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NAME

       mc - Visual shell for Unix-like systems.

USAGE

       mc [-abcCdfhPstuUVx] [-l log] [dir1 [dir2]] [-e [file]] [-v file]

DESCRIPTION

       GNU   Midnight  Commander  is  a  directory  browser/file  manager  for
       Unix-like operating systems.

OPTIONS

       -a, --stickchars
              Disable usage of graphic characters for line drawing.

       -b, --nocolor
              Force black and white display.

       -c, --color
              Force color mode, please  check  the  section  Colors  for  more
              information.

       -C arg, --colors=arg
              Specify  a  different color set in the command line.  The format
              of arg is documented in the Colors section.

       -S arg Specify a name of skin in the command line. Technology of  skins
              is documented in the Skins.  section.

       -d, --nomouse
              Disable mouse support.

       -e [file], --edit[=file]
              Start the internal editor.  If the file is specified, open it on
              startup.  See also mcedit (1).

       -f, --datadir
              Display the compiled-in  search  paths  for  Midnight  Commander
              files.

       -F, --datadir-info
              Display  extended  info  about  compiled-in  paths  for Midnight
              Commander.

       --configure-options
              Display configure options.

       -k, --resetsoft
              Reset  softkeys  to  their  default  from  the  termcap/terminfo
              database.  Only  useful  on  HP terminals when the function keys
              don't work.

       -K file
              Specify a name of keymap file in the command line.

       --nokeymap
              Don't load key bindings from any  file,  use  default  hardcoded
              keys.

       -l file, --ftplog=file
              Save the ftpfs dialog with the server in file.

       -P file, --printwd=file
              Print  the  last  working directory to the specified file.  This
              option is not meant to be used  directly.   Instead,  it's  used
              from  a  special  shell  script  that  automatically changes the
              current directory  of  the  shell  to  the  last  directory  the
              Midnight  Commander  was  in.  Source the file /usr/lib/mc/mc.sh
              (bash  and  zsh  users)  or  /usr/lib/mc/mc.csh   (tcsh   users)
              respectively  to  define mc as an alias to the appropriate shell
              script.

       -s     Set alternative mode drawing  of  frameworks.   If  the  section
              [Lines]  is  not filled, the symbol for the pseudographics frame
              is a space, otherwise the frame characters are taken from follow
              params.

              You can redefine the following variables:

       lefttop
              left-top corner

       righttop
              right-top corner

       centertop
              center-top cross

       centerbottom
              center-bottom cross

       leftbottom
              left-bottom corner

       rightbottom
              right-bottom corner

       leftmiddle
              left-middle cross

       rightmiddle
              right-middle cross

       centermiddle
              center cross

       horiz  default horizontal line

       vert   default vertical line

       thinhoriz
              thin horizontal line

       thinvert
              thin vertical line

       -t, --termcap
              Used  only  if the code was compiled with Slang and terminfo: it
              makes the Midnight  Commander  use  the  value  of  the  TERMCAP
              variable for the terminal information instead of the information
              on the system wide terminal database

       -u, --nosubshell
              Disable use of the concurrent shell (only  makes  sense  if  the
              Midnight   Commander   has  been  built  with  concurrent  shell
              support).

       -U, --subshell
              Enable use of the concurrent shell support (only makes sense  if
              the  Midnight  Commander was built with the subshell support set
              as an optional feature).

       -v file, --view=file
              Start the internal viewer to view the specified file.  See  also
              mcview (1).

       -V, --version
              Display the version of the program.

       -x, --xterm
              Force  xterm mode.  Used when running on xterm-capable terminals
              (two screen modes, and able to send mouse escape sequences).

       -g, --oldmouse
              Force a "normal tracking"  mouse  mode.  Used  when  running  on
              xterm-capable terminals (tmux/screen).

       If  specified,  the  first  path  name  is the directory to show in the
       selected panel; the second path name is the directory to  be  shown  in
       the other panel.

Overview

       The  screen  of  the  Midnight  Commander  is  divided into four parts.
       Almost all of the screen space is taken up by two directory panels.  By
       default,  the  second  line  from the bottom of the screen is the shell
       command line, and the bottom line shows the function key  labels.   The
       topmost  line  is  the  menu  bar  line.   The menu bar line may not be
       visible, but appears if you click the topmost line with  the  mouse  or
       press the F9 key.

       The  Midnight  Commander provides a view of two directories at the same
       time. One of the panels is the current panel (a selection bar is in the
       current  panel). Almost all operations take place on the current panel.
       Some file operations like Rename and Copy by default use the  directory
       of  the unselected panel as a destination (don't worry, they always ask
       you for confirmation first). For more information, see the sections  on
       the Directory Panels, the Left and Right Menus and the File Menu.

       You  can  execute system commands from the Midnight Commander by simply
       typing them. Everything you type will appear on the shell command line,
       and  when  you  press  Enter  the  Midnight  Commander will execute the
       command line you typed; read the Shell Command Line and Input Line Keys
       sections to learn more about the command line.

Mouse Support

       The  Midnight  Commander  comes  with  mouse  support.  It is activated
       whenever you are running on an xterm(1) terminal (it even works if  you
       take  a  telnet,  ssh  or rlogin connection to another machine from the
       xterm) or if you are running on a Linux console and have the gpm  mouse
       server running.

       When  you  left  click  on a file in the directory panels, that file is
       selected; if you click with the right button, the file  is  marked  (or
       unmarked, depending on the previous state).

       Double-clicking  on  a file will try to execute the command if it is an
       executable program; and if the extension file has a  program  specified
       for the file's extension, the specified program is executed.

       Also,  it  is possible to execute the commands assigned to the function
       key labels by clicking on them.

       The default auto repeat rate for the mouse buttons is 400 milliseconds.
       This  may  be  changed  to other values by editing the ~/.config/mc/ini
       file and changing the mouse_repeat_rate parameter.

       If you are running the Midnight Commander with the mouse  support,  you
       can  get  the  default  mouse  behavior  (cutting  and pasting text) by
       holding down the Shift key.

Keys

       Some commands in the Midnight Commander involve the use of the  Control
       (sometimes  labeled CTRL or CTL) and the Meta (sometimes labeled ALT or
       even  Compose)  keys.  In  this  manual  we  will  use  the   following
       abbreviations:

       C-<chr>
              means  hold  the  Control  key while typing the character <chr>.
              Thus C-f would be: hold the Control key and type f.

       Alt-<chr>
              means hold the Meta or Alt key  down  while  typing  <chr>.   If
              there is no Meta or Alt key, type ESC, release it, then type the
              character <chr>.

       S-<chr>
              means hold the Shift key down while typing <chr>.

       All input lines in the Midnight Commander use an approximation  to  the
       GNU Emacs editor's key bindings (default).

       You may redefine key bindings. See redefine hotkey bindings

       for  more  info.  All  other  key  bindings  (described in this manual)
       relative to default behavior.

       There are many sections which tell about the keys.  The  following  are
       the most important.

       The File Menu section documents the keyboard shortcuts for the commands
       appearing in the File menu. This section includes  the  function  keys.
       Most  of  these  commands  perform some action, usually on the selected
       file or the tagged files.

       The Directory Panels section documents the keys which select a file  or
       tag  files  as  a  target for a later action (the action is usually one
       from the file menu).

       The Shell Command Line  section  list  the  keys  which  are  used  for
       entering  and  editing command lines. Most of these copy file names and
       such from the directory panels to the command line (to avoid  excessive
       typing) or access the command line history.

       Input  Line  Keys are used for editing input lines. This means both the
       command line and the input lines in the query dialogs.

  Redefine hotkey bindings
       Hotkey bindings may  be  read  from  external  file  (keymap-file).   A
       keymap-file  is  searched  on the following algorithm (to the first one
       found):

              1) command line option -K <keymap> or --keymap=<keymap>
              2) Environment variable MC_KEYMAP
              3) Parameter keymap in section  [Midnight-Commander]  of  config
              file.
              4) File ~/.config/mc/mc.keymap
              5) File /etc/mc/mc.keymap
              6) File /usr/share/mc/mc.keymap

       Command  line option, environment variable and parameter in config file
       may contain the absolute path to the keymap-file  (with  the  extension
       .keymap  or  without  it).  Search of keymap-file will occur in (to the
       first one found):

              1) ~/.config/mc
              2) /etc/mc/
              3) /usr/share/mc/

  Miscellaneous Keys
       Here are some keys which don't fall into any of the other categories:

       Enter  if there is some text in the command line (the one at the bottom
              of  the  panels),  then that command is executed. If there is no
              text in the command line then if the selection  bar  is  over  a
              directory the Midnight Commander does a chdir(2) to the selected
              directory and reloads the  information  on  the  panel;  if  the
              selection is an executable file then it is executed. Finally, if
              the extension of the selected  file  name  matches  one  of  the
              extensions in the extensions file then the corresponding command
              is executed.

       C-l    repaint all the information in the Midnight Commander.

       C-x c  run the Chmod command on a file or on the tagged files.

       C-x o  run the Chown command on the  current  file  or  on  the  tagged
              files.

       C-x l  run the hard link command.

       C-x s  run the absolute symbolic link command.

       C-x v  run  the  relative  symbolic  link  command.  See  the File Menu
              section for more information about symbolic links.

       C-x i  set the other panel display mode to information.

       C-x q  set the other panel display mode to quick view.

       C-x !  execute the External panelize command.

       C-x h  run the add directory to hotlist command.

       Alt-!  executes the  Filtered  view  command,  described  in  the  view
              command.

       Alt-?  executes the Find file command.

       Alt-c  pops up the quick cd dialog.

       C-o    when the program is being run in the Linux or FreeBSD console or
              under an xterm, it will show you  the  output  of  the  previous
              command.   When ran on the Linux console, the Midnight Commander
              uses an external  program  (cons.saver)  to  handle  saving  and
              restoring of information on the screen.

       When  the subshell support is compiled in, you can type C-o at any time
       and you will be taken back to the Midnight Commander  main  screen,  to
       return  to  your application just type C-o.  If you have an application
       suspended by using this trick, you  won't  be  able  to  execute  other
       programs  from the Midnight Commander until you terminate the suspended
       application.

  Directory Panels
       This section lists the keys which operate on the directory  panels.  If
       you want to know how to change the appearance of the panels take a look
       at the section on Left and Right Menus.

       Tab, C-i
              change the current panel. The old other panel  becomes  the  new
              current  panel  and  the old current panel becomes the new other
              panel. The selection bar moves from the old current panel to the
              new current panel.

       Insert, C-t
              to  tag  files  you  may  use the Insert key (the kich1 terminfo
              sequence).  To untag files, just retag a tagged file.

       M-e    to change charset of panel you may use M-e (Alt-e).  Recoding is
              made  from selected codepage into system codepage. To cancel the
              recoding you may select "directory up" (..) in active panel.  To
              cancel the charsets in all directories, select "No translation "
              in the dialog of encodings.

       Alt-g, Alt-r, Alt-j
              used to select the top file in a panel, the middle file and  the
              bottom one, respectively.

       Alt-t  toggle  the  current  display  listing  to show the next display
              listing mode.  With this it is possible  to  quickly  switch  to
              brief listing, long listing, user defined listing mode, and back
              to the default.

       C-\ (control-backslash)
              show the directory hotlist and change to the selected directory.

       +  (plus)
              this is used to select (tag) a group  of  files.   The  Midnight
              Commander  will  prompt for a selection options. When Files only
              checkbox is on, only files will be selected.  If Files  only  is
              off,  as  files  as  directories  will  be selected.  When Shell
              Patterns checkbox is on, the regular expression is much like the
              filename  globbing  in  the  shell  (* standing for zero or more
              characters and ? standing for one character). If Shell  Patterns
              is  off,  then  the tagging of files is done with normal regular
              expressions (see ed (1)). When Case sensitive  checkbox  is  on,
              the  selection  will  be  case  sensitive  characters.   If Case
              sensitive is off, the case will be ignored.

       \ (backslash)
              use the "\" key to unselect  a  group  of  files.  This  is  the
              opposite of the Plus key.

       up-key, C-p
              move the selection bar to the previous entry in the panel.

       down-key, C-n
              move the selection bar to the next entry in the panel.

       home, a1, Alt-<
              move the selection bar to the first entry in the panel.

       end, c1, Alt->
              move the selection bar to the last entry in the panel.

       next-page, C-v
              move the selection bar one page down.

       prev-page, Alt-v
              move the selection bar one page up.

       Alt-o  If  the  currently  selected  file  is  a  directory,  load that
              directory on the other panel and moves the selection to the next
              file.  If  the  currently selected file is not a directory, load
              the parent directory on the other panel and moves the  selection
              to the next file.

       Alt-i  make the current directory of the current panel also the current
              directory of the other  panel.   Put  the  other  panel  to  the
              listing  mode if needed.  If the current panel is panelized, the
              other panel doesn't become panelized.

       C-PageUp, C-PageDown
              only when supported by the terminal: change to ".." and  to  the
              currently selected directory respectively.

       Alt-y  moves  to  the  previous directory in the history, equivalent to
              clicking the < with the mouse.

       Alt-u  moves to the  next  directory  in  the  history,  equivalent  to
              clicking the > with the mouse.

       Alt-Shift-h, Alt-H
              displays the directory history, equivalent to depressing the 'v'
              with the mouse.

  Quick search
       The Quick search mode allows you to perform fast file  search  in  file
       panel.   Press C-s or Alt-s to start a filename search in the directory
       listing.

