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lio_listio - initiate a list of I/O requests
int lio_listio(int mode, struct aiocb *const aiocb_list,
int nitems, struct sigevent *sevp);
Link with -lrt.
The lio_listio() function initiates the list of I/O operations
described by the array aiocb_list.
The mode operation has one of the following values:
LIO_WAIT The call blocks until all operations are complete. The
sevp argument is ignored.
LIO_NOWAIT The I/O operations are queued for processing and the call
returns immediately. When the I/O operations complete,
asynchronous notification occurs, as specified by the sevp
argument; see sigevent(7) for details. If sevp is NULL, no
asynchronous notification occurs.
The aiocb_list argument is an array of pointers to aiocb structures
that describe I/O operations. These operations are executed in an
unspecified order. The nitems argument specifies the size of the array
aiocb_list. NULL pointers in aiocb_list are ignored.
In each control block in aiocb_list, the aio_lio_opcode field specifies
the I/O operation to be initiated, as follows:
LIO_READ Initiate a read operation. The operation is queued as for a
call to aio_read(3) specifying this control block.
LIO_WRITE Initiate a write operation. The operation is queued as for a
call to aio_write(3) specifying this control block.
LIO_NOP Ignore this control block.
The remaining fields in each control block have the same meanings as
for aio_read(3) and aio_write(3). The aio_sigevent fields of each
control block can be used to specify notifications for the individual
I/O operations (see sigevent(7)).
If mode is LIO_NOWAIT, lio_listio() returns 0 if all I/O operations are
successfully queued. Otherwise, -1 is returned, and errno is set to
indicate the error.
If mode is LIO_WAIT, lio_listio() returns 0 when all of the I/O
operations have completed successfully. Otherwise, -1 is returned, and
errno is set to indicate the error.
The return status from lio_listio() provides information only about the
call itself, not about the individual I/O operations. One or more of
the I/O operations may fail, but this does not prevent other operations
completing. The status of individual I/O operations in aiocb_list can
be determined using aio_error(3). When an operation has completed, its
return status can be obtained using aio_return(3). Individual I/O
operations can fail for the reasons described in aio_read(3) and
The lio_listio() function may fail for the following reasons:
EAGAIN Out of resources.
EAGAIN The number of I/O operations specified by nitems would cause the
limit AIO_MAX to be exceeded.
EINVAL mode is invalid, or nitems exceeds the limit AIO_LISTIO_MAX.
EINTR mode was LIO_WAIT and a signal was caught before all I/O
operations completed. (This may even be one of the signals used
for asynchronous I/O completion notification.)
EIO One of more of the operations specified by aiocb_list failed.
The application can check the status of each operation using
If lio_listio() fails with the error EAGAIN, EINTR, or EIO, then some
of the operations in aiocb_list may have been initiated. If
lio_listio() fails for any other reason, then none of the I/O
operations has been initiated.
The lio_listio() function is available since glibc 2.1.
It is a good idea to zero out the control blocks before use. The
control blocks must not be changed while the I/O operations are in
progress. The buffer areas being read into or written from must not be
accessed during the operations or undefined results may occur. The
memory areas involved must remain valid.
Simultaneous I/O operations specifying the same aiocb structure produce
aio_cancel(3), aio_error(3), aio_fsync(3), aio_return(3),
aio_suspend(3), aio_write(3), aio(7)
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be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/.