Provided by: nano_2.2.6-1_amd64 bug


       nano - Nano's ANOther editor, an enhanced free Pico clone


       nano [OPTIONS] [[+LINE,COLUMN] FILE]...


       This manual page briefly documents the nano command.

       nano  is  a small, free and friendly editor which aims to replace Pico, the default editor
       included in the non-free Pine package.  Rather than just copying  Pico's  look  and  feel,
       nano  also  implements  some  missing  (or  disabled by default) features in Pico, such as
       "search and replace" and "go to line and column number".


              Places cursor at line number LINE and column number COLUMN (at least one  of  which
              must be specified) on startup, instead of the default of line 1, column 1.

       -?     Same as -h (--help).

       -A (--smarthome)
              Make the Home key smarter.  When Home is pressed anywhere but at the very beginning
              of non-whitespace characters on a line, the cursor  will  jump  to  that  beginning
              (either forwards or backwards).  If the cursor is already at that position, it will
              jump to the true beginning of the line.

       -B (--backup)
              When saving a file, back up the previous version of  it  to  the  current  filename
              suffixed with a ~.

       -C dir (--backupdir=dir)
              Set the directory where nano puts unique backup files if file backups are enabled.

       -D (--boldtext)
              Use bold text instead of reverse video text.

       -E (--tabstospaces)
              Convert typed tabs to spaces.

       -F (--multibuffer)
              Enable multiple file buffers, if available.

       -H (--historylog)
              Log  search  and  replace  strings  to ~/.nano_history, so they can be retrieved in
              later sessions, if nanorc support is available.

       -I (--ignorercfiles)
              Don't look at SYSCONFDIR/nanorc or ~/.nanorc, if nanorc support is available.

       -K (--rebindkeypad)
              Interpret the numeric keypad keys so that they all work properly.  You should  only
              need  to  use  this option if they don't, as mouse support won't work properly with
              this option enabled.

       -L (--nonewlines)
              Don't add newlines to the ends of files.

       -N (--noconvert)
              Disable automatic conversion of files from DOS/Mac format.

       -O (--morespace)
              Use the blank line below the titlebar as extra editing space.

       -Q str (--quotestr=str)
              Set the quoting string for justifying.   The  default  is  "^([ \t]*[#:>\|}])+"  if
              extended  regular expression support is available, or "> " otherwise.  Note that \t
              stands for a Tab.

       -R (--restricted)
              Restricted mode: don't read or write to any file not specified on the command line;
              read  any nanorc files; allow suspending; allow a file to be appended to, prepended
              to, or saved under a different name if it already has one; or use backup  files  or
              spell  checking.  Also accessible by invoking nano with any name beginning with 'r'
              (e.g.  "rnano").

       -S (--smooth)
              Enable smooth scrolling.  Text will  scroll  line-by-line,  instead  of  the  usual
              chunk-by-chunk behavior.

       -T cols (--tabsize=cols)
              Set  the  size (width) of a tab to cols columns.  The value of cols must be greater
              than 0.  The default value is 8.

       -U (--quickblank)
              Do quick statusbar blanking.  Statusbar messages will disappear after  1  keystroke
              instead of 25.  Note that -c overrides this.

       -V (--version)
              Show the current version number and exit.

       -W (--wordbounds)
              Detect  word  boundaries more accurately by treating punctuation characters as part
              of a word.

       -Y str (--syntax=str)
              Specify a specific syntax highlighting from the nanorc to use, if available.

       -c (--const)
              Constantly show the cursor position.  Note that this overrides -U.

       -d (--rebinddelete)
              Interpret the Delete key  differently  so  that  both  Backspace  and  Delete  work
              properly.  You should only need to use this option if Backspace acts like Delete on
              your system.

       -h (--help)
              Show a summary of command line options and exit.

       -i (--autoindent)
              Indent new lines to the previous line's indentation.  Useful  when  editing  source

       -k (--cut)
              Enable cut from cursor to end of line.

       -l (--nofollow)
              If  the  file  being  edited  is  a symbolic link, replace the link with a new file
              instead of following it.  Good for editing files in /tmp, perhaps?

       -m (--mouse)
              Enable mouse support, if available for your system.  When enabled, mouse clicks can
              be  used  to  place  the  cursor,  set  the mark (with a double click), and execute
              shortcuts.  The mouse will work in the X Window System, and on the console when gpm
              is running.

       -o dir (--operatingdir=dir)
              Set operating directory.  Makes nano set up something similar to a chroot.

       -p (--preserve)
              Preserve  the  XON  and  XOFF  sequences  (^Q and ^S) so they will be caught by the

       -q (--quiet)
              Do not report errors in the nanorc file and ask them to be acknowledged by pressing
              Enter at startup.

       -r cols (--fill=cols)
              Wrap  lines at column cols.  If this value is 0 or less, wrapping will occur at the
              width of the screen less cols columns, allowing the wrap point to vary  along  with
              the width of the screen if the screen is resized.  The default value is -8.

       -s prog (--speller=prog)
              Enable alternative spell checker command.

       -t (--tempfile)
              Always save changed buffer without prompting.  Same as Pico's -t option.

       -u (--undo)
              Enable  experimental  generic-purpose  undo  code.   By  default, the undo and redo
              shortcuts are Meta-U and Meta-E, respectively.

       -v (--view)
              View file (read only) mode.

       -w (--nowrap)
              Disable wrapping of long lines.

       -x (--nohelp)
              Disable help screen at bottom of editor.

       -z (--suspend)
              Enable suspend ability.

       -$ (--softwrap)
              Enable 'soft wrapping'.  nano will attempt to display  the  entire  contents  of  a
              line,  even  if it is longer than the screen width.  Since '$' normally refers to a
              variable in the Unix shell, you should specify this option last  when  using  other
              options (e.g. 'nano -wS$') or pass it separately (e.g. 'nano -wS -$').

       -a, -b, -e, -f, -g, -j
              Ignored, for compatibility with Pico.


       nano  will  read  initialization  files  in  the  following order: SYSCONFDIR/nanorc, then
       ~/.nanorc.  Please see nanorc(5) and the example file nanorc.sample, both of which  should
       be provided with nano.


       If  no alternative spell checker command is specified on the command line or in one of the
       nanorc files, nano will check the SPELL environment variable for one.

       In some cases nano will try to dump the buffer into an emergency file.  This  will  happen
       mainly  if  nano  receives  a  SIGHUP or SIGTERM or runs out of memory.  It will write the
       buffer into a file named if the buffer didn't have a name already, or will add a
       ".save"  suffix  to  the  current  filename.   If an emergency file with that name already
       exists in the current directory, it will add ".save" plus a number (e.g. ".save.1") to the
       current filename in order to make it unique.  In multibuffer mode, nano will write all the
       open buffers to their respective emergency files.


       Please send any comments or bug reports to

       The nano mailing list is available from

       To subscribe, email to with a subject of "subscribe".



       /usr/share/doc/nano/ (or equivalent on your system)


       Chris Allegretta <>, et al (see AUTHORS  and  THANKS  for  details).   This
       manual page was originally written by Jordi Mallach <>, for the Debian system
       (but may be used by others).