       When the search is active, the user input will be added to  the  search
       string  instead  of the command line. If the Show mini-status option is
       enabled the search string  is  shown  on  the  mini-status  line.  When
       typing,  the selection bar will move to the next file starting with the
       typed letters. The Backspace or DEL keys can be used to correct  typing
       mistakes. If C-s is pressed again, the next match is searched for.

       If  quick  search  is started with double pressing of C-s, the previous
       quick search pattern will be used for current search.

       Besides the filename characters, you can also use  wildcard  characters
       '*' and '?'.

  Shell Command Line
       This section lists keys which are useful to avoid excessive typing when
       entering shell commands.

       Alt-Enter
              copy the currently selected file name to the command line.

       C-Enter
              same a Alt-Enter.  May not  work  on  remote  systems  and  some
              terminals.

       C-Shift-Enter
              copy  the  full  path name of the currently selected file to the
              command  line.   May  not  work  on  remote  systems  and   some
              terminals.

       Alt-Tab
              does  the  filename,  command,  variable,  username and hostname
              completion for you.

       C-x t, C-x C-t
              copy the tagged files (or if there  are  no  tagged  files,  the
              selected  file)  of  the  current  panel (C-x t) or of the other
              panel (C-x C-t) to the command line.

       C-x p, C-x C-p
              the first key sequence copies  the  current  path  name  to  the
              command  line,  and the second one copies the unselected panel's
              path name to the command line.

       C-q    the quote command can be used  to  insert  characters  that  are
              otherwise  interpreted  by  the Midnight Commander (like the '+'
              symbol)

       Alt-p, Alt-n
              use these keys to browse  through  the  command  history.  Alt-p
              takes you to the last entry, Alt-n takes you to the next one.

       Alt-h  displays the history for the current input line.

  General Movement Keys
       The help viewer, the file viewer and the directory tree use common code
       to handle moving. Therefore they accept exactly the same keys. Each  of
       them also accepts some keys of its own.

       Other  parts  of  the  Midnight Commander use some of the same movement
       keys, so this section may be of use for those parts too.

       Up, C-p
              moves one line backward.

       Down, C-n
              moves one line forward.

       Prev Page, Page Up, Alt-v
              moves one page up.

       Next Page, Page Down, C-v
              moves one page down.

       Home, A1
              moves to the beginning.

       End, C1
              move to the end.

       The help viewer and the  file  viewer  accept  the  following  keys  in
       addition the to ones mentioned above:

       b, C-b, C-h, Backspace, Delete
              moves one page up.

       Space bar
              moves one page down.

       u, d   moves one half of a page up or down.

       g, G   moves to the beginning or to the end.

  Input Line Keys
       The  input  lines (they are used for the command line and for the query
       dialogs in the program) accept these keys:

       C-a    puts the cursor at the beginning of line.

       C-e    puts the cursor at the end of the line.

       C-b, move-left
              move the cursor one position left.

       C-f, move-right
              move the cursor one position right.

       Alt-f  moves one word forward.

       Alt-b  moves one word backward.

       C-h, Backspace
              delete the previous character.

       C-d, Delete
              delete the character in the point (over the cursor).

       C-@    sets the mark for cutting.

       C-w    copies the text between the cursor and the mark to a kill buffer
              and removes the text from the input line.

       Alt-w  copies  the  text  between  the  cursor  and  the mark to a kill
              buffer.

       C-y    yanks back the contents of the kill buffer.

       C-k    kills the text from the cursor to the end of the line.

       Alt-p, Alt-n
              Use these keys to browse  through  the  command  history.  Alt-p
              takes you to the last entry, Alt-n takes you to the next one.

       Alt-C-h, Alt-Backspace
              delete one word backward.

       Alt-Tab
              does  the  filename,  command,  variable,  username and hostname
              completion for you.

Menu Bar

       The menu bar pops up when you press F9 or click the mouse  on  the  top
       row  of  the  screen.  The  menu  bar  has  five menus: "Left", "File",
       "Command", "Options" and "Right".

       The Left and Right Menus allow you to modify the appearance of the left
       and right directory panels.

       The  File  Menu  lists  the  actions  you  can perform on the currently
       selected file or the tagged files.

       The Command Menu lists the actions which are more general and  bear  no
       relation to the currently selected file or the tagged files.

       The  Options  Menu  lists  the actions which allow you to customize the
       Midnight Commander.

  Left and Right (Above and Below) Menus
       The outlook of the directory panels can be changed from  the  Left  and
       Right  menus  (they are named Above and Below when the horizontal panel
       split is chosen from the Layout options dialog).

    Listing Mode...
       The listing mode view is used to display a listing of files, there  are
       four  different  listing  modes  available: Full, Brief, Long and User.
       The full directory view shows the file name, the size of the  file  and
       the modification time.

       The  brief  view  shows  only  the  file  name  and  it has two columns
       (therefore showing twice as many files as other views). The  long  view
       is  similar  to  the  output  of ls -l command. The long view takes the
       whole screen width.

       If you choose the "User" display format, then you have to  specify  the
       display format.

       The  user  display format must start with a panel size specifier.  This
       may be "half" or "full", and they specify a half  screen  panel  and  a
       full screen panel respectively.

       After  the  panel  size,  you  may  specify the two columns mode on the
       panel, this is done by adding the number "2" to the user format string.

       After this you add the  name  of  the  fields  with  an  optional  size
       specifier.  This are the available fields you may display:

       name   displays the file name.

       size   displays the file size.

       bsize  is  an alternative form of the size format. It displays the size
              of the files and  for  directories  it  just  shows  SUB-DIR  or
              UP--DIR.

       type   displays  a  one  character  wide type field.  This character is
              similar to what is displayed by ls with the  -F  flag  -  *  for
              executable files, / for directories, @ for links, = for sockets,
              - for character devices, + for block devices, | for pipes, ~ for
              symbolic  links  to directories and !  for stale symlinks (links
              that point nowhere).

       mark   an asterisk if the file is tagged, a space if it's not.

       mtime  file's last modification time.

       atime  file's last access time.

       ctime  file's status change time.

       perm   a string representing the current permission bits of the file.

       mode   an octal value with the current permission bits of the file.

       nlink  the number of links to the file.

       ngid   the GID (numeric).

       nuid   the UID (numeric).

       owner  the owner of the file.

       group  the group of the file.

       inode  the inode of the file.

       Also you can use following keywords to define the panel layout:

       space  a space in the display format.

       |      add a vertical line to the display format.

       To force one field to a fixed size (a size specifier), you just  add  :
       followed  by  the  number of characters you want the field to have.  If
       the number is followed by the symbol +, then  the  size  specifies  the
       minimal  field size - if the program finds out that there is more space
       on the screen, it will then expand that field.

       For example, the Full display corresponds to this format:

       half type name | size | mtime

       And the Long display corresponds to this format:

       full perm space nlink space owner space group space  size  space  mtime
       space name

       This is a nice user display format:

       half name | size:7 | type mode:3

       Panels may also be set to the following modes:

       Info   The  info  view  display  information  related  to the currently
              selected file and if possible information about the current file
              system.

       Tree   The  tree  view  is quite similar to the directory tree feature.
              See the section about it for more information.

       Quick View
              In this mode, the panel will switch to  a  reduced  viewer  that
              displays  the  contents  of  the currently selected file, if you
              select the panel (with the tab key or the mouse), you will  have
              access to the usual viewer commands.

    Sort Order...
       The  eight sort orders are by name, by extension, by modification time,
       by access time, and by inode information modification time, by size, by
       inode  and  unsorted.   In the Sort order dialog box you can choose the
       sort order and you may also specify if you  want  to  sort  in  reverse
       order by checking the reverse box.

       By  default directories are sorted before files but this can be changed
       from the Panel options menu (option Mix all files).

    Filter...
       The filter command allows you to specify a shell pattern  (for  example
       *.tar.gz)  which  the  files  must match to be shown. Regardless of the
       filter pattern, the directories and the links to directories are always
       shown in the directory panel.

    Reread
       The  reread  command  reload  the list of files in the directory. It is
       useful if other processes have created or removed files.

  File Menu
       The Midnight Commander uses the F1 - F10 keys as keyboard shortcuts for
       commands  appearing  in  the  file  menu.  The escape sequences for the
       function keys are terminfo capabilities kf1 trough kf10.  On  terminals
       without function key support, you can achieve the same functionality by
       pressing the ESC key and then a number in the range 1 through 9  and  0
       (corresponding to F1 to F9 and F10 respectively).

       The  File  menu  has  the  following  commands  (keyboard  shortcuts in
       parentheses):

       Help (F1)

       Invokes the built-in hypertext help viewer. Inside the help viewer, you
       can use the Tab key to select the next link and the Enter key to follow
       that link. The keys Space and Backspace are used to  move  forward  and
       backward  in  a  help  page.  Press  F1  again  to get the full list of
       accepted keys.

       Menu (F2)

       Invoke the user menu.  The user menu provides an easy  way  to  provide
       users with a menu and add extra features to the Midnight Commander.

       View (F3, F13)

       View  the currently selected file. By default this invokes the Internal
       File Viewer but if the option "Use internal view" is off, it invokes an
       external  file viewer specified by the VIEWER environment variable.  If
       VIEWER is undefined, the PAGER environment variable is tried.  If PAGER
       is  also  undefined,  the  "view"  command  is invoked.  If you use F13
       instead, the viewer will be invoked without  doing  any  formatting  or
       preprocessing to the file.

       Filtered View (Alt-!)

       This  command  prompts  for  a  command and its arguments (the argument
       defaults to the currently selected file name),  the  output  from  such
       command is shown in the internal file viewer.

       Edit (F4, F14)

       Press  F4  to  edit  the  highlighted file.  Press F14 (usually F14) to
       start the editor with a new, empty file.  Currently they invoke the  vi
       editor,  or the editor specified in the EDITOR environment variable, or
       the Internal File Editor if the use_internal_edit option is on.

       Copy (F5, F15)

       Press F5 to pop up an input dialog to copy the currently selected  file
       (or  the  tagged  files,  if  there is at least one file tagged) to the
       directory/filename you specify in the  input  dialog.  The  destination
       defaults  to  the  directory  in  the  non-selected  panel.  Space  for
       destination file may  be  preallocated  relative  to  preallocate_space
       configure  option.   During  this  process, you can press C-c or ESC to
       abort the operation.  For details about  source  mask  (which  will  be
       usually  either  *  or  ^\(.*\)$  depending  on  setting  of  Use shell
       patterns)  and  possible  wildcards  in  the   destination   see   Mask
       copy/rename.

       F15  (usually  F15)  is  similar,  but defaults to the directory in the
       selected panel. It always operates on the selected file, regardless  of
       any tagged files.

       On  some  systems,  it  is possible to do the copy in the background by
       clicking on the background button (or  pressing  Alt-b  in  the  dialog
       box).  The Background Jobs is used to control the background process.

       Link (C-x l)

       Create a hard link to the current file.

       Absolute symlink (C-x s)

       Create a absolute symbolic link to the current file.

       Relative symLink (C-x v)

       Create a relative symbolic link to the current file.

       To  those  of  you  who don't know what links are: creating a link to a
       file is a bit like copying the file, but both the source  filename  and
       the destination filename represent the same file image. For example, if
       you edit one of these files, all changes you make will appear  in  both
       files. Some people call links aliases or shortcuts.

       A hard link appears as a real file. After making it, there is no way of
       telling which one is the original and which is the link. If you  delete
       either  one of them the other one is still intact. It is very difficult
       to notice that the files represent the same image. Use hard links  when
       you don't even want to know.

       A symbolic link is a reference to the name of the original file. If the
       original file is deleted the symbolic link is useless. It is quite easy
       to  notice  that  the  files  represent  the  same  image. The Midnight
       Commander shows an "@"-sign in front of  the  file  name  if  it  is  a
       symbolic link to somewhere (except to directory, where it shows a tilde
       (~)).  The  original  file  which  the  link  points  to  is  shown  on
       mini-status  line  if  the  Show  mini-status  option  is  enabled. Use
       symbolic links when you want to avoid the confusion that can be  caused
       by hard links.

       When  you  press  "C-x s" Midnight Commander will automatically fill in
       the complete path+filename of the original file and suggest a name  for
       the link.  You can change either one.

       Sometimes you may want to change the absolute path of the original into
       a relative path. An absolute path starts from the root directory:

       /home/frodo/mc/mc -> /home/frodo/new/mc

       A relative link describes the original file's  location  starting  from
       the location of the link itself:

       /home/frodo/mc/mc -> ../new/mc

       You can force Midnight Commander to suggest a relative path by pressing
       "C-x v" instead of "C-x s".

       Rename/Move (F6, F16)

       Press F6 to pop up an input dialog to copy the currently selected  file
       (or  the  tagged  files,  if  there is at least one file tagged) to the
       directory/filename you specify in the input  dialog.   The  destination
       defaults  to  the directory in the non-selected panel. For more details
       look at Copy (F5)  operation  above,  most  of  the  things  are  quite
       similar.

       F16  (usually  F16)  is  similar,  but defaults to the directory in the
       selected panel. It always operates on the selected file, regardless  of
       any tagged files.

       On  some  systems,  it  is possible to do the copy in the background by
       clicking on the background button (or  pressing  Alt-b  in  the  dialog
       box).  The Background Jobs is used to control the background process.

       Mkdir (F7)

       Pop up an input dialog and creates the directory specified.

       Delete (F8)

       Delete the currently selected file or the tagged files in the currently
       selected panel. During the process, you can press C-c or ESC  to  abort
       the operation.

