Provided by: defoma_0.11.12ubuntu1_all bug


       defoma - Debian Font Manager, a framework for automatic font configuration.


       defoma-font [options] command args..
       defoma-app [options] command args..
       defoma-subst [options] command args..


       Defoma  stands  for  Debian  Font  Manager.  It  provides  a  framework for automatic font
       configuration. This manpage introduces general Defoma concepts, please refer  the  manpage
       of defoma-font, defoma-app, or defoma-subst for the detailed information of each command.

       Fonts  are  used  by numerous applications, but generally need to be configured separately
       for each application. Defoma solves this  problem  by  calling  configuration  scripts  to
       update the font configuration of applications whenever a font is installed or removed.

       A  Defoma-configuration  script  is a perl library that each application should install as
       application-name.defoma under /usr/share/defoma/scripts and which configures  a  font  for
       that application. The following is an example of a script named foo.defoma.

       @ACCEPT_CATEGORIES = qw(type1 truetype);

       package foo;

       sub type1 {
         my $com = shift;

       sub truetype {
         my $com = shift;


       This  example  represents  an  application  foo that wants to configure truetype and type1
       category fonts. A function by the same name as the relevant category is called  by  Defoma
       with  a  command  as  the  first  argument, and then additional arguments depending on the
       command.  The following is a list of commands.

       * register
       * unregister
       * do-install-real do-install-alias do-install-subst
       * do-remove-real do-remove-alias do-remove-subst
       * init
       * term
       * purge

       do-install-* and do-remove-* commands are only called from Id cache.  init  and  term  are
       called at the start and end (respectively) of the entire process.

       Id  cache is another feature of Defoma. A common problem during automatic configuration is
       name space conflicts. Usually applications access fonts through logical font  names  (like
       XLFDs  and  PostScript  font  names) rather than the fonts themselves (as font filenames).
       Logical font names, called identifiers in Defoma, can easily conflict especially when font
       aliases are permitted. Through the Id cache mechanism, only one font is actually installed
       for each identifier even if it is provided by several fonts.

       Id Substitution is an additional feature of Id cache.  It selects a font to provide an  id
       specified  by  a  rulefile.   The  rulefile  describes rules giving required ids and their
       hints.  A rule is used to  have  more  similar-looking  fonts  with  the  same  characters
       substitute  for  a  required id. This feature can also be used for the purpose of grouping
       fonts into different categories.

       A category represents a type of font. Generally fonts that belong to the same category are
       configured the same way.

       Hints  represent essential font information and typeface information about the font.  They
       consist of some HintTypes and their values. They can be specified from  the  command  line
       options of defoma-font, or through a hintfile.

       Hintfile  describes  one or more fonts and their hints in a single file. It is supposed to
       be put under /etc/defoma/hints as a conffile, so that users can modify the hints.
       Below is an example hintfile.  defoma-hints is a tool to help generating hints as well  as
       the hintfile, so you do not have to create one from scratch.

       category type1
       begin /usr/share/fonts/type1/foo.pfa
         FontName = Helvetica
         Charset = ISO8859-1
         Family = Helvetica
         Weight = Medium
         Shape = Upright NoSerif
         GeneralFamily = SansSerif
         X-FontName = -urw-helvetica-medium-r-noraml--0-0-0-0-p-iso8859-1
       begin /usr/share/fonts/type1/foob.pfa
         FontName = Helvetica-Bold
         Charset = ISO8859-1
         Family = Helvetica
         Weight = Bold
         Shape = Upright NoSerif
         GeneralFamily = SansSerif
         X-FontName = -urw-helvetica-bold-r-noraml--0-0-0-0-p-iso8859-1


       defoma-font(1).    defoma-app(1).    defoma-subst(1).    defoma-hints(1).   defoma-psfont-
       installer(1).       defoma-reconfigure(1).       Defoma::Font(3pm).       Defoma::Id(3pm).
       Defoma::Subst(3pm).               Defoma::Common(3pm).              /usr/share/doc/defoma-

                                          March  4, 2001                                defoma(1)