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       pdftex, pdfinitex, pdfvirtex - PDF output from TeX


       pdftex [options] [& format ] [ file | \ commands ]


       Run  the  pdfTeX typesetter on file, usually creating file.pdf.  If the
       file argument has no extension, ".tex" will be appended to it.  Instead
       of  a  filename,  a  set  of pdfTeX commands can be given, the first of
       which must start with a backslash.  With a &format argument pdfTeX uses
       a different set of precompiled commands, contained in format.fmt; it is
       usually better to use the -fmt format option instead.

       pdfTeX is a version of TeX, with the e-TeX extensions, that can  create
       PDF files as well as DVI files.

       In  DVI  mode, pdfTeX can be used as a complete replacement for the TeX

       The typical use of pdfTeX is with a pregenerated formats for which  PDF
       output has been enabled.  The pdftex command uses the equivalent of the
       plain TeX format, and the pdflatex command uses the equivalent  of  the
       LaTeX format.  To generate formats, use the -ini switch.

       The  pdfinitex  and  pdfvirtex  commands  are pdfTeX's analogues to the
       initex and virtex commands.  In this installation, if the links  exist,
       they are symbolic links to the pdftex executable.

       In  PDF  mode,  pdfTeX can natively handle the PDF, JPG, JBIG2, and PNG
       graphics formats.  pdfTeX cannot  include  PostScript  or  Encapsulated
       PostScript  (EPS)  graphics  files;  first  convert  them  to PDF using
       epstopdf(1).   pdfTeX's  handling  of  its  command-line  arguments  is
       similar   to   that   of  of  the  other  TeX  programs  in  the  web2c


       This version of pdfTeX understands the following command line options.

              Sets \pdfdraftmode so pdfTeX doesn't write  a  PDF  and  doesn't
              read any included images, thus speeding up execution.

       -enc   Enable  the encTeX extensions.  This option is only effective in
              combination  with  -ini.   For  documentation  of   the   encTeX
              extensions see

       -etex  Enable  the  e-TeX extensions.  This option is only effective in
              combination with -ini.  See etex(1).

              Print error  messages  in  the  form  file:line:error  which  is
              similar to the way many compilers format them.

              Disable printing error messages in the file:line:error style.

              This is the old name of the -file-line-error option.

       -fmt format
              Use  format as the name of the format to be used, instead of the
              name by which pdfTeX was called or a %& line.

              Exit with an error code when  an  error  is  encountered  during

       -help  Print help message and exit.

       -ini   Start  in INI mode, which is used to dump formats.  The INI mode
              can be used for typesetting, but no  format  is  preloaded,  and
              basic initializations like setting catcodes may be required.

       -interaction mode
              Sets  the  interaction  mode.  The mode can be either batchmode,
              nonstopmode, scrollmode,  and  errorstopmode.   The  meaning  of
              these modes is the same as that of the corresponding \commands.

       -ipc   Send  DVI  or PDF output to a socket as well as the usual output
              file.  Whether this option is available is  the  choice  of  the

              As  -ipc,  and  starts  the  server  at  the  other end as well.
              Whether this option is available is the choice of the installer.

       -jobname name
              Use name for the job name, instead of deriving it from the  name
              of the input file.

       -kpathsea-debug bitmask
              Sets  path  searching  debugging flags according to the bitmask.
              See the Kpathsea manual for details.

       -mktex fmt
              Enable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

       -mltex Enable MLTeX extensions.  Only  effective  in  combination  with

       -no-mktex fmt
              Disable mktexfmt, where fmt must be either tex or tfm.

       -output-comment string
              In  DVI mode, use string for the DVI file comment instead of the
              date.  This option is ignored in PDF mode.

       -output-directory directory
              directory instead of the current directory.  Look up input files
              in directory first, the along the normal search path.

       -output-format format
              Set  the  output format mode, where format must be either pdf or
              dvi.   This  also  influences  the  set  of   graphics   formats
              understood by pdfTeX.

              If the first line of the main input file begins with %& parse it
              to look for a dump name or a -translate-file option.

              Disable parsing of the first line of the main input file.

       -progname name
              Pretend to be program name.  This affects both the  format  used
              and the search paths.

              Enable  the filename recorder.  This leaves a trace of the files
              opened for input and output in a file with extension .fls.

              Enable the \write18{command} construct.  The command can be  any
              shell  command.   This  construct  is  normally  disallowed  for
              security reasons.

