Provided by: ctdb_1.11+git20111102-2_amd64 bug


       ctdbd - The CTDB cluster daemon



       ctdbd [-? --help] [-d --debug=<INTEGER>] {--dbdir=<directory>}
             {--dbdir-persistent=<directory>} [--event-script-dir=<directory>] [-i --interactive]
             [--listen=<address>] [--logfile=<filename>] [--lvs] {--nlist=<filename>}
             [--no-lmaster] [--no-recmaster] [--nosetsched] {--notification-script=<filename>}
             [--public-addresses=<filename>] [--public-interface=<interface>]
             {--reclock=<filename>} [--single-public-ip=<address>] [--socket=<filename>]
             [--start-as-disabled] [--start-as-stopped] [--syslog]
             [--log-ringbuf-size=<num-entries>] [--torture] [--transport=<STRING>] [--usage]


       ctdbd is the main ctdb daemon.

       ctdbd provides a clustered version of the TDB database with automatic rebuild/recovery of
       the databases upon nodefailures.

       Combined with a cluster filesystem ctdbd provides a full HA environment for services such
       as clustered Samba and NFS as well as other services.

       ctdbd provides monitoring of all nodes in the cluster and automatically reconfigures the
       cluster and recovers upon node failures.

       ctdbd is the main component in clustered Samba that provides a high-availability
       load-sharing CIFS server cluster.


       -? --help
           Print some help text to the screen.

       -d --debug=<DEBUGLEVEL>
           This option sets the debuglevel on the ctdbd daemon which controls what will be
           written to the logfile. The default is 0 which will only log important events and
           errors. A larger number will provide additional logging.

           This is the directory on local storage where ctdbd keeps the local copy of the TDB
           databases. This directory is local for each node and should not be stored on the
           shared cluster filesystem.

           This directory would usually be /var/ctdb .

           This is the directory on local storage where ctdbd keeps the local copy of the
           persistent TDB databases. This directory is local for each node and should not be
           stored on the shared cluster filesystem.

           This directory would usually be /etc/ctdb/persistent .

           This option is used to specify the directory where the CTDB event scripts are stored.

           This will normally be /etc/ctdb/events.d which is part of the ctdb distribution.

       -i --interactive
           By default ctdbd will detach itself from the shell and run in the background as a
           daemon. This option makes ctdbd to start in interactive mode.

           This specifies which ip address ctdb will bind to. By default ctdbd will bind to the
           first address it finds in the /etc/ctdb/nodes file and which is also present on the
           local system in which case you do not need to provide this option.

           This option is only required when you want to run multiple ctdbd daemons/nodes on the
           same physical host in which case there would be multiple entries in /etc/ctdb/nodes
           what would match a local interface.

           This is the file where ctdbd will write its log. This is usually /var/log/log.ctdb .

           This option is used to activate the LVS capability on a CTDB node. Please see the LVS

           This file contains a list of the private ip addresses of every node in the cluster.
           There is one line/ip address for each node. This file must be the same for all nodes
           in the cluster.

           This file is usually /etc/ctdb/nodes .

           This argument specifies that this node can NOT become an lmaster for records in the
           database. This means that it will never show up in the vnnmap. This feature is
           primarily used for making a cluster span across a WAN link and use CTDB as a

           Please see the "remote cluster nodes" section for more information.

           This argument specifies that this node can NOT become a recmaster for the database.
           This feature is primarily used for making a cluster span across a WAN link and use
           CTDB as a WAN-accelerator.

           Please see the "remote cluster nodes" section for more information.

           This is a ctdbd debugging option. this option is only used when debugging ctdbd.

           Normally ctdb will change its scheduler to run as a real-time process. This is the
           default mode for a normal ctdbd operation to gurarantee that ctdbd always gets the cpu
           cycles that it needs.

           This option is used to tell ctdbd to NOT run as a real-time process and instead run
           ctdbd as a normal userspace process. This is useful for debugging and when you want to
           run ctdbd under valgrind or gdb. (You don´t want to attach valgrind or gdb to a
           real-time process.)

           This specifies a script which will be invoked by ctdb when certain state changes occur
           in ctdbd and when you may want to trigger this to run certain scripts.

           This file is usually /etc/ctdb/ .

           See the NOTIFICATION SCRIPT section below for more information.