       Quick cd (Alt-c) Use the quick cd command if you have full command line
       and want to cd somewhere.

       Select group (+)

       This is used to select (tag) a group of files. The  Midnight  Commander
       will  prompt  for  a selection options. When Files only checkbox is on,
       only files will be selected.   If  Files  only  is  off,  as  files  as
       directories  will be selected.  When Shell Patterns checkbox is on, the
       regular expression is much like the filename globbing in the  shell  (*
       standing   for  zero  or  more  characters  and  ?   standing  for  one
       character). If Shell Patterns is off, then the tagging of files is done
       with  normal  regular  expressions  (see  ed  (1)). When Case sensitive
       checkbox is on, the selection will be case  sensitive  characters.   If
       Case sensitive is off, the case will be ignored.

       Unselect group (\)

       Used  to  unselect a group of files. This is the opposite of the Select
       group command.

       Quit (F10, Shift-F10)

       Terminate the Midnight Commander.  Shift-F10 is used when you  want  to
       quit  and you are using the shell wrapper.  Shift-F10 will not take you
       to the last directory you visited with the Midnight Commander,  instead
       it will stay at the directory where you started the Midnight Commander.

    Quick cd
       This  command  is useful if you have a full command line and want to cd
       somewhere without having to yank  and  paste  the  command  line.  This
       command  pops  up  a small dialog, where you enter everything you would
       enter after cd on the command line  and  then  you  press  enter.  This
       features all the things that are already in the internal cd command.

  Command Menu
       The Directory tree command shows a tree figure of the directories.

       The "Find file" command allows you to search for a specific file.

       The  "Swap  panels"  command  swaps  the  contents of the two directory
       panels.

       The "Switch panels on/off" command shows the output of the  last  shell
       command.  This works only on xterm and on Linux and FreeBSD console.

       The  "Compare  directories"  command compares the directory panels with
       each other. You can then use the Copy (F5) command to make  the  panels
       identical.  There  are three compare methods. The quick method compares
       only file size  and  file  date.  The  thorough  method  makes  a  full
       byte-by-byte  compare.  The  thorough  method  is  not available if the
       machine does not  support  the  mmap(2)  system  call.   The  size-only
       compare  method  just  compares  the  file sizes and does not check the
       contents or the date times, it just checks the file size.

       The "External panelize" allows you to execute an external program,  and
       make the output of that program the contents of the current panel.

       The  "Command  history"  command  shows  a  list of typed commands. The
       selected command is copied to the command line. The command history can
       also be accessed by typing Alt-p or Alt-n.

       The "Directory hotlist" command makes changing of the current directory
       to often used directories faster.

       The "Screen list" command shows  a  dialog  window  with  the  list  of
       currently  running  internal editors, viewers and other MC modules that
       support this mode.

       The "Edit extension file" command allows you  to  specify  programs  to
       executed  when  you  try to execute, view, edit and do a bunch of other
       thing on files with certain extensions (filename endings).

       The "Edit menu file" command may be used  for  editing  the  user  menu
       (which appears by pressing F2).

    Directory Tree
       The  Directory Tree command shows a tree figure of the directories. You
       can select a directory from the figure and the Midnight Commander  will
       change to that directory.

       There  are two ways to invoke the tree. The real directory tree command
       is available from Commands menu. The other way is to select  tree  view
       from the Left or Right menu.

       To  get  rid  of  long  delays  the Midnight Commander creates the tree
       figure by scanning only a small subset of all the directories.  If  the
       directory  which  you  want  to  see  is  missing,  move  to its parent
       directory and press C-r (or F2).

       You can use the following keys:

       General movement keys are accepted.

       Enter.  In the directory tree, exits the directory tree and changes  to
       this  directory in the current panel. In the tree view, changes to this
       directory in the other panel and stays in tree view mode in the current
       panel.

       C-r, F2 (Rescan).  Rescan this directory. Use this when the tree figure
       is  out  of  date:  it  is  missing  subdirectories   or   shows   some
       subdirectories which don't exist any more.

       F3  (Forget).   Delete this directory from the tree figure. Use this to
       remove clutter from the figure. If you want the directory back  to  the
       tree figure press F2 in its parent directory.

       F4  (Static/Dynamic).   Toggle  between  the  dynamic  navigation  mode
       (default) and the static navigation mode.

       In the static navigation mode you can use  the  Up  and  Down  keys  to
       select a directory. All known directories are shown.

       In  the  dynamic  navigation  mode  you can use the Up and Down keys to
       select a sibling  directory,  the  Left  key  to  move  to  the  parent
       directory,  and  the  Right  key to move to a child directory. Only the
       parent, sibling and children directories are  shown,  others  are  left
       out. The tree figure changes dynamically as you traverse.

       F5 (Copy).  Copy the directory.

       F6 (RenMov).  Move the directory.

       F7 (Mkdir).  Make a new directory below this directory.

       F8 (Delete).  Delete this directory from the file system.

       C-s,  Alt-s.   Search the next directory matching the search string. If
       there is no such directory these keys will move one line down.

       C-h, Backspace.  Delete the last character of the search string.

       Any other character.  Add the character to the search string  and  move
       to  the  next directory which starts with these characters. In the tree
       view you must first activate the  search  mode  by  pressing  C-s.  The
       search string is shown in the mini status line.

       The  following  actions  are available only in the directory tree. They
       aren't supported in the tree view.

       F1 (Help).  Invoke the help viewer and show this section.

       Esc, F10.  Exit the directory tree. Do not change the directory.

       The mouse is supported. A double-click behaves like Enter. See also the
       section on mouse support.

    Find File
       The Find File feature first asks for the start directory for the search
       and the filename to be searched for. By pressing the  Tree  button  you
       can select the start directory from the directory tree figure.

       Option form whole words. Like grep -w.

       You  can start the search by pressing the OK button.  During the search
       you can stop from the Stop button and continue from the Start button.

       You can browse the filelist with the up and down arrow keys. The  Chdir
       button will change to the directory of the currently selected file. The
       Again button will ask for the parameters for a  new  search.  The  Quit
       button  quits  the search operation. The Panelize button will place the
       found files  to  the  current  directory  panel  so  that  you  can  do
       additional  operations  on  them  (view, copy, move, delete and so on).
       After panelizing you can  press  C-r  to  return  to  the  normal  file
       listing.

       The 'Enable ignore directories' checkbox and input field below it allow
       to set up the list of directories that should be skip during the search
       files  (for example, you may want to avoid searches on a CD-ROM or on a
       NFS directory that is mounted across a slow link). List components must
       be separated with a colon, here is an example:

       /cdrom:/nfs/wuarchive:/afs

       Relative  paths  are supported also. The following example shows how to
       skip special directories of version control systems:
       /cdrom:/nfs/wuarchive:/afs:.svn:.git:CVS

       Attention: input field can contain a dot (.), this  means  the  current
       absolute path.

       You   may  consider  using  the  External  panelize  command  for  some
       operations. Find file command is for simple queries only,  while  using
       External panelize you can do as mysterious searches as you would like.

    External panelize
       The  External  panelize  allows you to execute an external program, and
       make the output of that program the contents of the current panel.

       For example, if you want to manipulate in one of  the  panels  all  the
       symbolic   links  in  the  current  directory,  you  can  use  external
       panelization to run the following command:

       find . -type l -print

       Upon command completion, the directory contents of the  panel  will  no
       longer  be  the directory listing of the current directory, but all the
       files that are symbolic links.

       If you want to panelize all of the files that have been downloaded from
       your  FTP server, you can use this awk command to extract the file name
       from the transfer log files:

       awk '$9 ~! /incoming/ { print $9 }' < /var/log/xferlog

       You may want to save often used panelize commands under  a  descriptive
       name,  so  that  you can recall them quickly. You do this by typing the
       command on the input line and pressing Add new button. Then you enter a
       name  under which you want the command to be saved. Next time, you just
       choose that command from the list and do not have to type it again.

    Hotlist
       The Directory hotlist command shows the labels of  the  directories  in
       the  directory  hotlist.   The  Midnight  Commander  will change to the
       directory corresponding  to  the  selected  label.   From  the  hotlist
       dialog,  you  can  remove already created label/directory pairs and add
       new ones.  To add new directories quickly,  you  can  use  the  Add  to
       hotlist  command  (C-x  h),  which  adds the current directory into the
       directory hotlist, asking just for the label for the directory.

       This makes cd to often used directories faster. You may consider  using
       the CDPATH variable as described in internal cd command description.

    Extension File Edit
       This  will  invoke  your  editor  on the file ~/.config/mc/mc.ext.  The
       format of this file following:

       All lines starting with # or empty lines are thrown away.

       Lines starting in the first column should have following format:

       keyword/expr, i.e. everything after the slash until new line is expr.

       keyword can be:

       shell  - expr is an extension (no wildcards).  File matches it its name
              ends with expr.  Example: shell/.tar matches *.tar.

       regex  -  expr  is  a  regular  expression.   File  matches if its name
              matches the regular expression.

       directory
              - expr is a  regular  expression.   File  matches  if  it  is  a
              directory and its name matches the regular expression.

       type   -  expr  is a regular expression.  File matches if the output of
              file %f without the initial  "filename:"  part  matches  regular
              expression expr.

       default
              - matches any file.  expr is ignored.

       include
              - denotes a common section.  expr is the name of the section.

       Other  lines  should  start  with  a  space or tab and should be of the
       format: keyword=command (with no spaces around =), where keyword should
       be:  Open  (invoked  on Enter or double click), View (F3), Edit (F4) or
       Include (to add  rules  from  the  common  section).   command  is  any
       one-line shell command, with the simple macro substitution.

       Rules  are matched from top to bottom, thus the order is important.  If
       the appropriate action is missing, search continues  as  if  this  rule
       didn't  match  (i.e.  if  a file matches the first and second entry and
       View action is missing in the first one, then on pressing F3  the  View
       action  from  the second entry will be used).  default should match all
       the actions.

    Background Jobs
       This lets you control the state of any  background  Midnight  Commander
       process  (only  copy  and  move  files  operations  can  be done in the
       background).  You can stop, restart and  kill  a  background  job  from
       here.

    Menu File Edit
       The user menu is a menu of useful actions that can be customized by the
       user. When you access the user menu, the file .mc.menu from the current
       directory is used if it exists, but only if it is owned by user or root
       and is not world-writable.  If no such file found, ~/.config/mc/menu is
       tried  in  the  same way, and otherwise mc uses the default system-wide
       menu /usr/share/mc/mc.menu.

       The format of the menu file is  very  simple.  Lines  that  start  with
       anything but space or tab are considered entries for the menu (in order
       to be able to use it like a hot key, the first character  should  be  a
       letter).  All  the  lines  that  start  with  a  space or a tab are the
       commands that will be executed when the entry is selected.

       When an option is selected all the command  lines  of  the  option  are
       copied  to  a  temporary  file  in  the  temporary  directory  (usually
       /usr/tmp) and then that file is executed. This allows the user  to  put
       normal  shell  constructs  in the menus. Also simple macro substitution
       takes place before executing the menu code. For more  information,  see
       macro substitution.

       Here is a sample mc.menu file:

       A    Dump the currently selected file
            od -c %f

       B    Edit a bug report and send it to root
            I=`mktemp ${MC_TMPDIR:-/tmp}/mail.XXXXXX` || exit 1
            vi $I
            mail -s "Midnight Commander bug" root < $I
            rm -f $I

       M    Read mail
            emacs -f rmail

       N    Read Usenet news
            emacs -f gnus

       H    Call the info hypertext browser
            info

       J    Copy current directory to other panel recursively
            tar cf - . | (cd %D && tar xvpf -)

       K    Make a release of the current subdirectory
            echo -n "Name of distribution file: "
            read tar
            ln -s %d `dirname %d`/$tar
            cd ..
            tar cvhf ${tar}.tar $tar

       = f *.tar.gz | f *.tgz & t n
       X       Extract the contents of a compressed tar file
            tar xzvf %f

       Default Conditions

       Each  menu  entry  may  be  preceded by a condition. The condition must
       start from the first column with a '=' character. If the  condition  is
       true, the menu entry will be the default entry.

       Condition syntax:   = <sub-cond>
         or:               = <sub-cond> | <sub-cond> ...
         or:               = <sub-cond> & <sub-cond> ...

       Sub-condition is one of following:

         y <pattern>       syntax of current file matching pattern?
                      (for edit menu only)
         f <pattern>       current file matching pattern?
         F <pattern>       other file matching pattern?
         d <pattern>       current directory matching pattern?
         D <pattern>       other directory matching pattern?
         t <type>          current file of type?
         T <type>          other file of type?
         x <filename>      is it executable filename?
         ! <sub-cond>      negate the result of sub-condition

       Pattern is a normal shell pattern or a regular expression, according to
       the shell patterns option. You can override the  global  value  of  the
       shell  patterns  option by writing "shell_patterns=x" on the first line
       of the menu file (where "x" is either 0 or 1).

       Type is one or more of the following characters:

         n  not a directory
         r  regular file
         d  directory
         l  link
         c  character device
         b  block device
         f  FIFO (pipe)
         s  socket
         x  executable file
         t  tagged

       For example 'rlf' means either regular file, link or fifo. The 't' type
       is  a  little special because it acts on the panel instead of the file.
       The condition '=t t' is true if there are tagged files in  the  current
       panel and false if not.

       If  the condition starts with '=?' instead of '=' a debug trace will be
       shown whenever the value of the condition is calculated.

