Provided by: postgresql-client-8.4_8.4.11-1_amd64 bug

NAME

       createdb - create a new PostgreSQL database

SYNOPSIS

       createdb [ option... ]  [ dbname ]  [ description ]

DESCRIPTION

       createdb creates a new PostgreSQL database.

       Normally,  the  database  user  who  executes  this  command  becomes the owner of the new
       database.  However a different owner can be specified via the -O option, if the  executing
       user has appropriate privileges.

       createdb  is a wrapper around the SQL command CREATE DATABASE [create_database(7)].  There
       is no effective difference between creating databases  via  this  utility  and  via  other
       methods for accessing the server.

OPTIONS

       createdb accepts the following command-line arguments:

       dbname Specifies the name of the database to be created. The name must be unique among all
              PostgreSQL databases in this cluster.  The default is to create a database with the
              same name as the current system user.

       description
              Specifies a comment to be associated with the newly created database.

       -D tablespace

       --tablespace tablespace
              Specifies the default tablespace for the database.

       -e

       --echo Echo the commands that createdb generates and sends to the server.

       -l locale

       --locale locale
              Specifies  the locale to be used in this database. This is equivalent to specifying
              both --lc-collate and --lc-ctype.

       --lc-collate locale
              Specifies the LC_COLLATE setting to be used in this database.

       --lc-ctype locale
              Specifies the LC_CTYPE setting to be used in this database.

       -E encoding

       --encoding encoding
              Specifies the character encoding scheme to be used in this database. The  character
              sets supported by the PostgreSQL server are described in in the documentation.

       -O owner

       --owner owner
              Specifies the database user who will own the new database.

       -T template

       --template template
              Specifies the template database from which to build this database.

       The  options  -D,  -E,  -l, -O, and -T correspond to options of the underlying SQL command
       CREATE DATABASE [create_database(7)]; see there for more information about them.

       createdb also accepts the following command-line arguments for connection parameters:

       -h host

       --host host
              Specifies the host name of the machine on which the server is running. If the value
              begins with a slash, it is used as the directory for the Unix domain socket.

       -p port

       --port port
              Specifies  the TCP port or the local Unix domain socket file extension on which the
              server is listening for connections.

       -U username

       --username username
              User name to connect as.

       -w

       --no-password
              Never issue a password prompt. If the server requires password authentication and a
              password  is  not  available  by other means such as a .pgpass file, the connection
              attempt will fail. This option can be useful in batch jobs  and  scripts  where  no
              user is present to enter a password.

       -W

       --password
              Force createdb to prompt for a password before connecting to a database.

              This  option  is  never  essential,  since createdb will automatically prompt for a
              password if the server demands password  authentication.   However,  createdb  will
              waste  a  connection attempt finding out that the server wants a password.  In some
              cases it is worth typing -W to avoid the extra connection attempt.

ENVIRONMENT

       PGDATABASE
              If set, the name of the database to create, unless overridden on the command line.

       PGHOST

       PGPORT

       PGUSER Default connection parameters. PGUSER also determines the name of the  database  to
              create, if it is not specified on the command line or by PGDATABASE.

       This  utility,  like  most other PostgreSQL utilities, also uses the environment variables
       supported by libpq (see in the documentation).

DIAGNOSTICS

       In  case  of  difficulty,  see  CREATE  DATABASE  [create_database(7)]  and  psql(1)   for
       discussions of potential problems and error messages.  The database server must be running
       at the targeted host. Also, any default connection settings and environment variables used
       by the libpq front-end library will apply.

EXAMPLES

       To create the database demo using the default database server:

       $ createdb demo

       To  create  the  database  demo using the server on host eden, port 5000, using the LATIN1
       encoding scheme with a look at the underlying command:

       $ createdb -p 5000 -h eden -E LATIN1 -e demo
       CREATE DATABASE demo ENCODING 'LATIN1';

SEE ALSO

       dropdb(1), CREATE DATABASE [create_database(7)]