Provided by: links_2.6-1_i386 bug


       links - lynx-like alternative character mode WWW browser


       links2 [options] URL


       links2  is  a  text mode WWW browser with ncurses interface, supporting
       colors, correct table rendering, background  downloading,  menu  driven
       configuration interface and slim code.

       Frames  are  supported.  You can have different file formats associated
       with external viewers. mailto: and telnet: are supported  via  external

       links2 can handle local (file://) or remote (http:// or ftp://) URLs.


       Most  options  can  be  set  in  the  user interface or config file, so
       usually you do not need to care about them.

       -g     Run Links2 in graphics mode. If not given, Links2  will  run  in
              text  mode.   Running  in  graphics  mode means that Links2 will
              probe all compiled‐in graphics devices  and  run  on  the  first
              found. If none found, links2 will not run in graphics mode. This
              option works only if ‐‐enable‐graphics was given to ./configure.

       -no-g  Run in text mode (overrides previous -g).

       -driver <driver name>
              Graphics driver to use. Drivers are: x, svgalib,  fb,  directfb,
              pmshell,  atheos.   List of drivers will be shown if you give it
              an unknown driver.  Available drivers depend on  your  operating
              system and available libraries.

       -mode <parameter>
              Pass  a  parameter  to  the graphics driver. On SVGAlib, this is
              widthxheightxdepth, (where depth is 16, 256, 32K,  64K,  16M  or
              16M32)  and  defines  the  graphics  mode,  on  X  the format is
              WIDTHxHEIGHT and defines the window size.

       -display <x-display>
              Set Xwindow display.

              Treat files with unknown type as html rather than text.  (can be
              toggled with '\' key)

       -source <url>
              Write unformatted data stream to stdout.

       -dump <url>
              Write formatted document to stdout.

       -width <number>
              For  dump,  document will be formatted to this screen width (but
              it can still exceed it if lines can't be broken).

       -codepage <codepage>
              For dump, convert output  to  specified  character  set  --  for
              example iso-8859-2, windows-1250.

              Restrict  links  so that it can run on an anonymous account.  No
              local file browsing.  No  downloads.  Executing  of  viewers  is
              allowed,  but  user  can't  add or modify entries in association

              Runs links2 as a separate instance - instead  of  connecting  to
              existing instance.

       -max-connections <max>
              Maximum number of concurrent connections.  (default: 10)

       -max-connections-to-host <max>
              Maximum  number  of  concurrent  connection  to  a  given  host.
              (default: 2)

       -retries <retry>
              Number of retries.  (default: 3)

       -receive-timeout <sec>
              Timeout on receive.  (default: 120)

       -unrestartable-receive-timeout <sec>
              Timeout on non restartable connections.  (default: 600)

       -bind-address <ip address>
              Use a specific local IP address.

       -async-dns <0>/<1>
              Asynchronous DNS resolver on(1)/off(0).

       -download-utime <0>/<1>
              Set time of downloaded files to last modification time  reported
              by server.

       -format-cache-size <num>
              Number of formatted document pages cached.  (default: 5)

       -memory-cache-size <bytes>
              Cache memory in Kilobytes.  (default: 1024)

       -image-cache-size <bytes>
              Cache memory in Kilobytes.  (default: 1024)

       -http-proxy <host:port>
              Host  and  port  number  of the HTTP proxy, or blank.  (default:

       -ftp-proxy <host:port>
              Host and port number of the  FTP  proxy,  or  blank.   (default:

       -socks-proxy <user@host:port>
              Userid, host and port of Socks4a, or blank.  (default: blank)

       -append-text-to-dns-lookups <text>
              Append  text  to  dns lookups. It is useful for specifying fixed
              tor exit node.  (default: blank)

       -only-proxies <0>/<1>
              "1" causes that Links won't initiate any  non-proxy  connection.
              It is useful for anonymization with tor or similar networks.

       -download-dir <path>
              Default download directory.  (default: actual dir)

       -aggressive-cache <0>/<1>
              Always   cache   everything   regardless   of  server's  caching
              recomendations.  Many servers deny caching even if their content
              is not changing just to get more hits and more money from ads.

       -language <language>
              Set user interface language.

       -http-bugs.http10 <0>/<1>
              (default 0) "1" forces using only HTTP/1.0 protocol. (useful for
              buggy servers that claim to be HTTP/1.1 compliant but  are  not)
              "0" enables using both HTTP/1.0 and HTTP/1.1.