       The conditions are calculated from left to right. This means
            = f *.tar.gz | f *.tgz & t n
       is calculated as
            ( (f *.tar.gz) | (f *.tgz) ) & (t n)

       Here is a sample of the use of conditions:

       = f *.tar.gz | f *.tgz & t n
       L    List the contents of a compressed tar-archive
            gzip -cd %f | tar xvf -

       Addition Conditions

       If the condition begins with '+' (or '+?') instead of '=' (or '=?')  it
       is  an addition condition. If the condition is true the menu entry will
       be included in the menu. If the condition is false the menu entry  will
       not be included in the menu.

       You  can  combine default and addition conditions by starting condition
       with '+=' or '=+' (or '+=?' or '=+?' if you want debug trace).  If  you
       want  to  use  two different conditions, one for adding and another for
       defaulting, you can precede a menu entry with two condition lines,  one
       starting with '+' and another starting with '='.

       Comments  are started with '#'. The additional comment lines must start
       with '#', space or tab.

  Options Menu
       The Midnight Commander has some options that may be toggled on and  off
       in  several  dialogs  which  are accessible from this menu. Options are
       enabled if they have an asterisk or "x" in front of them.

       The Configuration command pops up a dialog from which  you  can  change
       most of settings of the Midnight Commander.

       The  Layout  command pops up a dialog from which you specify a bunch of
       options how mc looks like on the screen.

       The Panel options command pops up  a  dialog  from  which  you  specify
       options of file manager panels.

       The  Confirmation command pops up a dialog from which you specify which
       actions you want to confirm.

       The Display bits command pops up a dialog from  which  you  may  select
       which characters is your terminal able to display.

       The  Learn  keys command pops up a dialog from which you test some keys
       which are not working on some terminals and you may fix them.

       The Virtual FS command pops up a dialog from which you specify some VFS
       related options.

       The  Save  setup  command saves the current settings of the Left, Right
       and Options menus. A small number of other settings is saved, too.

    Configuration
       The options in this dialog  are  divided  into  several  groups:  "File
       operation  options",  "Esc  key  mode",  "Pause  after  run" and "Other
       options".

       File operation options

       Verbose operation.  This toggles whether  the  file  Copy,  Rename  and
       Delete  operations  are  verbose  (i.e.,  display a dialog box for each
       operation). If you have a slow terminal, you may wish  to  disable  the
       verbose  operation. It is automatically turned off if the speed of your
       terminal is less than 9600 bps.

       Compute totals.  If this option  is  enabled,  the  Midnight  Commander
       computes  total byte sizes and total number of files prior to any Copy,
       Rename and Delete  operations.  This  will  provide  you  with  a  more
       accurate  progress bar at the expense of some speed. This option has no
       effect, if Verbose operation is disabled.

       Classic progressbar.  If this option is  enabled,  the  progressbar  of
       Copy/Move/Delete  operations  is  always  grown  form left to right. If
       disabled, the growing direction of progressbar follows to direction  of
       Copy/Move/Delete  operation:  from  left  panel  to  right one and vice
       versa. Enabled by default.

       Mkdir autoname When you press F7 to create a new directory,  the  input
       line  in  popup  dialog  will  be  filled  by  name  of current file or
       directory in active panel.  Disabled by default.

       Preallocate space Preallocate space for whole target file, if possible,
       before copy operation.  Disabled by default.

       Esc key mode.

       By  default  the Midnight Commander treats the ESC key as a key prefix.
       Therefore, you should press Esc code twice to exit a dialog. But  there
       is a possibility to use a single press of ESC key for that action.

       Single press.  By default this option is disabled. If you'll enable it,
       the ESC key will act as a prefix key for  set  up  time  interval  (see
       Timeout  option below), and if no extra keys have arrived, then the ESC
       key is interpreted as a cancel key (ESC ESC).

       Timeout.   This  options  is  used  to  setup  the  time  interval  (in
       microseconds) for single press of ESC key. By default, this inrerval is
       one second (1000000 microseconds). Also the  timeout  can  be  set  via
       KEYBOARD_KEY_TIMEOUT_US  environment  variable  (also in microseconds),
       which has higher priority than Timeout option value.

       Pause after run

       After executing your commands, the Midnight  Commander  can  pause,  so
       that  you  can  examine  the  output  of  the command.  There are three
       possible settings for this variable:

       Never.  Means that you do not want to see the output of  your  command.
       If  you are using the Linux or FreeBSD console or an xterm, you will be
       able to see the output of the command by typing C-o.

       Ondumbterminals.  You will get the pause message on terminals that  are
       not  capable  of  showing  the output of the last command executed (any
       terminal that is not an xterm or the Linux console).

       Always.  The program will pause after executing all of your commands.

       Other options

       Use internal editor.  If this option  is  enabled,  the  built-in  file
       editor  is  used  to  edit files. If the option is disabled, the editor
       specified in the EDITOR environment variable is used.  If no editor  is
       specified, vi is used.  See the section on the internal file editor.

       Use  internal  viewer.   If  this  option is enabled, the built-in file
       viewer is used to view files. If the  option  is  disabled,  the  pager
       specified  in  the  PAGER environment variable is used.  If no pager is
       specified, the view command is used.  See the section on  the  internal
       file viewer.

       Auto  menus.   If this option is enabled, the user menu will be invoked
       at startup.  Useful for building menus for non-unixers.

       Drop down menus.  When this option is enabled, the pull down menus will
       be  activated as soon as you press the F9 key. Otherwise, you will only
       get the menu title, and you will have to activate the menu either  with
       the  arrow keys or with the hotkeys. It is recommended if you are using
       hotkeys.

       Shell Patterns.  By default the Select, Unselect  and  Filter  commands
       will  use shell-like regular expressions. The following conversions are
       performed to achieve this: the '*' is replaced by '.*'  (zero  or  more
       characters);  the  '?'   is replaced by '.' (exactly one character) and
       '.' by the literal dot. If the option is  disabled,  then  the  regular
       expressions are the ones described in ed(1).

       Complete:  show  all.   By  default  the Midnight Commander pops up all
       possible completions if the completion is ambiguous only when you press
       Alt-Tab  for the second time.  For the first time, it just completes as
       much as possible and beeps in  the  case  of  ambiguity.   Enable  this
       option  if you want to see all possible completions even after pressing
       Alt-Tab the first time.

       Rotating dash.  If this option is enabled, the Midnight Commander shows
       a  rotating  dash  in  the  upper  right  corner  as a work in progress
       indicator.

       Cd follows links.  This option, if set, causes the  Midnight  Commander
       to  follow  the  logical  chain  of  directories  when changing current
       directory either in the panels, or using the cd command.  This  is  the
       default  behavior  of  bash. When unset, the Midnight Commander follows
       the real directory structure, so cd .. if you've entered that directory
       through a link will move you to the current directory's real parent and
       not to the directory where the link was present.

       Safe delete.  If this option is enabled, deleting files  and  directory
       hotlist  entries  unintentionally  becomes more difficult.  The default
       selection in the confirmation dialogs for deletion changes  from  "Yes"
       to "No".  This option is disabled by default.

       Auto save setup.  If this option is enabled, when you exit the Midnight
       Commander the configurable options of the Midnight Commander are  saved
       in the ~/.config/mc/ini file.

    Layout
       The  layout dialog gives you a possibility to change the general layout
       of screen. The options in this dialog are divided into several  groups:
       "Panel split", "Console output" and "Other options".

       Panel split

       The  rest  of the screen area is used for the two directory panels. You
       can specify whether the area is split to the panels in Vertical
        or Horizontal direction. Panel  layout  can  be  changed  using  Alt-,
       (Alt-comma) shortcut.

       Equal  split.   By  default, panels have equal sizes. Using this option
       you can specify an unequal split.

       Console output

       On the Linux or FreeBSD console you can  specify  how  many  lines  are
       shown  in  the  output  window.  This  option  is available if Midnight
       Commander runs on native console only.

       Other options

       Menu bar visible.  If enabled,  main  menu  of  Midnight  Commander  is
       always  visible  on  the  top  row  of  screen above panels. Enabled by
       default.

       Command prompt.  If enabled,  command  line  is  avalable.  Enabled  by
       default.

       Keybar  visible.  If enabled, 10 lables associated with F1-F10 keys are
       located at the bottom row of screen. Enabled by default.

       Hintbar visible.  If enabled, the  one-line  hints  are  visible  below
       panels. Enabled by default.

       XTerm  window title.  When run in a terminal emulator for X11, Midnight
       Commander sets  the  terminal  window  title  to  the  current  working
       directory  and updates it when necessary.  If your terminal emulator is
       broken and you see some  incorrect  output  on  startup  and  directory
       change, turn off this option.  Enabled by default.

       Show  free  space.   If  enabled, free space and total space of current
       file system is shown at the bottom frame of panel. Enabled by default.

    Panel options
       Main panel options

       Show mini-status.  If enabled, one line of status information about the
       currently  selected  item is shown at the bottom of the panels. Enabled
       by default.

       Use SI size units.  If this option is enabled, Midnight Commander  will
       use  SI  units  (powers  of  1000)  when displaying any byte sizes. The
       suffixes (k, m ...) are shown in  lowercase.   If  disabled  (default),
       Midnight  Commander  will  use  binary  units  (powers of 1024) and the
       suffixes are shown in upper case (K, M ...)

       Mix all files.  If this option is enabled, all  files  and  directories
       are  shown  mixed  together.   If  the  option  is  desabled (default),
       directories (and links to directories) are shown at  the  beginning  of
       the listing, and other files below.

       Show  backup files.  If enabled, the Midnight Commander will show files
       ending with a tilde.  Otherwise, they won't be  shown  (like  GNU's  ls
       option -B). Enabled by default.

       Show  hidden  files.   If enabled, the Midnight Commander will show all
       files that start with a dot (like ls -a). Disabled by default.

       Fast directory  reload.   If  this  option  is  enabled,  the  Midnight
       Commander  will use a trick to determine if the directory contents have
       changed.  The trick is to reload the directory only if  the  i-node  of
       the  directory  has  changed;  this means that reloads only happen when
       files are created or deleted.  If what changes is the i-node for a file
       in  the  directory  (file size changes, mode or owner changes, etc) the
       display is not updated.  In these cases, if you have the option on, you
       have to rescan the directory manually (with C-r). Disabled by default.

       Mark moves down.  If enabled, the selection bar will move down when you
       mark a file (with Insert key). Enabled by default.

       Reverse files only.  Allow revert selection of files only.  Enabled  by
       default.   If  enabled, the reverse selection is applied to files only,
       not to directories.  The selection of directories is untouched. If off,
       the  reverse  selection is applied to files as well to directories: all
       unselected items become selected, and vice versa.

       Simple swap.  If both panels contain file listing,  simple  swap  means
       that panels exchange its screen positions: left panel become right one,
       and vice versa. If  this  option  is  unchecked,  file  listing  panels
       exchange its content keeping listing format and sort options. Unchecked
       by default.

       Auto save panels setup.  If this option is enabled, when you  exit  the
       Midnight  Commander  the  current  settings  of panels are saved in the
       ~/.config/mc/panels.ini file.  Disabled by default.

       Navigation

       Lynx-like motion.  If this option is enabled, you may  use  the  arrows
       keys  to automatically chdir if the current selection is a subdirectory
       and the shell command line is empty. By default, this setting is off.

       Page scrolling.  If set (the default), panel will scroll  by  half  the
       display  when the cursor reaches the end or the beginning of the panel,
       otherwise it will just scroll a file at a time.

       Mouse page scrolling.  Controls whenever scrolling with the mouse wheel
       is done by pages or line by line on the panels.

       File highlight

       You   can   specify  whether  permissions  and  file  types  should  be
       highlighted with distinctive Colors.  If the permission highlighting is
       enabled,  the  parts of the perm and mode display fields which apply to
       the user running Midnight Commander  are  highlighted  with  the  color
       defined  by  the  selected  keyword.   If the file type highlighting is
       enabled, file  names  are  colored  according  to  rules  described  in
       /etc/mc/filehighlight.ini file. See Filenames Highlight for more info.

       Quick search

       You   can  specify  how  the  Quick  search  mode  should  works:  case
       insensitively, case sensitively or be matched to  the  the  panel  sort
       order: case sensitive or not.

    Confirmation
       In  this  dialog  you  configure  the  confirmation  options  for  file
       deletion, overwriting files, execution by pressing enter, quitting  the
       program, directory hotlist entries deletion and history cleanup.
        and.

    Display bits
       This  is  used  to  configure  the  range  of visible characters on the
       screen.  This setting may be 7-bits if  your  terminal/curses  supports
       only  seven  output bits, ISO-8859-1 displays all the characters in the
       ISO-8859-1 map and full 8 bits is for those terminals that can  display
       full 8 bit characters.

    Learn keys
       This  dialog  allows  you  to test and redefine functional keys, cursor
       arrows and some other keys to make them work properly on your terminal.
       They  often  don't,  since  many  terminal  databases are incomplete or
       broken.

       You can move around with the Tab key and with the vi moving  keys  ('h'
       left,  'j'  down,  'k'  up  and  'l' right).  Once you press any cursor
       movement key and it is recognized, you can use that key as well.

       You can test keys just by pressing each of them.  When you press a  key
       and  it  is  recognized  properly, OK should appear next to the name of
       that key.  Once a key is marked OK it starts working as  usually,  e.g.
       F1  pressed  the  first time will just check that the F1 key works, but
       after that it will show help.  The same applies to the arrow keys.  The
       Tab key should be working always.

