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timer_create — create a per-process timer (REALTIME)
POSIX Real-time Library (librt, -lrt)
timer_create(clockid_t clockid, struct sigevent *restrict evp,
timer_t *restrict timerid);
The timer_create() system call creates a per-process timer using the
specified clock, clock_id, as the timing base. The timer_create() system
call returns, in the location referenced by timerid, a timer ID of type
timer_t used to identify the timer in timer requests. This timer ID is
unique within the calling process until the timer is deleted. The
particular clock, clock_id, is defined in <time.h>. The timer whose ID
is returned is in a disarmed state upon return from timer_create().
The evp argument, if non-NULL, points to a sigevent structure. This
structure, allocated by the application, defines the asynchronous
notification to occur when the timer expires. If the evp argument is
NULL, the effect is as if the evp argument pointed to a sigevent
structure with the sigev_notify member having the value SIGEV_SIGNAL, the
sigev_signo having a default signal number, and the sigev_value member
having the value of the timer ID.
The implementations supports a clock_id of CLOCK_REALTIME or
If evp->sigev_notify is SIGEV_THREAD and sev->sigev_notify_attributes is
not NULL, if the attribute pointed to by sev->sigev_notify_attributes has
a thread stack address specified by a call to pthread_attr_setstack() or
pthread_attr_setstackaddr(), the results are unspecified if the signal is
generated more than once.
If the call succeeds, timer_create() returns zero and updates the
location referenced by timerid to a timer_t, which can be passed to the
per-process timer calls. If an error occurs, the system call returns a
value of -1 and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.
The value of timerid is undefined if an error occurs.
The timer_create() system call will fail if:
[EAGAIN] The calling process has already created all of the
timers it is allowed by this implementation.
[EINVAL] The specified clock ID is not supported.
[EFAULT] Any arguments point outside the allocated address
space or there is a memory protection fault.
clock_getres(2), timer_delete(2), timer_getoverun(2), siginfo(3)
The timer_create() system call conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-2004
Support for POSIX per-process timer first appeared in FreeBSD 7.0.