: line based on the git commit’s author string. If
           you use this, then --use-log-author will retrieve a valid author string for all
           commits.

ADVANCED OPTIONS

       -i<GIT_SVN_ID>, --id <GIT_SVN_ID>
           This sets GIT_SVN_ID (instead of using the environment). This allows the user to
           override the default refname to fetch from when tracking a single URL. The log and
           dcommit commands no longer require this switch as an argument.

       -R<remote name>, --svn-remote <remote name>
           Specify the [svn-remote "<remote name>"] section to use, this allows SVN multiple
           repositories to be tracked. Default: "svn"

       --follow-parent
           This is especially helpful when we’re tracking a directory that has been moved around
           within the repository, or if we started tracking a branch and never tracked the trunk
           it was descended from. This feature is enabled by default, use --no-follow-parent to
           disable it.

               config key: svn.followparent

CONFIG FILE-ONLY OPTIONS

       svn.noMetadata, svn-remote.<name>.noMetadata
           This gets rid of the git-svn-id: lines at the end of every commit.

           This option can only be used for one-shot imports as git svn will not be able to fetch
           again without metadata. Additionally, if you lose your .git/svn/*/.rev_map.  files,
           git svn will not be able to rebuild them.

           The git svn log command will not work on repositories using this, either. Using this
           conflicts with the useSvmProps option for (hopefully) obvious reasons.

           This option is NOT recommended as it makes it difficult to track down old references
           to SVN revision numbers in existing documentation, bug reports and archives. If you
           plan to eventually migrate from SVN to git and are certain about dropping SVN history,
           consider git-filter-branch(1) instead. filter-branch also allows reformatting of
           metadata for ease-of-reading and rewriting authorship info for non-"svn.authorsFile"
           users.

       svn.useSvmProps, svn-remote.<name>.useSvmProps
           This allows git svn to re-map repository URLs and UUIDs from mirrors created using
           SVN::Mirror (or svk) for metadata.

           If an SVN revision has a property, "svm:headrev", it is likely that the revision was
           created by SVN::Mirror (also used by SVK). The property contains a repository UUID and
           a revision. We want to make it look like we are mirroring the original URL, so
           introduce a helper function that returns the original identity URL and UUID, and use
           it when generating metadata in commit messages.

       svn.useSvnsyncProps, svn-remote.<name>.useSvnsyncprops
           Similar to the useSvmProps option; this is for users of the svnsync(1) command
           distributed with SVN 1.4.x and later.

       svn-remote.<name>.rewriteRoot
           This allows users to create repositories from alternate URLs. For example, an
           administrator could run git svn on the server locally (accessing via file://) but wish
           to distribute the repository with a public http:// or svn:// URL in the metadata so
           users of it will see the public URL.

       svn-remote.<name>.rewriteUUID
           Similar to the useSvmProps option; this is for users who need to remap the UUID
           manually. This may be useful in situations where the original UUID is not available
           via either useSvmProps or useSvnsyncProps.

       svn-remote.<name>.pushurl
           Similar to git’s remote.<name>.pushurl, this key is designed to be used in cases where
           url points to an SVN repository via a read-only transport, to provide an alternate
           read/write transport. It is assumed that both keys point to the same repository.
           Unlike commiturl, pushurl is a base path. If either commiturl or pushurl could be
           used, commiturl takes precedence.

       svn.brokenSymlinkWorkaround
           This disables potentially expensive checks to workaround broken symlinks checked into
           SVN by broken clients. Set this option to "false" if you track a SVN repository with
           many empty blobs that are not symlinks. This option may be changed while git svn is
           running and take effect on the next revision fetched. If unset, git svn assumes this
           option to be "true".

       svn.pathnameencoding
           This instructs git svn to recode pathnames to a given encoding. It can be used by
           windows users and by those who work in non-utf8 locales to avoid corrupted file names
           with non-ASCII characters. Valid encodings are the ones supported by Perl’s Encode
           module.

       svn-remote.<name>.automkdirs
           Normally, the "git svn clone" and "git svn rebase" commands attempt to recreate empty
           directories that are in the Subversion repository. If this option is set to "false",
           then empty directories will only be created if the "git svn mkdirs" command is run
           explicitly. If unset, git svn assumes this option to be "true".

