Provided by: minicom_2.5-2_i386 bug


       minicom - friendly serial communication program


       minicom [-somMlwz8] [-c on|off] [-S script] [-d entry]
               [-a on|off] [-t term] [-p pty] [-C capturefile] [configuration]


       minicom  is  a  communication  program  which  somewhat  resembles  the
       shareware program TELIX but is free with source  code  and  runs  under
       most  unices.   Features  include  dialing  directory with auto-redial,
       support for UUCP-style lock files on serial devices, a separate  script
       language  interpreter,  capture to file, multiple users with individual
       configurations, and more.


       -s   Setup.     Root    edits    the    system-wide     defaults     in
            /etc/minicom/minirc.dfl  with  this  option.   When  it  is  used,
            minicom does not  initialize,  but  puts  you  directly  into  the
            configuration menu. This is very handy if minicom refuses to start
            up because your system has changed, or for the first time you  run
            minicom.   For  most  systems,  reasonable  defaults  are  already
            compiled in.

       -o   Do not initialize. Minicom  will  skip  the  initialization  code.
            This   option  is  handy  if  you  quitted  from  minicom  without
            resetting, and then want to restart a session. It  is  potentially
            dangerous  though:  no  check  for  lock  files etc. is made, so a
            normal user could interfere with things like  uucp...  Maybe  this
            will be taken out later. For now it is assumed, that users who are
            given access to a modem are responsible enough for their actions.

       -m   Override command-key with the Meta or ALT key. This is the default
            in  1.80  and it can also be configured in one of minicom's menus,
            but if you use different terminals all the  time,  of  which  some
            don't  have  a  Meta  or  ALT  key,  it's handy to set the default
            command key to Ctrl-A and use this option when you have a keyboard
            supporting  Meta  or  ALT keys. Minicom assumes that your Meta key
            sends the ESC prefix, not the other variant that sets the  highest
            bit of the character.

       -M   Same as -m, but assumes that your Meta key sets the 8th bit of the
            character high (sends 128 + character code).

       -z   Use terminal status  line.  This  only  works  on  terminals  that
            support it and that have the relevant information in their termcap
            or terminfo database entry.

       -l   Literal translation of characters with the high bit set. With this
            flag  on, minicom will try to translate the IBM line characters to
            ASCII.  Many  PC-unix  clones  will  display  character  correctly
            without translation (Linux in a special mode, Coherent and Sco).

       -L   Ditto but assume screen uses an ISO8859 character set.

       -w   Turns line-wrap on at startup by default.

       -a   Attribute  usage. Some terminals, notably Televideo's, have rotten
            attribute handling  (serial  instead  of  parallel).  By  default,
            minicom uses '-a on', but if you are using such a terminal you can
            (must!)  supply the option '-a off'. The trailing 'on' or 'off' is

       -t   Terminal  type.  With  this flag, you can override the environment
            TERM variable.  This is handy for use in the  MINICOM  environment
            variable;  one  can  create  a  special termcap entry for use with
            minicom on the console, that initializes the screen to raw mode so
            that  in conjunction with the -l flag, the IBM line characters are
            displayed untranslated.

       -c   Color usage. Some terminals (such as the  Linux  console)  support
            color  with  the  standard ANSI escape sequences. Because there is
            apparently no termcap support for color,  these  escape  sequences
            are  hard-coded  into  minicom.  Therefore  this  option is off by
            default.  You can turn it on with '-c  on'.  This,  and  the  '-m'
            option,  are  good  candidates to put into the MINICOM environment

       -S   script.  Run the named script at startup. So far, passing username
            and password to a startup script is not supported. If you also use
            the -d option to start dialing at startup, the -S script  will  be
            run BEFORE dialing the entries specified with -d.

       -d   Dial  an  entry  from  the  dialing  directory on startup. You can
            specify an index number, but also a substring of the name  of  the
            entry.  If  you  specify  a  name that has multiple entries in the
            directory, they are all tagged for dialing. You can  also  specify
            multiple  names  or  index numbers by separating them with commas.
            The dialing will start from the first entry  specified  after  all
            other program initialization procedures are completed.

       -p   Pseudo  terminal  to use. This overrides the terminal port defined
            in the configuration files, but only if it is a  pseudo  tty.  The
            filename  supplied  must  be  of  the  form (/dev/)tty[p-z/][0-f],
            (/dev/)pts[p-z/][0-f]  or  (/dev/)pty[p-z/][0-f].   For   example,
            /dev/ttyp1, pts/0 or /dev/ptyp2.

