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SMTP/ESMTP

        fetchmail  SMTP/ESMTP :

       452 ()

       552 ()

       553 ()

       fetchmail .fetchmailrc ( fetchmailconf )

       --version ~/.fetchmailrc 600 (u=rw,g=,o=) 600 fetchmail

       fetchmail .fetchmailrc

        '#'

        4 :  (10) ()  `,', `;', `:', `='

         C  (\n, \t, \b, 8, 16)

        `poll'  `skip' :

        `server'  `poll'

        `and', `with', `has', `wants', `options'  ':', ';', ','

   poll  skip
       `poll' fetchmail `skip' fetchmail (`skip' )

   /
         ([]) `-'

       :

       -----------------------------------------------------------
       set daemon
       set postmaster
       set no bouncemail       postmaster
       set no spambounce
       set logfile
       set idfile              UID
       set syslog              syslog(3)
       set nosyslog            syslog(3)
       set properties          fetchmail  ()

       :

       ---------------------------------------------------------
       via                    DNS  poll
       proto[col]       -p    (): POP2, POP3, IMAP, APOP, KPOP
       local[domains]
       port             -P   TCP/IP
       auth[enticate]         ( `password')

       timeout          -t    ( 300)
       envelope         -E
       no envelope
       qvirtual         -Q   qmail
       aka                    DNS
       interface        -I    IP
       monitor          -M    IP
       plugin
       plugout
       dns                    DNS  ()
       no dns                 DNS
       checkalias             IP
       no checkalias          ()
       uidl             -U   POP3  UIDL
       no uidl               POP3  UIDL  ()
       interval               N N
       netsec                IPsec
       principal             Kerberos       principal     (imap
                             kerberos )

       :

       --------------------------------------------------------
       user[name]      -u    (name  `here' )
       is
       to
       pass[word]
       ssl                  SSL
       sslcert               SSL
       sslkey                SSL
       sslproto              ssl
       folder          -r
       smtphost        -S    SMTP  ()
       fetchdomains
       smtpaddress     -D   RCPT TO
       smtpname             RCPT TO
       antispam        -Z    SMTP
       mda             -m    MDA
       bsmtp           -o    BSMTP
       preconnect
       postconnect
       keep            -k
       flush           -F
       fetchall        -a
       rewrite               ()
       stripcr
       forcecr
       pass8bits            ESMTP BODY=8BITMIME
       dropstatus            Status  X-Mozilla-Status
       dropdelivered         Delivered-To
       mimedecode           quoted-printable  8 MIME
       idle                  (IMAP )
       no keep         -K    ()
       no flush              ()
       no fetchall           ()
       no rewrite
       no stripcr            ()
       no forcecr            ()
       no pass8bits         ESMTP  BODY=8BITMIME  ()
       no dropstatus        Status  ()
       no mimedecode        quoted-printable  8  MIME  ()
       limit           -l
       warnings        -w
       batchlimit      -b   1

       fetchlimit      -B   1
       expunge         -e    (IMAP  POP3 )
       tracepolls            Received
       properties           fetchmail  ()

        .fetchmailrc `envelope' () ( 1  2 ) ISP  Received

       `folder'  `smtphost' ()

         :   `via',   `interval',   `aka',   `is',   `to',   `dns'/`no   dns',
       `checkalias'/`no  checkalias', `password', `preconnect', `postconnect',
       `localdomains',   `stripcr'/`no   stripcr',   `forcecr'/`no   forcecr',
       `pass8bits'/`no       pass8bits'       `dropstatus/no      dropstatus',
       `dropdelivered/no dropdelivered', `mimedecode/no mimedecode',  `idle/no
       idle', `no envelope'.

       `via'  DNS  poll ()

       `interval'  () `interval N'  N

       `is'  `to'  () (= ) is/to  `*'

       1  Received, To, Cc, Bcc fetchmail  DNS

        () fetchmail Received, To, Cc, Bcc ( (multidrop mode)) fetchmail  poll
       `via', `aka', `localdomains'  DNS `dns', `checkalias',  `localdomains',
       `aka'

       fetchmail `nobounce'  postmaster ( fetchmail )

       `dns'  () DNS `aka'  `localdomains'

       `checkalias'   ()   `dns'   (canonical  name)   MTA  envelope fetchmail
       To/Cc/Bcc  (  envelope  )  fetchmail  poll   MTA   IP   IP   `no   dns'
       `checkalias'

       `aka'   DNS  fetchmail  DNS  `aka'   --   `aka  netaxs.com'  netaxs.com
       pop3.netaxs.com  mail.netaxs.com `.netaxs.com'

       `localdomains'  fetchmail fetchmail  MDA ()

