Provided by: xymon_4.3.0~beta2.dfsg-9.1_amd64 bug


       bbtest-net - Xymon network test tool


       bbtest-net -?
       bbtest-net --help
       bbtest-net --version
       bbtest-net [options]
       (See the OPTIONS section for a description of the available commandline options).


       bbtest-net(1)  handles the network tests of hosts defined in the Xymon configuration file,
       bb-hosts. It is normally run at regular intervals by hobbitlaunch(8) via an entry  in  the
       hobbitlaunch.cfg(5) file.

       bbtest-net  does  all of the normal tests of TCP-based network services (telnet, ftp, ssh,
       smtp, pop, imap ....) - i.e.  all of the services listed as  BBNETSVCS  in  For
       these tests, a completely new and very speedy service- checker has been implemented.

       bbtest-net  has  built-in  support  for  testing SSL-enabled protocols, e.g. imaps, pop3s,
       nntps, telnets, if SSL-support was enabled when configuring bbgen. The full list of  known
       tests is found in the bb-services(5) file in $BBHOME/etc/bb-services.

       In addition, it implements the "dns" and "dig" tests for testing DNS servers. This is done
       in the same way as does it.

       bbtest-net also implements a check for NTP servers - this test is  called  "ntp".  If  you
       want  to use it, you must define the NTPDATE environment variable to point at the location
       of your ntpdate(1) program.

       Note: bbtest-net performs the connectivity test (ping) based on the hostname,  unless  the
       host  is  tagged  with  "testip"  or  the  "--dns=ip" option is used. So the target of the
       connectivity test can be determined by your /etc/hosts file or DNS.


              Determines the timeout (in seconds) for each service that is tested. For TCP  tests
              (those  from BBNETSVCS), if the connection to the service does not succeed within N
              seconds, the service is reported as  being  down.  For  HTTP  tests,  this  is  the
              absolute  limit for the entire request to the webserver (the time needed to connect
              to the server, plus the time it takes  the  server  to  respond  to  the  request).
              Default: 10 seconds

              This option is deprecated, and will be ignored. Use the --timeout option instead.

              This  option  sets  a timeout for the external commands used for testing of NTP and
              RPC services, and to perform traceroute.

              Determines the number of network tests that run in parallel. Default  is  operating
              system  dependent,  but will usually be 256. If bbtest-net begins to complain about
              not being able to get a "socket", try running bbtest-net with a lower value like 50
              or 100.

       --dns-timeout=N (default: 30 seconds)
              bbtest-net  will  timeout all DNS lookups after N seconds.  Any pending DNS lookups
              are regarded as failed, i.e. the network tests that depend on this DNS lookup  will
              report an error.
              Note:  If you use the --no-ares option, timeout of DNS lookups cannot be controlled
              by bbtest-net.

              Same as "--dns-timeout=N". The "--dns-max-all" option is deprecated and should  not
              be used.

              Determines  how  bbtest-net finds the IP adresses of the hosts to test.  By default
              (the "standard"), bbtest-net does a DNS lookup of the hostname to determine the  IP
              address, unless the host has the "testip" tag, or the DNS lookup fails.
              With  "--dns=only"  bbtest-net  will  ONLY do the DNS lookup; it it fails, then all
              services on that host will be reported as being down.
              With "--dns=ip" bbtest-net will never do a DNS lookup; it will use the  IP  adresse
              specified in bb-hosts for the tests. Thus, this setting is equivalent to having the
              "testip" tag on all hosts. Note that http tests will ignore this setting and  still
              perform  a  DNS  lookup for the hostname given in the URL; see the "bbtest-net tags
              for HTTP tests" section in bb-hosts(5)

              Disable the ARES resolver built into  bbtest-net.  This  makes  bbtest-net  resolve
              hostnames  using  your system resolver function. You should only use this as a last
              resort if bbtest-net cannot resolve the hostnames you use in the  normal  way  (via
              DNS  or  /etc/hosts).  One  reason  for  using this would be if you need to resolve
              hostnames via NIS/NIS+ (a.k.a. Yellow Pages).
              The system resolver function does not provide a mechanism for controlling  timeouts
              of  the hostname lookups, so if your DNS or NIS server is down, bbtest-net can take
              a very long time to run. The --dns-timeout  option  is  effectively  disabled  when
              using this option.

              Log  failed  hostname  lookups  to  the  file  FILENAME.  FILENAME should be a full

              With this option, bbtest-net will send a status message with details  of  how  many
              hosts  were  processed,  how  many  tests  were generated, any errors that occurred
              during the run, and some timing statistics.  The default columnname is "bbtest".

