Provided by: videotrans_1.6.0-0ubuntu6_amd64 bug


       movie-to-dvd - Convert a movie into a DVD compatible format


       movie-to-dvd   [-r resolution]   [-d display]   [-f method]   [-a aspect]  [-A src_aspect]
              [-m mode] [-c audio_codec] [-q quality] [-Q bitrate] [-o output_dir] [-M] [-b]  [-O
              options] movie [movie ...]


       This  program  takes  one  or  more movie files in any format that mplayer understands and
       converts them into a DVD compatible format.  This program automatically scales the  movies
       so that they will appear full-screen when viewed on a television set in combination with a
       standalone DVD player.  Normally, the program produces two files for each input file,  one
       for  video  and one for audio, but there is an option to make the program produce finished
       (multiplexed) VOB files for you.  The program takes care of framerate  changes  and  audio

       Nearly  everything  is  done automatically: the program can determine the value of all the
       needed parameters automatically, except for the destination video type,  which  is  either
       NTSC or PAL.  Therefore, the only option that you usually specify is the -m option.


       The following options are available:

       -r resolution
              Specify the DVD resolution.  Possibilities are:
              PAL: 720x576, 704x576, 352x576 and 352x288
              NTSC: 720x480, 704x480, 352x480 and 352x240

              You  may  specify  auto  (which  is  the  default  for  this  option) for automatic
              selection.  If you leave out this option or specify the value auto, you must supply
              a  -m  option  to  tell  the system whether you want PAL or NTSC.  If you specify a
              value other than auto, you may leave out the -m option, as the  system  will  infer
              which mode you want automatically.

              The value that you specify may not conflict with a specific mode that you might set
              using the -m option; for example, you cannot specify  -r  720x576  and  then  later
              specify -m ntsc.

       -d display
              Specify  how  the  video  is  to  be  fitted into the available screen size, either
              letterbox (which is the default for this option), which loses  no  information  but
              may  introduce  black  borders on either the top and the bottom or the left and the
              right sides of the screen, or panscan, which fills the entire screen  but  possibly
              chops off edges of the video image.

       -f method
              Specify  how  to  change  the  movie to adjust its framerate if necessary.  You may
              specify either auto, video, audio.

              video will duplicate or drop frames to adjust the framerate (which  will  make  the
              movie jerky in some situations), and will keep the audio as it is.

              audio  will  adjust  the pitch of the audio track so that it runs synchronized with
              the movie if the movie would be  played  slightly  faster  or  slower  than  normal
              because it's new framerate is different from the original.

              auto  will  make the choice for you.  The choice that is made depends on the source
              video and the destination parameters that you are encoding to.

       -a aspect
              Specify either 16:9 (widescreen), 4:3 (traditional TV set) or auto  (which  is  the
              default  for  this  option),  which chooses the correct value from the source video

       -A src_aspect
              Specify the aspect ratio of the source if  it  is  not  encoded  correctly  in  the
              source.   The  format  is  X:Y,  for example 4:3 or 41:18.  The numbers used may be
              floating point, so that you may also use aspect ratios like 1.25:1 or  1.77:1.   Or
              you may specify auto (default) for automatic detection from the source.

       -m mode
              Specify  either  pal  (European  and other non-US regions), ntsc (United States) or
              auto (which is the default for this option).  auto is only allowed if you specify a
              specific  resolution  using the -r option, otherwise the system will not be able to
              infer which mode you want.

              The value that you specify may not conflict with a  specific  resolution  that  you
              might  set using the -r option; for example, you cannot specify -r 720x576 and then
              later specify -m ntsc.

       -c audio_codec
              Specify either mp2 (two channel audio, supported by PAL DVD  players),  ac3  (Dolby
              Digital sound, supported by all DVD players) or auto (which is the default for this
              option and currently always chooses ac3).

              According to the DVD standard, NTSC DVD players are required to  support  AC3,  but
              not MP2.  PAL DVD players are required to support MP2 and AC3.

       -q quality
              Select  either low, normal (which is the default for this option) high or a numeric
              bitrate (in kilobits per second).

              low encodes the video using a maximum bitrate of 3500 kilobits per  second,  normal
              uses a maximum of 6000 kilobits per second and high uses a maximum of 8000 kilobits
              per second.  Specifying a number  uses  that  number  as  the  maximum  bitrate  in
              kilobits per second.

