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NAME

       fls - List file and directory names in a disk image.

SYNOPSIS

       fls  [-adDFlpruvV]  [-m  mnt  ]  [-z  zone  ] [-f fstype ] [-s seconds ] [-i imgtype ] [-o
       imgoffset ] [-b dev_sector_size] image [images] [ inode ]

DESCRIPTION

       fls lists the files and directory names in  the  image  and  can  display  file  names  of
       recently  deleted files for the directory using the given inode.  If the inode argument is
       not given, the inode value for the root directory is used. For example, on  an  NTFS  file
       system it would be 5 and on a Ext3 file system it would be 2.

       The arguments are as follows:

       -a     Display the "." and ".." directory entries (by default it does not)

       -d     Display deleted entries only

       -D     Display directory entries only

       -f fstype
              The  type  of  file system.  Use '-f list' to list the supported file system types.
              If not given, autodetection methods are used.

       -F     Display file (all non-directory) entries only.

       -l     Display file details in long format.  The following contents are displayed:

              file_type inode file_name mod_time acc_time chg_time cre_time size uid gid

       -m mnt Display files in time machine format so that a timeline  can  be      created  with
              mactime(1).   The  string  given  as mnt will be prepended to the file names as the
              mounting point (for example /usr).

       -p     Display the full path for each entry.  By default it denotes the directory depth on
              recursive runs with a '+' sign.

       -r     Recursively display directories.  This will not follow deleted directories, because
              it can't.

       -s seconds
              The time skew of the original system in seconds.   For  example,  if  the  original
              system  was 100 seconds slow, this value would be -100.  This is only used if -l or
              -m are given.

       -i imgtype
              Identify the type of image file, such as raw or split.  Use '-i list' to  list  the
              supported types.  If not given, autodetection methods are used.

       -o imgoffset
              The sector offset where the file system starts in the image.

       -b dev_sector_size
              The  size,  in bytes, of the underlying device sectors.  If not given, the value in
              the image format is used (if it exists) or 512-bytes is assumed.

       -u     Display undeleted entries only

       -v     Verbose output to stderr.

       -V     Display version.

       -z zone
              The ASCII string of the time zone of the original system.  For example, EST or GMT.
              These strings must be defined by your operating system and may vary.

       image [images]
              One (or more if split) disk or partition images whose format is given with '-i'.

       Once  the  inode  has  been  determined,  the file can be recovered using icat(1) from The
       Coroners Toolkit.  The amount of information recovered from deleted  file  entries  varies
       depending  on  the  system.   For example, on Linux, a recently deleted file can be easily
       recovered, while in Solaris not even the inode can be determined.  If  you  just  want  to
       find what file name belongs to an inode, it is easier to use ffind(1).

EXAMPLES

       To get a list of all files and directories in an image use:

            # fls -r image 2

            or just (if no inode is specified, the root directory inode is used):

            # fls -r image

       To get the full path of deleted files in a given directory:

            # fls -d -p image 29

       To get the mactime output do:

            # fls -m /usr/local image 2

       If you have a disk image and the file system starts in sector 63, use:

            # fls -o 63 disk-img.dd

       If you have a disk image that is split use:

            # fls -i "split" -o 63 disk-1.dd disk-2.dd disk-3.dd

SEE ALSO

       ffind(1), icat(1)

AUTHOR

       Brian Carrier <carrier at sleuthkit dot org>

       Send documentation updates to <doc-updates at sleuthkit dot org>

                                                                                           FLS(1)