Provided by: abcmidi-yaps_20070318-2_amd64 bug


       YAPS - converts an abc file to a PostScript file


       yaps abc file [-d] [-e <list>] [-E] [-l] [-M XXXxYYY] [-N] [-k nn] [-o file name] [-P -ss]
       [-s XX] [-V][-ver] [-x] [-OCC]


       -d     For debugging only. Displays the internal data structures used in the program.

       -e <list>
              Draws tunes with reference numbers in  a  comma  separated  list.  Spaces  are  not
              allowed but a range of reference numbers can be specified. For example, 1,3,7-10.

       -E     Generates Encapsulated Postscript output.

       -M XXXxYYY
              Set margin sizes in points where 28.3 points = 1cm and 72 points = 1 inch.

       -N     Adds page numbering.

       -k [nn]
              Adds  bar  numbering.  If  number nn is included, then every nn'th bar is numbered.
              Otherwise all bars are numbered.

       -o filename
              Specifies the output postscript file name.

       -P ss  Specifies the paper size where 0 is A4 and 1 is US Letter or XXXxYYY sets the paper
              size in point units.

       -s XX  Specifies the scaling factor (default is 0.7)

       -V     Voices  are  printed  out  seperately  for  a  multi-voice tune. Otherwise they are

       -ver   Prints version number and exits.

       -x     Print tune number in X: field

       -OCC   Required if the tune uses the  old  convention  for  chords  delineated  with  +..+
              instead of [...].


       * Uses the abc2midi parsing code, so hopefully compatibility with abc2midi will be good.

       * Measures the width of lyric text for lyric typesetting.

       *  Uses  dynamically  extensible  data  structures  in  most  places, so you should not be
       restricted by compiled-in limits.

       * Multiple voices drawn with notes played at the same time aligned.

       * Supports special characters using ISO latin 1 font. Special characters are created  with
       a TeX-like code e.g. ´E or a 3 digit octal code e.g. 315 .

       *  Supports  the  following  clefs  : baritone, tenor, alto, mezzo, soprano, treble, bass.
       Recommended use is

       * Invisible rests (x) are displayed like normal rests.

       * Nonnumeric voice id's, eg. V: soprano are accepted.


       To make it easier  to  enter  tunes  in  clefs  othan  than  treble  clef,  yaps  supports
       I:octave=-1  to  indicate  that  a  C in the tune represents the note one octave below the
       pitch defined in the abc standard. These may be combined in one I: statement e.g.

       I:clef=bass octave=-2

       You can also use clefs that are one, two or three octaves  higher  or  lower  than  normal
       using  e.g.  treble-8,  treble+15,  treble-22.  The clef is drawn with a small 8, 15 or 22
       above or below the clef symbol. The clef= and octave= commands may also go in the K: field

       K:G clef=bass-8 octave=-3

       Note  that  there is an incompatibility between the behaviour of yaps and the behaviour of
       abc2ps 1.3.3. abc2ps 1.3.3 does not support the I:octave=N command, but selecting  certain
       clefs  causes  it  to automatically transpose by several octaves. You can produce abc that
       works for both by following the clef change with an I:octave=N command to do the transpose
       that abc2ps does automatically.

       * Produces boxed part labels.

       * Supports the segno symbol with !segno! and coda with !coda! . Other musical instructions
       such as !fine! and !D.C.! come out as text.  * Supports  the  U:  field  for  abbreviating
       symbols to single characters.  e.g.

       U:S = !segno!

       allows S to be used to produce the segno symbol. Currently this only allows new symbols to
       be defined and does not allow the  existing  pre-defined  symbols  M,L,R,H  and  T  to  be

       *  Supports  the  !red!  and !black! instructions for switching from black to red or vice-

       * Supports the following abc2ps extensions to abc :

          %%newpage  - start a new page,
          %%vskip N  - adds vertical space of N points. If N is followed by
                       'cm' or 'in' the units are taken as centimetres or
                       inches instead of points e.g. 4cm.
          %%text     - print text
          %%centre (or %%center for Americans) - print centred text.
          If %%text or %%centre appear in the header, the text appears above
          the tune.

          %%staffsep SIZE - set the vertical blank space between 2 consecutive
                            music staves.

          %%titleleft N - select title placed to the left or centred. N = 1
                          places the title on the left while N = 0 centres it.
          %%titlecaps - title is displayed in upper case (capital) letters.
          %%textfont NAME SIZE - select font called NAME and point size SIZE
          for text produced by %%text or %%centre. If only NAME is given, the
          font stays the same size. Likewise, if '-' is given as the NAME,
          only the font size changes.
          %%titlefont NAME SIZE - select font for title.
          %%subtitlefont NAME SIZE - select font for titles after the first
          %%composerfont NAME SIZE - select font for words in C: and O: fields
                                    and part specifier (P: in header).
          %%wordsfont NAME SIZE - select font for words in W: fields.
          %%partsfont NAME SIZE - select font for boxed parts and
          !instruction! .
          %%vocalfont NAME SIZE - select font for words in w: fields.
          %%gchordfont NAME SIZE - select font for guitar chords in the music.
          (It is advisable not to change the font name for the last two, since
           the program calculates the width of strings using default fonts)
          %%titlespace, %%subtitlespace, %%textspace, %%composerspace,
          %%wordsspace, %%partsspace, %%vocalspace and %%gchordspace
          determine the amount of space left above the relevant type
          of text. Each of these should be followed by a size in points
          or value in centrimetres or inches.
          e.g. %%composerfont 3
               %%titlefont 2cm

       * Supports placing of accompaniment chords either above or below the

          %%chordsabove - places accompaniment chords above the stave
          %%chordsbelow - places accompaniment chords below the stave.

       * Supports optional text enclosed in quotes before and after the
         tempo specification in the Q: field. This extension comes from


       James Allwright <>


       Seymour Shlien <>

       More complete documentation can be found in abcguide.txt  which  comes  with  the  abcMIDI
       distribution package.


       This man page describes version 1.39 August 13 2005.

                                          13 August 2005                                  YAPS(1)