              When using the BBLOCATION environment variable to test only hosts on  a  particular
              network segment, bbtest-net will ignore hosts that do not have any "NET:x" tag.  So
              only hosts that have a NET:$BBLOCATION tag will be tested.
              With this option, hosts with no NET: tag are included in  the  test,  so  that  all
              hosts that either have a matching NET: tag, or no NET: tag at all are tested.

              Used  with  the bbgen extension. This option determines how long
              failed tests remain in the frequent-test queue. The default  is  1800  seconds  (30

              Causes  bbtest-net  to  generate  a warning if the run-time of bbtest-net exceeds N
              seconds. By default N is set to the value of BBSLEEP, so a warning triggers if  the
              network  tests cannot complete in the time given for one cycle of the BBNET server.
              Apart from the warning, this option has no  effect,  i.e.  it  will  not  terminate
              bbtest-net  prematurely.  So to eliminate any such warnings, use this option with a
              very high value of N.

              Warn if the response from a TCP test is more than N bytes.  If  you  see  from  the
              bbtest  status  report  that  you  are  transferring large amounts of data for your
              tests, you can enable this option to see which tests have large replies.
              Default: 0 (disabled).

              Make the test results valid for N minutes before they go purple.  By  default  test
              results  are  valid for 30 minutes; if you run bbtest-net less often than that, the
              results will go purple before the next run of  bbtest-net.  This  option  lets  you
              change how long the status is valid.


              When testing well-known services (e.g. FTP, SSH, SMTP, POP-2, POP-3, IMAP, NNTP and
              rsync), bbtest-net will look for a valid service-specific "OK" response. If another
              reponse  is  seen,  this  will  cause the test to report a warning (yellow) status.
              Without this option, the response from the service is ignored.
              The optional color-name is used to select a color other than yellow for the  status
              message  when the response is wrong.  E.g. "--checkresponse=red" will cause a "red"
              status message to be sent when the service does not respond as expected.

              By default, bbtest-net sends some extra information in the status messages,  called
              "flags".  These  are  used by bbgen e.g. to pick different icons for reversed tests
              when generating the Xymon webpages. This option makes bbtest-net omit  these  flags
              from the status messages.

              By default, TCP tests run roughly in the order that the hosts are listed in the bb-
              hosts file. If you  have  many  tests  for  one  server,  this  may  result  in  an
              exceptionally  large load when Xymon is testing it because Xymon will perform a lot
              of tests at the same time.  To  avoid  this,  the  --shuffle  option  reorders  the
              sequence of tests so they are spread randomly across all of the servers tested.


       Note: bbtest-net uses the program defined by the FPING environment to execute ping-tests -
       by default, that is the hobbitping(1) utility. See hobbitserver.cfg(5) for  a  description
       of how to customize this, e.g. if you need to run it with "sudo" or a similar tool.

       --ping Enables  bbtest-net's  ping  test.  The  column  name used for ping test results is
              defined by the PINGCOLUMN environment variable in hobbitserver.cfg(5).
              If not specifed, bbtest-net uses the CONNTEST environment variable to determine  if
              it  should  perform  the  ping test or not. So if you prefer to use another tool to
              implement ping checks, either set the CONNTEST environment variable  to  false,  or
              run bbtest-net with the "--noping".

              Disable the connectivity test.


              Enable/disable  the  use  of  traceroute  when  a  ping-test  fails.   Performing a
              traceroute for failed ping tests is a slow operation, so the default is not  to  do
              any  traceroute,  unless it is requested on a per-host basis via the "trace" tag in
              the bb-hosts(5) entry for each host. The "--trace"  option  changes  this,  so  the
              default  becomes  to run traceroute on all hosts where the ping test fails; you can
              then disable it on specific hosts by putting a "notrace" tag on the host-entry.


              Determines the name of the column Xymon displays for content checks.   The  default
              is  "content".   If  you have used the "" or "" scripts earlier, you
              may want to use "--content=cont" to report content checks using the same test  name
              as these scripts do.


              Determines  the  name  of the column Xymon displays for the SSL certificate checks.
              The default is "sslcert".

              Disables reporting of the SSL certificate check.


              Determines the number of days before an SSL certificate expires,  where  bbtest-net
              will generate a warning or alarm status for the SSL certificate column.

              Enables  checking  that  the  encryption  supported  by  the  SSL  protocol uses an
              encryption key of at least N bits.  E.g. to trigger an alert  if  your  SSL-enabled
              website supports less than 128 bits of encryption, use "--sslbits=128".  Note: This
              can be enabled on a per-host basis using the "sslbits=N" setting in bb-hosts(5)


              Don't send any status updates to the BBDISPLAY server. Instead,  all  messages  are
              dumped to stdout.

              Causes bbtest-net to collect information about the time spent in different parts of
              the program.  The information is printed on stdout just before  the  program  ends.
              Note  that  this  information  is  also included in the status report sent with the
              "--report" option.

