Provided by: raster3d_3.0-2-3_amd64 bug


       balls - preprocessor for space-filling models in Raster3D molecular graphics package


       balls [-h]

       Balls reads a file describing atom colours and/or a PDB coordinate file and produces a
       file containing Raster3D descriptor records for each atom in the input file.  The file
       produced by balls may be fed directly to render or it may be combined with descriptor
       files produced by other Raster3D utilities.


       To describe a simple space-filling model coloured by residue type:

            cat mycolours.pdb protein.pdb | balls | render > mypicture.png

       To include a pre-selected view matrix with the same model:

            cp  view1.matrix setup.matrix
            cat mycolours.pdb protein.pdb | balls | render > mypicture.png

       To prepend header records describing a pre-selected scale and view:

            cat mycolours.pdb protein.pdb | balls -h > balls.r3d
            cat header.r3d balls.r3d | render > mypicture.png



       Suppress header records in output.  By default balls will produce an output file which
       starts with header records containing a default set of scaling and processing options.
       The -h flag will suppress these header records so that the output file contains only
       sphere descriptors.  This option is useful for producing files which describe only part of
       a scene, and which are to be later combined with descriptor files produced by other


       The input to balls consists of a single text file containing colour information and atomic
       coordinates in PDB data bank format.  Coordinates are output as Raster3D descriptor
       records with colours and sphere radii assigned according to the COLO records described
       below.  By default atoms are assigned CPK colours.  By default the output file contains a
       set of header records as required by the render program.  The header is constructed to
       include a TMAT matrix corresponding to the transformation matrix contained in file
       setup.matrix (if it exists), or to the Eulerian angles contained in file setup.angles (if
       it exists).

       Colours are assigned to atoms using a matching process, using COLOUR records prepended to
       the input PDB file.  Raster3D uses a pseudo-PDB record type with with COLO in the first 4


           1 -  4   COLO

           7 - 30   Mask (described below)

          31 - 38   Red component

          39 - 46   Green component

          47 - 54   Blue component

          55 - 60   van der Waals radius in Angstroms

          61 - 80   Comments

       Note that the Red, Green, and Blue components are in the same positions as the X, Y, and Z
       components of an ATOM or HETA record, and the van der Waals radius goes in place of the
       Occupancy.  The Red, Green, and Blue components must all be in the range 0 to 1.

       The Mask field is used in the matching process as follows.  First the program reads in and
       stores all the ATOM, HETA, and COLOUR records in input order.  Then it goes through each
       stored ATOM/HETA record in turn, and searches for a COLOUR record that matches the
       ATOM/HETA record in all of columns 7 through 30.  The first such COLOUR record to be found
       determines the colour and radius of the atom.

       In order that one COLOUR record can provide colour and radius specifications for more than
       one atom (e.g., based on residue or atom type, or any other criterion for which labels can
       be given somewhere in columns 7 through 30), the "#" symbol is used as a wildcard. I.e. a
       # in a COLOUR record matches any character in the corresponding column in an ATOM or HETA
       record.  All other characters must match literally to count as a match.  Note that the
       very last COLO record in the input should have # symbols in all of columns 7 through 30 in
       order to provide a colour for any atom whose ATOM/HETA record fails to match any previous
       COLOUR record.  This idea of matching masks for colour specifications is due to Colin

       Several files of COLOUR records, including one based on Bob Fletterick's "Shapely Models"
       and another mimicking CPK model parts, are provided as samples.


       The files setup.matrix and setup.angles, if they exist, affect the
            header records produced by balls.


       anonymous ftp site:

       web URL:

            Ethan A Merritt
            University of Washington, Seattle WA 98195


       render(l), rods(l), ribbon(l)


       Originally written by David J Bacon and Wayne F Anderson.
        Extensions and revisions by Ethan A Merritt.