Provided by: texlive-font-utils_2009-10ubuntu1_all bug


       autoinst - wrapper script around the LCDF TypeTools, for installing OpenType fonts in


       autoinst [options] fontfile [fontfile ...]


       Eddie Kohler's TypeTools, mainly otftotfm, are great tools for installing OpenType fonts
       for use with LaTeX, but their use (even in automatic mode) is quite complicated; they need
       lots of long command lines and don't generate the fd and sty files LaTeX needs.  autoinst
       simplifies the font installation process by generating and executing all commands for
       otftotfm and by creating all necessary fd and sty files. All the user then needs to do is
       move these files to a suitable location ("$LOCALTEXMF/tex/latex/<Supplier>/<FontFamily>/"
       is the canonical choice) and update TeX's filename database.

       Given a family of font files (in either .ttf or .otf format), autoinst will create several
       LaTeX font families:

         - Four text families (with lining and oldstyle figures, in tabular and proportional
           variants), each with the following shapes:

             n   Roman text

             sc  Small caps

             nw  `Upright swash'; usually normal text with some extra `oldstyle' ligatures, such
                 as ct, sp and st.

             tl  Titling shape. Meant for all-caps text only (even though it sometimes contains
                 lowercase glyphs as well), where letterspacing and the positioning of
                 punctuation characters have been adjusted to suit all-caps text.  This shape is
                 generated only for the families with lining figures.

             it  Italic or oblique text

                 Italic small caps

             sw  Swash

                 Italic titling

         - For each text family: a family of TS1-encoded symbol fonts, in roman and italic

         - Four families with superiors, inferiors, numerators and denominators, in roman and
           italic shapes.

         - An ornament family, in roman and italic shapes.

       Of course, if the font doesn't contain oldstyle figures, small caps etc., the
       corresponding shapes or families are not created; furthermore, the creation of most
       families and shapes can be controlled by command-line options (see below).

       The generated font families are named <FontFamily>-<Suffix>, where <Suffix> is one of

       LF      proportional (i.e., figures have varying widths) lining figures

       TLF     tabular (i.e., all figures have the same width) lining figures

       OsF     proportional oldstyle figures

       TOsF    tabular oldstyle figures

       Sup     superior characters (many fonts only have an incomplete set of superiors: figures,
               some punctuation and the letters abdeilmnorst; normal forms will be used for the
               other characters)

       Inf     inferior characters; usually only figures and punctuation, normal forms for the
               other characters

       Orn     ornaments

       Numr    numerators

       Dnom    denominators

       The generated fonts are named <FontFile>-<suffix>-<shape>-<enc>, where <FontFile> is the
       name of the OpenType file, <suffix> is the same as above (but in lowercase), <shape> is
       either empty, `sc', `swash' or `titling', and <enc> is the encoding.  A typical name in
       this scheme is MinionPro-Regular-osf-sc-ly1.

       On the choice of text encoding

       By default, all text families use the LY1 encoding. This has been chosen over T1 (Cork)
       because many OpenType fonts contain additional ligatures such as fj and Th, and LY1 has a
       number of empty slots to accommodate these.

       A different encoding can be selected using the  --encoding command line option (see

       Using the fonts with LaTeX

       autoinst generates a style file for using the font in LaTeX documents, named
       `<FontFamily>.sty'. This style file also takes care of loading the fontenc and textcomp
       packages, if necessary.  To use the font, simply put "\usepackage{MinionPro}" (or whatever
       the font is called) in the preamble of your document.

       This style file defines a number of options:

       lining, oldstyle, tabular, proportional
           Choose which figures will be used for the text fonts.  The defaults are `oldstyle' and
           `proportional' (if available).

       ultrablack, ultrabold, heavy, extrablack, black, extrabold, demibold, semibold, bold
           Choose the weight that LaTeX will use for the `bold' weight (i.e., the value of

       light, medium, regular
           Choose the weight that LaTeX will use for the `regular' weight (i.e., the value of

           Scale the font by a factor of <scale>.  For example: to increase the size of the font
           by 5%, use the command "\usepackage[scaled=1.05]{MyriadPro}".