       -C   filename.  Open capture file at startup.

       -T   Disable the display of the online time in the status bar.

       -b   Specify  the  baud  rate,  overwriting  the  value  given  in  the
            configuration file.

       -D   Specify  the  device,  overwriting  the   value   given   in   the
            configuration file.

       -R   Specify  the  character  set  of  the  remote  system is using and
            convert it to the character set of the local side.  Example  might
            be 'latin1'.

       -7   7bit mode for terminals which aren't 8bit capable. 8bit is default
            if the environment is configured for this via LANG or LC_ALL, 7bit

       -8   8bit   characters   pass   through   without   any   modification.
            'Continuous'  means  no  locate/attribute  control  sequences  are
            inserted  without real change of locate/attribute. This mode is to
            display 8bit multi-byte characters such as Japanese. Not needed in
            every  language  with  8bit  characters.  (For  example displaying
            Finnish text doesn't need this.)

            When minicom starts, it first  searches  the  MINICOM  environment
            variable  for  command-line arguments, which can be over-ridden on
            the command line.  Thus, if you have done

                 MINICOM='-m -c on'
                 export MINICOM
            or the equivalent, and start minicom,  minicom  will  assume  that
            your terminal has a Meta or <ALT> key and that color is supported.
            If you then log in from a terminal without color support, and  you
            have  set  MINICOM  in your startup (.profile or equivalent) file,
            and don't want to re-set your environment variable, you  can  type
            'minicom -c off' and run without color support for that session.

            The  configuration argument is more interesting. Normally, minicom
            gets its defaults from a file called "minirc.dfl". If you  however
            give  an argument to minicom, it will try to get its defaults from
            a file called "minirc.configuration".  So it is possible to create
            multiple configuration files, for different ports, different users
            etc. Most sensible is to use device names, such  as  tty1,  tty64,
            sio2  etc.  If  a user creates his own configuration file, it will
            show   up   in   his   home   directory   as   ".minirc.dfl"    or


       Minicom  is window based. To popup a window with the function you want,
       press Control-A (from now on, we will use C-A to mean  Control-A),  and
       then the function key (a-z or A-Z). By pressing C-A first and then 'z',
       a help screen comes up with a  short  summary  of  all  commands.  This
       escape  key can be altered when minicom is configured (-s option or C-A
       O), but we'll stick to Control-A for now.

       For every menu the next keys can be used:
       UP     arrow-up or 'k'
       DOWN   arrow-down or 'j'
       LEFT   arrow-left or 'h'
       RIGHT  arrow-right or 'l'
       CHOOSE Enter
       CANCEL ESCape.

       The screen is divided into two portions: the upper  24  lines  are  the
       terminal-emulator   screen.  In  this  window,  ANSI  or  VT100  escape
       sequences are interpreted.  If there is a line left at  the  bottom,  a
       status  line  is placed there.  If this is not possible the status line
       will be showed every time you press  C-A.  On  terminals  that  have  a
       special  status  line  that  will be used if the termcap information is
       complete and the -k flag has been given.