       If  some  keys  do not work properly then you won't see OK appear after
       pressing one of these.  Then you may want to redefine  it.   Do  it  by
       pressing  the  button with the name of that key (either by the mouse or
       by Enter or Space after selecting the button with Tab or arrows).  Then
       a message box will appear asking you to press that key.  Do it and wait
       until the message box disappears.  If you want  to  abort,  just  press
       Escape once and wait.

       When  you finish with all the keys, you can Save them.  The definitions
       for  the  keys  you  have  redefined   will   be   written   into   the
       [terminal:TERM]  section  of  your ~/.config/mc/ini file (where TERM is
       the name of your current terminal).  The definitions of the  keys  that
       were already working properly are not saved.

    Virtual FS
       This  option  gives  you  control over the settings of the Virtual File
       System.

       The Midnight Commander keeps in memory the information related to  some
       of  the virtual file systems to speed up the access to the files in the
       file system (for example, directory listings fetched from FTP servers).

       Also, in order to access the contents of compressed files (for example,
       compressed  tar files) the Midnight Commander needs to create temporary
       uncompressed files on your disk.

       Since both the information in memory and the temporary  files  on  disk
       take  up  resources,  you may want to tune the parameters of the cached
       information to decrease your resource usage or to maximize the speed of
       access to frequently used file systems.

       Because  of the format of the tar archives, the Tar filesystem needs to
       read the whole file just to load the  file  entries.   Since  most  tar
       files  are  usually  kept  compressed  (plain  tar files are species in
       extinction), the tar file system has to uncompress the file on the disk
       in  a  temporary  location  and  then access the uncompressed file as a
       regular tar file.

       Now, since we all love to browse files and tar files all over the disk,
       it's  common that you will leave a tar file and then re-enter it later.
       Since decompression is slow, the  Midnight  Commander  will  cache  the
       information  in  memory  for a limited time.  When the timeout expires,
       all the resources associated with the file system  are  released.   The
       default timeout is set to one minute.

       The  FTP File System (ftpfs) allows you to browse directories on remote
       FTP servers.  It has several options.

       ftp  anonymous  password  is  the  password  used  when  you  login  as
       "anonymous".   Some sites require a valid e-mail address.  On the other
       hand, you probably don't want to  give  your  real  e-mail  address  to
       untrusted sites, especially if you are not using spam filtering.

       ftpfs  keeps  the  directory  listing it fetches from a FTP server in a
       cache.  The cache expire time is configurable with the ftpfs  directory
       cache  timeout option.  A low value for this option may slow down every
       operation on the ftpfs because every operation would require sending  a
       request to the FTP server.

       You  can define an FTP proxy host for doing FTP.  Note that most modern
       firewalls are fully transparent at least for passive FTP  (see  below),
       so FTP proxies are considered obsolete.

       If Always use ftp proxy is not set, you can use the exclamation sign to
       enable proxy for certain hosts.  See FTP File System for examples.

       If this option is set, the program will  do  two  things:  consult  the
       /usr/lib/mc/mc.no_proxy  file  for lines containing host names that are
       local (if the host name starts with a  dot,  it  is  assumed  to  be  a
       domain)  and  to  assume that any hostnames without dots in their names
       are directly accessible.  All other hosts will be accessed through  the
       specified FTP proxy.

       You  can  enable  using  ~/.netrc  file,  which  keeps  login names and
       passwords for ftp servers.  See netrc (5) for the  description  of  the
       .netrc format.

       Use  passive  mode  enables using FTP passive mode, when the connection
       for data transfer is initiated by the client, not by the server.   This
       option is recommended and enabled by default.  If this option is turned
       off, the data connection is initiated by the server.  This may not work
       with some firewalls.

    Save Setup
       At  startup  the  Midnight  Commander  will  try to load initialization
       information from the ~/.config/mc/ini file. If this file doesn't exist,
       it  will  load the information from the system-wide configuration file,
       located in /usr/share/mc/mc.ini. If the system-wide configuration  file
       doesn't exist, MC uses the default settings.

       The  Save Setup command creates the ~/.config/mc/ini file by saving the
       current settings of the Left, Right and Options menus.

       If you activate the auto save setup option, MC  will  always  save  the
       current settings when exiting.

       There  also  exist  settings  which can't be changed from the menus. To
       change these settings you  have  to  edit  the  setup  file  with  your
       favorite   editor.  See  the  section  on  Special  Settings  for  more
       information.

Executing operating system commands

       You may execute commands  by  typing  them  directly  in  the  Midnight
       Commander's input line, or by selecting the program you want to execute
       with the selection bar in one of the panels and hitting Enter.

       If you press Enter over a file that is  not  executable,  the  Midnight
       Commander  checks  the  extension  of  the  selected  file  against the
       extensions in the Extensions File.  If a match is found then  the  code
       associated  with  that  extension  is  executed.  A  very  simple macro
       expansion takes place before executing the command.

  The cd internal command
       The cd command is interpreted by the  Midnight  Commander,  it  is  not
       passed  to the command shell for execution.  Thus it may not handle all
       of the nice macro expansion and  substitution  that  your  shell  does,
       although it does some of them:

       Tilde  substitution.   The  (~)  will  be  substituted  with  your home
       directory, if you append a username after the tilde, then  it  will  be
       substituted with the login directory of the specified user.

       For  example,  ~guest  is  the home directory for the user guest, while
       ~/guest is the directory guest in your home directory.

       Previous directory.  You can jump to the directory you were  previously
       by using the special directory name '-' like this: cd -

       CDPATH  directories.   If  the directory specified to the cd command is
       not in the current directory, then  The  Midnight  Commander  uses  the
       value in the environment variable CDPATH to search for the directory in
       any of the named directories.

       For example you could  set  your  CDPATH  variable  to  ~/src:/usr/src,
       allowing  you to change your directory to any of the directories inside
       the ~/src and /usr/src directories, from any place in the  file  system
       by  using  its  relative  name  (for example cd linux could take you to
       /usr/src/linux).

  Macro Substitution
       When accessing  a  user  menu,  or  executing  an  extension  dependent
       command,  or  running  a  command from the command line input, a simple
       macro substitution takes place.

       The macros are:

       %i     The indent of blank space, equal  the  cursor  column  position.
              For edit menu only.

       %y     The syntax type of current file. For edit menu only.

       %k     The block file name.

       %e     The error file name.

       %m     The current menu name.

       %f and %p
              The current file name.

       %x     The extension of current file name.

       %b     The current file name without extension.

       %d     The current directory name.

       %F     The current file in the unselected panel.

       %D     The directory name of the unselected panel.

       %t     The currently tagged files.

       %T     The tagged files in the unselected panel.

       %u and %U
              Similar  to  the %t and %T macros, but in addition the files are
              untagged.  You can use this macro only once per menu file  entry
              or  extension  file  entry,  because  next time there will be no
              tagged files.

       %s and %S
              The selected files: The tagged files if there are any. Otherwise
              the current file.

       %cd    This  is  a  special  macro  that  is used to change the current
              directory to the directory specified in front of  it.   This  is
              used primarily as an interface to the Virtual File System.

       %view  This  macro  is  used to invoke the internal viewer.  This macro
              can be used alone, or with arguments.  If you pass any arguments
              to this macro, they should be enclosed in brackets.

              The  arguments  are:  ascii to force the viewer into ascii mode;
              hex to force the viewer into hex mode; nroff to tell the  viewer
              that  it  should  interpret  the bold and underline sequences of
              nroff; unformatted to tell the viewer  to  not  interpret  nroff
              commands for making the text bold or underlined.

       %%     The % character

       %{some text}
              Prompt  for the substitution. An input box is shown and the text
              inside the braces is used as a prompt. The macro is  substituted
              by  the text typed by the user. The user can press ESC or F10 to
              cancel. This macro doesn't work on the command line yet.

       %var{ENV:default}
              If  environment  variable  ENV  is   unset,   the   default   is
              substituted.  Otherwise, the value of ENV is substituted.

  The subshell support
       The  subshell  support  is  a  compile time option, that works with the
       shells: bash, tcsh and zsh.

       When the subshell code is activated the Midnight Commander will spawn a
       concurrent  copy  of  your shell (the one defined in the SHELL variable
       and if it is not defined, then the one in the /etc/passwd file) and run
       it  in a pseudo terminal, instead of invoking a new shell each time you
       execute a command, the command will be passed to the subshell as if you
       had  typed  it.   This  also  allows  you  to  change  the  environment
       variables, use shell functions and define aliases that are valid  until
       you quit the Midnight Commander.

       If you are using bash you can specify startup commands for the subshell
       in your ~/.local/share/mc/bashrc file and special keyboard maps in  the
       ~/.local/share/mc/inputrc   file.    tcsh  users  may  specify  startup
       commands in the ~/.local/share/mc/tcshrc file.

       When the subshell code is used, you can  suspend  applications  at  any
       time  with the sequence C-o and jump back to the Midnight Commander, if
       you interrupt an application,  you  will  not  be  able  to  run  other
       external commands until you quit the application you interrupted.

       An  extra  added  feature  of  using  the  subshell  is that the prompt
       displayed by the Midnight Commander is the same  prompt  that  you  are
       currently using in your shell.

       The  OPTIONS  section  has  more information on how you can control the
       subshell code.

Chmod

       The Chmod window is used to change the attribute bits  in  a  group  of
       files  and  directories.   It  can  be  invoked  with  the  C-x  c  key
       combination.

       The Chmod window has two parts - Permissions and File.

       In the File section are displayed the name of the file or directory and
       its permissions in octal form, as well as its owner and group.

       In  the  Permissions  section  there  is  a  set of check buttons which
       correspond to the file attribute bits.  As  you  change  the  attribute
       bits, you can see the octal value change in the File section.

       To  move  between the widgets (buttons and check buttons) use the arrow
       keys or the Tab key.  To change the state of the check  buttons  or  to
       select a button use Space.  You can also use the hotkeys on the buttons
       to quickly activate them.  Hotkeys are shown as highlighted letters  on
       the buttons.

       To set the attribute bits, use the Enter key.

       When  working  with  a group of files or directories, you just click on
       the bits you want to set or clear.  Once you have selected the bits you
       want  to  change,  you  select one of the action buttons (Set marked or
       Clear marked).

       Finally, to set the attributes exactly to those specified, you can  use
       the [Set all] button, which will act on all the tagged files.

       [Marked all] set only marked attributes to all selected files

       [Set marked] set marked bits in attributes of all selected files

       [Clean marked] clear marked bits in attributes of all selected files

       [Set] set the attributes of one file

       [Cancel] cancel the Chmod command

Chown

       The  Chown command is used to change the owner/group of a file. The hot
       key for this command is C-x o.

Advanced Chown

       The Advanced Chown command is the Chmod and Chown command combined into
       one  window. You can change the permissions and owner/group of files at
       once.

File Operations

       When you copy, move or delete files the Midnight  Commander  shows  the
       file  operations  dialog.  It shows the files currently being processed
       and uses up to  three  progress  bars.   The  file  bar  indicates  the
       percentage  of  the  current  file that has been processed so far.  The
       count bar shows how many of the tagged files have  been  handled.   The
       bytes  bar  indicates  the  percentage  of the total size of the tagged
       files that has been handled.  If the verbose option is  off,  the  file
       and bytes bars are not shown.

       There  are  two  buttons at the bottom of the dialog. Pressing the Skip
       button will skip the rest of  the  current  file.  Pressing  the  Abort
       button  will  abort  the  whole  operation,  the  rest of the files are
       skipped.

       There are three other dialogs which you can run into  during  the  file
       operations.

       The  error dialog informs about error conditions and has three choices.
       Normally you select either the Skip button to  skip  the  file  or  the
       Abort  button  to  abort the operation altogether.  You can also select
       the Retry button if you fixed the problem from another terminal.

       The replace dialog is shown when you attempt to copy or move a file  on
       the  top  of an existing file.  The dialog shows the dates and sizes of
       the both files.  Press the Yes button to overwrite  the  file,  the  No
       button to skip the file, the All button to overwrite all the files, the
       None button to never overwrite and the Update button  to  overwrite  if
       the source file is newer than the target file.  You can abort the whole
       operation by pressing the Abort button.

       The recursive delete dialog is shown when you try to delete a directory
       which  is  not  empty.   Press  the  Yes button to delete the directory
       recursively, the No button to skip the directory,  the  All  button  to
       delete  all  the  directories  and  the  None  button  to  skip all the
       non-empty directories.  You can abort the whole operation  by  pressing
       the  Abort  button.   If you selected the Yes or All button you will be
       asked for a confirmation.  Type "yes" only if you are really  sure  you
       want to do the recursive delete.

       If  you  have  tagged  files  and perform an operation on them only the
       files on which the operation succeeded are untagged. Failed and skipped
       files are left tagged.

Mask Copy/Rename

       The  copy/move  operations  let  you translate the names of files in an
       easy way.  To do it, you have to specify the correct  source  mask  and
       usually in the trailing part of the destination specify some wildcards.
       All the files matching the source mask are copied/renamed according  to
       the  target  mask.   If  there  are tagged files, only the tagged files
       matching the source mask are renamed.

       There are other options which you can set:

       Follow links

       determines whether make  the  symlinks  and  hardlinks  in  the  source
       directory  (recursively  in  subdirectories)  new  links  in the target
       directory or whether would you like to copy their content.

