Provided by: konwert_1.8-11.2build1_amd64 bug

NAME

       konwert - interface for various character encoding conversions

SYNOPSIS

       konwert FILTER [FILE]... [-o DEST | -O]

DESCRIPTION

       Konwert  allows  filtering  multiple  files  through  multiple  filters.   It  filters the
       specified FILEs, or stdin if none are given.

       Simple FILTER is the name of an executable file from the directory  ~/.konwert/filters  or
       the  system-wide  one,  normally  /usr/share/konwert/filters.  Such program itself filters
       stdin to stdout.

       The filtering rule can be more complex:

       konwert FILTER1+FILTER2 means konwert FILTER1 | konwert FILTER2.

       konwert FORMAT1-FORMAT2, unless such filter exists, tries to find a common  FORMAT3,  such
       that both filters FORMAT1-FORMAT3 and FORMAT3-FORMAT1 do exist.

       konwert  FILTER/ARG/...  passes  arguments  to the filter. Arguments can also be specified
       here: FORMAT1/ARGS-FORMAT2.  The meaning of arguments depends on the particular filter.

       konwert '(COMMAND ARGS...)' executes this arbitrary shell command. This is useful with  -o
       or  -O  options.  The  command  cannot  contain  the  string )+, which will terminate this
       filter's specification.

   OPTIONS
       -o DEST   output goes to this file/directory instead of stdout

       -O        every input file is replaced with its translation

       --help    display help and exit

       --version output version information and exit

       Redirecting output to one of the source files with either -o  or  >  instead  of  -O  will
       corrupt  it!  Option -O creates a temporary file in /tmp and later copies it back onto the
       source.

CHARACTER ENCODING CONVERSIONS

       You can convert text between any two charsets, for example konwert cp437-iso2.

       Characters unavailable in the target charset will be substituted with approximations  with
       available ones. The approximations need not be single characters.

       The following character sets are currently supported:

       ascii  7bit ASCII

       utf8 = unicode  Unicode UTF-8

       iso1 = isolatin1
              ISO-8859-1 aka ISO Latin 1 (Western European)
       iso2 = isolatin2
              ISO-8859-2 aka ISO Latin 2 (Central European)
       iso3 = isolatin3
              ISO-8859-3 aka ISO Latin 3 (Esperanto)
       iso4 = isolatin4
              ISO-8859-4 aka ISO Latin 4 (Baltic)
       iso5 = isolatincyr
              ISO-8859-5 (Cyrillic)
       iso6 = isolatinarabic
              ISO-8859-6 (Arabic)
       iso7 = isolatingreek
              ISO-8859-7 (Greek)
       iso8 = isolatinhebrew
              ISO-8859-8 (Hebrew)
       iso9 = isolatin5 = isolatintur
              ISO-8859-9 aka ISO Latin 5 (Turkish)
       iso10 = isolatin6 = isolatinnordic
              ISO-8859-10 aka ISO Latin 6 (Nordic)
       iso12 = isolatin7 = isolatinceltic
              ISO-8859-12 aka ISO Latin 6 (Celtic) - Draft
       iso13 = isolatin8 = isolatinbaltic
              ISO-8859-13 aka ISO Latin 6 (Baltic) - Draft
       iso14 = isolatin9 = isolatinsami
              ISO-8859-14 aka ISO Latin 6 (Sámi) - Draft
       iso15  ISO-8859-15 - Draft

       koi8r    KOI8-R (Russian)
       koi8u    KOI8-U (Ukrainian, Byelorussian)
       koi8uni  KOI8-Uni (Cyrillic)

       cp1250 = wince = winlatin2    Windows CP-1250 aka Win Latin 2 (Central European)
       cp1251 = wincyr               Windows CP-1251 (Cyrillic)
       cp1252 = winwest = winlatin1  Windows CP-1252 aka Win Latin 1 (Western European)
       cp1253 = wingr                Windows CP-1253 (Greek)
       cp1254 = wintur               Windows CP-1254 (Turkish)
       cp1255 = winhebrew            Windows CP-1255 (Hebrew)
       cp1256 = winarabic            Windows CP-1256 (Arabic)
       cp1257 = winbaltic            Windows CP-1257 (Baltic)
       cp1258 = winviet              Windows CP-1258 (Vietnamese)