       Possible commands are listed next, in alphabetical order.
       C-A  Pressing C-A a second time will just send  a  C-A  to  the  remote
            system.   If you have changed your "escape character" to something
            other than C-A, this works analogously for that character.
       A    Toggle 'Add Linefeed' on/off. If it is on,  a  linefeed  is  added
            before every carriage return displayed on the screen.
       B    Gives  you  a  scroll  back buffer. You can scroll up with u, down
            with d, a page up with b, a page down with f, and if you have them
            the  arrow  and  page  up/page down keys can also be used. You can
            search for text in the buffer with s (case-sensitive) or S  (case-
            insensitive).  N  will  find the next occurrence of the string.  c
            will enter citation mode. A text cursor appears  and  you  specify
            the  start  line  by hitting Enter key. Then scroll back mode will
            finish and the contents with prefix '>' will be sent.
       C    Clears the screen.
       D    Dial a number, or go to the dialing directory.
       E    Toggle local echo on and off (if your version of minicom  supports
       F    A break signal is sent to the modem.
       G    Run script (Go). Runs a login script.
       H    Hangup.
       I    Toggle  the  type  of  escape  sequence  that the cursor keys send
            between normal and applications mode. (See also the comment  about
            the status line below).
       J    Jump to a shell. On return, the whole screen will be redrawn.
       K    Clears the screen, runs kermit and redraws the screen upon return.
       L    Turn  Capture  file  on  off. If turned on, all output sent to the
            screen will be captured in the file too.
       M    Sends the modem initialization string. If you are online  and  the
            DCD  line setting is on, you are asked for confirmation before the
            modem is initialized.
       O    Configure minicom. Puts you in the configuration menu.
       P    Communication Parameters. Allows  you  to  change  the  bps  rate,
            parity and number of bits.
       Q    Exit  minicom  without  resetting the modem. If macros changed and
            were not saved, you will have a chance to do so.
       R    Receive files. Choose from various protocols  (external).  If  you
            have  the  filename  selection  window and the prompt for download
            directory enabled, you'll get a selection window for choosing  the
            directory   for  downloading.  Otherwise  the  download  directory
            defined in the Filenames and paths menu will be used.
       S    Send files. Choose the protocol  like  you  do  with  the  receive
            command.  If  you don't have the filename selection window enabled
            (in the File transfer protocols menu), you'll just have  to  write
            the  filename(s)  in  a  dialog  window. If you have the selection
            window enabled, a window will pop up showing the filenames in your
            upload  directory.  You  can  tag  and untag filenames by pressing
            spacebar, and move the cursor up and down with the cursor keys  or
            j/k. The selected filenames are shown highlighted. Directory names
            are shown [within brackets] and you can move up  or  down  in  the
            directory  tree  by pressing the spacebar twice. Finally, send the
            files by pressing ENTER or quit by pressing ESC.
       T    Choose Terminal emulation: Ansi(color) or  vt100.   You  can  also
            change the backspace key here, turn the status line on or off, and
            define delay (in milliseconds) after  each  newline  if  you  need
       W    Toggle line-wrap on/off.
       X    Exit  minicom,  reset modem. If macros changed and were not saved,
            you will have a chance to do so.
       Y    Paste a file. Reads a file and sends its contests just  as  if  it
            would be typed in.
       Z    Pop up the help screen.


       By pressing C-A D the program puts you in the dialing directory. Select
       a  command  by  pressing  the  capitalized  letter  or  moving   cursor
       right/left  with the arrow keys or the h/l keys and pressing Enter. You
       can add, delete or edit entries and  move  them  up  and  down  in  the
       directory  list.  By  choosing  "dial"  the phone numbers of the tagged
       entries, or if nothing is tagged, the number of the  highlighted  entry
       will  be  dialed.  While  the modem is dialing, you can press escape to
       cancel dialing. Any other key will close the  dial  window,  but  won't
       cancel  the  dialing  itself. Your dialing directory will be saved into
       the file ".dialdir" in your home directory.  You can scroll up and down
       with the arrow keys, but you can also scroll complete pages by pressing
       the PageUp or PageDown key.  If you don't  have  those,  use  Control-B
       (Backward)  and Control-F (Forward). You can use the space bar to tag a
       number of entries and  minicom  will  rotate  trough  this  list  if  a
       connection can't be made. A '>' symbol is drawn in the directory before
       the names of the tagged entries.

       The "edit" menu speaks for itself, but I will discuss it briefly here.
       A - Name  The name for this entry
       B - Number
                 and its telephone number.
       C - Dial string #
                 Which specific dial string you want to use to connect.  There
                 are three different dial strings (prefixes and suffixes) that
                 can be configured in the Modem and dialing menu.
       D - Local echo
                 can be on or off for this system (if your version of  minicom
                 supports it).
       E - Script
                 The   script   that  must  be  executed  after  a  successful
                 connection is made (see the manual for runscript)
       F - Username
                 The username that is passed to the runscript program.  It  is
                 passed in the environment string "$LOGIN".
       G - Password
                 The password is passed as "$PASS".
       H - Terminal Emulation
                 Use ANSI or VT100 emulation.
       I - Backspace key sends
                 What code (Backspace or Delete) the backspace key sends.
       J - Linewrap
                 Can be on or off.
       K - Line settings
                 Bps  rate,  bits,  parity  and number of stop bits to use for
                 this connection.  You can choose current for  the  speed,  so
                 that  it will use whatever speed is being used at that moment
                 (useful if you have multiple modems).
       L - Conversion table
                 You may specify a character conversion  table  to  be  loaded
                 whenever this entry answers, before running the login script.
                 If this field is blank, the conversion table stays unchanged.
       The edit menu also shows the latest date and time when you called  this
       entry  and  the total number of calls there, but doesn't let you change
       them.  They are updated automatically when you connect.

