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mkstemp, mkostemp - create a unique temporary file
int mkstemp(char *template);
int mkostemp(char *template, int flags);
int mkstemps(char *template, int suffixlen);
int mkostemps(char *template, int suffixlen, int flags);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 ||
_XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED
|| /* Since glibc 2.12: */ _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
mkstemps(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
The mkstemp() function generates a unique temporary filename from
template, creates and opens the file, and returns an open file
descriptor for the file.
The last six characters of template must be "XXXXXX" and these are
replaced with a string that makes the filename unique. Since it will
be modified, template must not be a string constant, but should be
declared as a character array.
The file is created with permissions 0600, that is, read plus write for
owner only. (In glibc versions 2.06 and earlier, the file is created
with permissions 0666, that is, read and write for all users.) The
returned file descriptor provides both read and write access to the
file. The file is opened with the open(2) O_EXCL flag, guaranteeing
that the caller is the process that creates the file.
The mkostemp() function is like mkstemp(), with the difference that
flags as for open(2) may be specified in flags (e.g., O_APPEND,
The mkstemps() function is like mkstemp(), except that the string in
template contains a suffix of suffixlen characters. Thus, template is
of the form prefixXXXXXXsuffix, and the string XXXXXX is modified as
The mkostemps() function is to mkstemps() as mkostemp() is to
On success, these functions return the file descriptor of the temporary
file. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.
EEXIST Could not create a unique temporary filename. Now the contents
of template are undefined.
EINVAL For mkstemp() and mkostemp(): The last six characters of
template were not XXXXXX; now template is unchanged.
For mkstemps() and mkostemps(): template is less than (6 +
suffixlen) characters long, or the last 6 characters before the
suffix in template were not XXXXXX.
These functions may also fail with any of the errors described for
mkostemp() is available since glibc 2.7. mkstemps() and mkostemps()
are available since glibc 2.11.
mkstemp(): 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001.
mkstemps(): unstandardized, but appears on several other systems.
mkostemp() and mkostemps(): are glibc extensions.
The old behavior of creating a file with mode 0666 may be a security
risk, especially since other UNIX flavors use 0600, and somebody might
overlook this detail when porting programs.
More generally, the POSIX specification of mkstemp() does not say
anything about file modes, so the application should make sure its file
mode creation mask (see umask(2)) is set appropriately before calling
mkstemp() (and mkostemp()).
The prototype for mktemp() is in <unistd.h> for libc4, libc5, glibc1;
glibc2 follows POSIX.1 and has the prototype in <stdlib.h>.
mkdtemp(3), mktemp(3), tempnam(3), tmpfile(3), tmpnam(3)
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