           When used with IP takeover this specifies a file containing the public ip addresses to
           use on the cluster. This file contains a list of ip addresses netmasks and interfaces.
           When ctdb is operational it will distribute these public ip addresses evenly across
           the available nodes.

           This is usually the file /etc/ctdb/public_addresses

           This option tells ctdb which interface to attach public-addresses to and also where to
           attach the single-public-ip when used.

           This is only required when using public ip addresses and only when you don´t specify
           the interface explicitly in /etc/ctdb/public_addresses or when you are using

           If you omit this argument when using public addresses or single public ip, ctdb will
           not be able to send out Gratious ARPs correctly or be able to kill tcp connections
           correctly which will lead to application failures.

           This is the name of the lock file stored of the shared cluster filesystem that ctdbd
           uses to prevent split brains from occuring. This file must be stored on shared

           It is possible to run CTDB without a reclock file, but then there will be no
           protection against split brain if the network becomes partitioned. Using CTDB without
           a reclock file is strongly discouraged.

           This specifies the name of the domain socket that ctdbd will create. This socket is
           used for local clients to attach to and communicate with the ctdbd daemon.

           The default is /tmp/ctdb.socket . You only need to use this option if you plan to run
           multiple ctdbd daemons on the same physical host.

           This makes the ctdb daemon to be DISABLED when it starts up.

           As it is DISABLED it will not get any of the public ip addresses allocated to it, and
           thus this allow you to start ctdb on a node without causing any ip address to failover
           from other nodes onto the new node.

           When used, the administrator must keep track of when nodes start and manually enable
           them again using the "ctdb enable" command, or else the node will not host any

           A node that is DISABLED will not host any services and will not be reachable/used by
           any clients.

           This makes the ctdb daemon to be STOPPED when it starts up.

           A node that is STOPPED does not host any public addresses. It is not part of the
           VNNMAP so it does act as an LMASTER. It also has all databases locked in recovery mode
           until restarted.

           To restart and activate a STOPPED node, the command "ctdb continue" is used.

           A node that is STOPPED will not host any services and will not be reachable/used by
           any clients.

           Send all log messages to syslog instead of to the ctdb logfile.

           In addition to the normal loggign to a log file, CTDBD also keeps a in-memory
           ringbuffer containing the most recent log entries for all log levels (except DEBUG).

           This is useful since it allows for keeping continuous logs to a file at a reasonable
           non-verbose level, but shortly after an incident has occured, a much more detailed log
           can be pulled from memory. This can allow you to avoid having to reproduce an issue
           due to the on-disk logs being of insufficient detail.

           This in-memory ringbuffer contains a fixed number of the most recent entries. This is
           settable at startup either through the --log-ringbuf-size argument, or preferably by
           using CTDB_LOG_RINGBUF_SIZE in the sysconfig file.

           Use the "ctdb getlog" command to access this log.

           This option is only used for development and testing of ctdbd. It adds artificial
           errors and failures to the common codepaths in ctdbd to verify that ctdbd can recover
           correctly for failures.

           You do NOT want to use this option unless you are developing and testing new
           functionality in ctdbd.

           This option specifies which transport to use for ctdbd internode communications. The
           default is "tcp".

           Currently only "tcp" is supported but "infiniband" might be implemented in the future.

           Print useage information to the screen.


       When used for ip takeover in a HA environment, each node in a ctdb cluster has multiple ip
       addresses assigned to it. One private and one or more public.

   Private address
       This is the physical ip address of the node which is configured in linux and attached to a
       physical interface. This address uniquely identifies a physical node in the cluster and is
       the ip addresses that ctdbd will use to communicate with the ctdbd daemons on the other
       nodes in the cluster.

       The private addresses are configured in /etc/ctdb/nodes (unless the --nlist option is
       used) and contain one line for each node in the cluster. Each line contains the private ip
       address for one node in the cluster. This file must be the same on all nodes in the

       Since the private addresses are only available to the network when the corresponding node
       is up and running you should not use these addresses for clients to connect to services
       provided by the cluster. Instead client applications should only attach to the public
       addresses since these are guaranteed to always be available.

       When using ip takeover, it is strongly recommended that the private addresses are
       configured on a private network physically separated from the rest of the network and that
       this private network is dedicated to CTDB traffic.

             Example /etc/ctdb/nodes for a four node cluster:


   Public address
       A public address on the other hand is not attached to an interface. This address is
       managed by ctdbd itself and is attached/detached to a physical node at runtime.

