Provided by: libcdio-utils_0.83-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       cd-paranoia  9.8  (Paranoia  release  III via libcdio) - an audio CD reading utility which
       includes extra data verification features

SYNOPSIS

       cd-paranoia [options] span [outfile]

DESCRIPTION

       cd-paranoia retrieves audio tracks from CDDA capable CD-ROM drives.  The data can be saved
       to  a file or directed to standard output in WAV, AIFF, AIFF-C or raw format.  Most ATAPI,
       SCSI and several proprietary CD-ROM drive makes are supported; cd-paranoia  can  determine
       if the target drive is CDDA capable.

       In   addition   to  simple  reading,  cd-paranoia  adds  extra-robust  data  verification,
       synchronization, error handling and scratch reconstruction capability.

       This version uses the libcdio library for interaction with a CD-ROM drive. The jitter  and
       error correction however are the same as used in Xiph's cdparanoia.

OPTIONS

       -v --verbose
              Be  absurdly  verbose about the autosensing and reading process. Good for setup and
              debugging.

       -q --quiet
              Do not print any progress or error information during the reading process.

       -e --stderr-progress
              Force output of progress information to stderr (for wrapper scripts).

       -V --version
              Print the program version and quit.

       -Q --query
              Perform CD-ROM drive autosense, query and print the CD-ROM table of contents,  then
              quit.

       -s --search-for-drive
              Forces a complete search for a cdrom drive, even if the /dev/cdrom link exists.

       -h --help
              Print a brief synopsis of cd-paranoia usage and options.

       -l --log-summary file
              Save result summary to file.

       -p --output-raw
              Output headerless data as raw 16 bit PCM data with interleaved samples in host byte
              order.  To force little or big endian byte order, use -r or -R as described below.

       -r --output-raw-little-endian
              Output headerless data as raw 16 bit PCM data with interleaved samples in LSB first
              byte order.

       -R --output-raw-big-endian
              Output headerless data as raw 16 bit PCM data with interleaved samples in MSB first
              byte order.

       -w --output-wav
              Output data in Micro$oft RIFF WAV format (note that WAV data is  always  LSB  first
              byte order).

       -f --output-aiff
              Output  data  in Apple AIFF format (note that AIFC data is always in MSB first byte
              order).

       -a --output-aifc
              Output data in uncompressed Apple AIFF-C format (note that AIFF-C data is always in
              MSB first byte order).

       -B --batch

              Cdda2wav-style  batch  output flag; cd-paranoia will split the output into multiple
              files at track boundaries.  Output file names are prepended with 'track#.'

       -c --force-cdrom-little-endian
              Some CD-ROM drives misreport their endianness (or do not report it  at  all);  it's
              possible  that  cd-paranoia will guess wrong.  Use -c to force cd-paranoia to treat
              the drive as a little endian device.

       -C --force-cdrom-big-endian
              As above but force cd-paranoia to treat the drive as a big endian device.

       -n --force-default-sectors n
              Force the interface backend to do atomic reads of n sectors per read.  This  number
              can  be  misleading; the kernel will often split read requests into multiple atomic
              reads (the automated Paranoia code is aware of this) or allow reads  only  wihin  a
              restricted size range.  This option should generally not be used.

       -d --force-cdrom-device device
              Force  the interface backend to read from device rather than the first readable CD-
              ROM drive it finds containing a CD-DA disc.  This can be used to specify devices of
              any valid interface type (ATAPI, SCSI or proprietary).

       -g --force-generic-device device
              This option is an alias for -d and is retained for compatibility.

       -S --force-read-speed number
              Use  this option explicitly to set the read rate of the CD drive (where supported).
              This can reduce underruns on machines with slow disks, or which are low on memory.

       -t --toc-offset number
              Use this option to force the entire disc LBA  addressing  to  shift  by  the  given
              amount;  the  value is added to the beginning offsets in the TOC.  This can be used
              to shift track boundaries for the whole disc manually on sector  granularity.   The
              next option does something similar...

       -T --toc-bias
              Some  drives  (usually  random  Toshibas)  report the actual track beginning offset
              values in the TOC, but then treat the beginning of track 1 index 1 as sector 0  for
              all read operations.  This results in every track seeming to start too late (losing
              a bit of the beginning and catching a bit of the next track).  -T accounts for this
              behavior.   Note that this option will cause cd-paranoia to attempt to read sectors
              before or past the known user data area of the disc, resulting in  read  errors  at
              disc edges on most drives and possibly even hard lockups on some buggy hardware.

       -O --sample-offset number
              Some  CD-ROM/CD-R  drives will add an offset to the position on reading audio data.
              This is usually around 500-700 audio samples (ca. 1/75 second) on reading. So  when
              cd-paranoia  queries  a  specific sector, it might not receive exactly that sector,
              but shifted by some amount.

       Use this option to force the entire disc to shift sample  position  output  by  the  given
       amount;  This  can be used to shift track boundaries for the whole disc manually on sample
       granularity. Note that if you are ripping something including the ending of the  CD  (e.g.
       the  entire  disk),  this option will cause cd-paranoia to attempt to read partial sectors
       before or past the known user data area, probably causing read errors on most  drives  and
       possibly even hard lockups on some buggy hardware.