           This option is only available when the xkeyval package is found in your TeX

       The style file will also try to load the fontaxes package (part of the MinionPro for LaTeX
       project), which gives easy access to various font shapes and styles. This package can be
       downloaded from the project's homepage ( or
       directly through the CVS web interface
       (, and is also
       available from CTAN as part of the archive

       Using the machinery set up by fontaxes, the generated style file also defines a few
       commands (which take the text to be typeset as argument) and declarations (which don't
       take arguments, but affect all text up to the end of the current group) of its own:


           \tlshape        \texttitling    \texttl
           \sufigures      \textsuperior   \textsu
           \infigures      \textinferior   \textin

       In addition, the "\swshape" and "\textsw" commands are redefined to place swash on the
       secondary shape axis (fontaxes places it on the primary shape axis); this allows the use
       of `upright swash'.  Just saying "\swshape" will still give normal (italic) swash, but
       "\swshape\upshape" results in upright swash.

       Note that there is no separate command for accessing the italic titling shape; but these
       commands behave properly when nested, so "\tlshape\itshape" gives italic titling.  There
       are also no commands for accessing the numerator and denominator fonts; these can be
       selected using fontaxes' low-level commands, e.g.,

       The style file also provides a command "\ornament{<number>}", where "<number>" is a number
       from 0 to the total number of ornaments minus one. Ornaments are always typeset using the
       current family, series and shape. A list of all ornaments in a font can be created by
       running LaTeX on the file nfssfont.tex (part of a standard LaTeX installation) and
       specifying the ornament font (e.g., MinionPro-Regular-orn-u).

       This whole machinery builds on fontaxes; if that package cannot be found, the style file
       doesn't provide high-level access to the more `exotic' font shapes and styles. In that
       case, you're limited to using the lower-level commands from standard NFSS, or even plain
       TeX's "\font" primitive (and it's called `primitive' for a reason!)

       Using multiple font families in one document

       If you want to use several font families in one document, make sure all fonts were
       installed using the same version of autoinst.  autoinst has seen some non-backward-
       compatible changes in the past, and .sty and .fd files that were generated by different
       versions of autoinst may not be able to coexist peacefully.

       NFSS codes

       In NFSS, weight and width are concatenated into a single `series' attribute.  (Note:
       versions of autoinst before 2007-07-27 erroneously formed the series as `width plus
       weight' instead of the reverse.)  autoinst maps widths, weights and shapes to NFSS codes
       using the following tables. These are based on the tables in Lehman's Font Installation
       Guide, but some changes had to be made to avoid name clashes for font families with many
       different widths and weights (such as Helvetica Neue).

           WEIGHT                              WIDTH

           Thin           t                    Ultra Condensed    uc
           Ultra Light    ul                   Extra Condensed    ec
           Extra Light    el                   Condensed          c
           Light          l                    Semicondensed      sc
           Book                 [1]            Regular                  [1]
           Regular              [1]            Semiextended       sx
           Medium         mb                   Extended           x
           Demibold       db
           Semibold       sb
           Bold           b
           Extra Bold     eb                   SHAPES
           Black          a
           Extra Black    ea                   Roman              n
           Heavy          h                    Italic             it
           Ultra          ub                   Oblique            it    [2]
           Ultra Bold     ub                   RomanI             n     [3]
           Ultra Black    ua                   RomanII            it    [3]

       [1] When both weight and width are empty, the `series' attribute becomes `m'.

       [2] Mapping the `Oblique' shape to `it' instead of the canonical `sl' simplifies autoinst.
           Since font families with both `Italic' and `Oblique' shapes probably do not exist
           (apart from Computer Modern), this shouldn't cause problems in real life.

       [3] To the best of my knowledge, the only font family that has two `Roman' shapes is
           Silentium; since this has no `Italic' shape, the `it' code is (ab)used for the
           `RomanII' shape.

       A note for MikTeX users

       Calling otftotfm with the  --automatic option (as autoinst does by default) requires a
       TeX-installation that uses the kpathsea library; with TeX-installations that implement
       their own directory searching (such as MiKTeX) otftotfm might complain that it cannot find
       a writable texmf directory and leave all generated tfm, vf, enc and map files in the
       current working directory.  In that case, you need to move these to their correct
       destinations.  You also need to tell the dvi-driver (dvips, dvipdfm, pdfTeX etc.)  about
       the new font map files; this usually means editing some configuration file.