       The ctdb cluster will assign/reassign these public addresses across the available healthy
       nodes in the cluster. When one node fails, its public address will be migrated to and
       taken over by a different node in the cluster to ensure that all public addresses are
       always available to clients as long as there are still nodes available capable of hosting
       this address.

       These addresses are not physically attached to a specific node. The ´ctdb ip´ command can
       be used to view the current assignment of public addresses and which physical node is
       currently serving it.

       On each node this file contains a list of the public addresses that this node is capable
       of hosting. The list also contain the netmask and the interface where this address should
       be attached for the case where you may want to serve data out through multiple different

             Example /etc/ctdb/public_addresses for a node that can host 4 public addresses:


       In most cases this file would be the same on all nodes in a cluster but there are
       exceptions when one may want to use different files on different nodes.

            Example: 4 nodes partitioned into two subgroups :

                Node 0:/etc/ctdb/public_addresses

                Node 1:/etc/ctdb/public_addresses

                Node 2:/etc/ctdb/public_addresses

                Node 3:/etc/ctdb/public_addresses

       In this example nodes 0 and 1 host two public addresses on the 10.1.1.x network while
       nodes 2 and 3 host two public addresses for the 10.2.1.x network.

       Ip address can be hosted by either of nodes 0 or 1 and will be available to
       clients as long as at least one of these two nodes are available. If both nodes 0 and node
       1 become unavailable also becomes unavailable. can not be failed over to
       node 2 or node 3 since these nodes do not have this ip address listed in their public
       addresses file.


       The current status of each node in the cluster can be viewed by the ´ctdb status´ command.

       There are five possible states for a node.

       OK - This node is fully functional.

       DISCONNECTED - This node could not be connected through the network and is currently not
       particpating in the cluster. If there is a public IP address associated with this node it
       should have been taken over by a different node. No services are running on this node.

       DISABLED - This node has been administratively disabled. This node is still functional and
       participates in the CTDB cluster but its IP addresses have been taken over by a different
       node and no services are currently being hosted.

       UNHEALTHY - A service provided by this node is malfunctioning and should be investigated.
       The CTDB daemon itself is operational and participates in the cluster. Its public IP
       address has been taken over by a different node and no services are currently being
       hosted. All unhealthy nodes should be investigated and require an administrative action to

       BANNED - This node failed too many recovery attempts and has been banned from
       participating in the cluster for a period of RecoveryBanPeriod seconds. Any public IP
       address has been taken over by other nodes. This node does not provide any services. All
       banned nodes should be investigated and require an administrative action to rectify. This
       node does not perticipate in the CTDB cluster but can still be communicated with. I.e.
       ctdb commands can be sent to it.

       STOPPED - A node that is stopped does not host any public ip addresses, nor is it part of
       the VNNMAP. A stopped node can not become LVSMASTER, RECMASTER or NATGW. This node does
       not perticipate in the CTDB cluster but can still be communicated with. I.e. ctdb commands
       can be sent to it.


       These are the public tuneables that can be used to control how ctdb behaves.

       Default: 1

       How often should the nodes send keepalives to eachother.

       Default: 5

       After how many keepalive intervals without any traffic should a node wait until marking
       the peer as DISCONNECTED.

       Default: 15

       How often should ctdb run the event scripts to check for a nodes health.

       Default: 20

       How often will ctdb record and store the "tickle" information used to kickstart stalled
       tcp connections after a recovery.

       Default: 20

       How long should ctdb let an event script run before aborting it and marking the node

       Default: 300

       If a node becomes banned causing repetitive recovery failures. The node will eventually
       become banned from the cluster. This controls how long the culprit node will be banned
       from the cluster before it is allowed to try to join the cluster again. Don´t set to
       small. A node gets banned for a reason and it is usually due to real problems with the

       Default: 100000

       Size of the hash chains for the local store of the tdbs that ctdb manages.

       Default: 10

       Once a recovery has completed, no additional recoveries are permitted until this timeout
       has expired.

       Default: 1

       When set to 0, this disables BANNING completely in the cluster and thus nodes can not get
       banned, even it they break. Don´t set to 0.

       Default: 1

       When enabled, this tunable makes ctdb try to keep public IP addresses locked to specific
       nodes as far as possible. This makes it easier for debugging since you can know that as
       long as all nodes are healthy public IP X will always be hosted by node Y.

