Provided by: texlive-binaries_2009-11ubuntu2_i386

#### NAME

pdftex, pdfinitex, pdfvirtex - PDF output from TeX

#### SYNOPSIS

pdftex [options] [& format ] [ file | \ commands ]

#### DESCRIPTION

Run  the  pdfTeX typesetter on file, usually creating file.pdf.  If the
file argument has no extension, ".tex" will be appended to it.  Instead
of  a  filename,  a  set  of pdfTeX commands can be given, the first of
which must start with a backslash.  With a &format argument pdfTeX uses
a different set of precompiled commands, contained in format.fmt; it is
usually better to use the -fmt format option instead.

pdfTeX is a version of TeX, with the e-TeX extensions, that can  create
PDF files as well as DVI files.

In  DVI  mode, pdfTeX can be used as a complete replacement for the TeX
engine.

The typical use of pdfTeX is with a pregenerated formats for which  PDF
output has been enabled.  The pdftex command uses the equivalent of the
plain TeX format, and the pdflatex command uses the equivalent  of  the
LaTeX format.  To generate formats, use the -ini switch.

The  pdfinitex  and  pdfvirtex  commands  are pdfTeX's analogues to the
initex and virtex commands.  In this installation, if the links  exist,
they are symbolic links to the pdftex executable.

In  PDF  mode,  pdfTeX can natively handle the PDF, JPG, JBIG2, and PNG
graphics formats.  pdfTeX cannot  include  PostScript  or  Encapsulated
PostScript  (EPS)  graphics  files;  first  convert  them  to PDF using
epstopdf(1).   pdfTeX's  handling  of  its  command-line  arguments  is
similar   to   that   of  of  the  other  TeX  programs  in  the  web2c
implementation.

#### OPTIONS

This version of pdfTeX understands the following command line options.

-draftmode
Sets \pdfdraftmode so pdfTeX doesn't write  a  PDF  and  doesn't
read any included images, thus speeding up execution.

-enc   Enable  the encTeX extensions.  This option is only effective in
combination  with  -ini.   For  documentation  of   the   encTeX
extensions see http://www.olsak.net/enctex.html.

-etex  Enable  the  e-TeX extensions.  This option is only effective in
combination with -ini.  See etex(1).

-file-line-error
Print error  messages  in  the  form  file:line:error  which  is
similar to the way many compilers format them.

-no-file-line-error
Disable printing error messages in the file:line:error style.

-file-line-error-style
This is the old name of the -file-line-error option.

-fmt format
Use  format as the name of the format to be used, instead of the
name by which pdfTeX was called or a %& line.

-halt-on-error
Exit with an error code when  an  error  is  encountered  during
processing.

-help  Print help message and exit.

-ini   Start  in INI mode, which is used to dump formats.  The INI mode
can be used for typesetting, but no  format  is  preloaded,  and
basic initializations like setting catcodes may be required.

-interaction mode
Sets  the  interaction  mode.  The mode can be either batchmode,
nonstopmode, scrollmode,  and  errorstopmode.   The  meaning  of
these modes is the same as that of the corresponding \commands.

-ipc   Send  DVI  or PDF output to a socket as well as the usual output
file.  Whether this option is available is  the  choice  of  the
installer.

-ipc-start
As  -ipc,  and  starts  the  server  at  the  other end as well.
Whether this option is available is the choice of the installer.

-jobname name
Use name for the job name, instead of deriving it from the  name
of the input file.

Sets  path  searching  debugging flags according to the bitmask.
See the Kpathsea manual for details.

-mktex fmt
Enable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

-mltex Enable MLTeX extensions.  Only  effective  in  combination  with
-ini.

-no-mktex fmt
Disable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

-output-comment string
In  DVI mode, use string for the DVI file comment instead of the
date.  This option is ignored in PDF mode.

-output-directory directory
directory instead of the current directory.  Look up input files
in directory first, the along the normal search path.

-output-format format
Set  the  output format mode, where format must be either pdf or
dvi.   This  also  influences  the  set  of   graphics   formats
understood by pdfTeX.

-parse-first-line
If the first line of the main input file begins with %& parse it
to look for a dump name or a -translate-file option.

-no-parse-first-line
Disable parsing of the first line of the main input file.

-progname name
Pretend to be program name.  This affects both the  format  used
and the search paths.

-recorder
Enable  the filename recorder.  This leaves a trace of the files
opened for input and output in a file with extension .fls.

-shell-escape
Enable the \write18{command} construct.  The command can be  any
shell  command.   This  construct  is  normally  disallowed  for
security reasons.

-no-shell-escape
Disable the \write18{command} construct, even if it  is  enabled
in the texmf.cnf file.

