Provided by: apt-utils_0.8.16~exp12ubuntu10_i386 bug

NAME

       apt-ftparchive - Utility to generate index files

SYNOPSIS

       apt-ftparchive [-hvdsq] [--md5] [--delink] [--readonly] [--contents]
                      [--arch architecture] [-o config=string] [-c=file]
                      {[packages path... [override [pathprefix]]] |
                      [sources path... [override [pathprefix]]] |
                      [contents path] | [release path] |
                      [generate config-file section...] | [clean config-file]}

DESCRIPTION

       apt-ftparchive is the command line tool that generates the index files
       that APT uses to access a distribution source. The index files should
       be generated on the origin site based on the content of that site.

       apt-ftparchive is a superset of the dpkg-scanpackages(1) program,
       incorporating its entire functionality via the packages command. It
       also contains a contents file generator, contents, and an elaborate
       means to 'script' the generation process for a complete archive.

       Internally apt-ftparchive can make use of binary databases to cache the
       contents of a .deb file and it does not rely on any external programs
       aside from gzip(1). When doing a full generate it automatically
       performs file-change checks and builds the desired compressed output
       files.

       Unless the -h, or --help option is given one of the commands below must
       be present.

       packages
           The packages command generates a package file from a directory
           tree. It takes the given directory and recursively searches it for
           .deb files, emitting a package record to stdout for each. This
           command is approximately equivalent to dpkg-scanpackages(1).

           The option --db can be used to specify a binary caching DB.

       sources
           The sources command generates a source index file from a directory
           tree. It takes the given directory and recursively searches it for
           .dsc files, emitting a source record to stdout for each. This
           command is approximately equivalent to dpkg-scansources(1).

           If an override file is specified then a source override file will
           be looked for with an extension of .src. The --source-override
           option can be used to change the source override file that will be
           used.

       contents
           The contents command generates a contents file from a directory
           tree. It takes the given directory and recursively searches it for
           .deb files, and reads the file list from each file. It then sorts
           and writes to stdout the list of files matched to packages.
           Directories are not written to the output. If multiple packages own
           the same file then each package is separated by a comma in the
           output.

           The option --db can be used to specify a binary caching DB.

       release
           The release command generates a Release file from a directory tree.
           It recursively searches the given directory for uncompressed
           Packages and Sources files and the ones compressed with gzip, bzip2
           or lzma as well as Release and md5sum.txt files by default
           (APT::FTPArchive::Release::Default-Patterns). Additional filename
           patterns can be added by listing them in
           APT::FTPArchive::Release::Patterns. It then writes to stdout a
           Release file containing a MD5, SHA1 and SHA256 digest for each
           file.

           Values for the additional metadata fields in the Release file are
           taken from the corresponding variables under
           APT::FTPArchive::Release, e.g.  APT::FTPArchive::Release::Origin.
           The supported fields are: Origin, Label, Suite, Version, Codename,
           Date, Valid-Until, Architectures, Components, Description.

       generate
           The generate command is designed to be runnable from a cron script
           and builds indexes according to the given config file. The config
           language provides a flexible means of specifying which index files
           are built from which directories, as well as providing a simple
           means of maintaining the required settings.

       clean
           The clean command tidies the databases used by the given
           configuration file by removing any records that are no longer
           necessary.

THE GENERATE CONFIGURATION

       The generate command uses a configuration file to describe the archives
       that are going to be generated. It follows the typical ISC
       configuration format as seen in ISC tools like bind 8 and dhcpd.
       apt.conf(5) contains a description of the syntax. Note that the
       generate configuration is parsed in sectional manner, but apt.conf(5)
       is parsed in a tree manner. This only effects how the scope tag is
       handled.

       The generate configuration has 4 separate sections, each described
       below.

   Dir Section
       The Dir section defines the standard directories needed to locate the
       files required during the generation process. These directories are
       prepended certain relative paths defined in later sections to produce a
       complete an absolute path.

       ArchiveDir
           Specifies the root of the FTP archive, in a standard Debian
           configuration this is the directory that contains the ls-LR and
           dist nodes.

       OverrideDir
           Specifies the location of the override files.

       CacheDir
           Specifies the location of the cache files

       FileListDir
           Specifies the location of the file list files, if the FileList
           setting is used below.

   Default Section
       The Default section specifies default values, and settings that control
       the operation of the generator. Other sections may override these
       defaults with a per-section setting.

       Packages::Compress
           Sets the default compression schemes to use for the Package index
           files. It is a string that contains a space separated list of at
           least one of: '.' (no compression), 'gzip' and 'bzip2'. The default
           for all compression schemes is '. gzip'.

       Packages::Extensions
           Sets the default list of file extensions that are package files.
           This defaults to '.deb'.

       Sources::Compress
           This is similar to Packages::Compress except that it controls the
           compression for the Sources files.

       Sources::Extensions
           Sets the default list of file extensions that are source files.
           This defaults to '.dsc'.