       The moVe command lets you move the highlighted entry up or down in  the
       dialing  directory  with  the  up/down  arrow keys or the k and j keys.
       Press Enter or ESC to end moving the entry.


       By pressing C-A O you will be thrown into the setup menu.

       Filenames and paths
         This menu defines your default directories.
         A - Download directory
              where the downloaded files go to.
         B - Upload directory
              where the uploaded files are read from.
         C - Script directory
              Where you keep your login scripts.
         D - Script program
              Which program to use as the script interpreter. Defaults to  the
              program  "runscript", but if you want to use something else (eg,
              /bin/sh or "expect") it  is  possible.   Stdin  and  stdout  are
              connected to the modem, stderr to the screen.
              If  the  path is relative (ie, does not start with a slash) then
              it's relative to your home  directory,  except  for  the  script
         E - Kermit program
              Where  to find the executable for kermit, and it's options. Some
              simple macro's can be used on the command line: '%l' is expanded
              to  the  complete  filename  of  the  dial  out-device,  '%f' is
              expanded to the serial port file descriptor and '%b' is expanded
              to the current serial port speed.
         F - Logging options
              Options to configure the logfile writing.

              A - File name
                   Here  you  can enter the name of the logfile. The file will
                   be written in your home directory, and the default value is
                   "minicom.log".   If  you  blank  the  name,  all logging is
                   turned off.

              B - Log connects and hangups
                   This option defines whether or not the logfile  is  written
                   when  the  remote end answers the call or hangs up. Or when
                   you give the  hangup  command  yourself  or  leave  minicom
                   without hangup while online.

              C - Log file transfers
                   Do you want log entries of receiving and sending files.
         The 'log' command in the scripts is not affected by logging options B
         and C.  It is always executed, if you just have the name of  the  log
         file defined.

       File Transfer Protocols
         Protocols  defined here will show up when C-A s/r is pressed.  "Name"
         in the beginning of the line is the name that will  show  up  in  the
         menu.  "Program"  is  the  path  to  the  protocol. "Name" after that
         defines if  the  program  needs  an  argument,  e.g.  a  file  to  be
         transmitted.  U/D  defines if this entry should show up in the upload
         or the download menu.  Fullscr defines if the program should run full
         screen,  or  that minicom will only show it's stderr in a window. IO-
         Red defines if minicom should attach the program's  standard  in  and
         output to the modem port or not. "Multi" tells the filename selection
         window whether or not the protocol can send multiple files  with  one
         command.  It  has  no  effect  on  download protocols, and it is also
         ignored with upload protocols if you don't use the filename selection
         window.  The  old sz and rz are not full screen, and have IO-Red set.
         However, there are curses based versions of at least rz that  do  not
         want  their  stdin  and  stdout redirected, and run full screen.  All
         file transfer protocols are run with the UID of  the  user,  and  not
         with UID=root. '%l', '%f' and '%b' can be used on the command line as
         with kermit.  Within this menu you can also define if you want to use
         the  filename selection window when prompted for files to upload, and
         if you like to be prompted for the download directory every time  the
         automatic  download  is  started. If you leave the download directory
         prompt disabled, the download  directory  defined  in  the  file  and
         directory menu is used.