       `localdomains'  `no   envelope'   fetchmail   Received    X-Envelope-To
       `envelope'   envelope   `no  envelope'  `envelope  <string>'  `envelope
       "Received"'  Received

       password

       `preconnect' fetchmail ssh(1)  POP

       `postconnect'

       `forcecr' LF CRLF  RFC821  MTA ( MTA  qmail )

       `stripcr' MDA (CR ) SMTP (CR ) `stripcr'  `forcecr' `stripcr'

       `pass8bits'  "Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit"  Microsoft  () fetchmail
       ESMTP    BODY=7BIT   8-bit  ISO   KOI-8  `pass8bits'  fetchmail   ESMTP
       BODY=8BITMIME  8  ()

       `dropstatus'  Status X-Mozilla-Status   ()   MUA   ()  Status  (:   POP
       Status )

       `dropdelivered' Delivered-To  ()  Qmail  Postfix

       `mimedecode'  quoted-printable  MIME   8  ESMTP  8  (  sendmail   MTA )
       quoted-printable  8  MIME mimedecode  RFC2047

       `idle'  IMAP  RFC2177 IDLE  IDLE  fetchmail  IDLE IMAP  IDLE  TCP/IP  /
       IDLE  fetchmail IDLE  IDLE

       `properties' fetchmail `--configdump'  Python

       `here'   `there'   `user eric is esr'  `eric' `esr' `user eric there is
       esr here' `user esr here is eric there'

       `protocol' :

           auto ( AUTO)
           pop2 ( POP2)
           pop3 ( POP3)
           sdps ( SDPS)
           imap ( IMAP)
           apop ( APOP)
           kpop ( KPOP)

        `any', `password', `kerberos',  'kerberos_v5',  `gssapi',  `cram-md5',
       `otp', `ntlm', `ssh` `password' ( APOP ) `kerberos' fetchmail  Kerberos
       `gssapi'  fetchmail  GSSAPI  `auth'

       `kpop' 1109 Kerberos V4  POP3

        4 `set logfile' --logfile  --logfile  `set daemon' --daemon   --daemon
       --daemon 0 `set postmater' `set syslog'  syslogd(8)

RFC 822

        fetchmail :

               Return-Path:
               Resent-Sender: (@  ! )
               Sender: (@  ! )
               Resent-From:
               From:
               Reply-To:
               Apparently-From:

        SMTP  MAIL FROM ()

       : fetchmail  Received: (`envelope' ) Received

       fetchmail   Resent-To:, Resent-Cc:, Resent-Bcc:  To:/Cc:/Bcc:  Resent-*
       To:, Cc:, Bcc:, Apparently-To: (Resent-To: To: )

       password / $HOME/.netrc  fetchmail  ftp(1)

       :

         poll SERVERNAME protocol PROTOCOL username NAME password PASSWORD

       :

         poll pop.provider.net protocol pop3 username "jsmith" password "secret1"

       :

         poll pop.provider.net proto pop3 user "jsmith" password "secret1"

       :

         poll pop.provider.net proto pop3 user "jsmith" pass "secret1"
         poll other.provider.net proto pop2 user "John.Smith" pass "My^Hat"

        2 :

         poll pop.provider.net proto pop3
             user "jsmith", with password secret1, is "jsmith" here;
         poll other.provider.net proto pop2:
             user "John.Smith", with password "My^Hat", is "John.Smith" here;

        ()

        :

         poll mail.provider.net with proto pop3:
               user "jsmith" there has password "u can't krak this"
                           is jws here and wants mda "/bin/mail"

        `poll' `defaults' :

         defaults proto pop3
               user "jsmith"
         poll pop.provider.net
               pass "secret1"
         poll mail.provider.net
               user "jjsmith" there has password "secret2"

        ( root  fetchmail ) 1  `user' :

         poll pop.provider.net proto pop3 port 3111
               user "jsmith" with pass "secret1" is "smith" here
               user jones with pass "secret2" is "jjones" here keep

        `smith'  the  pop.provider.net   `jsmith'   `jjones'  pop.provider.net
       `jones' `jones'

        :

         poll pop.provider.net:
               user maildrop with pass secret1 to golux 'hurkle'='happy' snark here

         `maildrop'   `golux',  `hurkle',  `snark'  `golux'  `snark'  `hurkle'
       `happy'

       :

         poll pop.provider.net localdomains loonytoons.org toons.org:
               user maildrop with pass secret1 to * here

             `maildrop'        fetchmail       loonytoons.org        toons.org
       (`joe@daffy.loonytoons.org' )  SMTP !

       ssh  plugin ssh imapd  IMAP

       poll mailhost.net with proto imap:
               plugin "ssh %h /usr/sbin/imapd" auth ssh;
                    user esr is esr here

