Provided by: wireshark-common_1.6.7-1_amd64 bug


       dumpcap - Dump network traffic


       dumpcap [ -a <capture autostop condition> ] ...  [ -b <capture ring buffer option>] ...
       [ -B <capture buffer size> ]  [ -c <capture packet count> ] [ -d ] [ -D ]
       [ -f <capture filter> ] [ -h ] [ -i <capture interface>|- ] [ -I ] [ -L ] [ -n ] [ -M ]
       [ -p ] [ -q ] [ -s <capture snaplen> ] [ -S ] [ -v ] [ -w <outfile> ]
       [ -y <capture link type> ]


       Dumpcap is a network traffic dump tool.  It lets you capture packet data from a live
       network and write the packets to a file.  Dumpcap's native capture file format is libpcap
       format, which is also the format used by Wireshark, tcpdump and various other tools.  When
       the -n option is specified, the output file is written in the new pcapng format.

       Without any options set it will use the pcap library to capture traffic from the first
       available network interface and writes the received raw packet data, along with the
       packets' time stamps into a libpcap file.

       If the -w option is not specified, Dumpcap writes to a newly created libpcap file with a
       randomly chosen name.  If the -w option is specified, Dumpcap writes to the file specified
       by that option.

       Packet capturing is performed with the pcap library.  The capture filter syntax follows
       the rules of the pcap library.


       -a  <capture autostop condition>
           Specify a criterion that specifies when Dumpcap is to stop writing to a capture file.
           The criterion is of the form test:value, where test is one of:

           duration:value Stop writing to a capture file after value seconds have elapsed.

           filesize:value Stop writing to a capture file after it reaches a size of value
           kilobytes (where a kilobyte is 1024 bytes). If this option is used together with the
           -b option, dumpcap will stop writing to the current capture file and switch to the
           next one if filesize is reached.

           files:value Stop writing to capture files after value number of files were written.

       -b  <capture ring buffer option>
           Cause Dumpcap to run in "multiple files" mode.  In "multiple files" mode, Dumpcap will
           write to several capture files. When the first capture file fills up, Dumpcap will
           switch writing to the next file and so on.

           The created filenames are based on the filename given with the -w option, the number
           of the file and on the creation date and time, e.g. outfile_00001_20050604120117.pcap,
           outfile_00002_20050604120523.pcap, ...

           With the files option it's also possible to form a "ring buffer".  This will fill up
           new files until the number of files specified, at which point Dumpcap will discard the
           data in the first file and start writing to that file and so on. If the files option
           is not set, new files filled up until one of the capture stop conditions match (or
           until the disk is full).

           The criterion is of the form key:value, where key is one of:

           duration:value switch to the next file after value seconds have elapsed, even if the
           current file is not completely filled up.

           filesize:value switch to the next file after it reaches a size of value kilobytes
           (where a kilobyte is 1024 bytes).

           files:value begin again with the first file after value number of files were written
           (form a ring buffer).  This value must be less than 100000.  Caution should be used
           when using large numbers of files: some filesystems do not handle many files in a
           single directory well.  The files criterion requires either duration or filesize to be
           specified to control when to go to the next file.  It should be noted that each -b
           parameter takes exactly one criterion; to specify two criterion, each must be preceded
           by the -b option.

           Example: -b filesize:1024 -b files:5 results in a ring buffer of five files of size
           one megabyte.

       -B  <capture buffer size>
           Set capture buffer size (in MB, default is 1MB).  This is used by the the capture
           driver to buffer packet data until that data can be written to disk.  If you encounter
           packet drops while capturing, try to increase this size.  Note that, while Dumpcap
           attempts to set the buffer size to 1MB by default, and can be told to set it to a
           larger value, the system or interface on which you're capturing might silently limit
           the capture buffer size to a lower value or raise it to a higher value.

           This is available on UNIX systems with libpcap 1.0.0 or later and on Windows.  It is
           not available on UNIX systems with earlier versions of libpcap.

       -c  <capture packet count>
           Set the maximum number of packets to read when capturing live data.

       -d  Dump the code generated for the capture filter in a human-readable form, and exit.

       -D  Print a list of the interfaces on which Dumpcap can capture, and exit.  For each
           network interface, a number and an interface name, possibly followed by a text
           description of the interface, is printed.  The interface name or the number can be
           supplied to the -i option to specify an interface on which to capture.