       cp437 = icmeng               DOS CP-437 (English)
       cp737 = dosgreek             DOS CP-737 (Greek)
       cp775 = dosbaltic            DOS CP-775 (Baltic)
       cp850 = doswest = doslatin1  DOS CP-850 aka DOS Latin 1 (Western European)
       cp852 = dosce = doslatin2    DOS CP-852 aka DOS Latin 2 (Central European)
       cp855 = doscyr               DOS CP-855 (Cyrillic)
       cp857 = dostur               DOS CP-857 (Turkish)
       cp860 = dosportugal          DOS CP-860 (Portugal)
       cp861 = dosiceland           DOS CP-861 (Icelandic)
       cp862 = doshebrew            DOS CP-862 (Hebrew)
       cp863 = doscanadfr           DOS CP-863 (Canadian French)
       cp864 = dosarabic            DOS CP-864 (Arabic)
       cp865 = dosnordic            DOS CP-865 (Nordic)
       cp866 = dosrussian           DOS CP-866 (Russian)
       cp869 = dosgreek2            DOS CP-869 (Greek2)
       cp874 = dosthai              DOS CP-874 (Thai)

       mac         Macintosh Roman (Western European)
       macce       Macintosh Central European
       maccyr      Macintosh Cyrillic
       macgreek    Macintosh Greek
       maciceland  Macintosh Icelandic
       mactur      Macintosh Turkish

       csk,
       cyfromat,
       dhn,
       fidomazovia,
       iea,
       logic,
       mazovia,
       microvex     DOS charsets for Polish

       amigapl,
       fat,
       xjp      Amiga charsets for Polish

       kamenicky  DOS charset for Czech and Slovak

       wingreek  WinGreek (Windows font-based encoding for ancient Greek)

       babelpl  TeX [polish]{babel}: "a"c"e"l"n"o"s"z"r
       ciachy   TeX \prefixing: /a/c/e/l/n/o/s/x/z

       xmetodo        Esperanto: cx gx hx jx sx ux (vx w)
       hmetodo        Esperanto: ch gh hh jh sh u
       antauxcxap     Esperanto: ^c ^g ^h ^j ^s ^u (~u)
       postcxap       Esperanto: c^ g^ h^ j^ s^ u^ (u~)
       apostrofoj     Esperanto: c' g' h' j' s' u'
       malapostrofoj  Esperanto: c` g` h` j` s` u`

       viscii  VISCII (Vietnamese)
       viqri   Vietnamese Quoted Readable Implicit

       htmldec  SGML/HTML character references (decimal): Æ ě →
       htmlhex  SGML/HTML character references (hexadecimal): Æ ě →
       htmlent  SGML/HTML character entities (names): Æ &ecaron →
       html     All three above (only as input format)

       tex    TeX  with  some LaTeX or AMS-TeX extensions. There is no distinction between normal
              and math mode - you will probably have to insert some $'s manually.

       mnemonic   RFC 1345 mnemonics preceded by &
       mnemonic1  RFC 1345 mnemonics preceded by `

       any/LANGUAGE (e.g. any/pl-iso2)
              This special input format will detect the encoding  automatically,  basing  on  the
              frequencies of characters found in text. Every language is associated with a set of
              possible encodings used for it and average frequencies of  its  letters  (excluding
              ASCII  letters).  The  best  fitting  encoding  is  used  for conversion. Currently
              supported languages are cs (Czech), de (German), el  (Greek),  eo  (Esperanto),  es
              (Spanish), fr (French), he (Hebrew), it (Italian), pl (Polish), pt (Portuguese), ru
              (Russian), and sv (Swedish).

       varpl  Mixed Polish ISO-8859-2, CP-1250, and UTF-8. If you are reading Polish newsgroups I
              suggest  putting  it  as  a  filter  in your newsreader (for speed improvement it's
              better to call it directly, rather than through konwert).

       vareo  Mixed various Esperanto encodings.