       Serial port setup
         A - Serial device
              /dev/tty1  or  /dev/ttyS1 for most people.  /dev/cua<n> is still
              possible under linux, but not recommended any more because these
              devices  are  obsolete  and  many  newly  installed systems with
              kernel  2.2.x  or  newer  don't  have  them.   Use  /dev/ttyS<n>
              instead.   You may also have /dev/modem as a symlink to the real
              If you have modems connected to two or more  serial  ports,  you
              may specify all of them here in a list separated by space, comma
              or semicolon. When Minicom starts, it checks the list  until  it
              finds  an available modem and uses that one. (However, you can't
              specify different init strings to them least not yet.)
              To use a UNIX socket for communication the device name  must  be
              prefixed  with  "unix#"  following  by  the  full  path  and the
              filename of the socket.  Minicom will then  try  to  connect  to
              this  socket  as  a  client. As long as it cannot connect to the
              socket  it  stays  'offline'.  As   soon   as   the   connection
              establishes,  minicom  goes  'online'.  If the server closes the
              socket, minicom switches to 'offline' again.
         B - Lock file location
              On most systems This should be  /usr/spool/uucp.  Linux  systems
              use  /var/lock.  If  this directory does not exist, minicom will
              not attempt to use lockfiles.
         C - Callin program
              If you have a uugetty or something on your serial port, it could
              be  that  you  want  a program to be run to switch the modem cq.
              port into dialin/dialout mode. This is the program to  get  into
              dialin mode.
         D - Callout program
              And this to get into dialout mode.
         E - Bps/Par/Bits
              Default parameters at startup.

         If  one  of the entries is left blank, it will not be used. So if you
         don't care about locking, and don't have  a  getty  running  on  your
         modemline, entries B - D should be left blank.

       Modem and Dialing
         Here,  the  parameters for your modem are defined. I will not explain
         this further because the defaults are for generic Hayes  modems,  and
         should  work  always.  This file is not a Hayes tutorial :-) The only
         things worth noticing are that control  characters  can  be  sent  by
         prefixing  them  with  a '^', in which '^^' means '^' itself, and the
         '\' character must also be doubled as '\\', because backslash is used
         specially in the macro definitions.  Some options however, don't have
         much to do with the modem but more  with  the  behaviour  of  minicom
         M - Dial time
              The  number of seconds before minicom times out if no connection
              is established.
         N - Delay before redial
              Minicom will redial if no connection  was  made,  but  it  first
              waits some time.
         O - Number of tries
              Maximum number of times that minicom attempts to dial.
         P - Drop DTR time
              If  you  set this to 0, minicom hangs up by sending a Hayes-type
              hangup sequence. If you specify a  non-zero  value,  the  hangup
              will  be  done  by  dropping  the  DTR  line. The value tells in
              seconds how long DTR will be kept down.
         Q - Auto bps detect
              If this is on, minicom tries to match the dialed party's  speed.
              With  most  modern modems this is NOT desirable, since the modem
              buffers the data and converts the speed.
         R - Modem has DCD line
              If your modem, and your O/S both support the DCD line (that goes
              'high'  when a connection is made) minicom will use it. When you
              have this option on, minicom will also NOT start  dialing  while
              you are already online.
         S - Status line shows DTE speed / line speed
              You can toggle the status line to show either the DTE speed (the
              speed which minicom uses to communicate with your modem) or  the
              line  speed  (the  speed  that  your  modem  uses on the line to
              communicate with the other modem). Notice that  the  line  speed
              may  change  during  the connection, but you will still only see
              the initial speed that the modems started the  connection  with.
              This  is because the modem doesn't tell the program if the speed
              is changed. Also, to see the line speed, you need  to  have  the
              modem  set to show it in the connect string.  Otherwise you will
              only see 0 as the line speed.
         T - Multi-line untag
              You can toggle the feature to untag  entries  from  the  dialing
              directory  when a connection is established to a multi-line BBS.
              All the tagged entries that have the same name are untagged.

            Note that a special exception is made for this  menu:  every  user
            can  change  all  parameters  here,  but  some of them will not be