           This can be useful on systems that don't have a command to list them (e.g., Windows
           systems, or UNIX systems lacking ifconfig -a); the number can be useful on Windows
           2000 and later systems, where the interface name is a somewhat complex string.

           Note that "can capture" means that Dumpcap was able to open that device to do a live
           capture. Depending on your system you may need to run dumpcap from an account with
           special privileges (for example, as root) to be able to capture network traffic.  If
           "dumpcap -D" is not run from such an account, it will not list any interfaces.

       -f  <capture filter>
           Set the capture filter expression.

           The entire filter expression must be specified as a single argument (which means that
           if it contains spaces, it must be quoted).

       -h  Print the version and options and exits.

       -i  <capture interface>|-
           Set the name of the network interface or pipe to use for live packet capture.

           Network interface names should match one of the names listed in "dumpcap -D"
           (described above); a number, as reported by "dumpcap -D", can also be used.  If you're
           using UNIX, "netstat -i" or "ifconfig -a" might also work to list interface names,
           although not all versions of UNIX support the -a option to ifconfig.

           If no interface is specified, Dumpcap searches the list of interfaces, choosing the
           first non-loopback interface if there are any non-loopback interfaces, and choosing
           the first loopback interface if there are no non-loopback interfaces. If there are no
           interfaces at all, Dumpcap reports an error and doesn't start the capture.

           Pipe names should be either the name of a FIFO (named pipe) or ``-'' to read data from
           the standard input.  Data read from pipes must be in standard libpcap format.

           Note: the Win32 version of Dumpcap doesn't support capturing from pipes or stdin!

       -I  Put the interface in "monitor mode"; this is supported only on IEEE 802.11 Wi-Fi
           interfaces, and supported only on some operating systems.

           Note that in monitor mode the adapter might disassociate from the network with which
           it's associated, so that you will not be able to use any wireless networks with that
           adapter.  This could prevent accessing files on a network server, or resolving host
           names or network addresses, if you are capturing in monitor mode and are not connected
           to another network with another adapter.

       -L  List the data link types supported by the interface and exit. The reported link types
           can be used for the -y option.

       -M  When used with -D, -L and -S, print machine-readable output.  The machine-readable
           output is intended to be read by Wireshark and TShark; its format is subject to change
           from release to release.

       -n  Write the output file in the pcap-ng format instead of the default pcap format.

       -p  Don't put the interface into promiscuous mode.  Note that the interface might be in
           promiscuous mode for some other reason; hence, -p cannot be used to ensure that the
           only traffic that is captured is traffic sent to or from the machine on which Dumpcap
           is running, broadcast traffic, and multicast traffic to addresses received by that

       -q  When capturing packets, don't display the continuous count of packets captured that is
           normally shown when saving a capture to a file; instead, just display, at the end of
           the capture, a count of packets captured.  On systems that support the SIGINFO signal,
           such as various BSDs, you can cause the current count to be displayed by typing your
           "status" character (typically control-T, although it might be set to "disabled" by
           default on at least some BSDs, so you'd have to explicitly set it to use it).

       -s  <capture snaplen>
           Set the default snapshot length to use when capturing live data.  No more than snaplen
           bytes of each network packet will be read into memory, or saved to disk.  A value of 0
           specifies a snapshot length of 65535, so that the full packet is captured; this is the

       -S  Print statistics for each interface once every second.

       -v  Print the version and exit.

       -w  <outfile>
           Write raw packet data to outfile.

           NOTE: The usage of "-" for stdout is not allowed here!

       -y  <capture link type>
           Set the data link type to use while capturing packets.  The values reported by -L are
           the values that can be used.


       See the manual page of pcap-filter(4) or, if that doesn't exist, tcpdump(8), or, if that
       doesn't exist, <>.


       wireshark(1), tshark(1), editcap(1), mergecap(1), capinfos(1), pcap-filter(4), tcpdump(8),


       Dumpcap is part of the Wireshark distribution.  The latest version of Wireshark can be
       found at <>.

       HTML versions of the Wireshark project man pages are available at: <>.


       Dumpcap is derived from the Wireshark capturing engine code; see the list of authors in
       the Wireshark man page for a list of authors of that code.