OPTIONS CONTROLLING THE ABOVE CONVERSIONS

       /1 (e.g. konwert iso2-ascii/1)
              Each unavailable character will be replaced only with a  single  approximate  char,
              not string. This is useful with the filterm program or with preformatted text. This
              option is automatically turned on when a filter is used as output for filterm.

       /html  Text is assumed to be HTML. The characters " & < > resulting from other characters'
              approximations will be properly escaped as &quot; &amp; &lt; &gt;.  The <META http-
              equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=...">  header  will  be  fixed  if
              present.

       /htmldec
              Convert META as above. Unavailable characters will be encoded in &#Unicode;.

       /htmlhex
              Convert  META  as  above.  Unavailable  characters  will  be encoded in hexadecimal
              &#xUnicode;.

       /tex   Unavailable characters will be described in TeX. Characters # $ % & \ ^ _ { |  }  ~
              resulting  from some characters' approximations will be properly escaped into \# \$
              \% \& $\backslash$ \^{} \_ \{ $|$ \} \~{}.

       /asciichar
              Recognizes some ASCII representations of characters, e.g. (c) ... 1/2 >=.

       /rosyjski
              Russian text will be replaced with its Polish phonetic transcription.

       Some output filters can use the language information for choosing better approximations of
       unavailable letters, for example /de (German): äae instead of a.

OTHER FILTERS

       any/LANGUAGE-test
              Detects  the  encoding,  but  instead  of text conversion only shows the encoding's
              name. The additional option /all shows all possible encodings, sorted  from  better
              to worse ones.

       cr
       lf
       crlf   Force specific end-of-line marker convention.  cr = Macintosh, lf = Unix and Amiga,
              crlf = Windows and DOS.  The input convention is detected automatically.

       expand Expands tabs into spaces (uses the textutils program expand).

       unexpand
              Compresses spaces into tabs (uses the textutils program unexpand).

       rmspacesateol
              Removes spaces and tabs at end of line.

       qp-8bit
       8bit-qp
              MIME Quoted Printable encoding: =A3=F3d=BC.

       rtf-8bit
       8bit-rtf
              Rich Text Format: \'a3\'f3d\'9f.

       txt-htmlchar
              Escapes " & < > into  SGML/HTML  entities  &quot;  &amp;  &lt;  &gt;.   Useful  for
              including a text file inside HTML <PRE> </PRE> tags.

       htmlchar-txt
              Reverse.

       rot13  Guvf vf n qrzbafgengvba bs ebg13.

       toupper
       tolower
              Self-explanatory. Currently ASCII only.

       prn7pl Converts polish chars to control sequences for EPSON-compatible printer. Using only
              7-bit chars, backspacing printer's head and  vertical  positioning  chars  ,.'`  it
              creates  pseudo-polish  gryphs.  You  can  specify  options:  /nlq  (default) which
              optimalizes output for better quality printers and /draft  -  useful  for  ex.  for
              9-nails printer.

FILES

       /usr/share/konwert/filters/*
       ~/.konwert/filters/*

SEE ALSO

       trs(1), filterm(1)

BUGS

       APPLE  character in mac* charsets, and CH and ch characters in koi8cs are not preserved in
       conversion even when they are available. Also they don't respect the  /1  option.  Reason:
       they are not in Unicode.

COPYRIGHT

       Konwert is a package for conversion between various character encodings.

       Copyright (c) 1998 Marcin 'Qrczak' Kowalczyk

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the GNU General Public License as  published  by  the  Free  Software  Foundation;  either
       version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

       This  program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
       without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR  PURPOSE.
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program;
       if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite  330,  Boston,
       MA  02111-1307  USA

AUTHOR

        __("<   Marcin Kowalczyk * qrczak@knm.org.pl http://qrczak.home.ml.org/
        \__/       GCS/M d- s+:-- a21 C+++>+++$ UL++>++++$ P+++ L++>++++$ E->++
         ^^                W++ N+++ o? K? w(---) O? M- V? PS-- PE++ Y? PGP->+ t
       QRCZAK                  5? X- R tv-- b+>++ DI D- G+ e>++++ h! r--%>++ y-