       Contents::Compress
           This is similar to Packages::Compress except that it controls the
           compression for the Contents files.

       Translation::Compress
           This is similar to Packages::Compress except that it controls the
           compression for the Translation-en master file.

       DeLinkLimit
           Specifies the number of kilobytes to delink (and replace with hard
           links) per run. This is used in conjunction with the per-section
           External-Links setting.

       FileMode
           Specifies the mode of all created index files. It defaults to 0644.
           All index files are set to this mode with no regard to the umask.

       LongDescription
           Sets if long descriptions should be included in the Packages file
           or split out into a master Translation-en file.

   TreeDefault Section
       Sets defaults specific to Tree sections. All of these variables are
       substitution variables and have the strings $(DIST), $(SECTION) and
       $(ARCH) replaced with their respective values.

       MaxContentsChange
           Sets the number of kilobytes of contents files that are generated
           each day. The contents files are round-robined so that over several
           days they will all be rebuilt.

       ContentsAge
           Controls the number of days a contents file is allowed to be
           checked without changing. If this limit is passed the mtime of the
           contents file is updated. This case can occur if the package file
           is changed in such a way that does not result in a new contents
           file [override edit for instance]. A hold off is allowed in hopes
           that new .debs will be installed, requiring a new file anyhow. The
           default is 10, the units are in days.

       Directory
           Sets the top of the .deb directory tree. Defaults to
           $(DIST)/$(SECTION)/binary-$(ARCH)/

       SrcDirectory
           Sets the top of the source package directory tree. Defaults to
           $(DIST)/$(SECTION)/source/

       Packages
           Sets the output Packages file. Defaults to
           $(DIST)/$(SECTION)/binary-$(ARCH)/Packages

       Sources
           Sets the output Sources file. Defaults to
           $(DIST)/$(SECTION)/source/Sources

       Translation
           Set the output Translation-en master file with the long
           descriptions if they should be not included in the Packages file.
           Defaults to $(DIST)/$(SECTION)/i18n/Translation-en

       InternalPrefix
           Sets the path prefix that causes a symlink to be considered an
           internal link instead of an external link. Defaults to
           $(DIST)/$(SECTION)/

       Contents
           Sets the output Contents file. Defaults to
           $(DIST)/Contents-$(ARCH). If this setting causes multiple Packages
           files to map onto a single Contents file (such as the default) then
           apt-ftparchive will integrate those package files together
           automatically.

       Contents::Header
           Sets header file to prepend to the contents output.

       BinCacheDB
           Sets the binary cache database to use for this section. Multiple
           sections can share the same database.

       FileList
           Specifies that instead of walking the directory tree,
           apt-ftparchive should read the list of files from the given file.
           Relative files names are prefixed with the archive directory.

       SourceFileList
           Specifies that instead of walking the directory tree,
           apt-ftparchive should read the list of files from the given file.
           Relative files names are prefixed with the archive directory. This
           is used when processing source indexes.

   Tree Section
       The Tree section defines a standard Debian file tree which consists of
       a base directory, then multiple sections in that base directory and
       finally multiple Architectures in each section. The exact pathing used
       is defined by the Directory substitution variable.

       The Tree section takes a scope tag which sets the $(DIST) variable and
       defines the root of the tree (the path is prefixed by ArchiveDir).
       Typically this is a setting such as dists/squeeze.

       All of the settings defined in the TreeDefault section can be use in a
       Tree section as well as three new variables.

       When processing a Tree section apt-ftparchive performs an operation
       similar to:

           for i in Sections do
              for j in Architectures do
                 Generate for DIST=scope SECTION=i ARCH=j

       Sections
           This is a space separated list of sections which appear under the
           distribution, typically this is something like main contrib
           non-free

       Architectures
           This is a space separated list of all the architectures that appear
           under search section. The special architecture 'source' is used to
           indicate that this tree has a source archive.

       LongDescription
           Sets if long descriptions should be included in the Packages file
           or split out into a master Translation-en file.

       BinOverride
           Sets the binary override file. The override file contains section,
           priority and maintainer address information.

       SrcOverride
           Sets the source override file. The override file contains section
           information.

       ExtraOverride
           Sets the binary extra override file.

       SrcExtraOverride
           Sets the source extra override file.

   BinDirectory Section
       The bindirectory section defines a binary directory tree with no
       special structure. The scope tag specifies the location of the binary
       directory and the settings are similar to the Tree section with no
       substitution variables or SectionArchitecture settings.

       Packages
           Sets the Packages file output.

       Sources
           Sets the Sources file output. At least one of Packages or Sources
           is required.

       Contents
           Sets the Contents file output. (optional)

       BinOverride
           Sets the binary override file.

       SrcOverride
           Sets the source override file.

       ExtraOverride
           Sets the binary extra override file.

       SrcExtraOverride
           Sets the source extra override file.