       Since the noMetadata, rewriteRoot, rewriteUUID, useSvnsyncProps and useSvmProps options
       all affect the metadata generated and used by git svn; they must be set in the
       configuration file before any history is imported and these settings should never be
       changed once they are set.

       Additionally, only one of these options can be used per svn-remote section because they
       affect the git-svn-id: metadata line, except for rewriteRoot and rewriteUUID which can be
       used together.

BASIC EXAMPLES

       Tracking and contributing to the trunk of a Subversion-managed project:

           # Clone a repo (like git clone):
                   git svn clone http://svn.example.com/project/trunk
           # Enter the newly cloned directory:
                   cd trunk
           # You should be on master branch, double-check with 'git branch'
                   git branch
           # Do some work and commit locally to git:
                   git commit ...
           # Something is committed to SVN, rebase your local changes against the
           # latest changes in SVN:
                   git svn rebase
           # Now commit your changes (that were committed previously using git) to SVN,
           # as well as automatically updating your working HEAD:
                   git svn dcommit
           # Append svn:ignore settings to the default git exclude file:
                   git svn show-ignore >> .git/info/exclude

       Tracking and contributing to an entire Subversion-managed project (complete with a trunk,
       tags and branches):

           # Clone a repo (like git clone):
                   git svn clone http://svn.example.com/project -T trunk -b branches -t tags
           # View all branches and tags you have cloned:
                   git branch -r
           # Create a new branch in SVN
               git svn branch waldo
           # Reset your master to trunk (or any other branch, replacing 'trunk'
           # with the appropriate name):
                   git reset --hard remotes/trunk
           # You may only dcommit to one branch/tag/trunk at a time.  The usage
           # of dcommit/rebase/show-ignore should be the same as above.

       The initial git svn clone can be quite time-consuming (especially for large Subversion
       repositories). If multiple people (or one person with multiple machines) want to use git
       svn to interact with the same Subversion repository, you can do the initial git svn clone
       to a repository on a server and have each person clone that repository with git clone:

           # Do the initial import on a server
                   ssh server "cd /pub && git svn clone http://svn.example.com/project
           # Clone locally - make sure the refs/remotes/ space matches the server
                   mkdir project
                   cd project
                   git init
                   git remote add origin server:/pub/project
                   git config --replace-all remote.origin.fetch '+refs/remotes/*:refs/remotes/*'
                   git fetch
           # Prevent fetch/pull from remote git server in the future,
           # we only want to use git svn for future updates
                   git config --remove-section remote.origin
           # Create a local branch from one of the branches just fetched
                   git checkout -b master FETCH_HEAD
           # Initialize 'git svn' locally (be sure to use the same URL and -T/-b/-t options as were used on server)
                   git svn init http://svn.example.com/project
           # Pull the latest changes from Subversion
                   git svn rebase

REBASE VS. PULL/MERGE

       Originally, git svn recommended that the remotes/git-svn branch be pulled or merged from.
       This is because the author favored git svn set-tree B to commit a single head rather than
       the git svn set-tree A..B notation to commit multiple commits.

       If you use git svn set-tree A..B to commit several diffs and you do not have the latest
       remotes/git-svn merged into my-branch, you should use git svn rebase to update your work
       branch instead of git pull or git merge. pull/merge can cause non-linear history to be
       flattened when committing into SVN, which can lead to merge commits reversing previous
       commits in SVN.

MERGE TRACKING

       While git svn can track copy history (including branches and tags) for repositories
       adopting a standard layout, it cannot yet represent merge history that happened inside git
       back upstream to SVN users. Therefore it is advised that users keep history as linear as
       possible inside git to ease compatibility with SVN (see the CAVEATS section below).