       -Z --disable-paranoia
              Disable  all data verification and correction features.  When using -Z, cd-paranoia
              reads data exactly as would cdda2wav with an overlap setting of zero.  This  option
              implies that -Y is active.

       -z --never-skip[=max_retries]
              Do  not  accept  any skips; retry forever if needed.  An optional maximum number of
              retries can be specified; for comparison, default without -z is currently 20.

       -Y --disable-extra-paranoia
              Disables intra-read data verification; only overlap checking at read boundaries  is
              performed.  It  can  wedge  if  errors  occur  in  the  attempted overlap area. Not
              recommended.

       -X --abort-on-skip
              If the read skips due to imperfect data, a scratch, whatever,  abort  reading  this
              track.  If output is to a file, delete the partially completed file.

       -x --test-flags mask
              Simulate  CD-reading  errors.  This  is  used in regression testing, but other uses
              might be to see how well a CD-ROM performs under (simulated) CD  degradation.  mask
              specifies  the  artificial  kinds of errors to introduced; "or"-ing values from the
              selection below will simulate the kind of specified failure.

            0x10  - Simulate under-run reading

       OUTPUT SMILIES

         :-)  Normal operation, low/no jitter

         :-|  Normal operation, considerable jitter

         :-/  Read drift

         :-P  Unreported loss of streaming in atomic read operation

         8-|  Finding read problems at same point during reread; hard to correct

         :-0  SCSI/ATAPI transport error

         :-(  Scratch detected

         ;-(  Gave up trying to perform a correction

         8-X  Aborted read due to known, uncorrectable error

         :^D  Finished extracting

PROGRESS BAR SYMBOLS

       <space>
              No corrections needed

          -   Jitter correction required

          +   Unreported loss of streaming/other error in read

          !   Errors found after stage 1 correction; the drive is making the same  error  through
              multiple re-reads, and cd-paranoia is having trouble detecting them.

          e   SCSI/ATAPI transport error (corrected)

          V   Uncorrected error/skip

SPAN ARGUMENT

       The  span  argument  specifies which track, tracks or subsections of tracks to read.  This
       argument is required.  NOTE: Unless the span is a simple number,  it's  generally  a  good
       idea to quote the span argument to protect it from the shell.

       The  span  argument  may  be  a  simple track number or an offset/span specification.  The
       syntax of an offset/span takes the rough form:

       1[ww:xx:yy.zz]-2[aa:bb:cc.dd]

       Here, 1 and 2 are track numbers; the numbers in brackets provide a  finer  grained  offset
       within  a particular track. [aa:bb:cc.dd] is in hours/minutes/seconds/sectors format. Zero
       fields need not be specified: [::20], [:20], [20], [20.], etc,  would  be  interpreted  as
       twenty  seconds, [10:] would be ten minutes, [.30] would be thirty sectors (75 sectors per
       second).

       When only a single offset is supplied, it is interpreted as a starting offset and  ripping
       will  continue  to the end of the track.  If a single offset is preceeded or followed by a
       hyphen, the implicit missing offset is  taken  to  be  the  start  or  end  of  the  disc,
       respectively. Thus:

       1:[20.35]
              Specifies ripping from track 1, second 20, sector 35 to the end of track 1.

       1:[20.35]-
              Specifies ripping from 1[20.35] to the end of the disc

       -2     Specifies ripping from the beginning of the disc up to (and including) track 2

       -2:[30.35]
              Specifies ripping from the beginning of the disc up to 2:[30.35]

       2-4    Specifies ripping from the beginning of track 2 to the end of track 4.

       Again, don't forget to protect square brackets and preceeding hyphens from the shell.

EXAMPLES

       A few examples, protected from the shell:

       Query only with exhaustive search for a drive and full reporting of autosense:

              cd-paranoia -vsQ

       Extract an entire disc, putting each track in a seperate file:

              cd-paranoia -B

       Extract from track 1, time 0:30.12 to 1:10.00:

              cd-paranoia "1[:30.12]-1[1:10]"

       Extract from the beginning of the disc up to track 3:

              cd-paranoia -- "-3"

       The "--" above is to distinguish "-3" from an option flag.

OUTPUT

       The  output  file  argument  is  optional; if it is not specified, cd-paranoia will output
       samples to one of cdda.wav, cdda.aifc, or cdda.raw depending on whether -w, -a, -r  or  -R
       is  used  (-w  is the implicit default).  The output file argument of - specifies standard
       output; all data formats may be piped.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

       cd-paranoia sprang from and once drew heavily from  the  interface  of  Heiko  Eissfeldt's
       (heiko@colossus.escape.de) 'cdda2wav' package. cd-paranoia would not have happened without
       it.

       Joerg Schilling has also contributed SCSI expertise through  his  generic  SCSI  transport
       library.

AUTHOR

       Monty <monty@xiph.org>

       Cdparanoia's homepage may be found at: http://www.xiph.org/paranoia/

       Revised for use with libcdio by Rocky <rocky@gnu.org>

       The libcdio homepage may be found at: http://www.gnu.org/software/libcdio

                              version III release alpha 9.8 libcdio                cd-paranoia(1)