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1.

       top :

            -hv | -bcisS -d delay -n iterations -p pid [,pid...]

        ('-')

       -b : top top top '-n' kill

       -c : /
             'c' top top  'c'

       -d :  :  -d ss.tt (.1/10)
              'd'  's'

             top  root  ( 's' ) 5a.

       -h :

       -i :  'i' top  Off

       -n :  :  -n number
            top

       -u : :  -u somebody
             UID

       -U : :  -U somebody
             UID  UID

       -p : PID :  -pN1 -pN2 ...    -pN1, N2 [,...]
             ID  20  20  ID

             top  --   '='

       -s :  root  top (5. )

       -S :  'S' top  On cpu  'S'

       -v :

2. /

   2a.
       top  'o' ()

        3c.

       a: PID  --   ID
           ID 0

       b: PPID  --   ID
           ID

       c: RUSER  --

       d: UID  --   ID
           ID

       e: USER  --

       f: GROUP  --

       g: TTY  --
           ( (pty) )  '?'

       h: PR  --

       i: NI  --  nice
           nice  nice  nice  0  (dispatchability)

       j: P  --   CPU (SMP)
            weak affinity  SMP  top (cpu ) weak affinity  CPU

       k: %CPU  --  CPU
            CPU   CPU  SMP Irix  Off top Solaris  cpu  CPU 'Irix/Solaris'
          'I'

       l: TIME  --  CPU
           CPU  On  cpu  'S'  'S'

       m: TIME+  --  CPU  (1/100 )
          'TIME'  1/100

       n: %MEM  --   (RES)

       o: VIRT  --   (kb)

          VIRT = SWAP + RES.

       p: SWAP  --   (kb)

       q: RES  --   (kb)

          RES = CODE + DATA.

          TP 3 r: CODE  --   (kb)  (text resident set) TRS

       s: DATA  --  + (kb)
            (data resident set) DRS

       t: SHR  --   (kb)

       u: nFLT  --

       v: nDRT  --

       w: S  --
          :
             'D' =
             'R' =
             'S' =
             'T' = /
             'Z' =

            --   task_struct  Linux  SMP top  nice

       x: Command  --
            'c'

           ()
                ( mdrecoveryd )

          : 'Command' / ( 512 )

       y: WCHAN  --
           ('System.map')  ('-')

          : top  700Kb top

       z: Flags  --
           0  16  <linux/sched.h>

   2b.
        'f' ()  'o' ()

       top  4  1

       -  :
             ANOPQRSTUVXbcdefgjlmyzWHIK

       -

       -  ()  ('*'):
              ...
              * K: %CPU       = CPU usage
                l: TIME       = CPU Time
                m: TIME+      = CPU Time, hundredths
              * N: %MEM       = Memory usage (RES)
              * O: VIRT       = Virtual Image (kb)
              ...

         --   'f'

         --   'o'

3.

         1  --

         3a.
               <Ret/Sp> ?, =, A, B, d, G, h, I, k, q, r, s, W, Z
         3b.
               l, m, t, 1
         3c.
               :    b, x, y, z
               :    c, f, o, S, u
               :  #, i, n
               :  <, >, F, O, R
         3d.
               <Ret>, a, B, b, H, M, q, S, T, w, z, 0 - 7
         4b.
               -, _, =, +, A, a, G, g, w

   3a.

       top 2

         <Enter>  <Space> :
                top ()

         '?'  'h' :
              2 1 top

               'h'  '?'

         '=' :
                'i' () 'n' ()  PID PID  '-p'

         'A' :
               4.  'G'

         'B' :
               terminfo

              :  On  top 'x'  'y' ()  On

       * 'd'  's' :
               ()

               0  ()  top

                2

         'G' :/
              1  4 /  4

         'I' :Irix/Solaris
              Solaris ('I'  Off)  cpu  CPU

         'u' :
              UID  UID

         'U' :
              UID  UID

       * 'k' : kill
               PID  SIGTERM

              kill :
                 1) pid  <Enter>
                 2) 0

         'q' :

       * 'r' : renice
               PID  nice

         'W' :
               top

         'Z' :
               3d.