       BinCacheDB
           Sets the cache DB.

       PathPrefix
           Appends a path to all the output paths.

       FileList, SourceFileList
           Specifies the file list file.

THE BINARY OVERRIDE FILE

       The binary override file is fully compatible with dpkg-scanpackages(1).
       It contains 4 fields separated by spaces. The first field is the
       package name, the second is the priority to force that package to, the
       third is the the section to force that package to and the final field
       is the maintainer permutation field.

       The general form of the maintainer field is:

           old [// oldn]* => new

       or simply,

           new

       The first form allows a double-slash separated list of old email
       addresses to be specified. If any of those are found then new is
       substituted for the maintainer field. The second form unconditionally
       substitutes the maintainer field.

THE SOURCE OVERRIDE FILE

       The source override file is fully compatible with dpkg-scansources(1).
       It contains 2 fields separated by spaces. The first fields is the
       source package name, the second is the section to assign it.

THE EXTRA OVERRIDE FILE

       The extra override file allows any arbitrary tag to be added or
       replaced in the output. It has 3 columns, the first is the package, the
       second is the tag and the remainder of the line is the new value.

OPTIONS

       All command line options may be set using the configuration file, the
       descriptions indicate the configuration option to set. For boolean
       options you can override the config file by using something like
       -f-,--no-f, -f=no or several other variations.

       --md5, --sha1, --sha256
           Generate the given checksum. These options default to on, when
           turned off the generated index files will not have the checksum
           fields where possible. Configuration Items:
           APT::FTPArchive::Checksum and APT::FTPArchive::Index::Checksum
           where Index can be Packages, Sources or Release and Checksum can be
           MD5, SHA1 or SHA256.

       -d, --db
           Use a binary caching DB. This has no effect on the generate
           command. Configuration Item: APT::FTPArchive::DB.

       -q, --quiet
           Quiet; produces output suitable for logging, omitting progress
           indicators. More q's will produce more quiet up to a maximum of 2.
           You can also use -q=# to set the quiet level, overriding the
           configuration file. Configuration Item: quiet.

       --delink
           Perform Delinking. If the External-Links setting is used then this
           option actually enables delinking of the files. It defaults to on
           and can be turned off with --no-delink. Configuration Item:
           APT::FTPArchive::DeLinkAct.

       --contents
           Perform contents generation. When this option is set and package
           indexes are being generated with a cache DB then the file listing
           will also be extracted and stored in the DB for later use. When
           using the generate command this option also allows the creation of
           any Contents files. The default is on. Configuration Item:
           APT::FTPArchive::Contents.

       -s, --source-override
           Select the source override file to use with the sources command.
           Configuration Item: APT::FTPArchive::SourceOverride.

       --readonly
           Make the caching databases read only. Configuration Item:
           APT::FTPArchive::ReadOnlyDB.

       -a, --arch
           Accept in the packages and contents commands only package files
           matching *_arch.deb or *_all.deb instead of all package files in
           the given path. Configuration Item: APT::FTPArchive::Architecture.

       APT::FTPArchive::AlwaysStat

           apt-ftparchive(1) caches as much as possible of metadata in a
           cachedb. If packages are recompiled and/or republished with the
           same version again, this will lead to problems as the now outdated
           cached metadata like size and checksums will be used. With this
           option enabled this will no longer happen as it will be checked if
           the file was changed. Note that this option is set to "false" by
           default as it is not recommend to upload multiply versions/builds
           of a package with the same versionnumber, so in theory nobody will
           have these problems and therefore all these extra checks are
           useless.

       APT::FTPArchive::LongDescription
           This configuration option defaults to "true" and should only be set
           to "false" if the Archive generated with apt-ftparchive(1) also
           provides Translation files. Note that the Translation-en master
           file can only be created in the generate command.

       -h, --help
           Show a short usage summary.

       -v, --version
           Show the program version.

       -c, --config-file
           Configuration File; Specify a configuration file to use. The
           program will read the default configuration file and then this
           configuration file. If configuration settings need to be set before
           the default configuration files are parsed specify a file with the
           APT_CONFIG environment variable. See apt.conf(5) for syntax
           information.

       -o, --option
           Set a Configuration Option; This will set an arbitrary
           configuration option. The syntax is -o Foo::Bar=bar.  -o and
           --option can be used multiple times to set different options.

EXAMPLES

       To create a compressed Packages file for a directory containing binary
       packages (.deb):

           apt-ftparchive packages directory | gzip > Packages.gz

SEE ALSO

       apt.conf(5)

DIAGNOSTICS

       apt-ftparchive returns zero on normal operation, decimal 100 on error.

BUGS

       APT bug page[1]. If you wish to report a bug in APT, please see
       /usr/share/doc/debian/bug-reporting.txt or the reportbug(1) command.

AUTHORS

       Jason Gunthorpe

       APT team

NOTES

        1. APT bug page
           http://bugs.debian.org/src:apt