CAVEATS

       For the sake of simplicity and interoperating with Subversion, it is recommended that all
       git svn users clone, fetch and dcommit directly from the SVN server, and avoid all git
       clone/pull/merge/push operations between git repositories and branches. The recommended
       method of exchanging code between git branches and users is git format-patch and git am,
       or just 'dcommit’ing to the SVN repository.

       Running git merge or git pull is NOT recommended on a branch you plan to dcommit from
       because Subversion users cannot see any merges you’ve made. Furthermore, if you merge or
       pull from a git branch that is a mirror of an SVN branch, dcommit may commit to the wrong
       branch.

       If you do merge, note the following rule: git svn dcommit will attempt to commit on top of
       the SVN commit named in

           git log --grep=^git-svn-id: --first-parent -1

       You must therefore ensure that the most recent commit of the branch you want to dcommit to
       is the first parent of the merge. Chaos will ensue otherwise, especially if the first
       parent is an older commit on the same SVN branch.

       git clone does not clone branches under the refs/remotes/ hierarchy or any git svn
       metadata, or config. So repositories created and managed with using git svn should use
       rsync for cloning, if cloning is to be done at all.

       Since dcommit uses rebase internally, any git branches you git push to before dcommit on
       will require forcing an overwrite of the existing ref on the remote repository. This is
       generally considered bad practice, see the git-push(1) documentation for details.

       Do not use the --amend option of git-commit(1) on a change you’ve already dcommitted. It
       is considered bad practice to --amend commits you’ve already pushed to a remote repository
       for other users, and dcommit with SVN is analogous to that.

       When using multiple --branches or --tags, git svn does not automatically handle name
       collisions (for example, if two branches from different paths have the same name, or if a
       branch and a tag have the same name). In these cases, use init to set up your git
       repository then, before your first fetch, edit the .git/config file so that the branches
       and tags are associated with different name spaces. For example:

           branches = stable/*:refs/remotes/svn/stable/*
           branches = debug/*:refs/remotes/svn/debug/*

BUGS

       We ignore all SVN properties except svn:executable. Any unhandled properties are logged to
       $GIT_DIR/svn/<refname>/unhandled.log

       Renamed and copied directories are not detected by git and hence not tracked when
       committing to SVN. I do not plan on adding support for this as it’s quite difficult and
       time-consuming to get working for all the possible corner cases (git doesn’t do it,
       either). Committing renamed and copied files is fully supported if they’re similar enough
       for git to detect them.

CONFIGURATION

       git svn stores [svn-remote] configuration information in the repository .git/config file.
       It is similar the core git [remote] sections except fetch keys do not accept glob
       arguments; but they are instead handled by the branches and tags keys. Since some SVN
       repositories are oddly configured with multiple projects glob expansions such those listed
       below are allowed:

           [svn-remote "project-a"]
                   url = http://server.org/svn
                   fetch = trunk/project-a:refs/remotes/project-a/trunk
                   branches = branches/*/project-a:refs/remotes/project-a/branches/*
                   tags = tags/*/project-a:refs/remotes/project-a/tags/*

       Keep in mind that the * (asterisk) wildcard of the local ref (right of the :) must be the
       farthest right path component; however the remote wildcard may be anywhere as long as it’s
       an independent path component (surrounded by / or EOL). This type of configuration is not
       automatically created by init and should be manually entered with a text-editor or using
       git config.

       It is also possible to fetch a subset of branches or tags by using a comma-separated list
       of names within braces. For example:

           [svn-remote "huge-project"]
                   url = http://server.org/svn
                   fetch = trunk/src:refs/remotes/trunk
                   branches = branches/{red,green}/src:refs/remotes/branches/*
                   tags = tags/{1.0,2.0}/src:refs/remotes/tags/*

       Note that git-svn keeps track of the highest revision in which a branch or tag has
       appeared. If the subset of branches or tags is changed after fetching, then
       .git/svn/.metadata must be manually edited to remove (or reset) branches-maxRev and/or
       tags-maxRev as appropriate.

SEE ALSO

       git-rebase(1)

GIT

       Part of the git(1) suite