       Dive into subdirs

       determines the behavior when  the  source  directory  is  about  to  be
       copied, but the target directory already exists.  The default action is
       to copy the contents of the source directory into the target directory.
       Enabling  this  option  causes copying the source directory itself into
       the target directory.

       For example, you want to copy directory /foo  containing  file  bar  to
       /bla/foo,  which is an already existing directory.  Normally (when Dive
       into subdirs is not set), mc would copy file  /foo/bar  into  the  file
       /bla/foo/bar.   By enabling this option the /bla/foo/foo directory will
       be created, and /foo/bar will be copied into /bla/foo/foo/bar.

       Preserve attributes

       determines whether to preserve the permissions, timestamps and (if  you
       are  root)  the ownership of the original files.  If this option is not
       set, the current value of the umask will be respected.

       Use shell patterns on

       When the shell patterns option is on  you  can  use  the  '*'  and  '?'
       wildcards in the source mask.  They work like they do in the shell.  In
       the target mask only the '*' and '\<digit>' wildcards are allowed.  The
       first '*' wildcard in the target mask corresponds to the first wildcard
       group in the source mask, the second  '*'  corresponds  to  the  second
       group  and  so on.  The '\1' wildcard corresponds to the first wildcard
       group in the source mask, the '\2' wildcard corresponds to  the  second
       group and so on all the way up to '\9'.  The '\0' wildcard is the whole
       filename of the source file.

       Two examples:

       If the source mask is "*.tar.gz", the destination is  "/bla/*.tgz"  and
       the  file  to  be copied is "foo.tar.gz", the copy will be "foo.tgz" in
       "/bla".

       Suppose you want to swap basename and extension so that "file.c"  would
       become  "c.file"  and so on.  The source mask for this is "*.*" and the
       destination is "\2.\1".

       Use shell patterns off

       When the shell patterns option is  off  the  MC  doesn't  do  automatic
       grouping anymore. You must use '\(...\)' expressions in the source mask
       to specify meaning for the wildcards in the target mask. This  is  more
       flexible  but  also  requires  more  typing. Otherwise target masks are
       similar to the situation when the shell patterns option is on.

       Two examples:

       If  the  source  mask  is  "^\(.*\)\.tar\.gz$",  the   destination   is
       "/bla/*.tgz"  and  the file to be copied is "foo.tar.gz", the copy will
       be "/bla/foo.tgz".

       Let's suppose you want to swap basename and extension so that  "file.c"
       will   become  "c.file"  and  so  on.  The  source  mask  for  this  is
       "^\(.*\)\.\(.*\)$" and the destination is "\2.\1".

       Case Conversions

       You can also change the case of the filenames.  If you use '\u' or '\l'
       in  the  target mask, the next character will be converted to uppercase
       or lowercase correspondingly.

       If you use '\U' or '\L' in the target mask, the next characters will be
       converted to uppercase or lowercase correspondingly up to the next '\E'
       or next '\U', '\L' or the end of the file name.

       The '\u' and '\l' are stronger than '\U' and '\L'.

       For example,  if  the  source  mask  is  '*'  (shell  patterns  on)  or
       '^\(.*\)$' (shell patterns off) and the target mask is '\L\u*' the file
       names will be converted to have initial upper case and otherwise  lower
       case.

       You  can  also  use  '\'  as  a quote character. For example, '\\' is a
       backslash and '\*' is an asterisk.

       Stable symlinks

       commands Midnight Commander, that it  should  change  symlinks  in  the
       target,  so  that  they'll point to the same location as it did before.
       With absolute symbolic links this does  nothing,  but  if  you  have  a
       relative  one,  it  will  recompute its value, adding necessary ../ and
       other directory parts and making the value as short as  possible  (most
       modern  filesystems  keep  short  symlinks inside inodes and thus don't
       waste much disk space).

Select/Unselect Files

       The dialog of group of files and directories selection  or  uselection.
       The  input  line  allow  enter the regular expression of filenames that
       will be selected/unselected.

       When Files only checkbox is on, only files will be selected.  If  Files
       only  is  off,  as  files  as directories will be selected.  When Shell
       Patterns checkbox is on,  the  regular  expression  is  much  like  the
       filename  globbing in the shell (* standing for zero or more characters
       and ?  standing for one character). If Shell Patterns is off, then  the
       tagging  of files is done with normal regular expressions (see ed (1)).
       When Case  sensitive  checkbox  is  on,  the  selection  will  be  case
       sensitive  characters.   If  Case  sensitive  is  off, the case will be
       ignored.

Internal Diff Viewer

       The mcdiff is a visual diff tool. You can compare two  files  and  edit
       them  in-place (diffs are updated dynamically). You can browse and view
       a working copy from popular version control systems  (GIT,  Subversion,
       etc).

       Following  shortcuts  are available in internal diff viewer of Midnight
       Commander.

       F1 Invoke the built-in hypertext help viewer.

       F2 Save modified files.

       F4 Edit file of the left panel in the internal editor.

       F14 Edit file of the right panel in the internal editor.

       F5 Merge the current hunk. Only the current hunk will be merged.

       F7 Start search.

       F17 Continue search.

       F10, Esc, q Exit from diff viewer.

       Alt-s, s Toggle show of hunk status.

       Alt-n, l Toggle show of line numbers.

       f Maximize left panel.

       = Make panels equal in width.

       > Reduce the size of the right panel.

       < Reduce the size of the left panel.

       c Toggle show of trailing carriage return (CR) symbol as ^M.

       2, 3, 4, 8 Set tabulation size

       C-u Swap contents of diff panels.

       C-r Refresh the screen.

       C-o Switch to the subshell and show the command screen.

       Enter, Space, n Find next diff hunk.

       Backspace, p Find previous diff hunk.

       g Go to line.

       Down Scroll one line forward.

       Up Scroll one line backward.

       PageUp Move one page up.

       PageDown Mves one page down.

       Home, A1 Moves to the line beginning.

       End Moves to the line end.

       C-Home Move to the file beginning.

       C-End, C1 Move to the file end.

Internal File Viewer

       The internal file viewer provides two display modes: ASCII and hex.  To
       toggle between modes, use the F4 key.

       The  viewer  will try to use the best method provided by your system or
       the file type to display the information.   Some  character  sequences,
       which  appear  most  often  in preformatted manual pages, are displayed
       bold and underlined, thus making a pretty display of your files.

       When in hex mode, the  search  function  accepts  text  in  quotes  and
       constant numbers.  Text in quotes is matched exactly after removing the
       quotes.  Each number matches one byte.  You can mix  quoted  text  with
       constants like this:

       "String" -1 0xBB 012 "more text"

       Note that 012 is an octal number.  -1 is converted to 0xFF.

       Here  is  a  listing  of  the actions associated with each key that the
       Midnight Commander handles in the internal file viewer.

       F1 Invoke the built-in hypertext help viewer.

       F2 Toggle the wrap mode.

       F4 Toggle the hex mode.

       F5 Goto line.  This will prompt you for a line number and will  display
       that line.

       F6, /.  Regular expression search.

       ?, Reverse regular expression search.

       F7 Normal search / hex mode search.

       C-s,  F17,  n.   Start  normal  search  if there was no previous search
       expression else find next match.

       C-r.  Start reverse search if there was no previous  search  expression
       else find next match.

       F8  Toggle Raw/Parsed mode: This will show the file as found on disk or
       if a processing filter has been specified in the mc.ext file, then  the
       output  from  the filter. Current mode is always the other than written
       on the button label, since on the button is the mode which you enter by
       that key.

       F9  Toggle  the format/unformat mode: when format mode is on the viewer
       will interpret some string sequences to show bold  and  underline  with
       different colors. Also, on button label is the other mode than current.

       F10, Esc.  Exit the internal file viewer.

       next-page, space, C-v.  Scroll one page forward.

       prev-page, Alt-v, C-b, Backspace.  Scroll one page backward.

       down-key Scroll one line forward.

       up-key Scroll one line backward.

       C-l Refresh the screen.

       C-o Switch to the subshell and show the command screen.

       [n] m Set the mark n.

       [n] r Jump to the mark n.

       C-f Jump to the next file.

       C-b Jump to the previous file.

       Alt-r Toggle the ruler.

       Alt-e  to  change  charset  of  displayed  text  may  use  M-e (Alt-e).
       Recoding is made from selected codepage into system codepage. To cancel
       the  recoding  you  may  select "<No translation>" in charset selection
       dialog.

       It's possible to instruct the file viewer how to display a  file,  look
       at the Extension File Edit section

Internal File Editor

       The internal file editor is a full-featured full screen editor.  It can
       edit files up to 64 megabytes.  It is possible to  edit  binary  files.
       The  internal  file editor is invoked using F4 if the use_internal_edit
       option is set in the initialization file.

       The features it presently supports are: block copy, move, delete,  cut,
       paste;  key  for  key  undo;  pull-down  menus;  file  insertion; macro
       commands; regular  expression  search  and  replace;  shift-arrow  text
       highlighting  (if  supported by the terminal); insert-overwrite toggle;
       word wrap;  autoindent;  tunable  tab  size;  syntax  highlighting  for
       various  file  types;  and  an option to pipe text blocks through shell
       commands like indent and ispell.

       Sections:

              Options of editor in ini-file

       The editor is very easy to use and requires no tutoring.  To  see  what
       keys  do  what, just consult the appropriate pull-down menu. Other keys
       are: Shift movement keys do text highlighting.  Ctrl-Ins copies to  the
       file mcedit.clip and Shift-Ins pastes from mcedit.clip.  Shift-Del cuts
       to  mcedit.clip,  and  Ctrl-Del   deletes   highlighted   text.   Mouse
       highlighting  also  works,  and  you can override the mouse as usual by
       holding down the shift key while  dragging  the  mouse  to  let  normal
       terminal mouse highlighting work.

       To  define  a macro, press Ctrl-R and then type out the key strokes you
       want to be executed. Press Ctrl-R again when  finished.  You  can  then
       assign the macro to any key you like by pressing that key. The macro is
       executed when you press Ctrl-A and then the assigned key. The macro  is
       also  executed  if  you  press Meta, Ctrl, or Esc and the assigned key,
       provided that the key is not used for any other function. Once defined,
       the       macro       commands       go       into       the       file
       ~/.local/share/mc/mcedit/mcedit.macros  You  can  delete  a  macro   by
       deleting the appropriate line in this file.

       To  change  charset of displayed text may use M-e (Alt-e).  Recoding is
       made from  selected  codepage  into  system  codepage.  To  cancel  the
       recoding you may select "<No translation>" in charset selection dialog.

       F19 will format the currently highlighted block (plain text or C or C++
       code   or    another).    This    is    controlled    by    the    file
       /usr/share/mc/edit.indent.rc       which       is       copied       to
       ~/.local/share/mc/mcedit/edit.indent.rc  in  your  home  directory  the
       first time you use it.

       The  editor also displays non-us characters (160+). When editing binary
       files, you should set display bits to 7 bits in  the  options  menu  to
       keep the spacing clean.

Options of editor in ini-file

       Some editor options of ini-file are described in this section.  Options
       are placed in [Midnight-Commander] section

       editor_wordcompletion_collect_entire_file
              Search autocomplete candidates in entire of file  or  just  from
              begin of file to cursor position (0)

Screen selector

       Midnight  Commander  supports  running  many  internal modules (such as
       editor, viewer and diff viewer) simultaneously  and  switching  between
       them without closing open files. Using several file managers at a time,
       however, is not currently supported.

       Let's call each of these modules a screen.  There  are  three  ways  to
       switch between screens, using one of these global shortcuts:

       Alt-}  switch to the next screen;

       Alt-{  switch to the previous screen;

       Alt-`  open a dialog window with the list of currently open screens (or
              use the "Screen list" menu item).

Completion

       Let the Midnight Commander type for you.

       Attempt to perform completion on the text before current position.   MC
       attempts  completion  treating the text as variable (if the text begins
       with $), username (if the text begins with ~), hostname  (if  the  text
       begins  with  @)  or  command  (if  you  are on the command line in the
       position where you might type  a  command,  possible  completions  then
       include  shell  reserved  words and shell built-in commands as well) in
       turn.  If none of these matches, filename completion is attempted.

       Filename, username, variable and hostname completion works on all input
       lines,  command completion is command line specific.  If the completion
       is ambiguous (there are more different possibilities), MC beeps and the
       following  action  depends  on  the  setting  of the Complete: show all
       option in the Configuration dialog.  If it is enabled, a  list  of  all
       possibilities  pops  up next to the current position and you can select
       with the arrow keys and Enter the correct entry.  You can also type the
       first  letters in which the possibilities differ to move to a subset of
       all possibilities and complete as  much  as  possible.   If  you  press
       Alt-Tab  again, only the subset will be shown in the listbox, otherwise
       the first item which  matches  all  the  previous  characters  will  be
       highlighted.   As soon as there is no ambiguity, dialog disappears, but
       you can hide it by canceling keys Esc, F10 and  left  and  right  arrow
       keys. If Complete: show all is disabled, the dialog pops up only if you
       press Alt-Tab for the second time, for the first time MC just beeps.

Virtual File System

       The Midnight Commander is provided with a code layer to access the file
       system;  this  code  layer  is known as the virtual file system switch.
       The virtual  file  system  switch  allows  the  Midnight  Commander  to
       manipulate files not located on the Unix file system.