        ETRN  ODMR

         ID  1 1

    envelope
        1 (`envelope ', RFC822  To/Cc/Bcc )  `envelope '

       fetchmail   envelope   MTA sendmail  1 MTA  envelope Received  `by/for'
       MTA fetchmail  envelope -E "Received"  `envelope Received'

        SMTP envelope  () `X-Envelope-To' -E  `envelope'  fetchmail   envelope
       () /

       `X-Envelope-To' qmail  `Delivered-To' -Q  `qvirtual'

        fetchmail  To/Cc/Bcc  To

       fetchmail  fetchmail

        Bcc  envelope (X-Envelope fetchmail )  X-Envelope fetchmail

       fetchmail  `esr' () "fetchmail-friends"

       `fetchmail-friends'  `esr' .fetchmailrc `to esr fetchmail-friends here'
       `fetchmail-friends'  SMTP `esr'  fetchmail-friends (sendmail  -oXm  OXm
       )

        `X-Fetchmail-Warning' fetchmail  () fetchmail

        fetchmail fetchmail  envelope  fetchmail  (root )

         fetchmail   1   POP  IMAP ( envelope ) fetchmail  ETRN  ODMR SMTP ( )
       UUCP

        fetchmail  envelope

        fetchmail  DNS to ... here

        `aka'  DNS aka  DNS ( MX )  `no dns'  DNS aka

        fetchmail

       fetchmail :

       0      1 (-c )

       1       ( )

       2        fetchmail /etc/services

       3        ID APOP ID fetchmail

       4

       5      fetchmail

       6

       7       fetchmail

       8       fetchmail fetchmail fetchmail

       9       "lock busy" !   "2"  () "lock busy"  "lock" qpopper

       10     SMTP fetchmail

       11      DNS fetchmail  DNS

       12     BSMTP

       13      (--fetchlimit )

       14

       23

       fetchmail  0

       ~/.fetchmailrc

       ~/.fetchids
             ID (UIDL RFC1725  POP3 )

       ~/.fetchmail.pid
             ( root )

       ~/.netrc
            FTP ()

       /var/run/fetchmail.pid
             (root Linux )

       /etc/fetchmail.pid
             (root /var/run )

        FETCHMAILUSER ()  LOGNAME  USER ( UID  ID ) getpwuid(3)  ID ( 1  ID )

         FETCHMAILHOME   .fetchmailrc,  .fetchids,  .fetchmail.pid  ()  .netrc
       FETCHMAILHOME

       fetchmail  root SIGHUP skip ()

        fetchmail  root  SIGUSR1 (logout  SIGHUP fetchmail  kill )

        fetchmail fetchmail

       mda  plugin MDA fetchmail  MDA

        RFC822  @-

        envelope fetchmail envelope  1 (procmail, mailagent, maildrop )

           TCP/IP   (packet  sniffer)  Linux   FreeBSD  --interface   IP   (a)
       (promiscuous mode) (b) ssh(1)

       mda  %F, %T  `_' fetchmail  MDA SUID fetchmail root %F, %T mda

       fetchmail  bouncemail  spambounce  25  SMTP

        ~/.fetchmailrc syslog

       () -f -

       UIDL () IMAP4

       `principal'  Kerberos IV Kerberos V

       fetchmail-friends    <fetchmail-friends@lists.ccil.org>    HTML     FAQ
       fetchmail http://www.tuxedo.org/~esr/fetchmail `fetchmail'  WWW

       Eric S. Raymond <esr@snark.thyrsus.com>  Carl Harris <ceharris@mal.com>
       popclient

       mutt(1), elm(1), mail(1), sendmail(8), popd(8), imapd(8), netrc(5)

       SMTP/ESMTP:
            RFC 821, RFC2821, RFC 1869, RFC 1652, RFC 1870, RFC1983, RFC 1985

       mail:
            RFC 822, RFC2822, RFC 1123, RFC 1892, RFC 1894

       POP2:
            RFC 937

       POP3:
            RFC 1081, RFC 1225, RFC 1460, RFC 1725,  RFC1734,  RFC  1939,  RFC
            1957, RFC2195, RFC 2449

       APOP:
            RFC 1460, RFC 1725, RFC 1939

       RPOP:
            RFC 1081, RFC 1225

       IMAP2/IMAP2BIS:
            RFC 1176, RFC 1732

       IMAP4/IMAP4rev1:
            RFC  1730,  RFC  1731, RFC 1732, RFC 2060, RFC 2061, RFC 2195, RFC
            2177, RFC 2683

       ETRN:
            RFC 1985

       ODMR/ATRN:
            RFC 2645

       OTP: RFC 1938

       LMTP:
            RFC 2033

       GSSAPI:
            RFC 1508

                                                                  fetchmail(1)