              Dumps a bunch of status about the tests as they progress to stdout.

              Dumps internal memory structures before and/or after the tests have executed.


       --help or -?
              Provide a summary of available commandline options.

              Prints the version number of bbtest-net

              Dump the list of defined TCP services bbtest-net knows how to test. Do not run  any


       If  the file $BBHOME/etc/cookies exist, cookies will be read from this file and sent along
       with the HTTP requests when checking websites. This file is in the Netscape Cookie format,
       see  for details on this format. The
       curl(1) utility can output a file in this format if run with the  "--cookie-jar  FILENAME"


       When  bbtest-net  tests  services that use SSL- or TLS-based protocols, it will check that
       the server certificate has not expired. This check happens automatically for https (secure
       web),  pop3s, imaps, nntps and all other SSL-enabled services (except ldap, see LDAP TESTS

       All certificates found for a host are reported in one status message.

       Note: On most systems, the end-date of the certificate is limited to Jan  19th,  2038.  If
       your  certificate  is valid after this date, bbtest-net will report it as valid only until
       Jan 19, 2038. This is due to limitations in your operating system C library.


       ldap testing can be done in two ways. If you just put an "ldap"  or  "ldaps"  tag  in  bb-
       hosts,  a  simple  test is performed that just verifies that it is possible to establish a
       connection to the port running the ldap service (389 for ldap, 636 for ldaps).

       Instead you can put an LDAP URI in bb-hosts. This will  cause  bbtest-net  to  initiate  a
       full-blown  LDAP session with the server, and do an LDAP search for the objects defined by
       the URI. This requires that bbtest-net was built with  LDAP  support,  and  relies  on  an
       existing  LDAP library to be installed.  It has been tested with OpenLDAP 2.0.26 (from Red
       Hat 9) and 2.1.22.  The Solaris 8 system ldap library has also been confirmed to work  for
       un-encrypted (plain ldap) access.

       The format of LDAP URI's is defined in RFC 2255. LDAP URLs look like this:


         hostport is a host name with an optional ":portnumber"
         dn is the search base
         attrs is a comma separated list of attributes to request
         scope is one of these three strings:
           base one sub (default=base)
         filter is filter
         exts are recognized set of LDAP and/or API extensions.


       All  "bind"  operations  to LDAP servers use simple authentication.  Kerberos and SASL are
       not supported. If your LDAP server requires a username/password, use the  "ldaplogin"  tag
       to  specify  this,  cf.   bb-hosts(5)  If no username/password information is provided, an
       anonymous bind will be attempted.

       SSL support requires both a client library and an LDAP server that support LDAPv3; it uses
       the LDAP "STARTTLS" protocol request after establishing a connection to the standard (non-
       encrypted) LDAP port (usually port 389). It has only been tested  with  OpenSSL  2.x,  and
       probably will not work with any other LDAP library.

       The  older  LDAPv2  experimental  method  of tunnelling normal LDAP traffic through an SSL
       connection - ldaps, running on port 636 - is not supported, unless someone can explain how
       to  get the OpenLDAP library to support it. This method was never formally described in an
       RFC, and implementations of it are non-standard.

       For a discussion of the various ways of running encrypted ldap, see

       When testing LDAP URI's, all of the  communications  are  handled  by  the  ldap  library.
       Therefore,  it  is not possible to obtain the SSL certificate used by the LDAP server, and
       it will not show up in the "sslcert" column.


       If you have more than one system running network tests - e.g. if your network is separated
       by  firewalls - then is is problematic to maintain multiple bb-hosts files for each of the
       systems.  bbtest-net supports the NET:location tag in bb-hosts(5) to  distinguish  between
       hosts  that  should be tested from different network locations. If you set the environment
       variable BBLOCATION e.g. to "dmz" before running bbtest-net, then it will only test  hosts
       that  have  a  "NET:dmz" tag in bb-hosts. This allows you to keep all of your hosts in the
       same bb-hosts file, but test different sets of hosts by different BBNET systems.


       bbtest-net first reads the bb-services file to see which network  tests  are  defined.  It
       then  scans  the  bb-hosts file, and collects information about the TCP service tests that
       need to be tested. It picks out only the tests that were listed in the  bb-services  file,
       plus  the "dns", "dig" and "ntp" tests - those tests that would normally use
       the "bbnet" tool to test.

       It then runs two tasks in parallel: First, a  separate  process  is  started  to  run  the
       "hobbitping"  tool  for  the connectivity tests. While hobbitping is busy doing the "ping"
       checks, bbtest-net runs all of the TCP-based network tests.