       Screen and keyboard
         A - Command key is
              the 'Hot Key' that brings you into command mode. If this is  set
              to  'ALT'  or 'meta key', you can directly call commands by alt-
              key instead of HotKey-key.
         B - Backspace key sends
              There still are some systems that  want  a  VT100  to  send  DEL
              instead  of  BS. With this option you can enable that stupidity.
              (Eh, it's even on by default...)
         C - Status line is
              Enabled or  disabled.  Some  slow  terminals  (for  example,  X-
              terminals)  cause  the  status  line  to jump "up and down" when
              scrolling, so you can turn it off if desired. It will  still  be
              shown in command-mode.
         D - Alarm sound
              If  turned on, minicom will sound an alarm (on the console only)
              after  a  successful  connection  and  when  up/downloading   is
         E - Foreground Color (menu)
              indicates  the foreground color to use for all the configuration
              windows in minicom.
         F - Background Color (menu)
              indicates the background color to use for all the  configuration
              windows  in minicom. Note that minicom will not allow you to set
              foreground and background colors to the same value.
         G - Foreground Color (term)
              indicates the foreground color to use in the terminal window.
         H - Background Color (term)
              indicates the background color to use in  the  terminal  window.
              Note  that  minicom  will  not  allow  you to set foreground and
              background colors to the same value.
         I - Foreground Color (stat)
              indicates the foreground color to use in for the status bar.
         J - Background Color (stat)
              indicates the color to use in for  the  status  bar.  Note  that
              minicom  will  allow  you to set the status bar's foreground and
              background colors to the same value. This will effectively  make
              the  status  bar  invisible  but  if  these are your intentions,
              please see the option
         K - History buffer size
              The  number  of  lines  to  keep  in  the  history  buffer  (for
         L - Macros file
              is the full path to the file that holds macros. Macros allow you
              to define a string to be sent when you press a certain  key.  In
              minicom,  you  may  define  F1  through  F10  to  send up to 256
              characters [this is set  at  compile  time].  The  filename  you
              specify is verified as soon as you hit ENTER. If you do not have
              permissions to create the specified file, an error message  will
              so  indicate  and you will be forced to re-edit the filename. If
              you are permitted to create the file, minicom checks to  see  if
              it already exists. If so, it assumes it's a macro file and reads
              it in. If it isn't, well, it's your problem :-) If the file does
              not exist, the filename is accepted.
         M - Edit Macros
              opens  up  a  new window which allows you to edit the F1 through
              F10 macros.
         N - Macros enabled
              - Yes or No. If macros are disabled, the F1-F10 keys  will  just
              send the VT100/VT220 function key escape sequences.
         O - Character conversion
              The  active  conversion table filename is shown here. If you can
              see no name, no conversion is active. Pressing O, you  will  see
              the conversion table edit menu.

              Edit Macros
                 Here,  the  macros for F1 through F10 are defined. The bottom
                 of the window shows a legend of character  combinations  that
                 have  special  meaning.   They  allow  you  to  enter special
                 control characters with plain text by prefixing them  with  a
                 '^',  in which '^^' means '^' itself. You can send a 1 second
                 delay with the '^~' code. This is useful when you are  trying
                 to login after ftp'ing or telnet'ing somewhere.  You can also
                 include your current username and  password  from  the  phone
                 directory  in the macros with '\u' and '\p', respectively. If
                 you need the backslash  character  in  the  macro,  write  it
                 doubled  as  '\\'.   To  edit  a  macro, press the number (or
                 letter for F10) and you will be  moved  to  the  end  of  the
                 macro.  When  editing  the line, you may use the left & right
                 arrows, Home & End keys, Delete  &  BackSpace,  and  ESC  and
                 RETURN.  ESC cancels any changes made while ENTER accepts the

              Character conversion
                 Here you can edit the character conversion table. If you  are
                 not  an  American,  you know that in many languages there are
                 characters that are not included in the ASCII character  set,
                 and  in  the  old  times  they  may  have  replaced some less
                 important  characters  in  ASCII  and  now  they  are   often
                 represented  with  character  codes  above 127. AND there are
                 various different ways to represent them. This is  where  you
                 may  edit  conversion tables for systems that use a character
                 set different from the one on your computer.

              A - Load table
                   You probably guessed it. This command loads  a  table  from
                   the  disk.   You  are  asked  a  file  name  for the table.
                   Predefined tables  .mciso,  .mcpc8  and  .mcsf7  should  be
                   included with the program. Table .mciso does no conversion,
                   .mcpc8 is to be used for connections with systems that  use
                   the 8-bit pc character set, and .mcsf7 is for compatibility
                   with the systems that uses the good  old  7-bit  coding  to
                   replace   the   characters   {|}[]\  with  the  diacritical
                   characters used in Finnish and Swedish.

              B - Save table
                   This one  saves  the  active  table  on  the  filename  you

              C - edit char
                   This  is  where  you can make your own modifications to the
                   existing table.  First you are asked  the  character  value
                   (in  decimal)  whose  conversion  you  want to change. Next
                   you'll say which character you want to see on  your  screen
                   when  that character comes from the outside world. And then
                   you'll be asked what you want to be sent out when you enter
                   that character from your keyboard.