       -Q bitrate
              Select  either auto (which is the default for this option) or a numeric bitrate (in
              kilobits per second).

              auto automatically chooses an appropriate bitrate for the audio  output,  depending
              on  the  audio  output  format  and the number of channels.  You may also specify a
              numeric bitrate in kilobits per second, such as 224, 384 or 448.  If you choose  to
              override  the  audio  bitrate,  you should probably combine this option with the -c
              option to override the audio output format as well, to avoid unexpected results.

       -o output_dir
              Writes the results of the conversion into the specified directory instead of in the
              same  directory  as  where the sources are located.  If you use this option and the
              sources include directory names, those directories will be removed from the  source
              name  before  using  the  name  to  determine what to call the result in the output

       -M     Multiplex the output audio and video together, which means that  each  source  file
              will  be  converted into a DVD-compatible .vob file.  If you do not specify this, a
              .m2v (which contains the video part) and a .mp2 (for stereo audio) or .ac3 (for AC3
              surround audio) file will be generated for each input movie.

              The  program  movie-title(1) (which is used to create DVDs with menus) can use both
              the .vob and the .m2v format, although the default (two generated files per source)
              is faster because less disk I/O is involved.

       -b     This  tells  mplayer  that any AVI headers that are encountered are broken and that
              they should be ignored when determining the audio-video sync delay.  This activates
              mplayer's -nobps option (see mplayer's manual for details).

       -O options
              You may specify any options for mplayer that are needed to decode the movie(s) that
              you are converting correctly.  You normally don't need to use  this  option  unless
              the source movie is broken in some respect.  Be sure to quote the options correctly
              so that they will appear as one string to this option.  Type  the  options  as  you
              would normally do to play the movie correctly on an mplayer command line.


       If  this  program is called with a incorrect set of parameters, it will print a diagnostic
       message telling the user what went wrong.  Also, it will then print its usage information,
       listing all the options and their meanings.

       If the program tells you "ERROR: Cannot find video size for file", this means that mplayer
       was unable to read the file or the file is stored in a format that it does not understand.
       In this case, movie-to-dvd will not be able to transcode the movie file for you.

       For each source file, the following information is printed:
              * Source size: widthxheight
              * Source crop area: widthxheight
              * Destination size: widthxheight
              * Final screen size: widthxheight
              * Destination aspect: width:height

       This small table shows you what will be done to the source file to get to the destination.
       The source size is the frame size of the original video source.  The source crop  area  is
       the size of the frame that will be cut out of the original frame (usually the same size as
       the source, except when panscan mode is used instead of letterbox mode).  The  destination
       size  is  the  size of the zoomed/shrunk image that calculated from the image that was cut
       out of the original source image.  The final screen size is the size of the  MPEG-2  frame
       that  will  be  created  (that is, the destination size including any black borders).  The
       destination aspect is the aspect ratio of the  destination  video,  which  is  either  4:3
       (traditional TV set) or 16:9 (widescreen).

       While  encoding the movie for you, the program will display its progress: it will tell you
       how much of the movie it has already encoded (a percentage) and it will tell you how  long
       it will probably take to finish the encode (this is, of course, an estimate).


       The command line that I use most often is:

              movie-to-dvd -m pal input_file.avi

       This command line simply takes the input file (in AVI format in this case) and converts it
       into two files, input_file.mp2 (if the source has stereo  audio)  or  input_file.ac3  (for
       surround  sound)  and input_file.m2v.  All the necessary conversions will be automatically
       done, such as framerate adjustment, audio adjustment, frame size, etcetera.

       Later, I usually combine two or more of these movies into one DVD with  a  nice  selection
       menu using movie-title, usually in combination with movie-make-title.


       videotrans(1), movie-title(1), movie-make-title(1), movie-make-title-simple(1), movie-rip-, movie-compare-dvd(1),


       The author is Sven  Berkvens-Matthijsse  (   Please  send  any  project
       related e-mail to


       Currently,  the  program  does  not  handle subtitles at all.  That is to say, it does not
       support real subtitles that can be turned on and off in the DVD version of the movie.   If
       a  subtitle  file  is  present in the directory where your input movie exists, and mplayer
       shows these subtitles when you play  the  movie  on  your  computer's  display,  then  the
       subtitles  will be rendered into the DVD version as well, but you will not be able to turn
       them on or off.  They will then be a fixed part of the image.

       Perhaps a future version of Videotrans will support proper subtitling.


       None known. Please report any bugs to!

                                            videotrans                            movie-to-dvd(1)