Provided by: rancid_2.3.6-2_amd64 bug


       clogin - Cisco/Foundry login script


       clogin  [-autoenable]  [-noenable]  [-dSV] [-c  command] [-E  var=x] [-e  enable-password]
       [-f  cloginrc-file] [-p  user-password] [-s  script-file]  [-t   timeout]  [-u   username]
       [-v   vty-password]  [-w  enable-username] [-x  command-file] [-y  ssh_cypher_type] router


       clogin is an expect(1) script to automate the process of  logging  into  a  Cisco  router,
       catalyst  switch,  Extreme  switch,  Juniper  ERX/E-series,  Procket  Networks, or Redback
       router.  There are complementary scripts for  Alteon,  Avocent  (Cyclades),  Bay  Networks
       (nortel),  ADC-kentrox  EZ-T3  mux,  Foundry, HP Procurve Switches and Cisco AGMs, Hitachi
       Routers, Juniper Networks, MRV optical switch, Netscreen firewalls, Netscaler, Riverstone,
       Netopia,  and Lucent TNT, named alogin, avologin, blogin, elogin, flogin, fnlogin, hlogin,
       htlogin, jlogin, mrvlogin, nlogin, nslogin, rivlogin, tlogin, and tntlogin, respectively.

       clogin reads the .cloginrc file for its configuration, then connects and logs into each of
       the routers specified on the command line in the order listed.  Command-line options exist
       to override some of the directives found in the .cloginrc configuration file.

       The command-line options are as follows:

       -S     Save the configuration on exit, if the device prompts at logout  time.   This  only
              has affect when used with -s.

       -V     Prints package name and version strings.

       -c     Command to be run on each router list on the command-line.  Multiple commands maybe
              listed by separating them with semi-colons (;).  The argument should be  quoted  to
              avoid shell expansion.

       -d     Enable expect debugging.

       -E     Specifies  a  variable  to pass through to scripts (-s).  For example, the command-
              line option -Efoo=bar will produce a global variable by  the  name  Efoo  with  the
              initial value "bar".

       -e     Specify  a password to be supplied when gaining enable privileges on the router(s).
              Also see the password directive of the .cloginrc file.

       -f     Specifies an alternate configuration file.  The default is $HOME/.cloginrc.

       -p     Specifies a password associated with the user specified  by  the  -u  option,  user
              directive of the .cloginrc file, or the Unix username of the user.

       -s     The  filename  of  an  expect(1)  script  which  will be sourced after the login is
              successful and is expected to return control to clogin, with the connection to  the
              router   intact,   when  it  is  done.   Note  that  clogin  disables  log_user  of
              expect(1)when -s is used.  Example script(s) can be found in share/rancid/*.exp.

       -t     Alters the timeout interval; the period that clogin waits for an individual command
              to  return  a  prompt  or  the  login  process to produce a prompt or failure.  The
              argument is in seconds.

       -u     Specifies the username used when prompted.  The command-line option  overrides  any
              user directive found in .cloginrc.  The default is the current Unix username.

       -v     Specifies a vty password, that which is prompted for upon connection to the router.
              This overrides the vty password of the .cloginrc file's password directive.

       -w     Specifies the username used  if  prompted  when  gaining  enable  privileges.   The
              command-line  option  overrides  any user or enauser directives found in .cloginrc.
              The default is the current Unix username.

       -x     Similar to the -c option; -x specifies a file with commands to run on each  of  the
              routers.  The commands must not expect additional input, such as 'copy rcp startup-
              config' does.  For example:

                 show version
                 show logging

       -y     Specifies the encryption algorithm for use with the ssh(1) -c option.  The  default
              encryption  type is often not supported.  See the ssh(1) man page for details.  The
              default is 3des.


       If the login script fails for any of the devices on the command-line, the  exit  value  of
       the script will be non-zero and the value will be the number of failures.


       clogin recognizes the following environment variables.

              Overrides  the user directive found in the .cloginrc file, but may be overridden by
              the -u option.

       CLOGIN clogin will not change the banner  on  your  xterm  window  if  this  includes  the
              character 'x'.

              Specifies an alternative location for the .cloginrc file, like the -f option.

       HOME   Normally  set  by  login(1) to the user's home directory, HOME is used by clogin to
              locate the .cloginrc configuration file.


       $HOME/.cloginrc   Configuration file.


       cloginrc(5), expect(1)


       clogin expects CatOS devices to have a prompt which  includes  a  '>',  such  as  "router>
       (enable)".   It  uses  this  to determine, for example, whether the command to disable the
       pager is "set length 0" or "term length 0".

       The HP Procurve switches that are Foundry OEMs use flogin, not hlogin.

       The Extreme is supported by clogin, but it has no concept of an "enabled" privilege level.
       You must set autoenable for these devices in your .cloginrc.

       The -S option is a recent addition, it may not be supported in all of the login scripts or
       for every target device.


       Do not use greater than (>) or pound sign (#) in device banners.   These  are  the  normal
       terminating  characters of device prompts and the login scripts need to locate the initial
       prompt.  Afterward, the full prompt is collected and makes a more precise  match  so  that
       the scripts know when the device is ready for the next command.

       All  these  login  scripts  for  separate devices should be rolled into one.  This goal is
       exceedingly difficult.

       The HP Procurve switch, Motorola BSR, and Cisco AGM CLIs rely heavily upon terminal escape
       codes  for  cursor/screen  manipulation  and  assumes  a vt100 terminal type.  They do not
       provide a way to set a different terminal type or adjust  this  behavior.   The  resulting
       escape  codes make automating interaction with these devices very difficult or impossible.
       Thus bin/hpuifilter, which must be found in the user's PATH, is used by hlogin  to  filter
       these  escape sequences.  While this works for rancid's collection, there are side effects
       for interactive logins via hlogin; most of which are formatting  annoyances  that  may  be
       remedied by typing CTRL-R to reprint the current line.

       WARNING:  repeated  ssh  login  failures  to  HP  Procurves  cause the switch's management
       interface to lock-up (this includes snmp, ping) and sometimes it will crash.  This is with
       the latest firmware; 5.33 at the time of this writing.

                                          8 October 2010                                clogin(1)