Provided by: coreutils_8.13-3ubuntu3_amd64 bug


       ln - make links between files


       ln [OPTION]... [-T] TARGET LINK_NAME   (1st form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET                  (2nd form)
       ln [OPTION]... TARGET... DIRECTORY     (3rd form)
       ln [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY TARGET...  (4th form)


       In the 1st form, create a link to TARGET with the name LINK_NAME.  In the 2nd form, create
       a link to TARGET in the current directory.  In the 3rd and 4th forms, create links to each
       TARGET  in DIRECTORY.  Create hard links by default, symbolic links with --symbolic.  When
       creating hard links, each TARGET must exist.  Symbolic links can hold arbitrary  text;  if
       later resolved, a relative link is interpreted in relation to its parent directory.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

              make a backup of each existing destination file

       -b     like --backup but does not accept an argument

       -d, -F, --directory
              allow  the  superuser to attempt to hard link directories (note: will probably fail
              due to system restrictions, even for the superuser)

       -f, --force
              remove existing destination files

       -i, --interactive
              prompt whether to remove destinations

       -L, --logical
              make hard links to symbolic link references

       -n, --no-dereference
              treat destination that is a symlink to a directory as if it were a normal file

       -P, --physical
              make hard links directly to symbolic links

       -s, --symbolic
              make symbolic links instead of hard links

       -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
              override the usual backup suffix

       -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
              specify the DIRECTORY in which to create the links

       -T, --no-target-directory
              treat LINK_NAME as a normal file

       -v, --verbose
              print name of each linked file

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

       The backup suffix is `~', unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.   The  version
       control  method  may  be  selected  via the --backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL
       environment variable.  Here are the values:

       Using -s ignores -L and -P.  Otherwise, the last option specified controls  behavior  when
       the source is a symbolic link, defaulting to -P.

       none, off
              never make backups (even if --backup is given)

       numbered, t
              make numbered backups

       existing, nil
              numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

       simple, never
              always make simple backups


       Written by Mike Parker and David MacKenzie.


       Report ln bugs to
       GNU coreutils home page: <>
       General help using GNU software: <>
       Report ln translation bugs to <>


       Copyright  ©  2011  Free  Software  Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or
       later <>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO  WARRANTY,
       to the extent permitted by law.


       link(2), symlink(2)

       The  full  documentation  for  ln  is  maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and ln
       programs are properly installed at your site, the command

              info coreutils 'ln invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.