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NAME

     sigvec -- software signal facilities

LIBRARY

     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS

     #include <signal.h>

     struct sigvec {
             void     (*sv_handler)();
             int      sv_mask;
             int      sv_flags;
     };

     int
     sigvec(int sig, struct sigvec *vec, struct sigvec *ovec);

DESCRIPTION

     This interface is made obsolete by sigaction(2).

     The system defines a set of signals that may be delivered to a process.
     Signal delivery resembles the occurrence of a hardware interrupt: the
     signal is blocked from further occurrence, the current process context is
     saved, and a new one is built.  A process may specify a handler to which
     a signal is delivered, or specify that a signal is to be blocked or
     ignored.  A process may also specify that a default action is to be taken
     by the system when a signal occurs.  Normally, signal handlers execute on
     the current stack of the process.  This may be changed, on a per-handler
     basis, so that signals are taken on a special signal stack.

     All signals have the same priority.  Signal routines execute with the
     signal that caused their invocation blocked, but other signals may yet
     occur.  A global signal mask defines the set of signals currently blocked
     from delivery to a process.  The signal mask for a process is initialized
     from that of its parent (normally 0).  It may be changed with a
     sigblock(2) or sigsetmask(2) call, or when a signal is delivered to the
     process.

     When a signal condition arises for a process, the signal is added to a
     set of signals pending for the process.  If the signal is not currently
     blocked by the process then it is delivered to the process.  When a
     signal is delivered, the current state of the process is saved, a new
     signal mask is calculated (as described below), and the signal handler is
     invoked.  The call to the handler is arranged so that if the signal
     handling routine returns normally the process will resume execution in
     the context from before the signal's delivery.  If the process wishes to
     resume in a different context, then it must arrange to restore the
     previous context itself.

     When a signal is delivered to a process a new signal mask is installed
     for the duration of the process' signal handler (or until a sigblock(2)
     or sigsetmask(2) call is made).  This mask is formed by taking the
     current signal mask, adding the signal to be delivered, and or'ing in the
     signal mask associated with the handler to be invoked.

     The sigvec() function assigns a handler for a specific signal.  If vec is
     non-zero, it specifies a handler routine and mask to be used when
     delivering the specified signal.  Further, if the SV_ONSTACK bit is set
     in sv_flags, the system will deliver the signal to the process on a
     signal stack, specified with sigaltstack(2).  If ovec is non-zero, the
     previous handling information for the signal is returned to the user.

     The following is a list of all signals with names as in the include file
     <signal.h>:

     NAME            Default Action          Description
     SIGHUP          terminate process       terminal line hangup
     SIGINT          terminate process       interrupt program
     SIGQUIT         create core image       quit program
     SIGILL          create core image       illegal instruction
     SIGTRAP         create core image       trace trap
     SIGABRT         create core image       abort(3) call (formerly SIGIOT)
     SIGEMT          create core image       emulate instruction executed
     SIGFPE          create core image       floating-point exception
     SIGKILL         terminate process       kill program
     SIGBUS          create core image       bus error
     SIGSEGV         create core image       segmentation violation
     SIGSYS          create core image       non-existent system call invoked
     SIGPIPE         terminate process       write on a pipe with no reader
     SIGALRM         terminate process       real-time timer expired
     SIGTERM         terminate process       software termination signal
     SIGURG          discard signal          urgent condition present on
                                             socket
     SIGSTOP         stop process            stop (cannot be caught or
                                             ignored)
     SIGTSTP         stop process            stop signal generated from
                                             keyboard
     SIGCONT         discard signal          continue after stop
     SIGCHLD         discard signal          child status has changed
     SIGTTIN         stop process            background read attempted from
                                             control terminal
     SIGTTOU         stop process            background write attempted to
                                             control terminal
     SIGIO           discard signal          I/O is possible on a descriptor
                                             (see fcntl(2))
     SIGXCPU         terminate process       cpu time limit exceeded (see
                                             setrlimit(2))
     SIGXFSZ         terminate process       file size limit exceeded (see
                                             setrlimit(2))
     SIGVTALRM       terminate process       virtual time alarm (see
                                             setitimer(2))
     SIGPROF         terminate process       profiling timer alarm (see
                                             setitimer(2))
     SIGWINCH        discard signal          Window size change
     SIGINFO         discard signal          status request from keyboard
     SIGUSR1         terminate process       User defined signal 1
     SIGUSR2         terminate process       User defined signal 2

     Once a signal handler is installed, it remains installed until another
     sigvec() call is made, or an execve(2) is performed.  A signal-specific
     default action may be reset by setting sv_handler to SIG_DFL.  The
     defaults are process termination, possibly with core dump; no action;
     stopping the process; or continuing the process.  See the above signal
     list for each signal's default action.  If sv_handler is SIG_IGN current
     and pending instances of the signal are ignored and discarded.

     If a signal is caught during the system calls listed below, the call is
     normally restarted.  The call can be forced to terminate prematurely with
     an EINTR error return by setting the SV_INTERRUPT bit in sv_flags.  The
     affected system calls include read(2), write(2), sendto(2), recvfrom(2),
     sendmsg(2) and recvmsg(2) on a communications channel or a slow device
     (such as a terminal, but not a regular file) and during a wait(2) or
     ioctl(2).  However, calls that have already committed are not restarted,
     but instead return a partial success (for example, a short read count).

     After a fork(2) or vfork(2) all signals, the signal mask, the signal
     stack, and the restart/interrupt flags are inherited by the child.

     The execve(2) system call reinstates the default action for all signals
     which were caught and resets all signals to be caught on the user stack.
     Ignored signals remain ignored; the signal mask remains the same; signals
     that interrupt system calls continue to do so.

NOTES

     The mask specified in vec is not allowed to block SIGKILL or SIGSTOP.
     This is done silently by the system.

     The SV_INTERRUPT flag is not available in 4.2BSD, hence it should not be
     used if backward compatibility is needed.

RETURN VALUES

     The sigvec() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise the
     value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the
     error.

EXAMPLES

     On the VAX-11 The handler routine can be declared:

           void handler(sig, code, scp)
           int sig, code;
           struct sigcontext *scp;

     Here sig is the signal number, into which the hardware faults and traps
     are mapped as defined below.  The code argument is either a constant as
     given below or, for compatibility mode faults, the code provided by the
     hardware (Compatibility mode faults are distinguished from the other
     SIGILL traps by having PSL_CM set in the psl).  The scp argument is a
     pointer to the sigcontext structure (defined in <signal.h>), used to
     restore the context from before the signal.

ERRORS

     The sigvec() function will fail and no new signal handler will be
     installed if one of the following occurs:

     [EFAULT]           Either vec or ovec points to memory that is not a
                        valid part of the process address space.

     [EINVAL]           The sig argument is not a valid signal number.

     [EINVAL]           An attempt is made to ignore or supply a handler for
                        SIGKILL or SIGSTOP.

SEE ALSO

     kill(1), kill(2), ptrace(2), sigaction(2), sigaltstack(2), sigblock(2),
     sigpause(2), sigprocmask(2), sigsetmask(2), sigsuspend(2), setjmp(3),
     siginterrupt(3), signal(3), sigsetops(3), tty(4)

BUGS

     This manual page is still confusing.