Provided by: upstart_1.5-0ubuntu5_i386 bug


       init - Upstart process management daemon


       init [OPTION]...


       init  is  the  parent of all processes on the system, it is executed by
       the kernel and is responsible for starting all other processes;  it  is
       the  parent  of all processes whose natural parents have died and it is
       responsible for reaping those when they die.

       Processes managed by init are known as jobs and are defined by files in
       the  /etc/init  directory.  See init(5) for more details on configuring

       init(8) is an event-based init daemon.  This means that  jobs  will  be
       automatically  started  and stopped by changes that occur to the system
       state, including as a result of jobs starting and stopping.

       This is different  to  dependency-based  init  daemons  which  start  a
       specified  set of goal jobs, and resolve the order in which they should
       be started and other jobs required by iterating their dependencies.

       For more information on starting and stopping jobs, as well as emitting
       events that will automatically start and stop jobs, see the manual page
       for the initctl(8) tool.

       The primary event is the startup(7) event, emitted when the daemon  has
       finished  loading  its  configuration.   Other  useful  events  are the
       starting(7), started(7), stopping(7) and stopped(7) events  emitted  as
       jobs change state.

       See upstart-events(7) for a summary of well-known events.

   System V compatibility
       The  Upstart  init(8)  daemon  does not keep track of runlevels itself,
       instead they are implemented entirely  by  its  userspace  tools.   The
       event emitted to signify a change of runlevel is the runlevel(7) event.
       For more information see its manual page.


       Options are passed to init(8) by placing them on  the  kernel  command-

       --confdir directory
              Read  job  configuration  files  from  a  directory  other  than

       --default-console value
              Default value for jobs that do not specify a  'console'  stanza.
              This  could be used for example to set the default to 'none' but
              still honour jobs that specify  explicitly  'console  log'.  See
              init(5) for all possible values of console.

       --logdir directory
              Write   job   output   log  files  to  a  directory  other  than

              Disable  logging  of  job  output.  Note  that  jobs  specifying
              'console  log' will be treated as if they had specified 'console
              none'.  See init(5) for further details.

              Disable user and chroot sessions.

              Suppress emission of the  initial  startup  event.  This  option
              should  only  be used for testing since it will stop the init(8)
              daemon from starting any jobs automatically.

              Connect to the D-Bus session bus. This should only be  used  for

       --startup-event event
              Specify  a  different  initial  startup  event from the standard

              Outputs verbose messages  about  job  state  changes  and  event
              emissions  to  the  system  console or log, useful for debugging


       init is not normally executed by a user process, and expects to have  a
       process  id  of  1.   If this is not the case, it will actually execute
       telinit(8) and pass all arguments to that.  See that  manual  page  for
       further details.






       Written by Scott James Remnant <>


       Report bugs at <>


       Copyright © 2009-2011 Canonical Ltd.
       This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is
       NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR  A  PARTICULAR


       control-alt-delete(7)   init(5)   initctl(8)   runlevel(7)   startup(7)
       starting(7)  started(7)  stopping(7)  stopped(7)  telinit(8)   upstart-