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       perl5113delta - what is new for perl v5.11.3


       This document describes differences between the 5.11.2 release and the 5.11.3 release.

       If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.11.1, first read the perl5112delta,
       which describes differences between 5.11.1 and 5.11.2

Incompatible Changes

   Filehandles are blessed directly into "IO::Handle", as "FileHandle" is merely a wrapper around
       The previous behaviour was to bless Filehandles into FileHandle (an empty proxy class) if
       it was loaded into memory and otherwise to bless them into "IO::Handle".

Core Enhancements

   Unicode version
       Perl is shipped with the latest Unicode version, 5.2, dated October 2009.  See
       <> for details about this release of Unicode.
       See perlunicode for instructions on installing and using older versions of Unicode.

   Unicode properties
       Perl can now handle every Unicode character property.  A new pod, perluniprops, lists all
       available non-Unihan character properties.  By default the Unihan properties and certain
       others (deprecated and Unicode internal-only ones) are not exposed.  See below for more
       details on these; there is also a section in the pod listing them, and why they are not

       Perl now fully supports the Unicode compound-style of using "=" and ":" in writing regular
       expressions: "\p{property=value}" and "\p{property:value}" (both of which mean the same

       Perl now fully supports the Unicode loose matching rules for text between the braces in
       "\p{...}" constructs.  In addition, Perl also allows underscores between digits of

       All the Unicode-defined synonyms for properties and property values are now accepted.

       "qr/\X/", which matches a Unicode logical character, has been expanded to work better with
       various Asian languages.  It now is defined as an "extended grapheme cluster".  (See
       <>).  Anything matched previously that made sense will
       continue to be matched.  But in addition:

       ·   "\X" will now not break apart a "CR LF" sequence.

       ·   "\X" will now match a sequence including the "ZWJ" and "ZWNJ" characters.

       ·   "\X" will now always match at least one character, including an initial mark.  Marks
           generally come after a base character, but it is possible in Unicode to have them in
           isolation, and "\X" will now handle that case, for example at the beginning of a line
           or after a "ZWSP".  And this is the part where "\X" doesn't match the things that it
           used to that don't make sense.  Formerly, for example, you could have the nonsensical
           case of an accented LF.

       ·   "\X" will now match a (Korean) Hangul syllable sequence, and the Thai and Lao
           exception cases.

       Otherwise, this change should be transparent for the non-affected languages.

       "\p{...}" matches using the Canonical_Combining_Class property were completely broken in
       previous Perls.  This is now fixed.

       In previous Perls, the Unicode "Decomposition_Type=Compat" property and a Perl extension
       had the same name, which led to neither matching all the correct values (with more than
       100 mistakes in one, and several thousand in the other).  The Perl extension has now been
       renamed to be "Decomposition_Type=Noncanonical" (short: "dt=noncanon").  It has the same
       meaning as was previously intended, namely the union of all the non-canonical
       Decomposition types, with Unicode "Compat" being just one of those.

       "\p{Uppercase}" and "\p{Lowercase}" have been brought into line with the Unicode
       definitions.  This means they each match a few more characters than previously.

       "\p{Cntrl}" now matches the same characters as "\p{Control}".  This means it no longer
       will match Private Use (gc=co), Surrogates (gc=cs), nor Format (gc=cf) code points.  The
       Format code points represent the biggest possible problem.  All but 36 of them are either
       officially deprecated or strongly discouraged from being used.  Of those 36, likely the
       most widely used are the soft hyphen (U+00AD), and BOM, ZWSP, ZWNJ, WJ, and similar, plus
       Bi-directional controls.

       "\p{Alpha}" now matches the same characters as "\p{Alphabetic}".  The Perl definition
       included a number of things that aren't really alpha (all marks), while omitting many that
       were.  As a direct consequence, the definitions of "\p{Alnum}" and "\p{Word}" which depend
       on Alpha also change.

       "\p{Word}" also now doesn't match certain characters it wasn't supposed to, such as

       "\p{Print}" no longer matches the line control characters: Tab, LF, CR, FF, VT, and NEL.
       This brings it in line with the documentation.

       "\p{Decomposition_Type=Canonical}" now includes the Hangul syllables.

       The Numeric type property has been extended to include the Unihan characters.

       There is a new Perl extension, the 'Present_In', or simply 'In', property.  This is an
       extension of the Unicode Age property, but "\p{In=5.0}" matches any code point whose usage
       has been determined as of Unicode version 5.0.  The "\p{Age=5.0}" only matches code points
       added in precisely version 5.0.

       A number of properties did not have the correct values for unassigned code points.  This
       is now fixed.  The affected properties are Bidi_Class, East_Asian_Width, Joining_Type,
       Decomposition_Type, Hangul_Syllable_Type, Numeric_Type, and Line_Break.

       The Default_Ignorable_Code_Point, ID_Continue, and ID_Start properties have been updated
       to their current Unicode definitions.

       Certain properties that are supposed to be Unicode internal-only were erroneously exposed
       by previous Perls.  Use of these in regular expressions will now generate, if enabled, a
       deprecated warning message.  The properties are: Other_Alphabetic,
       Other_Default_Ignorable_Code_Point, Other_Grapheme_Extend, Other_ID_Continue,
       Other_ID_Start, Other_Lowercase, Other_Math, and Other_Uppercase.

