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NAME

       dirfd - get directory stream file descriptor

SYNOPSIS

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <dirent.h>

       int dirfd(DIR *dirp);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       dirfd():
           _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
           || /* Since glibc 2.10: */
               (_POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200809L || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 700)

DESCRIPTION

       The  function  dirfd()  returns  the  file descriptor associated with the directory stream
       dirp.

       This descriptor is the one used internally by the directory stream.  As a  result,  it  is
       only  useful  for  functions  which  do  not depend on or alter the file position, such as
       fstat(2) and fchdir(2).  It will be automatically closed when closedir(3) is called.

RETURN VALUE

       On success, a nonnegative file descriptor is returned.  On error, -1 is returned.

ERRORS

       POSIX.1-2008  specifies  two  errors,  neither  of  which  is  returned  by  the   current
       implementation.

       EINVAL dirp does not refer to a valid directory stream.

       ENOTSUP
              The  implementation  does  not  support the association of a file descriptor with a
              directory.

CONFORMING TO

       POSIX.1-2008.  This function was a BSD extension, present in 4.3BSD-Reno, not in 4.2BSD.

NOTES

       The prototype for dirfd() is only available if _BSD_SOURCE or _SVID_SOURCE is defined.

SEE ALSO

       open(2),  closedir(3),  opendir(3),  readdir(3),  rewinddir(3),  scandir(3),   seekdir(3),
       telldir(3)

COLOPHON

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