       All  of  the  TCP-based  service  checks  are  handled  by  a  connection  tester  written
       specifically  for  this purpose. It uses only standard Unix-style network programming, but
       relies on the  Unix  "select(2)"  system-call  to  handle  many  simultaneous  connections
       happening  in  parallel.  Exactly  how many parallel connections are being used depends on
       your operating system - the default is FD_SETSIZE/4, which amounts to  256  on  many  Unix

       You  can  choose the number of concurrent connections with the "--concurrency=N" option to

       Connection attempts timeout after 10 seconds - this can be changed with the  "--timeout=N"

       Both  of these settings play a part in deciding how long the testing takes. A conservative
       estimate for doing N TCP tests is:

          (1 + (N / concurrency)) * timeout

       In real life it will probably be less, as the above formula is for every test to require a
       timeout.  Since  the  most  normal use of BB is to check for services that are active, you
       should have a lot less timeouts.

       The "ntp" and "rpcinfo" checks rely on external programs  to  do  each  test.  Thus,  they
       perform only marginally better than the standard script.


              Defines the network segment where bbtest-net is currently running.  This is used to
              filter out  only  the  entries  in  the  bb-hosts(5)  file  that  have  a  matching
              "NET:LOCATION" tag, and execute the tests for only those hosts.

              Defines  the  maximum  number  of  status  messages  that  can be sent in one combo
              message. Default is 0 - no limit.
              In practice, the maximum size of a single Xymon message sets a limit - the  default
              value  for  the  maximum message size is 32 KB, but that will easily accomodate 100
              status messages per transmission. So if you want to experiment with this setting, I
              suggest starting with a value of 10.

              Defines  a  a  delay  (in  microseconds)  after  each message is transmitted to the
              BBDISPLAY server. The default is 0, i.e.  send the messages as  fast  as  possible.
              This  gives  your BBDISPLAY server some time to process the message before the next
              message comes in. Depending on the speed  of  your  BBDISPLAY  server,  it  may  be
              necessary to set this value to half a second or even 1 or 2 seconds.  Note that the
              value is specified in MICROseconds, so to define a delay of  half  a  second,  this
              must  be set to the value "500000"; a delay of 1 second is achieved by setting this
              to "1000000" (one million).

       FPING  Command used to run the hobbitping(1) utility. Used by bbtest-net for  connectivity
              (ping)  testing.   See  hobbitserver.cfg(5)  for  more  information  about  how  to
              customize the program that is executed to do ping tests.

              Location of  the  traceroute(8)  utility,  or  an  equivalent  tool  e.g.   mtr(8).
              Optionally  used  when  a  connectivity test fails to pinpoint the network location
              that is causing the failure.

              Location of the ntpdate(1) utility. Used by  bbtest-net  when  checking  the  "ntp"

              Location  of  the  rpcinfo(8)  utility.  Used  by  bbtest-net for the "rpc" service


              This  file  contains  definitions  of  TCP  services  that  bbtest-net  can   test.
              Definitions  for  a  default  set  of common services is built into bbtest-net, but
              these can be overridden or supplemented by defining  services  in  the  bb-services
              file. See bb-services(5) for details on this file.

       $BBHOME/etc/netrc - authentication data for password-protected webs
              If  you  have password-protected sites, you can put the usernames and passwords for
              these here. They will then get picked up automatically when  running  your  network
              tests.   This  works  for  web-sites  that use the "Basic" authentication scheme in
              HTTP.  See ftp(1) for details - a sample entry would look like this
                 machine login fred password Wilma1
              Note that the machine-name must be the name you use in the http://machinename/  URL
              setting - it need not be the one you use for the system-name in Xymon.

              This  file  may  contain  website cookies, in the Netscape HTTP Cookie format. If a
              website requires a static cookie to be present in order for the check to  complete,
              then  you can add this cookie to this file, and it will be sent along with the HTTP
              request. To get the cookies into this file, you  can  use  the  "curl  --cookie-jar
              FILE" to request the URL that sets the cookie.

       $BBTMP/*.status - test status summary
              Each  time  bbtest-net  runs,  if any tests fail (i.e. they result in a red status)
              then they will be listed in a file name  TESTNAME.[LOCATION].status.  The  LOCATION
              part  may  be null. This file is used to determine how long the failure has lasted,
              which in turn decides if this  test  should  be  included  in  the  tests  done  by
              It  is also used internally by bbtest-net when determining the color for tests that
              use the "badconn" or "badTESTNAME" tags.

              This file contains the hostnames of those hosts that  should  be  retested  by  the
      test  tool.  It is updated only by bbtest-net during the normal
              runs, and read by


       bb-hosts(5),  bb-services(5),   hobbitserver.cfg(5),   hobbitping(1),   curl(1),   ftp(1),
       fping(1), ntpdate(1), rpcinfo(8)