       Currently  the  Midnight  Commander  is packaged with some Virtual File
       Systems (VFS): the local file system, used for  accessing  the  regular
       Unix file system; the ftpfs, used to manipulate files on remote systems
       with the FTP protocol; the tarfs, used to manipulate tar and compressed
       tar  files;  the  undelfs,  used  to recover deleted files on ext2 file
       systems  (the  default  file  system  for  Linux  systems),  fish  (for
       manipulating files over shell connections such as rsh and ssh).  If the
       code was compiled with smbfs  support,  you  can  manipulate  files  on
       remote systems with the SMB (CIFS) protocol.

       A  generic extfs (EXTernal virtual File System) is provided in order to
       easily expand VFS capabilities using scripts and external software.

       The VFS switch code will interpret all of the path names used and  will
       forward  them to the correct file system, the formats used for each one
       of the file systems is described later in their own section.

  FTP File System
       The FTP File System (ftpfs) allows you to manipulate  files  on  remote
       machines.   To  actually  use  it, you can use the FTP link item in the
       menu or directly change your current directory using the cd command  to
       a path name that looks like this:

       ftp://[!][user[:pass]@]machine[:port][remote-dir]

       The  user,  port  and remote-dir elements are optional.  If you specify
       the user element, the Midnight  Commander  will  login  to  the  remote
       machine  as  that  user,  otherwise  it will use anonymous login or the
       login name from the ~/.netrc file.  The optional pass  element  is  the
       password  used  for  the  connection.   Using  the  password in the VFS
       directory name is not recommended, because it can appear on the  screen
       in clear text and can be saved to the directory history.

       To  enable  using  FTP  proxy,  prepend !  (an exclamation sign) to the
       hostname.

       Examples:

           ftp://ftp.nuclecu.unam.mx/linux/local
           ftp://tsx-11.mit.edu/pub/linux/packages
           ftp://!behind.firewall.edu/pub
           ftp://guest@remote-host.com:40/pub
           ftp://miguel:xxx@server/pub

       Please check the Virtual File System dialog box for ftpfs options.

  Tar File System
       The tar file system provides you with  read-only  access  to  your  tar
       files  and  compressed tar files by using the chdir command.  To change
       your directory to a tar file, you change your current directory to  the
       tar file by using the following syntax:

       /filename.tar/utar://[dir-inside-tar]

       The  mc.ext  file already provides a shortcut for tar files, this means
       that usually you just point to a tar file and  press  return  to  enter
       into  the  tar file, see the Extension File Edit section for details on
       how this is done.

       Examples:

           mc-3.0.tar.gz/utar://mc-3.0/vfs
           /ftp/GCC/gcc-2.7.0.tar/utar://

       The latter specifies the full path of the tar archive.

  FIle transfer over SHell filesystem
       The fish file system is a network based file system that allows you  to
       manipulate  the files in a remote machine as if they were local. To use
       this, the other side has to either run fish  server,  or  has  to  have
       bash-compatible shell.

       To  connect  to a remote machine, you just need to chdir into a special
       directory which name is in the following format:

       sh://[user@]machine[:options]/[remote-dir]

       The user, options and remote-dir elements are optional.  If you specify
       the  user  element,  the  Midnight  Commander  will try to login on the
       remote machine as that user, otherwise it will use your login name.

       The available options are:
         'C' - use compression;
         'r' - use rsh instead of ssh;
         port - specify the port used by remote server.
       If the remote-dir element is present, your  current  directory  on  the
       remote machine will be set to this one.

       Examples:

           sh://onlyrsh.mx:r/linux/local
           sh://joe@want.compression.edu:C/private
           sh://joe@noncompressed.ssh.edu/private
           sh://joe@somehost.ssh.edu:2222/private

  Undelete File System
       On  Linux  systems,  if  you asked configure to use the ext2fs undelete
       facilities, you will have the undelete file system available.  Recovery
       of  deleted files is only available on ext2 file systems.  The undelete
       file system is just an interface to the ext2fs library to retrieve  all
       of the deleted files names on an ext2fs and provides and to extract the
       selected files into a regular partition.

       To use this file system, you have to chdir into the special  file  name
       formed by the "undel://" prefix and the file name where the actual file
       system resides.

       For example, to recover deleted files on the second  partition  of  the
       first SCSI disk on Linux, you would use the following path name:

           undel://sda2

       It  may  take  a while for the undelfs to load the required information
       before you start browsing files there.

  SMB File System
       The smbfs allows you to manipulate files on remote  machines  with  SMB
       (or  CIFS)  protocol.   These  include  Windows for Workgroups, Windows
       9x/ME/XP, Windows NT, Windows 2000 and Samba.  To actually use it,  you
       may  try  to  use the panel command "SMB link..."  (accessible from the
       menubar) or you may directly change your current directory to it  using
       the cd command to a path name that looks like this:

       smb://[user@]machine[/service][/remote-dir]

       The  user,  service  and  remote-dir  elements are optional.  The user,
       domain and password can be specified in an input dialog.

       Examples:

           smb://machine/Share
           smb://other_machine
           smb://guest@machine/Public/Irlex

  EXTernal File System
       extfs allows you to integrate numerous features and file types into GNU
       Midnight Commander in an easy way, by writing scripts.

       Extfs filesystems can be divided into two categories:

       1.  Stand-alone filesystems, which are not associated with any existing
       file.  They represent certain system-wide data  as  a  directory  tree.
       You  can  invoke them by typing 'cd fsname://' where fsname is an extfs
       short name (see below).  Examples of  such  filesystems  include  audio
       (list  audio  tracks  on the CD) or apt (list of all Debian packages in
       the system).

       For example, to list CD-Audio tracks on your CD-ROM drive, type

         cd audio://

       2. 'Archive' filesystems (like rpm, patchfs and more), which  represent
       contents of a file as a directory tree.  It can consist of 'real' files
       compressed in an archive (urar, rpm) or virtual files, like messages in
       a  mailbox  (mailfs)  or  parts  of  a patch (patchfs).  To access such
       filesystems 'fsname://' should be appended to the archive  name.   Note
       that the archive itself can be on another vfs.

       For example, to list contents of a zip archive documents.zip type

         cd documents.zip/uzip://

       In  many  aspects, you could treat extfs like any other directory.  For
       instance, you can add it to the hotlist or change to it from  directory
       history.   An  important  limitation  is  that  you cannot invoke shell
       commands inside extfs, just like any other non-local VFS.

       Common extfs scripts included with Midnight Commander are:

       a      access 'A:' DOS/Windows diskette (cd a://).

       apt    front end to Debian's APT package management system (cd apt://).

       audio  audio   CD   ripping   and   playing   (cd   audio://   or    cd
              device/audio://).

       bpp    package    of    Bad    Penguin   GNU/Linux   distribution   (cd
              file.bpp/bpp://).

       deb    package of Debian GNU/Linux distribution (cd file.deb/deb://).

       dpkg   Debian GNU/Linux installed packages (cd deb://).

       hp48   view and copy files to/from a HP48 calculator (cd hp48://).

       lslR   browsing  of  lslR  listings  as  found   on   many   FTPs   (cd
              filename/lslR://).

       mailfs mbox-style mailbox files support (cd mailbox/mailfs://).

       patchfs
              extfs    to    handle    unified    and    context   diffs   (cd
              filename/patchfs://).

       rpm    RPM package (cd filename/rpm://).

       rpms   RPM database management (cd rpms://).

       ulha, urar, uzip, uzoo, uar, uha
              archivers (cd archive/xxxx:// where xxxx is one of: ulha,  urar,
              uzip, uzoo, uar, uha).

       You  could  bind file type/extension to specified extfs as described in
       the Extension File Edit section.  Here is an example entry  for  Debian
       packages:

         regex/.deb$
                 Open=%cd %p/deb://

Colors

       The  Midnight  Commander  will  try to detect if your terminal supports
       color using the terminal database and your terminal name.  Sometimes it
       gets  confused, so you may force color mode or disable color mode using
       the -c and -b flag respectively.

       If the program is compiled with the Slang  screen  manager  instead  of
       ncurses,  it  will  also check the variable COLORTERM, if it is set, it
       has the same effect as the -c flag.

       You may specify terminals that always force color mode  by  adding  the
       color_terminals  variable  to  the Colors section of the initialization
       file.  This will prevent the Midnight Commander from trying  to  detect
       if your terminal supports color.  Example:

       [Colors]
       color_terminals=linux,xterm
       color_terminals=terminal-name1,terminal-name2...

       The  program  can be compiled with both ncurses and slang, ncurses does
       not  provide  a  way  to  force  color  mode:  ncurses  uses  just  the
       information in the terminal database.

       The  Midnight  Commander  provides  a way to change the default colors.
       Currently the colors are  configured  using  the  environment  variable
       MC_COLOR_TABLE or the Colors section in the initialization file.

       In  the  Colors  section,  the  default  color  map  is loaded from the
       base_color variable.  You can specify an  alternate  color  map  for  a
       terminal  by  using  the  terminal  name  as  the  key in this section.
       Example:

       [Colors]
       base_color=
       xterm=menu=magenta:marked=,magenta:markselect=,red

       The format for the color definition is:

         <keyword>=<fgcolor>,<bgcolor>,<attributes>:<keyword>=...

       The colors are  optional,  and  the  keywords  are:  normal,  selected,
       disabled, marked, markselect, errors, input, inputmark, inputunchanged,
       commandlinemark, reverse, gauge, header, inputhistory,  commandhistory.
       Button  bar  colors  are:  bbarhotkey,  bbarbutton.  Status  bar color:
       statusbar. Menu colors are: menunormal, menusel,  menuhot,  menuhotsel,
       menuinactive.   Dialog   colors   are:   dnormal,  dfocus,  dhotnormal,
       dhotfocus, dtitle. Error dialog colors are:  errdfocus,  errdhotnormal,
       errdhotfocus,  errdtitle.   Help  colors  are:  helpnormal, helpitalic,
       helpbold, helplink, helpslink, helptitle.  Viewer color are:  viewbold,
       viewunderline,  viewselected.  Editor colors are: editnormal, editbold,
       editmarked, editwhitespace,  editlinestate.   Popup  menu  colors  are:
       pmenunormal, pmenusel, pmenutitle.

       header  determines  the  color  of panel header, the line that contains
       column titles and sort mode indicator.

       input determines the color of input lines used in query dialogs.

       gauge determines the color of the  filled  part  of  the  progress  bar
       (gauge),  which  is  used  to  show  the  user  the  progress  of  file
       operations, such as copying.

       disabled determines the color of the widget that cannot be selected.

       The dialog boxes use the following colors:  dnormal  is  used  for  the
       normal  text,  dfocus  is  the  color  used  for the currently selected
       component, dhotnormal is the color used  to  differentiate  the  hotkey
       color in normal components, whereas the dhotfocus color is used for the
       highlighted color in the currently selected component.

       Menus use the same scheme but uses the  menunormal,  menusel,  menuhot,
       menuhotsel and menuinactive tags instead.

       Help  uses  the  following  colors: helpnormal is used for normal text,
       helpitalic is used for text which is emphasized in italic in the manual
       page,  helpbold  is  used  for  text which is emphasized in bold in the
       manual page, helplink is used for not selected hyperlinks and helpslink
       is used for selected hyperlink.

       Popup  menu uses following colors: pmenunormal is used for non-selected
       menu items and as a main color of popup menu window, pmenusel  is  used
       for selected menu item, pmenutitle is used for popup menu title.

       The   possible   colors   are:  black,  gray,  red,  brightred,  green,
       brightgreen, brown, yellow, blue, brightblue,  magenta,  brightmagenta,
       cyan,  brightcyan,  lightgray and white. And there is a special keyword
       for transparent background. It is 'default'. The 'default' can only  be
       used  for  background  color. Another special keyword "base" means mc's
       main colors.  When 256 colors are  available,  they  can  be  specified
       either  as  color16  to  color255,  or as rgb000 to rgb555 and gray0 to
       gray23. Example:

       [Colors]
       base_color=normal=white,default:marked=magenta,default

       Attributes can be any of bold, underline, reverse and  blink,  appended
       by  a  plus sign if more than one are desired.  The special word "none"
       means no attributes, without attempting to  fall  back  to  base_color.
       Example:

       menuhotsel=yellow;black;bold+underline

Skins

       You  can  change the appearance of Midnight Commander.  To do this, you
       must specify a file that contain descriptions of colors  and  lines  to
       draw  boxes.  Redefining  of the colors is entirely compatible with the
       assignment of colors, as described in Section Colors.

       If your skin contains any of 256-color definitions, you  should  define
       the '256colors' key set to TRUE value in [skin] section.

       A  skin-file  is  searched on the following algorithm (to the first one
       found):

              1) command line option -S <skin> or --skin=<skin>
              2) Environment variable MC_SKIN
              3) Parameter skin  in  section  [Midnight-Commander]  in  config
              file.
              4) File /etc/mc/skins/default.ini
              5) File /usr/share/mc/skins/default.ini

       Command  line option, environment variable and parameter in config file
       may contain the absolute path to the skin-file (with the extension .ini
       or  without  it).  Search  of skin-file will occur in (to the first one
       found):

              1) ~/.local/share/mc/skins/
              2) /etc/mc/skins/
              3) /usr/share/mc/skins/

       For getting extended info, refer to:

              Description of section and parameters
              Color pair definitions
              Draw lines
              Compatibility

  Description of section and parameters
       Section [skin] contain metainfo for  skin-file.  Parameter  description
       contain short text about skin.

       Section   [filehighlight]  contain  descriptions  of  color  pairs  for
       filenames highlighting.  Name of parameters must be equal to  names  of
       sections  into  filehighlight.ini  file.   See  Filenames Highlight for
       getting more info.