       *   ('*')  1

   3b.

       / 4.  'G'

         'l' :/uptime   --  On/Off
                ()

         'm' :/  --  On/Off
               2

         't' :/CPU   --  On/Off
              '1'  top  SMP  2

         '1' :1  CPU / CPU   --  On/Off
               't'  CPU  SMP SMP

                'Cpu(s):' '1'  On  cpu  1  cpu  'Cpu0, Cpu1, ...'

       :  Off  ()

   3c.

        Off (4. )

          'B' ()

         'b' :/
               'x'  'y'  1  On

         'x' :
                Off  top

         'y' :
               2a.

         'z' :/
               'x', 'y', 'b'

         'c' :/

         'f'  'o' :
               2b.

         'S' :
               On  cpu

              Off 'init'  'S'  2

                2

         'u' :
                ID

                <Enter>

         'i' :
                Off

         'n'  '#' :

              :

          top  top  top

              A          ()             No
              M         %MEM                          Yes
              N         PID                           Yes
              P         %CPU                          Yes
              T         TIME+                         Yes

          'x'

          :
              1)
              2)  'f'  Off

         '<' :

         '>' :

         'F'  'O' :

                top  On

              Off top

         'R' :/

         : TTY  WCHAN  ASCII (collating sequence)

   3d.
        'Z' top  4

           4
           8

               'B'       :/
               'b'       :/
               'z'       :/

               'a'/'w'   :
               <Enter>   :
               'q'       :

       'a'  'w' 'z'  Off

        / 'q'  <Enter> top

4.

   4a.
       /:
               4 ( 'G' ) 1 4

               4  Off

               1 0  4

       :
                 Off

               Off  ('l' )

   4b.
         '-'  '_' :/
              '-'  On  Off On  'f'  'o'  0 /

              '_'  Off 4

       * '='  '+' : ()
              '='  'i' () 'n' ()

              '+' 4 'i' ()  'n' ()

       * 'A' :

              4

       * 'a'  'w' :/

               ('l'  Off ) /   Off

       * 'G' :/
              1  4 /

               'a'  'w'

         'g' :/
                ('l'  On )

       *   ('*')
              '=', 'A', 'G'
              'a', 'w'

5.

   5a.
        top
          k              kill
          r              renice
          d  s    /

       top /etc  'toprc'  '.' ()  2

        /etc/toprc :
          s         # 1 :
          5.0       # 2 :  ()

   5b.
        '$HOME/.top ' + 'rc'  'W'

       :
                # 1 : /
              "           # 2 : id,altscr,irixps,delay,curwin
              #  a  : ,fieldscur
              "           #  b  : winflags,sortindx,maxtasks
              "           #  c  : summclr,msgsclr,headclr,taskclr

        $HOME top

6.

        top  top  nice  -10

   6a.
       top

       -*-   ()  1/10 Linux  top  0.09

            X Window System  xterm :
              . :
                  nice -n -10 top -d.09
              .  Off

              .  On
              .  (TIME/MEM )

            Linux

       -*-  xterm top  0.3

       -*-   'T' ( 3c.  )  'W'  'q'  -d0 ( 0)

             top  3 300% top  TIME top

   6b.
       top

       -*-  3  4  Off 'i'  top

       -*-  :  'a'  'w'  --

       -*-  4  Off

   6c.

       -*-  4 1:Def

             / :
               top
               ?

7.

       :
          Albert D. Cahalan, <albert@users.sf.net>

8. top

        top Branko Lankester <lankeste@fwi.uva.nl> ps  Roger Binns

       Robert Nation <nation@rocket.sanders.lockheed.com>  proc

       Helmut Geyer <Helmut.Geyer@iwr.uni-heidelberg.de>

9.

        top
          Jim / James C. Warner, <warnerjc@worldnet.att.net>

       :
          Albert D. Cahalan, <albert@users.sf.net>
          Craig Small, <csmall@small.dropbear.id.au>

10.

       free(1), ps(1), uptime(1), atop(1), slabtop(1), vmstat(8), w(1).