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NAME

       confstr - get configuration dependent string variables

SYNOPSIS

       #include <unistd.h>

       size_t confstr(int name, char *buf, size_t len);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       confstr(): _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 2 || _XOPEN_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION

       confstr() gets the value of configuration-dependent string variables.

       The  name  argument  is  the  system  variable to be queried.  The following variables are
       supported:

       _CS_GNU_LIBC_VERSION (GNU C library only; since glibc 2.3.2)
              A string which identifies the GNU C library version on  this  system  (e.g,  "glibc
              2.3.4").

       _CS_GNU_LIBPTHREAD_VERSION (GNU C library only; since glibc 2.3.2)
              A string which identifies the POSIX implementation supplied by this C library (e.g,
              "NPTL 2.3.4" or "linuxthreads-0.10").

       _CS_PATH
              A value for the PATH variable  which  indicates  where  all  the  POSIX.2  standard
              utilities can be found.

       If  buf  is  not NULL and len is not zero, confstr() copies the value of the string to buf
       truncated to len - 1 characters if necessary, with a null byte ('\0') as terminator.  This
       can be detected by comparing the return value of confstr() against len.

       If len is zero and buf is NULL, confstr() just returns the value as defined below.

RETURN VALUE

       If  name  is  a  valid  configuration  variable,  confstr()  returns  the  number of bytes
       (including the terminating null byte) that would be required to hold the entire  value  of
       that  variable.   This value may be greater than len, which means that the value in buf is
       truncated.

       If name is a valid configuration variable, but that variable does not have a  value,  then
       confstr()  returns  0.   If  name  does  not correspond to a valid configuration variable,
       confstr() returns 0, and errno is set to EINVAL.

ERRORS

       EINVAL If the value of name is invalid.

CONFORMING TO

       POSIX.1-2001.

EXAMPLE

       The following code  fragment  determines  the  path  where  to  find  the  POSIX.2  system
       utilities:

           char *pathbuf;
           size_t n;

           n = confstr(_CS_PATH,NULL,(size_t) 0);
           pathbuf = malloc(n);
           if (pathbuf == NULL)
               abort();
           confstr(_CS_PATH, pathbuf, n);

SEE ALSO

       sh(1), exec(3), system(3)

COLOPHON

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