Provided by: elektra-bin_0.7.1-1_amd64 bug


       kdb - Elektra key database command line administration tool


       kdb get [-dlr] key/name

       kdb set [-t type] [-d] [-c "A comment about this key"] [-m mode] [-u uid] [-g gid]
               key/name "the value"

       kdb set [-t type] [-m mode] [-c "A comment"] key/name -- "the value"

       kdb set [-t type] [-b file] key/name

       kdb ls [-lRfvs] [key/dir | key/name]

       kdb ls [-lRfvx] [key/dir | key/name] > keys.xml

       kdb edit [-R] [key/dir | key/name]

       kdb rm key/name

       kdb mv key/src key/dest

       kdb ln key/src key/dest

       kdb export [-f] system/some/tree.root > [file.xml]

       kdb import < file.xml

       kdb import file.xml

       kdb monitor some/key/name Description.PP The kdb command provide ways to manipulate the
                   Elektra keys database.

       The subcommands implemented are very similar to regular UNIX commands like ls, and rm,
       specially in their output and options.  Subcommands.PP get
           Get the value from the specified key. Accepts options: -d, -l, -f, -s

           Set the value to the specified key. Accepts options: -c, -t, -d, -m, -b

           As the ls(1) command, list key names for the specified key, or children keys, if
           specified a folder key. The -v argument will make it show also the values of each key.
           The -d (descriptive) will make it show the comment, key name and its value, as you are
           watching a plain text file. Accepts options: -x, -d, -l, -f, -v, -R, -s

           Creates a key that is a symbolic links to another key.

           Move, or renames a key. Currently it can't move keys across different filesystems.

           As the rm(1) command, removes the key specified.

           A very powerful subcommand that lets you edit an XML representation of the keys. The
           parameters it accepts is usually a parent key, so its child keys will be gathered. Can
           be used with the -R flag to work recursively. The editor used is the one set in the
           $EDITOR environment variable, or vi. After editing the keys, kdb edit will analyze
           them and commit only the changed keys, remove the keys removed, and add the keys
           added. This command is only available when /usr/lib/ is available.

       export, save
           Export a subtree of keys to XML. If no subtree is defined right after the export
           command, system and current user trees will be exported. Output is written to standard
           output. The output encoding will allways be UTF-8, regardeless of your system
           encoding. UTF-8 is the most universal charset you can get when exchanging data between
           multiple systems. Accepts -f.

       import, load
           Import an XML representation of keys and save it to the keys database. If no filename
           is passed right after the import command, standard input is used. This command is only
           available when /usr/lib/ is available.

       monitor, mon
           Monitor a key for some value change. It will block your command line until a change in
           the key value is detected, then return its new value.
       Options.PP -R
           Causes to work recursively. In ls, will list recursively.

           Makes ls output an XML representation of the keys, instead of an ls-compatible output.

           Causes to display long results. With ls, will generate lists similar to ls -l. With
           get, will show also the key name.

           Causes ls to display also inactive keys. Generate lists similar to ls -a. Inactive
           keys are keys which basename begins with a '.' (dot). An example of inactive key:

           Causes to work with full key names. A full key name makes sense only on user/* keys,
           and differentiate from the regular key names in specifying the owner user. If the
           current user is someuser, the user/some/key full name is user:someuser/some/key. Makes
           effect in ls, export and get subcommands.

           Causes get to work descriptivelly. When requesting a key it will show the comment, key
           name and its value in a fancy format.  Causes set to mark the key as a directory key.

           Causes get and ls to be more friendly to Shell scripts. For example, when requesting
           user/env/env2/PATH, the output will be PATH="the value", that is, only the basename of
           the key will be showed and the value will be surrounded by ' " '.

       -t type
           When setting a key's value, you can specify the type with this switch. Currently
           accepted types are string for plain text, bin for binary as-is values, dir to create
           folder keys and link to create symbolic links between keys. Plain text are always
           stored as UTF-8(7) in Elektra, regardeless of your current encoding ($LANG). If you
           want to force a value to be stored without the UTF-8(7) encoding (a bad idea), you can
           set it as binary. Binary values should be avoided, because they are black boxes for
           system administrators.

       -b filename
           Set the key value as the content of file filename. This option is more useful when
           setting binary keys.

       -m mode
           For the set command. Will set the key access permission to mode, which must be an
           octal number as for chmod(1).

       -u uid
           Create the key with uid user ID. It can be a user name or a uid number.

       -g gid
           Create the key with gid group ID. It can be a group name or a gid number

       -c comment
           When setting keys, you can use this argument to set a descriptive comment for it. This
           comment is exactly as a comment in a plain text configuration file. The comment is
           stored as UTF-8(7) regardeless of your current encoding ($LANG).

           With the ls subcommand, will make it show also the value stored in the key.

           With the set subcommand, everything after it will be considered the value, even text
           with dashes (-).
       Best Practices When Creating Keys.PP When using Elektra to store your application's
       configuration and state, please keep in mind the following rules:

       ·   You are not allowed to create keys right under system or user.

       ·   You are not allowed to create folder keys right under system or user. They are
           reserved for very essential OS subsystems.

       ·   The keys for your application, called say MyApp, should be created under
           system/sw/MyApp and/or user/sw/MyApp.


       KDB_ROOT if defined, prepends it to key names.

       KDB_BACKEND defines the name of another backend plugin library to use ExamplesSetting
       Keys.PP bash$kdb set -c "My first key" user/example/key "Some nice value"

       bash$kdb set user:luciana/example/key -- "Some - nice - value with dashes"

       bash#KDB_ROOT=user:http/sw/httpd kdb set -u nobody -g http key "Some value"

       bash$kdb set -b image.png -t bin user/example/binaryKey

       bash$kdb set -b file.txt user/example/regularKey

       bash#kdb set -t link system/sw/XFree/current system/sw/XFree/handmade Getting Keys.PP
       bash$KDB_ROOT=user/example kdb get some/key/name

       bash$eval `kdb get -s user/env/env1/PS1`

       bash$KDB_BACKEND=gconf kdb get user/sw/gnome-terminal/global/active_encodings Listing.PP
       bash$kdb ls -laR user:valeria

       bash$kdb ls -lR system/sw/xorg/current

       bash$KDB_ROOT=system/sw kdb ls -lR xorg

       bash$KDB_BACKEND=fstab kdb ls -Rv system/filesystems

       bash$eval `kdb ls -Rvs user/env/env2` Miscelaneous.PP bash#kdb ln system/sw/xorg/handmade

       bash#kdb mv system/sw/xorg/current system/sw/xorg/old

       bash#kdb rm system/inittab/rc4

       bash$KDB_BACKEND=gconf kdb rm user/gconfKey XML Import and Export.PP bash#kdb export
       user/sw/app | sed -e 's|/app/|/app2/|g' | kdb import

       bash#KDB_ROOT=system/sw kdb export myapp > myappconf.xml

       bash#kdb import myappconf.xml

       bash$KDB_BACKEND=gconf kdb export user/sw


       elektra(7), elektra(5)


       Avi Alkalay <avi at>
       Linux Market Developer, Senior IT and Software Architect, IBM Linux Impact Team ::


       Copyright © 2004 Avi Alkalay