       The cost of using deterministic IP address assignment is that it disables part of the
       logic where ctdb tries to reduce the number of public IP assignment changes in the
       cluster. This tunable may increase the number of IP failover/failbacks that are performed
       on the cluster by a small margin.

       Default: 0

       When set, As soon as a node becomes unhealthy, that node will also automatically become
       permanently DISABLED. Once a node is DISABLED, the only way to make it participate in the
       cluster again and host services is by manually enabling the node again using ´ctdb

       This disables parts of the resilience and robustness of the cluster and should ONLY be
       used when the system administrator is actively monitoring the cluster, so that nodes can
       be enabled again.

       Default: 0

       When set to 1, ctdb will not perform failback of IP addresses when a node becomes healthy.
       Ctdb WILL perform failover of public IP addresses when a node becomes UNHEALTHY, but when
       the node becomes HEALTHY again, ctdb will not fail the addresses back.

       Use with caution! Normally when a node becomes available to the cluster ctdb will try to
       reassign public IP addresses onto the new node as a way to distribute the workload evenly
       across the clusternode. Ctdb tries to make sure that all running nodes have approximately
       the same number of public addresses it hosts.

       When you enable this tunable, CTDB will no longer attempt to rebalance the cluster by
       failing IP addresses back to the new nodes. An unbalanced cluster will therefore remain
       unbalanced until there is manual intervention from the administrator. When this parameter
       is set, you can manually fail public IP addresses over to the new node(s) using the ´ctdb
       moveip´ command.


       LVS is a mode where CTDB presents one single IP address for the entire cluster. This is an
       alternative to using public IP addresses and round-robin DNS to loadbalance clients across
       the cluster.

       This is similar to using a layer-4 loadbalancing switch but with some restrictions.

       In this mode the cluster select a set of nodes in the cluster and loadbalance all client
       access to the LVS address across this set of nodes. This set of nodes are all LVS capable
       nodes that are HEALTHY, or if no HEALTHY nodes exists all LVS capable nodes regardless of
       health status. LVS will however never loadbalance traffic to nodes that are BANNED,
       STOPPED, DISABLED or DISCONNECTED. The "ctdb lvs" command is used to show which nodes are
       currently load-balanced across.

       One of the these nodes are elected as the LVSMASTER. This node receives all traffic from
       clients coming in to the LVS address and multiplexes it across the internal network to one
       of the nodes that LVS is using. When responding to the client, that node will send the
       data back directly to the client, bypassing the LVSMASTER node. The command "ctdb
       lvsmaster" will show which node is the current LVSMASTER.

       The path used for a client i/o is thus :

                (1) Client sends request packet to LVSMASTER
                (2) LVSMASTER passes the request on to one node across the internal network.
                (3) Selected node processes the request.
                (4) Node responds back to client.

       This means that all incoming traffic to the cluster will pass through one physical node,
       which limits scalability. You can send more data to the LVS address that one physical node
       can multiplex. This means that you should not use LVS if your I/O pattern is
       write-intensive since you will be limited in the available network bandwidth that node can
       handle. LVS does work wery well for read-intensive workloads where only smallish READ
       requests are going through the LVSMASTER bottleneck and the majority of the traffic volume
       (the data in the read replies) goes straight from the processing node back to the clients.
       For read-intensive i/o patterns you can acheive very high throughput rates in this mode.

       Note: you can use LVS and public addresses at the same time.

       To activate LVS on a CTDB node you must specify CTDB_PUBLIC_INTERFACE and
       CTDB_LVS_PUBLIC_ADDRESS in /etc/sysconfig/ctdb.

       You must also specify the "--lvs" command line argument to ctdbd to activate LVS as a
       capability of the node. This should be done automatically for you by the /etc/init.d/ctdb



       If you use LVS, you must still have a real/permanent address configured for the public
       interface on each node. This address must be routable and the cluster nodes must be
       configured so that all traffic back to client hosts are routed through this interface.
       This is also required in order to allow samba/winbind on the node to talk to the domain
       controller. (we can not use the lvs IP address to initiate outgoing traffic)

       I.e. make sure that you can "ping" both the domain controller and also all of the clients
       from the node BEFORE you enable LVS. Also make sure that when you ping these hosts that
       the traffic is routed out through the eth0 interface.