              D - next screen

              E - prev screen
                   Yeah,  you probably noticed that this screen shows you what
                   kind  of  conversions  are  active.  The  screen  just   is
                   (usually)  too  small to show the whole table at once in an
                   easy-to-understand format. This is how you can  scroll  the
                   table left and right.

              F - convert capture
                   Toggles  whether  or  not the character conversion table is
                   used when writing the capture file.

       Save setup as dfl
         Save the parameters as the default for the next time the  program  is
         started.  Instead  of  dfl,  any  other  parameter  name  may appear,
         depending on which one was used when the program was started.

       Save setup as..
         Save the parameters under a special name. Whenever Minicom is started
         with  this  name  as  an argument, it will use these parameters. This
         option is of course privileged to root.

         Escape from this menu without saving.  This can  also  be  done  with

       Exit from minicom
         Only  root  will  see this menu entry, if he/she started minicom with
         the '-s' option. This way, it is possible to change the configuration
         without actually running minicom.


       The status line has several indicators, that speak for themselves.  The
       mysterious APP or NOR indicator probably needs explanation.  The  VT100
       cursor  keys  can  be  in two modes: applications mode and cursor mode.
       This is controlled by an escape sequence. If you find that  the  cursor
       keys  do  not work in, say, vi when you're logged in using minicom then
       you can see  with  this  indicator  whether  the  cursor  keys  are  in
       applications or cursor mode. You can toggle the two with the C-A I key.
       If the cursor keys then work, it's probably  an  error  in  the  remote
       system's termcap initialization strings (is).


       Minicom has support for local languages. This means you can change most
       of the English messages  and  other  strings  to  another  language  by
       setting the environment variable LANG.


       If  minicom  is  hung,  kill it with SIGTERM . (This means kill -15, or
       since sigterm is default, just plain  "kill  <minicompid>".  This  will
       cause a graceful exit of minicom, doing resets and everything.  You may
       kill minicom from a script with the  command  "!  killall  -9  minicom"
       without  hanging  up  the line. Without the -9 parameter, minicom first
       hangs up before exiting.

       Since a lot of escape sequences begin with ESC (Arrow up is ESC  [  A),
       Minicom  does  not know if the escape character it gets is you pressing
       the escape key, or part of a sequence.

       An old version of Minicom, V1.2, solved this in a rather crude way:  to
       get the escape key, you had to press it twice.

       As of release 1.3 this has bettered a little: now a 1-second timeout is
       builtin, like in vi. For systems that have the select() system call the
       timeout is 0.5 seconds. And... surprise: a special Linux-dependant hack
       :-) was added. Now, minicom can separate the  escape  key  and  escape-
       sequences.  To  see how dirty this was done, look into wkeys.c.  But it
       works like a charm!


       In Debian GNU/Linux systems, minicom is not  setuid  root.  Users  that
       need  to  use it have to get added to the dialout group in order to use
       serial port devices.


       Minicom keeps it's configuration files in the  directory  /etc/minicom.
       You'll  find  the  demo  files  for  runscript(1),  and the examples of
       character conversion tables in /usr/share/doc/minicom.  The  conversion
       tables  are  named  something like mc.* in the tables subdirectory, but
       you probably want to copy the ones you need in your home  directory  as
       something beginning with a dot.





       Please report any bugs to  Thank


       The  original   author   of   minicom   is   Miquel   van   Smoorenburg
       (  He wrote versions up to 1.75.
       Jukka  Lahtinen  (,  has  been
       responsible for new versions since 1.78, helped by some  other  people,
       including: wrote the History buffer searching to 1.79.
       Arnaldo    Carvalho    de    Melo   (   did   the
       internationalization and the Brasilian Portuguese translations.
       Jim Seymour  (  wrote  the  multiple  modem
       support and the filename selection window used since 1.80.
       Tomohiro  Kubota  ( wrote the Japanese translations
       and the citation facility, and did some fixes.
       Gael Queri ( wrote the French translations.
       Arkadiusz Miskiewicz ( wrote the Polish translations.
       Kim Soyoung ( wrote the Korean translations.
       Jork  Loeser  (   provided   the   socket

       Most  of  this  man page is copied, with corrections, from the original
       minicom README, but some pieces and the corrections are by  Michael  K.

       Jukka  Lahtinen  ( has added some information of the
       changes made after version 1.75.