       Furthermore, some OpenType fonts lead to pl and vpl files that are too big for MiKTeX's
       pltotf and vptovf; the versions that come with TeXLive
       ( don't have this problem.


           Use the encoding encoding for the text fonts. The default is `LY1'.  A file named
           `<encoding>.enc' (in all lowercase) should be somewhere where otftotfm can find it.
           Suitable encoding files for LY1, OT1 and T1/TS1 come with fontools. (Note that these
           files are called fontools_xxx.enc to avoid name clashes with other packages; the
           `fontools_' prefix doesn't need to be specified.)

           Multiple text encodings can be specified as well: " --encoding=OT1,T1,LY1".  The
           encodings are passed to fontenc in the order specified, so the last one will be the
           default text encoding.

           Install the font as a sanserif font, accessed via "\sffamily" and "\textsf".  Note
           that the generated style file redefines "\familydefault", so including it will make
           this font the default text font.

           Install the font as a typewriter font, accessed via "\ttfamily" and "\texttt".  Note
           that the generated style file redefines "\familydefault", so including it will make
           this font the default text font.

           Turn the creation of TS1-encoded fonts on or off. The default is  --ts1 if the text
           encodings (see  --encoding above) include T1,  --nots1 otherwise.

           Turn the creation of small caps fonts on or off. The default is  --smallcaps.

           Turn the creation of swash fonts on or off. The default is  --swash.

           Turn the creation of titling fonts on or off. The default is  --notitling.

           Turn the creation of fonts with superior characters on or off.  The default is

           Turn the creation of fonts with inferior figures on or off.  The default is

           Turn the creation of fonts with numerators and denominators on or off.  The default is

           Turn the creation of ornament fonts on or off. The default is  --ornaments.

           Manual mode. By default, autoinst immediately executes all otftotfm command lines it
           generates; with the  --manual option, these commands are instead written to a batch
           command file (named `<font>.bat', to make things easier for our friends on Windows).
           Also, the generated otftotfm command lines specify the  --pl option and leave out the
           --automatic option; this causes human readable (and editable) pl and vpl files to be
           created instead of the default tfm and vf files.

           Verbose mode; print detailed info about what autoinst thinks it's doing.

           Pass text as options to otftotfm. To prevent text from accidentily being interpreted
           as options to autoinst, it should be properly quoted.


       Eddie Kohler's TypeTools (

       Perl is usually pre-installed on Linux and Unix systems; for Windows, good (and free) Perl
       implementations are Strawberry Perl ( and ActivePerl (available

       John Owens' otfinst (; also available from
       CTAN) is another wrapper around otftotfm, and may work for you when autoinst doesn't.

       Ready-made support files for MinionPro, providing more options and features than autoinst
       ever will (including math), are available from

       XeTeX ( is a TeX extension that can use any font installed in
       the operating system (including both flavours of OpenType fonts) without additional
       support files.  It also isn't hindered by standard TeX's limitation to 8-bit fonts, so it
       is especially well suited to fonts with many ligatures and alternate glyphs, such as
       Bickham, Poetica and Zapfino.


       Marc Penninga <>

       When sending a bug report, please give as much relevant information as possible; this
       usually includes (but may not be limited to) the output from running autoinst with the
       --verbose option.  Please make sure that this output includes all error messages (if any);
       this can be done using the command

           autoinst (... all options and files ...)  >autoinst.log 2>&1


       Copyright (c) 2005-2009 Marc Penninga.


       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       version 2 of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation.

       A copy of the GNU General Public License is included with the fontools collection; see the
       file GPLv2.txt.


       This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.


       (See the source code for the full story.)

       2009-04-09  Prefixed the filenames of  the included encoding files with `fontools_', to
                   prevent name clashes with other packages.

       2009-04-06  A small patch to the make_ornament_encoding subroutine; it now also recognises
                   the ornament glyphs in Adobe's Kepler Pro.