       It is possible to have a CTDB cluster that spans across a WAN link. For example where you
       have a CTDB cluster in your datacentre but you also want to have one additional CTDB node
       located at a remote branch site. This is similar to how a WAN accelerator works but with
       the difference that while a WAN-accelerator often acts as a Proxy or a MitM, in the ctdb
       remote cluster node configuration the Samba instance at the remote site IS the genuine
       server, not a proxy and not a MitM, and thus provides 100% correct CIFS semantics to

       See the cluster as one single multihomed samba server where one of the NICs (the remote
       node) is very far away.

       NOTE: This does require that the cluster filesystem you use can cope with WAN-link
       latencies. Not all cluster filesystems can handle WAN-link latencies! Whether this will
       provide very good WAN-accelerator performance or it will perform very poorly depends
       entirely on how optimized your cluster filesystem is in handling high latency for data and
       metadata operations.

       To activate a node as being a remote cluster node you need to set the following two
       parameters in /etc/sysconfig/ctdb for the remote node:


       Verify with the command "ctdb getcapabilities" that that node no longer has the recmaster
       or the lmaster capabilities.


       Sometimes it is desireable to run services on the CTDB node which will need to originate
       outgoing traffic to external servers. This might be contacting NIS servers, LDAP servers
       etc. etc.

       This can sometimes be problematic since there are situations when a node does not have any
       public ip addresses assigned. This could be due to the nobe just being started up and no
       addresses have been assigned yet or it could be that the node is UNHEALTHY in which case
       all public addresses have been migrated off.

       If then the service status of CTDB depends on such services being able to always being
       able to originate traffic to external resources this becomes extra troublesome. The node
       might be UNHEALTHY because the service can not be reached, and the service can not be
       reached because the node is UNHEALTHY.

       There are two ways to solve this problem. The first is by assigning a static ip address
       for one public interface on every node which will allow every node to be able to route
       traffic to the public network even if there are no public addresses assigned to the node.
       This is the simplest way but it uses up a lot of ip addresses since you have to assign
       both static and also public addresses to each node.

       A second way is to use the built in NAT-GW feature in CTDB. With NAT-GW you assign one
       public NATGW address for each natgw group. Each NATGW group is a set of nodes in the
       cluster that shares the same NATGW address to talk to the outside world. Normally there
       would only be one NATGW group spanning the entire cluster, but in situations where one
       ctdb cluster spans multiple physical sites it is useful to have one NATGW group for each
       of the two sites.

       There can be multiple NATGW groups in one cluster but each node can only be member of one
       NATGW group.

       In each NATGW group, one of the nodes is designated the NAT Gateway through which all
       traffic that is originated by nodes in this group will be routed through if a public
       addresses are not available.

       NAT-GW is configured in /etc/sysconfigctdb by setting the following variables:

           # NAT-GW configuration
           # Some services running on nthe CTDB node may need to originate traffic to
           # remote servers before the node is assigned any IP addresses,
           # This is problematic since before the node has public addresses the node might
           # not be able to route traffic to the public networks.
           # One solution is to have static public addresses assigned with routing
           # in addition to the public address interfaces, thus guaranteeing that
           # a node always can route traffic to the external network.
           # This is the most simple solution but it uses up a large number of
           # additional ip addresses.
           # A more complex solution is NAT-GW.
           # In this mode we only need one additional ip address for the cluster from
           # the exsternal public network.
           # One of the nodes in the cluster is elected to be hosting this ip address
           # so it can reach the external services. This node is also configured
           # to use NAT MASQUERADING for all traffic from the internal private network
           # to the external network. This node is the NAT-GW node.
           # All other nodes are set up with a default rote with a metric of 10 to point
           # to the nat-gw node.
           # The effect of this is that only when a node does not have a public address
           # and thus no proper routes to the external world it will instead
           # route all packets through the nat-gw node.
           # CTDB_NATGW_NODES is the list of nodes that belong to this natgw group.
           # You can have multiple natgw groups in one cluster but each node
           # can only belong to one single natgw group.
           # CTDB_NATGW_PUBLIC_IP=
           # CTDB_NATGW_PUBLIC_IFACE=eth0
           # CTDB_NATGW_NODES=/etc/ctdb/natgw_nodes
           # Normally any node in the natgw group can act as the natgw master.
           # In some configurations you may have special nodes that is a part of the
           # cluster/natgw group, but where the node lacks connectivity to the
           # public network.
           # For these cases, set this variable to make these nodes not able to
           # become natgw master.
           # CTDB_NATGW_SLAVE_ONLY=yes

       This is an ip address in the public network that is used for all outgoing traffic when the
       public addresses are not assigned. This address will be assigned to one of the nodes in
       the cluster which will masquerade all traffic for the other nodes.

