Provided by: elektra-bin_0.7.1-1_i386 bug


       kdb - Elektra key database command line administration tool


       kdb get [-dlr] key/name

       kdb set [-t type] [-d] [-c "A comment about this key"] [-m mode]
               [-u uid] [-g gid] key/name "the value"

       kdb set [-t type] [-m mode] [-c "A comment"] key/name -- "the value"

       kdb set [-t type] [-b file] key/name

       kdb ls [-lRfvs] [key/dir | key/name]

       kdb ls [-lRfvx] [key/dir | key/name] > keys.xml

       kdb edit [-R] [key/dir | key/name]

       kdb rm key/name

       kdb mv key/src key/dest

       kdb ln key/src key/dest

       kdb export [-f] system/some/tree.root > [file.xml]

       kdb import < file.xml

       kdb import file.xml

       kdb monitor some/key/name Description.PP The kdb command provide ways
                   to manipulate the Elektra keys database.

       The subcommands implemented are very similar to regular UNIX commands
       like ls, and rm, specially in their output and options.  Subcommands.PP
           Get the value from the specified key. Accepts options: -d, -l, -f,

           Set the value to the specified key. Accepts options: -c, -t, -d,
           -m, -b

           As the ls(1) command, list key names for the specified key, or
           children keys, if specified a folder key. The -v argument will make
           it show also the values of each key. The -d (descriptive) will make
           it show the comment, key name and its value, as you are watching a
           plain text file. Accepts options: -x, -d, -l, -f, -v, -R, -s

           Creates a key that is a symbolic links to another key.

           Move, or renames a key. Currently it can't move keys across
           different filesystems.

           As the rm(1) command, removes the key specified.

           A very powerful subcommand that lets you edit an XML representation
           of the keys. The parameters it accepts is usually a parent key, so
           its child keys will be gathered. Can be used with the -R flag to
           work recursively. The editor used is the one set in the $EDITOR
           environment variable, or vi. After editing the keys, kdb edit will
           analyze them and commit only the changed keys, remove the keys
           removed, and add the keys added. This command is only available
           when /usr/lib/ is available.

       export, save
           Export a subtree of keys to XML. If no subtree is defined right
           after the export command, system and current user trees will be
           exported. Output is written to standard output. The output encoding
           will allways be UTF-8, regardeless of your system encoding. UTF-8
           is the most universal charset you can get when exchanging data
           between multiple systems. Accepts -f.

       import, load
           Import an XML representation of keys and save it to the keys
           database. If no filename is passed right after the import command,
           standard input is used. This command is only available when
           /usr/lib/ is available.

       monitor, mon
           Monitor a key for some value change. It will block your command
           line until a change in the key value is detected, then return its
           new value.
       Options.PP -R
           Causes to work recursively. In ls, will list recursively.

           Makes ls output an XML representation of the keys, instead of an
           ls-compatible output.

           Causes to display long results. With ls, will generate lists
           similar to ls -l. With get, will show also the key name.

           Causes ls to display also inactive keys. Generate lists similar to
           ls -a. Inactive keys are keys which basename begins with a '.'
           (dot). An example of inactive key:

           Causes to work with full key names. A full key name makes sense
           only on user/* keys, and differentiate from the regular key names
           in specifying the owner user. If the current user is someuser, the
           user/some/key full name is user:someuser/some/key. Makes effect in
           ls, export and get subcommands.

           Causes get to work descriptivelly. When requesting a key it will
           show the comment, key name and its value in a fancy format.  Causes
           set to mark the key as a directory key.

           Causes get and ls to be more friendly to Shell scripts. For
           example, when requesting user/env/env2/PATH, the output will be
           PATH="the value", that is, only the basename of the key will be
           showed and the value will be surrounded by ' " '.

       -t type
           When setting a key's value, you can specify the type with this
           switch. Currently accepted types are string for plain text, bin for
           binary as-is values, dir to create folder keys and link to create
           symbolic links between keys. Plain text are always stored as
           UTF-8(7) in Elektra, regardeless of your current encoding ($LANG).
           If you want to force a value to be stored without the UTF-8(7)
           encoding (a bad idea), you can set it as binary. Binary values
           should be avoided, because they are black boxes for system

       -b filename
           Set the key value as the content of file filename. This option is
           more useful when setting binary keys.

       -m mode
           For the set command. Will set the key access permission to mode,
           which must be an octal number as for chmod(1).

       -u uid
           Create the key with uid user ID. It can be a user name or a uid

       -g gid
           Create the key with gid group ID. It can be a group name or a gid

       -c comment
           When setting keys, you can use this argument to set a descriptive
           comment for it. This comment is exactly as a comment in a plain
           text configuration file. The comment is stored as UTF-8(7)
           regardeless of your current encoding ($LANG).

           With the ls subcommand, will make it show also the value stored in
           the key.

           With the set subcommand, everything after it will be considered the
           value, even text with dashes (-).
       Best Practices When Creating Keys.PP When using Elektra to store your
       application's configuration and state, please keep in mind the
       following rules:

       ·   You are not allowed to create keys right under system or user.

       ·   You are not allowed to create folder keys right under system or
           user. They are reserved for very essential OS subsystems.

       ·   The keys for your application, called say MyApp, should be created
           under system/sw/MyApp and/or user/sw/MyApp.


       KDB_ROOT if defined, prepends it to key names.

       KDB_BACKEND defines the name of another backend plugin library to use
       ExamplesSetting Keys.PP bash$kdb set -c "My first key" user/example/key
       "Some nice value"

       bash$kdb set user:luciana/example/key -- "Some - nice - value with

       bash#KDB_ROOT=user:http/sw/httpd kdb set -u nobody -g http key "Some

       bash$kdb set -b image.png -t bin user/example/binaryKey

       bash$kdb set -b file.txt user/example/regularKey

       bash#kdb set -t link system/sw/XFree/current system/sw/XFree/handmade
       Getting Keys.PP bash$KDB_ROOT=user/example kdb get some/key/name

       bash$eval `kdb get -s user/env/env1/PS1`

       bash$KDB_BACKEND=gconf kdb get
       user/sw/gnome-terminal/global/active_encodings Listing.PP bash$kdb ls
       -laR user:valeria

       bash$kdb ls -lR system/sw/xorg/current

       bash$KDB_ROOT=system/sw kdb ls -lR xorg

       bash$KDB_BACKEND=fstab kdb ls -Rv system/filesystems

       bash$eval `kdb ls -Rvs user/env/env2` Miscelaneous.PP bash#kdb ln
       system/sw/xorg/handmade system/sw/xorg/current

       bash#kdb mv system/sw/xorg/current system/sw/xorg/old

       bash#kdb rm system/inittab/rc4

       bash$KDB_BACKEND=gconf kdb rm user/gconfKey XML Import and Export.PP
       bash#kdb export user/sw/app | sed -e 's|/app/|/app2/|g' | kdb import

       bash#KDB_ROOT=system/sw kdb export myapp > myappconf.xml

       bash#kdb import myappconf.xml

       bash$KDB_BACKEND=gconf kdb export user/sw


       elektra(7), elektra(5)


       Avi Alkalay <avi at>
       Linux Market Developer, Senior IT and Software Architect, IBM Linux
       Impact Team ::


       Copyright © 2004 Avi Alkalay