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NAME

       koi8-r   -  Russian  character  set  encoded  in  octal,  decimal,  and
       hexadecimal

DESCRIPTION

       KOI8-R is the character set of choice for encoding  Russian  texts  for
       many  UNIX-like  operation systems.  KOI8-R is a successor for KOI-8, a
       de-facto standard for Internet Mail, News, WWW  and  other  interactive
       services at least all over the ex-SU territory.

       KOI8-R  is  defined  by  RFC 1489 (Registration of a Cyrillic Character
       Set).

NOTES

       KOI8-R was designed for mixed Russian/English  texts  and  covers  only
       Russian  Cyrillic  characters,  so  if  you're  looking  for Ukrainian,
       Byelorussian, etc.  Cyrillic  characters,  try  ISO-IR-111,  or  KOI8-U
       (Ukrainian  Character  Set),  or  KOI8-C  (for  ancient  Russian texts)
       instead, which are identical to KOI8-R in the Russian Cyrillic  letters
       area.

       A  more  complete  set  of  Cyrillic  characters is also defined by the
       ISO-8859-5 character set.

   KOI8-R Characters
       The following table  displays  the  characters  in  KOI8-R,  which  are
       printable and unlisted in the ascii(7) manual page.

       Oct   Dec   Hex   Char   Description
       ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
       200   128   80           BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT HORIZONTAL
       201   129   81           BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL
       202   130   82           BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND RIGHT
       203   131   83           BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND LEFT
       204   132   84           BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND RIGHT
       205   133   85           BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND LEFT
       206   134   86           BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND RIGHT
       207   135   87           BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND LEFT
       210   136   88           BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
       211   137   89           BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND HORIZONTAL
       212   138   8A           BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
       213   139   8B           UPPER HALF BLOCK
       214   140   8C           LOWER HALF BLOCK
       215   141   8D           FULL BLOCK
       216   142   8E           LEFT HALF BLOCK
       217   143   8F           RIGHT HALF BLOCK
       220   144   90           LIGHT SHADE
       221   145   91           MEDIUM SHADE
       222   146   92           DARK SHADE
       223   147   93           TOP HALF INTEGRAL
       224   148   94           BLACK SQUARE
       225   149   95           BULLET OPERATOR
       226   150   96           SQUARE ROOT
       227   151   97           ALMOST EQUAL TO
       230   152   98           LESS-THAN OR EQUAL TO
       231   153   99           GREATER-THAN OR EQUAL TO
       232   154   9A           NO-BREAK SPACE
       233   155   9B           BOTTOM HALF INTEGRAL
       234   156   9C           DEGREE SIGN
       235   157   9D           SUPERSCRIPT TWO
       236   158   9E           MIDDLE DOT

       237   159   9F           DIVISION SIGN
       240   160   A0           BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE HORIZONTAL
       241   161   A1     i     BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL
       242   162   A2     c     BOX DRAWINGS DOWN SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
       243   163   A3     L     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IO
       244   164   A4     x     BOX DRAWINGS DOWN DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
       245   165   A5     Y     BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND RIGHT
       246   166   A6     |     BOX DRAWINGS DOWN SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
       247   167   A7     S     BOX DRAWINGS DOWN DOUBLE AND LEFT SINGLE
       250   168   A8     "     BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND LEFT
       251   169   A9    (C)    BOX DRAWINGS UP SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
       252   170   AA     a     BOX DRAWINGS UP DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
       253   171   AB     <<    BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND RIGHT
       254   172   AC     ~     BOX DRAWINGS UP SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
       255   173   AD           BOX DRAWINGS UP DOUBLE AND LEFT SINGLE
       256   174   AE    (R)    BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND LEFT
       257   175   AF           BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
       260   176   B0     o     BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
       261   177   B1     +-    BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND RIGHT
       262   178   B2     2     BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
       263   179   B3     3     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IO
       264   180   B4     '     BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND LEFT SINGLE
       265   181   B5     u     BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND LEFT
       266   182   B6     9|    BOX DRAWINGS DOWN SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
       267   183   B7     .     BOX DRAWINGS DOWN DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
       270   184   B8     ,     BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
       271   185   B9     1     BOX DRAWINGS UP SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
       272   186   BA     o     BOX DRAWINGS UP DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
       273   187   BB     >>    BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND HORIZONTAL
       274   188   BC    1/4    BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
       275   189   BD    1/2    BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
       276   190   BE    3/4    BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
       277   191   BF     c     COPYRIGHT SIGN
       300   192   C0     A     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YU
       301   193   C1     A     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER A
       302   194   C2     A     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BE
       303   195   C3     A     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TSE
       304   196   C4     A     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DE
       305   197   C5     A     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IE
       306   198   C6     AE    CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EF
       307   199   C7     C     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GHE
       310   200   C8     E     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HA
       311   201   C9     E     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER I
       312   202   CA     E     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHORT I
       313   203   CB     E     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KA
       314   204   CC     I     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EL
       315   205   CD     I     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EM
       316   206   CE     I     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EN
       317   207   CF     I     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER O
       320   208   D0     D     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER PE
       321   209   D1     N     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YA
       322   210   D2     O     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ER
       323   211   D3     O     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ES
       324   212   D4     O     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TE
       325   213   D5     O     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER U
       326   214   D6     O     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZHE
       327   215   D7     x     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER VE
       330   216   D8     O     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SOFT SIGN
       331   217   D9     U     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YERU
       332   218   DA     U     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZE
       333   219   DB     U     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHA
       334   220   DC     U     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER E
       335   221   DD     Y     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHCHA
       336   222   DE     b     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CHE
       337   223   DF     B     CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HARD SIGN

       340   224   E0     a     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YU
       341   225   E1     a     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER A
       342   226   E2     a     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BE
       343   227   E3     a     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TSE
       344   228   E4     a     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DE
       345   229   E5     a     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IE
       346   230   E6     ae    CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EF
       347   231   E7     c     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GHE
       350   232   E8     e     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HA
       351   233   E9     e     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER I
       352   234   EA     e     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHORT I
       353   235   EB     e     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KA
       354   236   EC     i     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EL
       355   237   ED     i     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EM
       356   238   EE     i     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EN
       357   239   EF     i     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER O
       360   240   F0     'o     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER PE
       361   241   F1     n     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YA
       362   242   F2     o     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ER
       363   243   F3     o     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ES
       364   244   F4     o     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TE
       365   245   F5     o     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER U
       366   246   F6     o     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZHE
       367   247   F7    -:-    CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER VE
       370   248   F8     o     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SOFT SIGN
       371   249   F9     u     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YERU
       372   250   FA     u     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZE
       373   251   FB     u     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHA
       374   252   FC     u     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER E
       375   253   FD     y     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHCHA
       376   254   FE     b     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CHE
       377   255   FF     y     CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HARD SIGN

SEE ALSO

       ascii(7), iso-8859-5(7), koi8-u(7), RFC 1489, http://koi8.pp.ru/

COLOPHON

       This  page  is  part of release 3.35 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/.