       Section [core] describes the elements that are used everywhere.

       _default_
              Default color pair. Used in  all  other  sections  if  they  not
              contain color definitions

       selected
              cursor

       marked selected data

       markselect
              cursor on selected data

       gauge  color of the filled part of the progress bar

       input  color of input lines used in query dialogs

       inputmark
              color of input selected text

       inputunhanged
              color of input text before first modification or cursor movement

       commandlinemark
              color of selected text in command line

       reverse
              reverse color

       Section  [dialog]  describes  the  elements  that  are placed on dialog
       windows (except error dialogs).

       _default_
              Default color for this section.  Used  [core]._default_  if  not
              specified

       dfocus Color of active element (in focus)

       dhotnormal
              Color of hotkeys

       dhotfocus
              Color of hotkeys in focused element

       Section  [error] describes the elements that are placed on error dialog
       windows

       _default_
              Default color for this section.  Used  [core]._default_  if  not
              specified

       errdhotnormal
              Color of hotkeys

       errdhotfocus
              Color of hotkeys in focused element

       Section  [menu]  describes  the  elements that are placed in menu. This
       section describes system menu (called by  F9)  and  user-defined  menus
       (called by F2 in panels and by F11 in editor).

       _default_
              Default  color  for  this  section. Used [core]._default_ if not
              specified

       entry  Color of menu items

       menuhot
              Color of menu hotkeys

       menusel
              Color of active menu item (in focus)

       menuhotsel
              Color of menu hotkeys in focused menu item

       menuinactive
              Color of inactive menu

       Section [help] describes the elements that are placed on help window.

       _default_
              Default color for this section.  Used  [core]._default_  if  not
              specified

       helpitalic
              Color pair for element with italic attribute

       helpbold
              Color pair for element with bold attribute

       helplink
              Color of links

       helpslink
              Color of active link (on focus)

       Section [editor] describes the colors of elements placed in editor.

       _default_
              Default  color  for  this  section. Used [core]._default_ if not
              specified

       editbold
              Color pair for element with bold attribute

       editmarked
              Color of selected text

       editwhitespace
              Color of tabs and trailing spaces highlighting

       editlinestate
              Color for line state area

       Section [viewer] describes the colors of elements placed in viewer.

       viewunderline
              Color pair for element with underline attribute

  Color pair definitions
       Any parameter in skin-file contain definition of color pair.

       Color pairs  described  as  two  colors  and  the  optional  attributes
       separated  by  ';'. First field sets the foreground color, second field
       sets background color, third field sets the  attributes.   Any  of  the
       fields  may  be  omitted, in this case value will be taken from default
       color pair (global color pair  or  from  default  color  pair  of  this
       section).

       Example:
       [core]
           # green on black
           _default_=green;black
           # green (default) on blue
           selected=;blue
           # yellow on black (default)
           # underlined yellow on black (default)
           marked=yellow;;underline

       Possible  colors  (names)  and  attributes  are  described  in  Colors.
       section.

  Draw lines
       Lines sets in section [Lines] into skin-file. By default  single  lines
       are  used,  but you may redefine to usage of any utf-8 symbols (like to
       lines, for example).

       WARNING!!!  When you build Midnight Commander with the  Ncurses  screen
       library  usage  of  drawing  lines is limited!  Possible only drawing a
       single lines.  For  all  questions  and  comments  please  contact  the
       developers of Ncurses.

       Descriptions of parameters [Lines]:

       lefttop
              left-top line fragment.

       righttop
              right-top line fragment.

       centertop
              down branch of horizontal line

       centerbottom
              up branch of horizontal line

       leftbottom
              left-bottom line fragment

       rightbottom
              right-bottom line fragment

       leftmiddle
              right branch of vertical line

       rightmiddle
              left branch of vertical line

       centermiddle
              cross of lines

       horiz  horizontal line

       vert   vertical line

       thinhoriz
              thin horizontal line

       thinvert
              thin vertical line

  Compatibility
       Appointment   of   color   by  skin-files  fully  compatible  with  the
       appointment of the colors described in Colors.  section.

       In this case, reassignment of colors has priority over  the  skin  file
       and is complementary.

Filenames Highlight

       Section  [filehighlight]  in  current  skin-file  contains key names as
       highlight groups and values as color pairs. Color pairs  is  documented
       in Skins section.

       Rules      of      filenames      highlight      are      placed     in
       /usr/share/mc/filehighlight.ini file  (~/.config/mc/filehighlight.ini).
       Name  of  section  in  this  file  must be equal to parameters names in
       [filehighlight] section (in current skin-file).

       Keys in these groups are:

       type   file type. If present, all other options are ignored.

       regexp regular expression. If present, 'extensions' option is ignored.

       extensions
              list of extensions of files. Separated by ';' sign.

       extensions_case
              (make sense only with 'extensions' parameter) make  'extensions'
              rule case sentitive (true) or not (false).

       `type' key may have values:
       - FILE (all files)
         - FILE_EXE
       - DIR (all directories)
         - LINK_DIR
       - LINK (all links except stale link)
         - HARDLINK
         - SYMLINK
       - STALE_LINK
       - DEVICE (all device files)
         - DEVICE_BLOCK
         - DEVICE_CHAR
       - SPECIAL (all special files)
         - SPECIAL_SOCKET
         - SPECIAL_FIFO
         - SPECIAL_DOOR

Special Settings

       Most  of the Midnight Commander settings can be changed from the menus.
       However, there are a small number of settings which can only be changed
       by editing the setup file.

       These variables may be set in your ~/.config/mc/ini file:

       clear_before_exec
              By  default  the  Midnight  Commander  clears  the screen before
              executing a command.  If you would prefer to see the  output  of
              the   command   at   the   bottom   of  the  screen,  edit  your
              ~/.config/mc/ini  file  and  change  the  value  of  the   field
              clear_before_exec to 0.

       confirm_view_dir
              If  you  press  F3  on  a  directory,  normally  MC  enters that
              directory.  If this flag is set to  1,  then  MC  will  ask  for
              confirmation  before  changing  the  directory if you have files
              tagged.

       ftpfs_retry_seconds
              This value is the number of seconds the Midnight Commander  will
              wait  before  attempting  to reconnect to an FTP server that has
              denied the login.  If the value is zero, the login  will  no  be
              retried.

       max_dirt_limit
              Specifies  how many screen updates can be skipped at most in the
              internal file viewer.  Normally this value is  not  significant,
              because  the code automatically adjusts the number of updates to
              skip according to the rate of incoming keystrokes.  However,  on
              very  slow  machines  or  terminals  with  a  fast keyboard auto
              repeat, a big value can make screen updates too jumpy.

              It seems that setting  max_dirt_limit  to  10  causes  the  best
              behavior, and that is the default value.

       mouse_move_pages_viewer
              Controls if scrolling with the mouse is done by pages or line by
              line on the internal file viewer.

       only_leading_plus_minus
              Allow special treatment for '+', '-', '*' in  the  command  line
              (select,  unselect,  reverse selection) only if the command line
              is empty.  You don't need  to  quote  those  characters  in  the
              middle  of  the command line.  On the other hand, you cannot use
              them to change selection when the command line is not empty.

       show_output_starts_shell
              This variable only works if  you  are  not  using  the  subshell
              support.   When you use the C-o keystroke to go back to the user
              screen, if this  one  is  set,  you  will  get  a  fresh  shell.
              Otherwise,  pressing any key will bring you back to the Midnight
              Commander.

       timeformat_recent
              Change the time format used to display dates less than 6  months
              from  now.   See  strftime  or  date  man  page  for  the format
              specification. If this option is absent, default  timeformat  is
              used.

       timeformat_old
              Change  the  time  format  used  to  display  dates older than 6
              months from now or for dates in the  future.   See  strftime  or
              date  man  page  for the format specification. If this option is
              absent, default timeformat is used.

       torben_fj_mode
              If this flag is set, then  the  home  and  end  keys  will  work
              slightly   different  on  the  panels,  instead  of  moving  the
              selection to the first and last files in the panels,  they  will
              act as follows:

              The  home  key will: Go up to the middle line, if below it; else
              go to the top line unless it is already on the top line, in this
              case it will go to the first file in the panel.

              The  end key has a similar behavior: Go down to the middle line,
              if over it; else go to the bottom line unless you already are at
              the  bottom line, in such case it will move the selection to the
              last file name in the panel.

       use_file_to_guess_type
              If this variable is on (the default)  it  will  spawn  the  file
              command to match the file types listed on the mc.ext file.

       xtree_mode
              If this variable is on (default is off) when you browse the file
              system on a Tree panel, it will automatically reload  the  other
              panel with the contents of the selected directory.

       fish_directory_timeout
              This  variable  holds the lifetime of a directory cache entry in
              seconds. The default value is 900 seconds.

       clipboard_store
              This variable contains  path  (with  options)  to  the  external
              clipboard  utility  like  'xclip'  to read text into X selection
              from file.  For example:

       clipboard_store=xclip -i

       clipboard_paste
              This variable contains  path  (with  options)  to  the  external
              clipboard  utility  like  'xclip'  to  print  the  selection  to
              standard out.  For example:

       clipboard_pastee=xclip -o

       autodetect_codeset
              This option allows use the `enca' command to autodetect  codeset
              of  text  files  in  internal  viewer  and editor. List of valid
              values can be obtain by the `enca --list languages |  cut  -d  :
              -f1' command. Option must be located in the [Misc] section.

       For example:

       autodetect_codeset=russian

Terminal databases

       The  Midnight  Commander  provides  a  way  to fix your system terminal
       database without requiring root  privileges.   The  Midnight  Commander
       searches  in the system initialization file (the mc.lib file located in
       the Midnight Commander library directory) and in  the  ~/.config/mc/ini
       file  for  the  section  "terminal:your-terminal-name" and then for the
       section "terminal:general", each line of the  section  contains  a  key
       symbol  that  you  want  to  define,  followed by an equal sign and the
       definition for the key.  You can use the special \e form  to  represent
       the escape character and the ^x to represent the control-x character.

       The possible key symbols are:

       f0 to f20     Function keys f0-f20
       bs            backspace
       home          home key
       end           end key
       up            up arrow key
       down          down arrow key
       left          left arrow key
       right         right arrow key
       pgdn          page down key
       pgup          page up key
       insert        the insert character
       delete        the delete character
       complete      to do completion

       For example, to define the key insert to be the Escape + [ + O + p, you
       set this in the ini file:

       insert=\e[Op

       Also now you can use extended learn keys.  For example:

           ctrl-alt-right=\e[[1;6C
           ctrl-alt-left=\e[[1;6D

       This means that ctrl+alt+left sends  a  \e[[1;6D  escape  sequence  and
       therefore Midnight Commander interprets "\e[[1;6D" as Ctrl-Alt-Left.

       The  complete key symbol represents the escape sequences used to invoke
       the completion process, this is  invoked  with  Alt-tab,  but  you  can
       define  other  keys to do the same work (on those keyboard with tons of
       nice and unused keys everywhere).

FILES

       Full paths  below  may  vary  between  installations.   They  are  also
       affected  by  the  MC_DATADIR  environment  variable.  If it's set, its
       value is used instead of /usr/share/mc in the paths below.

       /usr/share/mc/mc.hlp

              The help file for the program.

       /usr/share/mc/mc.ext

              The default system-wide extensions file.

       ~/.config/mc/mc.ext

              User's own extension, view configuration and edit  configuration
              file.   They  override  the contents of the system wide files if
              present.

       /usr/share/mc/mc.ini

              The default system-wide setup for the Midnight  Commander,  used
              only if the user doesn't have his own ~/.config/mc/ini file.

       /usr/share/mc/mc.lib

              Global  settings  for  the Midnight Commander.  Settings in this
              file affect all users, whether  they  have  ~/.config/mc/ini  or
              not.  Currently, only terminal settings are loaded from mc.lib.

       ~/.config/mc/ini

              User's  own  setup.  If  this  file is present then the setup is
              loaded from here instead of the system-wide startup file.

       /usr/share/mc/mc.hint

              This file contains the hints displayed by the program.

       /usr/share/mc/mc.menu

              This file contains the default system-wide applications menu.

       ~/.config/mc/menu

              User's own application menu. If this file is present it is  used
              instead of the system-wide applications menu.

       ~/.cache/mc/Tree

              The  directory  list  for  the  directory  tree  and  tree  view
              features.

       ~/.local/share/mc.menu

              Local user-defined menu. If this file is  present,  it  is  used
              instead of the home or system-wide applications menu.

LICENSE

       This  program  is distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public
       License as published by the Free Software Foundation. See the  built-in
       help for details on the License and the lack of warranty.

AVAILABILITY

       The    latest    version    of   this   program   can   be   found   at
       ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/mc/.

SEE ALSO

       ed(1), gpm(1), terminfo(1), view(1), sh(1), bash(1), tcsh(1), zsh(1).

       The Midnight Commander page on the World Wide Web:
            http://www.midnight-commander.org/

AUTHORS

       Authors and contributors are listed in the AUTHORS file in  the  source
       distribution.

BUGS

       See  the  file TODO in the distribution for information on what remains
       to be done.

       If you want to report a problem with the program, please send  mail  to
       this address: mc-devel@gnome.org.

       Provide  a  detailed description of the bug, the version of the program
       you are running (mc -V displays this information), the operating system
       you  are  running  the  program  on.   If the program crashes, we would
       appreciate a stack trace.