       Format of this parameter is IPADDRESS/NETMASK

       This is the physical interface where the CTDB_NATGW_PUBLIC_IP will be assigned to. This
       should be an interface connected to the public network.

       Format of this parameter is INTERFACE

       This is the default gateway to use on the node that is elected to host the
       CTDB_NATGW_PUBLIC_IP. This is the default gateway on the public network.

       Format of this parameter is IPADDRESS

       This is the network/netmask used for the interal private network.

       Format of this parameter is IPADDRESS/NETMASK

       This is the list of all nodes that belong to the same NATGW group as this node. The
       default is /etc/ctdb/natgw_nodes.

       When the NAT-GW functionality is used, one of the nodes is elected to act as a NAT router
       for all the other nodes in the group when they need to originate traffic to the external
       public network.

       The NAT-GW node is assigned the CTDB_NATGW_PUBLIC_IP to the designated interface and the
       provided default route. The NAT-GW is configured to act as a router and to masquerade all
       traffic it receives from the internal private network and which is destined to the
       external network(s).

       All other nodes in the group are configured with a default route of metric 10 pointing to
       the designated NAT GW node.

       This is implemented in the 11.natgw eventscript. Please see the eventscript for further

   Removing/Changing NATGW at runtime
       The following are the procedures to change/remove a NATGW configuration at runtime,
       without having to restart ctdbd.

       If you want to remove NATGW completely from a node, use these steps:

           1, Run ´CTDB_BASE=/etc/ctdb /etc/ctdb/events.d/11.natgw removenatgw´
           2, Then remove the configuration from /etc/sysconfig/ctdb

       If you want to change the NATGW configuration on a node :

           1, Run ´CTDB_BASE=/etc/ctdb /etc/ctdb/events.d/11.natgw removenatgw´
           2, Then change the configuration in /etc/sysconfig/ctdb
           3, Run ´CTDB_BASE=/etc/ctdb /etc/ctdb/events.d/11.natgw updatenatgw´


       Notification scripts are used with ctdb to have a call-out from ctdb to a user-specified
       script when certain state changes occur in ctdb. This is commonly to set up either sending
       SNMP traps or emails when a node becomes unhealthy and similar.

       This is activated by setting CTDB_NOTIFY_SCRIPT=<your script> in the sysconfig file, or by
       adding --notification-script=<your script>.

       See /etc/ctdb/ for an example script.

       CTDB currently generates notifications on these state changes:

       This call-out is triggered when the node changes to UNHEALTHY state.

       This call-out is triggered when the node changes to HEALTHY state.

       This call-out is triggered when ctdb has started up and all managed services are up and


       CTDB has support to manage the popular anti-virus daemon ClamAV. This support is
       implemented through the eventscript : /etc/ctdb/events.d/31.clamd.

       Start by configuring CLAMAV normally and test that it works. Once this is done, copy the
       configuration files over to all the nodes so that all nodes share identical CLAMAV
       configurations. Once this is done you can proceed with the intructions below to activate
       CTDB support for CLAMAV.

       First, to activate CLAMAV support in CTDB, edit /etc/sysconfig/ctdb and add the two lines


       Second, activate the eventscript

           ctdb enablescript 31.clamd

       Third, CTDB will now be starting and stopping this service accordingly, so make sure that
       the system is not configured to start/stop this service automatically. On RedHat systems
       you can disable the system starting/stopping CLAMAV automatically by running :

           chkconfig clamd off

       Once you have restarted CTDBD, use

           ctdb scriptstatus

       and verify that the 31.clamd eventscript is listed and that it was executed successfully.


       ctdb(1), onnode(1)


           Copyright (C) Andrew Tridgell 2007
           Copyright (C) Ronnie sahlberg 2007

           This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
           it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
           the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at
           your option) any later version.

           This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
           WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
           General Public License for more details.

           You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
           along with this program; if not, see