              Disable the \write18{command} construct, even if it  is  enabled
              in the texmf.cnf file.

              In  DVI  mode,  insert  source specials into the DVI file.  This
              option is ignored in PDF mode.

       -src-specials where
              In DVI mode, insert source specials in certain placed of the DVI
              file.  where is a comma-separated value list: cr, display, hbox,
              math, par, parent, or vbox.  This option is ignored in PDF mode.

       -translate-file tcxname
              Use the tcxname translation table to set the  mapping  of  input
              characters and re-mapping of output characters.

       -default-translate-file tcxname
              Like  -translate-file  except  that  a %& line can overrule this

              Print version information and exit.


       See the Kpathsearch library documentation  (the  `Path  specifications'
       node)  for  precise  details of how the environment variables are used.
       The kpsewhich utility can be used to query the values of the variables.

       One caveat: In most pdfTeX formats, you cannot use ~ in a filename  you
       give directly to pdfTeX, because ~ is an active character, and hence is
       expanded, not taken as part of the filename.  Other programs,  such  as
       Metafont, do not have this problem.

              Normally, pdfTeX puts its output files in the current directory.
              If any output file cannot be opened there, it tries to  open  it
              in   the   directory   specified  in  the  environment  variable
              TEXMFOUTPUT.  There is no default value for that variable.   For
              example,  if  you  say pdftex paper and the current directory is
              not writable, if TEXMFOUTPUT has the value /tmp, pdfTeX attempts
              to  create  /tmp/paper.log (and /tmp/paper.pdf, if any output is

              Search path for \input and \openin files.  This should  probably
              start  with  ``.'',  so  that user files are found before system
              files.  An empty path component will be replaced with the  paths
              defined  in  the  texmf.cnf file.  For example, set TEXINPUTS to
              ".:/home/usr/tex:"  to  prepend  the   current   directory   and
              ``/home/user/tex'' to the standard search path.

              Search path for format files.

              search path for pdftex internal strings.

              Command  template for switching to editor.  The default, usually
              vi, is set when pdfTeX is compiled.

              Search path for font metric (.tfm) files.


       The location of the files mentioned below varies from system to system.
       Use the kpsewhich utility to find their locations.

              Text file containing pdfTeX's internal strings.
              Filename mapping definitions.

       *.tfm  Metric files for pdfTeX's fonts.

       *.fmt  Predigested pdfTeX format (.fmt) files.


       Starting  with  version 1.40, pdfTeX incorporates the e-TeX extensions,
       and pdfeTeX is just a copy of pdfTeX.  See etex(1).  This  manual  page
       is  not  meant  to  be exhaustive.  The complete documentation for this
       version of pdfTeX can be found in the pdfTeX manual and the info manual
       Web2C: A TeX implementation.


       This  version of pdfTeX implements a number of optional extensions.  In
       fact, many of these extensions conflict to a greater or  lesser  extent
       with  the  definition of pdfTeX.  When such extensions are enabled, the
       banner printed when pdfTeX starts is changed to print  pdfTeXk  instead
       of pdfTeX.

       This   version  of  pdfTeX  fails  to  trap  arithmetic  overflow  when
       dimensions are added or subtracted.  Cases where this occurs are  rare,
       but  when  it  does  the generated DVI file will be invalid.  Whether a
       generated PDF file would be usable is unknown.


       pdfTeX is available for a large variety of  machine  architectures  and
       operation systems.  pdfTeX is part of all major TeX distributions.

       Information  on  how to get pdfTeX and related information is available
       at the pdfTeX website.

       The   following   pdfeTeX   related   mailing   list   is    available:   This  is  a mailman list; to subscribe send a message
       containing subscribe to  More  about  the  list
       can be found at the mailing list


       epstopdf(1), etex(1), latex(1), mptopdf(1), tex(1), texexec(1), mf(1).


       The primary authors of pdfTeX are  Han  The  Thanh,  Petr  Sojka,  Jiri
       Zlatuska, and Peter Breitenlohner (eTeX).

       TeX  was  designed by Donald E. Knuth, who implemented it using his Web
       system for Pascal programs.  It was  ported  to  Unix  at  Stanford  by
       Howard  Trickey,  and  at  Cornell  by  Pavel  Curtis.  The version now
       offered with the Unix TeX distribution is that generated by the Web  to
       C system (web2c), originally written by Tomas Rokicki and Tim Morgan.

       The encTeX extensions were written by Petr Olsak.