Provided by: flwm_1.02+cvs20080422-9_amd64 bug


       flwm - The Fast Light Window Manager


       flwm [-d[isplay] host:n.n] [-g[eometry] WxH+X+Y] [-fg color] [-bg color] [-bg2 color]


       flwm  is  a  very small and fast X window manager, featuring no icons and "sideways" title

.xinitrc / .xsession

       To run flwm as your login script, you need to create or replace ~/.xinitrc or  ~/.xsession
       (or  both).   Newer  Linux systems with a login panel use .xsession, older systems where X
       was started after login use .xinitrc.  You may also have to pick "default" from the  "type
       of session" popup in your login window.

       The .xinitrc or .xsession file should look like this:

       xsetroot -solid \#006060
       xrdb .Xresources
       # xset, xmodmap, other configuration programs
       flwm &
       # xterm, other automatically-launched programs
       wait $WindowManager


       -d[isplay] host:#.# Sets the display and screen for flwm to manage

       -v[isual] # Visual number to use (probably only works for non-color-mapped ones)

       -g[eometry]  WxH+X+Y  Flwm  will  act as though the screen is only the specified area.  It
       will constrain initial window positions to this area and  stop  them  at  the  edges  when
       dragging  them around.  This can be used to surround the screen with fixed "toolbars" that
       are never covered by  windows.   These  toolbars  must  be  created  by  a  program  using
       override-redirect so that flwm does not try to move them.

       -m[aximum]  WxH  Set  the  size of windows when the maximize buttons are pushed.  Normally
       this is the size of the screen. This is useful for XFree86 servers that  are  run  with  a
       smaller screen than display memory.

       -x The menu will say "Exit" instead of "Logout" and will not ask for confirmation. This is
       a good idea if you are running flwm in some other  way  than  with  exec  at  the  end  of
       .xinitrc, since it won't log you out then.

       -fg color, -bg color Set the label color and the color of the window frames and the menu.

       -c[ursor]  #  What  cursor  to use on the desktop (you will have to experiment to find out
       what each number means)

       -cfg color, -cbg color Colors for the desktop and window resizing cursors

       In addition to these switches there is much customization that can be done by editing  the
       config.h file in the source code and recompiling.  GCC is your friend.


       Flwm  can  launch  programs  from  its  menu. This is controlled by files in the directory
       ~/.wmx (this was chosen to be compatible with wmx and wm2).

       Each executable file in ~/.wmx is a program to run. Usually these are  symbolic  links  to
       the real program or very short shell scripts.

       Each subdirectory creates a child menu so you can build a hierarchy (up to 10 deep).

       Cut and paste the following lines you your shell to create some example files:

       mkdir ~/.wmx
       ln -s /usr/bin/gimp ~/.wmx/"The Gimp"
       cat << EOF > ~/.wmx/"Terminal"
       #! /bin/sh
       /usr/bin/rxvt -ut
       chmod +x !*

       On  Debian, flwm has been modified to support a system-wide menu /var/lib/flwm/wmx when no
       ~/.wmx exists, and scripts were added to take advantage of the  Debian  menu  system  (see


       Left-click on a window border raises window.

       Left-drag  will move the window when in the title bar, and will resize it in the edges. If
       the window cannot be resized then it will always move the  window.  What  it  will  do  is
       indicated by the cursor shape.

       Middle-click on a window border lowers it to bottom.

       Middle-drag anywhere on window border will move the window.

       When you move a window it will stop at the edges of the screen.  Dragging about 150 pixels
       further will unstick it and let you drag it off the screen.

       Right-click on a window border pops up the menu.

       Any button on the desktop will pop up the menu.


       The empty button "iconizes" the window: it will completely vanish. To get it back use  the

       The  vertical-bar  button  "shades" (or "Venetian blinds"?) the window.  Click it again to
       restore the window.  You can also resize the shaded window to a new height or "open" it by
       resizing horizontally.

       The two buttons below it toggle maximum height and/or maximum width.

       The X button at the bottom closes the window.


       Right-click on window border, or any-click on the desktop, or typing Alt+Esc or Alt+Tab or
       Alt+Shift+Tab will pop up the menu.

       Releasing Alt will pick the current menu item. This makes flwm work very  much  (exactly?)
       like the Windows 95 shortcuts.

       Each  main  window is a menu item. If the window is "iconized" the little picture shows an
       open rectangle, otherwise it shows a filled rectangle.  Picking a menu item deiconizes and
       raises that window and warps the pointer so it is current.

       New  desktop  asks  for  a  name  of  a new desktop and makes it current. The desktop will
       initially be empty (except for sticky items).

       To move windows to the current desktop, pop up the menu and  pick  windows  off  of  other
       desktops  (if  using  the keyboard, use left arrow to go to the desktop names, move up and
       down to the other desktop, and use right arrow to enter that desktop). The window will  be
       moved from the other desktop to the current one.

       To  switch  to  another desktop, pick the title of the desktop (if using the keyboard, use
       left arrow to go to the desktop names, move up and down to the other desktop).

       If a desktop is empty you can delete it. Its sub menu will show delete this desktop.  Pick
       that and the desktop is gone.

       Sticky  is  a  special  "desktop":  windows on it appear on all desktops. To make a window
       "sticky" switch to the Sticky desktop and pick the window off its  current  desktop  (thus
       "moving"  it  to the Sticky desktop). To "unstick" a window go to another desktop and pick
       the window off the sticky desktop menu.

       New xterm will run a new xterm on the current desktop. Useful if  you  accidentally  close
       everything. This item does not appear if a ~/.wmx directory exists.

       Logout will ask for confirmation and if so flwm will exit.

       Exit  will  exit flwm without confirmation. This item will appear if flwm was run with the
       -x switch.


       These are the defaults, the hot keys may be different depending on how flwm was compiled:

       Alt+Escape Pops up the menu with the current window preselected

       Alt+Tab Pops up the menu with the next window preselected

       Alt+Shift+Tab Pops up the menu with the previous window preselected

       Ctrl+Tab Switch to the next desktop.

       Ctrl+Shift+Tab Switch to the previous desktop.

       Ctrl+Function key Switch to desktop N.

       Alt+Up Raise the current window.

       Alt+Down Lower the current window.

       Alt+Delete Close the current window (same as clicking close box).

       Alt+Enter "Iconizes" (hides) the current window.


       It is impossible to move windows smaller than 100 pixels off the screen.

       Only obeys "keep aspect" if the aspect ratio is 1x1.


       This program was inspired by and much code copied from the "wm2" window manager  by  Chris
       Cannam <>

       Thanks to Ron Koerner for the recursive .wmx directory reading code.


       Copyright (C) 1999 Bill Spitzak

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU General Public License as  published  by  the  Free  Software  Foundation;  either
       version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

       This  program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR  PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this library;
       if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite  330,  Boston,
       MA 02111-1307 USA.


       Written by Bill Spitzak

                                           15 May 1999                                    flwm(1)