-src-specials
In  DVI  mode,  insert  source specials into the DVI file.  This
option is ignored in PDF mode.

-src-specials where
In DVI mode, insert source specials in certain placed of the DVI
file.  where is a comma-separated value list: cr, display, hbox,
math, par, parent, or vbox.  This option is ignored in PDF mode.

-translate-file tcxname
Use the tcxname translation table to set the  mapping  of  input
characters and re-mapping of output characters.

-default-translate-file tcxname
Like  -translate-file  except  that  a %& line can overrule this
setting.

-version
Print version information and exit.

#### ENVIRONMENT

See the Kpathsearch library documentation  (the  `Path  specifications'
node)  for  precise  details of how the environment variables are used.
The kpsewhich utility can be used to query the values of the variables.

One caveat: In most pdfTeX formats, you cannot use ~ in a filename  you
give directly to pdfTeX, because ~ is an active character, and hence is
expanded, not taken as part of the filename.  Other programs,  such  as
Metafont, do not have this problem.

TEXMFOUTPUT
Normally, pdfTeX puts its output files in the current directory.
If any output file cannot be opened there, it tries to  open  it
in   the   directory   specified  in  the  environment  variable
TEXMFOUTPUT.  There is no default value for that variable.   For
example,  if  you  say pdftex paper and the current directory is
not writable, if TEXMFOUTPUT has the value /tmp, pdfTeX attempts
to  create  /tmp/paper.log (and /tmp/paper.pdf, if any output is
produced.)

TEXINPUTS
Search path for \input and \openin files.  This should  probably
start  with  ``.'',  so  that user files are found before system
files.  An empty path component will be replaced with the  paths
defined  in  the  texmf.cnf file.  For example, set TEXINPUTS to
".:/home/usr/tex:"  to  prepend  the   current   directory   and
``/home/user/tex'' to the standard search path.

TEXFORMATS
Search path for format files.

TEXPOOL
search path for pdftex internal strings.

TEXEDIT
Command  template for switching to editor.  The default, usually
vi, is set when pdfTeX is compiled.

TFMFONTS
Search path for font metric (.tfm) files.

#### FILES

The location of the files mentioned below varies from system to system.
Use the kpsewhich utility to find their locations.

pdftex.pool
Text file containing pdfTeX's internal strings.

pdftex.map
Filename mapping definitions.

*.tfm  Metric files for pdfTeX's fonts.

*.fmt  Predigested pdfTeX format (.fmt) files.

#### NOTES

Starting  with  version 1.40, pdfTeX incorporates the e-TeX extensions,
and pdfeTeX is just a copy of pdfTeX.  See etex(1).  This  manual  page
is  not  meant  to  be exhaustive.  The complete documentation for this
version of pdfTeX can be found in the pdfTeX manual and the info manual
Web2C: A TeX implementation.

#### BUGS

This  version of pdfTeX implements a number of optional extensions.  In
fact, many of these extensions conflict to a greater or  lesser  extent
with  the  definition of pdfTeX.  When such extensions are enabled, the
banner printed when pdfTeX starts is changed to print  pdfTeXk  instead
of pdfTeX.

This   version  of  pdfTeX  fails  to  trap  arithmetic  overflow  when
dimensions are added or subtracted.  Cases where this occurs are  rare,
but  when  it  does  the generated DVI file will be invalid.  Whether a
generated PDF file would be usable is unknown.

#### AVAILABILITY

pdfTeX is available for a large variety of  machine  architectures  and
operation systems.  pdfTeX is part of all major TeX distributions.

Information  on  how to get pdfTeX and related information is available
at the http://www.pdftex.org pdfTeX website.

The   following   pdfeTeX   related   mailing   list   is    available:
pdftex@tug.org.   This  is  a mailman list; to subscribe send a message
containing subscribe to pdftex-request@tug.org.  More  about  the  list
can be found at the http://tug.org/mailman/listinfo/pdftex mailing list
website.

#### SEEALSO

epstopdf(1), etex(1), latex(1), mptopdf(1), tex(1), texexec(1), mf(1).

#### AUTHORS

The primary authors of pdfTeX are  Han  The  Thanh,  Petr  Sojka,  Jiri
Zlatuska, and Peter Breitenlohner (eTeX).

TeX  was  designed by Donald E. Knuth, who implemented it using his Web
system for Pascal programs.  It was  ported  to  Unix  at  Stanford  by
Howard  Trickey,  and  at  Cornell  by  Pavel  Curtis.  The version now
offered with the Unix TeX distribution is that generated by the Web  to
C system (web2c), originally written by Tomas Rokicki and Tim Morgan.

The encTeX extensions were written by Petr Olsak.