       -http-bugs.allow-blacklist <0>/<1>
              (default  1)  "1"  defaults  to  using list of servers that have
              broken HTTP/1.1 support.  When links2 finds such server, it will
              retry the request with HTTP/1.0.

       -http-bugs.bug-302-redirect <0>/<1>
              (default  1)  Process 302 redirect in a way that is incompatible
              with RFC1945 and RFC2068, but the same  as  Netscape  and  MSIE.
              Many pages depend on it.

       -http-bugs.bug-post-no-keepalive <0>/<1>
              (default  0)  No  keepalive  connection after post requests. For
              some buggy servers.

       -http-bugs.bug-no-accept-charset <0>/<1>
              (default 0) Do not send Accept-Charset  field  of  HTTP  header.
              Because it is too long some servers will deny the request. Other
              servers will convert content to plain ascii when  Accept-Charset
              is missing. <0>/<1>
              (default   0)   "1"  causes  that  links  won't  advertise  HTTP
              compression support (but it will still accept compressed  data).
              Use  it  when  you  communicate  with  server  that  has  broken
              compression support.

       -http-bugs.retry-internal-errors <0>/<1>
              (default 0) Retry on internal server errors (50x).

       -http.referer <0>/<1>/<2>/<3>/<4>
              (default 0) 0 - do not send referer.  1 - send the requested URL
              as referer.  2 - send fake referer.  3 - send real referer.  4 -
              send real referer only to the same server.

       -http.fake-referer <string>
              Fake referer value.

       -http.fake-user-agent <string>
              Fake user agent value.

       -http.extra-header <string>
              Extra string added to HTTP header.

       -ftp.anonymous-password <string>
              Password for anonymous ftp access.

       -ftp.use-passive <0>/<1>
              Use ftp EPSV command to bypass firewalls. <0>/<1>
              Send more ftp  commands  simultaneously.  Faster  response  when
              browsing  ftp  directories,  but it is incompatible with RFC and
              some servers don't like it.

       -menu-font-size <size>
              Size of font in menu.

       -menu-background-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set menu background color in graphics mode. RRGGBB are hex.

       -menu-foreground-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set menu foreground color in graphics mode. RRGGBB are hex.

       -scroll-bar-area-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set color of scroll bar area. RRGGBB are hex.

       -scroll-bar-bar-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set color of scroll bar. RRGGBB are hex.

       -scroll-bar-frame-color 0xRRGGBB
              Set color of scroll bar frame. RRGGBB are hex.

       -display-red-gamma <fp-value>
              Red gamma of display. (default 2.2)

       -display-green-gamma <fp-value>
              Green gamma of display. (default 2.2)

       -display-blue-gamma <fp-value>
              Blue gamma of display. (default 2.2)

       -user-gamma <fp-value>
              Additional gamma. (default 1)

       -bfu-aspect <fp-value>
              Display aspect ration.

       -aspect-on <0>/<1>
              Enable aspect ratio correction.

       -dither-letters <0>/<1>
              Do letter dithering.

       -dither-images <0>/<1>
              Do image dithering.

       -display-optimize <0>/<1>/<2>
              Optimize for CRT (0), LCD RGB (1), LCD BGR (2).

       -gamma-correction <0>/<1>/<2>
              Type of gamma correction: (default 2) 0 -  8-bit  (fast).   1  -
              16-bit  (slow).   2 - automatically detect according to speed of

       -bookmarks-codepage <codepage>
              Character set of bookmarks file.

       -bookmarks-file <file>
              File to store bookmarks.

       -html-assume-codepage <codepage>
              Use the given codepage when the  webpage  did  not  specify  its
              codepage. (default: ISO 8859-1)

       -html-hard-assume <0>/<1>
              Use  always character set from "-html-assume-codepage" no matter
              what server sent.

       -html-tables <0>/<1>
              Render tables. (0) causes tables being rendered like in lynx.

       -html-frames <0>/<1>
              Render frames. (0) causes frames  rendered like in lynx.

       -html-images <0>/<1>
              Display links to unnamed images as [IMG]

       -html-image-names <0>/<1>
              Display filename of an image instead of [IMG].

       -html-display-images <0>/<1>
              Display images in graphics mode.

       -html-image-scale <percent>
              Scale images in graphics mode.

       -html-bare-image-autoscale <0>/<1>
              Autoscale images displayed in full screen.

       -html-numbered-links <0>/<1>
              Number links in text mode. Allow quick link selection by  typing
              link number and enter.

       -html-table-order <0>/<1>
              In text mode, walk through table by rows (0) or columns (1).

       -html-auto-refresh <0>/<1>
              Process  refresh to other page (1), or display link to that page

       -html-target-in-new-window <0>/<1>
              Allow opening new windows from html.

       -html-margin <number of spaces>
              Margin in text mode.

       -html-user-font-size <size>
              Size of font on pages in graphics mode.

       -html-t-text-color <0>-<15>
              Text color in text mode.

       -html-t-link-color <0>-<15>
              Link color in text mode.

       -html-t-background-color <0>-<7>
              Background color in text mode.

       -html-t-ignore-document-color <0>/<1>
              Ignore colors specified in html document in text mode.

       -html-g-text-color 0xRRGGBB
              Text color in graphics mode.

       -html-g-link-color 0xRRGGBB
              Link color in graphics mode.

       -html-g-background-color 0xRRGGBB
              Background color in graphics mode.

       -html-g-ignore-document-color <0>/<1>
              Ignore colors specified in html document in graphics mode.

       -lookup <hostname>
              Does name lookup, like command "host".

              Prints the links version number and exit.

       -help  Printf a help screen

       More options can be seen with links2 -h


       The keys you may use while navigating are

       ESC    menu/escape

       F9     menu

       F10    file menu

       TAB    next frame

       PGDN   page down

       Space  page down

       PGUP   page up

       b      page up

       B      page up

              next link/down (text mode), scroll down (graphics mode)

              prev link/up (text mode), up (graphics mode)

       ^INS   copy to clipboard

       ^C     copy to clipboard (OS/2 only)

       INS    scroll up (text mode only)

       ^P     scroll up

       DEL    scroll down

       ^N     scroll down

       [      scroll left

       ]      scroll right

       HOME   home

       END    end of page

              enter link/press button  (text  mode),  scroll  right  (graphics

       ENTER  enter link/press button

              go back (text mode), scroll left (graphics mode)

       d      download link (text mode only)

       D      download link (text mode only)

       /      search in the page

       ?      search back in the page

       n      find next match

       N      find next match backwards

       f      zoom actual frame

       F      zoom actual frame

       ^R     reload page

       g      go to URL

       G      edit the current URL and goto the result

       s      bookmark manager

       S      bookmark manager

       q      quit, close window if more windows are open

       Q      quit, close window if more windows are open

       =      document information

       \      toggle HTML source/rendered view


       The following keys can be used while editing a line/jumping to a URL:

              move right

              move left

       HOME   jump at the beginning

       ^A     jump at the beginning

       END    jump at the end

       ^E     jump at the end

       ^INS   copy to clipboard

       ^B     copy to clipboard

       ^X     cut to clipboard (text mode only)

       ^V     paste from clipboard (text mode only)

       ENTER  enter line

              delete back character

       ^H     delete back character

       DEL    delete character

       ^D     delete character

       ^U     delete from beginning of the line

       ^K     delete to the end of the line

       ^W     auto complete line


              Per‐user configfile, automatically created by links2.


       links2  is known to work on Linux, FreeBSD, Solaris, IRIX, HPUX,
       Digital Unix, AIX, OS/2 and BeOS.  Port for Win32 is in state of
       beta testing.


       Can't connect to some FTP servers (Novell, NT). Connection stays
       in "Request sent" state.

       Frames don't work if there's more frames with  same  name.  Turn
       them off in such case.

       You can't upload large files; it takes _lots_ of memory.

       You shouldn't press '^Z' when you are in a viewer

       Please  report  any  other  bugs  you  find  to  Mikulas Patocka


       links2 is free software; you can redistribute it  and/or  modify
       it  under  the  terms  of  the  GNU  General  Public  License as
       published by the Free Software Foundation; either version  2  of
       the License, or (at your option) any later version.


       links2  was  written  by Mikulas Patocka, Karel 'Clock' Kulhavy,
       Petr 'Brain'  Kulhavy,  and  Martin  'PerM'  Pergel.   See  file
       AUTHORS for a list of people contributing to this project.

       The     homepage     of     links2     can     be    found    at

       This manual page was written by Peter  Gervai  <>,
       using  excerpts  from a (yet?) unknown links2 fan for the Debian
       GNU/Linux system (but may be used by others). Updated  by  Karel


       lynx(1), w3m(1)

                                   Aug, 2006                         LINKS2(1)