       An installation can now fairly easily change which Unicode properties Perl understands.
       As mentioned above, certain properties are by default turned off.  These include all the
       Unihan properties (which should be accessible via the CPAN module Unicode::Unihan) and any
       deprecated or Unicode internal-only property that Perl has never exposed.

       The generated files in the "lib/unicore/To" directory are now more clearly marked as being
       stable, directly usable by applications.  New hash entries in them give the format of the
       normal entries, which allows for easier machine parsing.  Perl can generate files in this
       directory for any property, though most are suppressed.  An installation can choose to
       change which get written.  Instructions are in perluniprops.

   Regular Expressions
       U+0FFFF is now a legal character in regular expressions.

Modules and Pragmata

   Pragmata Changes
           Upgraded from version 1.19 to 1.20.

           This pragma no longer suppresses "Use of uninitialized value in range (or flip)"
           warnings. [perl #71204]

           Upgraded from 1.13 to 1.14.  Added the "unicode_strings" feature:

               use feature "unicode_strings";

           This pragma turns on Unicode semantics for the case-changing operations
           (uc/lc/ucfirst/lcfirst) on strings that don't have the internal UTF-8 flag set, but
           that contain single-byte characters between 128 and 255.

           The experimental "legacy" pragma, introduced in 5.11.2, has been removed, and its
           functionality replaced by the new feature pragma, "use feature "unicode_strings"".

           Upgraded from version 1.74 to 1.75.

           Upgraded from 1.07 to 1.08.  Added new "warnings::fatal_enabled()" function.

   Updated Modules
           Upgraded from version 0.34 to 0.36.

           Upgraded from version 1.94_51 to 1.94_5301, which is 1.94_53 on CPAN plus some local
           fixes for bleadperl.

           Includes better bzip2 support, improved FirstTime experience with auto-selection of
           CPAN mirrors, proper handling of modules removed from the Perl core, and an updated
           'cpan' utility script

           Upgraded from version 0.89_09 to 0.90.

           Upgraded from version 2.38 to 2.39.

           Upgraded from version 6.55_02 to 6.56.  Adds new BUILD_REQUIRES key to indicate build-
           only prerequisites.  Also adds support for mingw64 and the new "package NAME VERSION"

           Upgraded from version 2.08 to 2.08_01.

           Upgraded from version 0.35_09 to 0.36.  Compared to 0.35, this version has a new
           'installdeps' action, supports the PERL_MB_OPT environment variable, adds a
           'share_dir' property for File::ShareDir support, support the "package NAME VERSION"
           syntax and has many other enhancements and bug fixes.  The 'passthrough' style of
           Module::Build::Compat has been deprecated.

           Upgraded from version 2.23 to 2.24.

           Upgraded from version 1.18 to 1.19. Error codes for "getaddrinfo()" and
           "getnameinfo()" are now available.

           Upgraded from version 3.10 to 3.13.

           Upgraded from version 2.19 to 2.20.

Utility Changes

           No longer reports "Message sent" when it hasn't actually sent the message

Changes to Existing Documentation

       The Pod specification (perlpodspec) has been updated to bring the specification in line
       with modern usage already supported by most Pod systems.  A parameter string may now
       follow the format name in a "begin/end" region.  Links to URIs with a text description are
       now allowed.  The usage of "L<"section">" has been marked as deprecated. has been documented in "use" in perlfunc as a means to get conditional loading of
       modules despite the implicit BEGIN block around "use".

Installation and Configuration Improvements

   Testing improvements
       It's now possible to override "PERL5OPT" and friends in t/TEST

   Platform Specific Changes
           ·   Always add a manifest resource to "perl.exe" to specify the "trustInfo" settings
               for Windows Vista and later.  Without this setting Windows will treat "perl.exe"
               as a legacy application and apply various heuristics like redirecting access to
               protected file system areas (like the "Program Files" folder) to the users
               "VirtualStore" instead of generating a proper "permission denied" error.

               For VC8 and VC9 this manifest setting is automatically generated by the
               compiler/linker (together with the binding information for their respective
               runtime libraries); for all other compilers we need to embed the manifest resource
               explicitly in the external resource file.

               This change also requests the Microsoft Common-Controls version 6.0 (themed
               controls introduced in Windows XP) via the dependency list in the assembly
               manifest.  For VC8 and VC9 this is specified using the "/manifestdependency"
               linker commandline option instead.

           Enable IPv6 support on cygwin 1.7 and newer
           Make -UDEBUGGING the default on VMS for 5.12.0.
               Like it has been everywhere else for ages and ages.  Also make command-line
               selection of -UDEBUGGING and -DDEBUGGING work in; before the only
               way to turn it off was by saying no in answer to the interactive question.

Selected Bug Fixes

       ·   Ensure that pp_qr returns a new regexp SV each time. Resolves RT #69852.

           Instead of returning a(nother) reference to the (pre-compiled) regexp in the optree,
           use reg_temp_copy() to create a copy of it, and return a reference to that. This
           resolves issues about Regexp::DESTROY not being called in a timely fashion (the
           original bug tracked by RT #69852), as well as bugs related to blessing regexps, and
           of assigning to regexps, as described in correspondence added to the ticket.

           It transpires that we also need to undo the SvPVX() sharing when ithreads cloning a
           Regexp SV, because mother_re is set to NULL, instead of a cloned copy of the
           mother_re. This change might fix bugs with regexps and threads in certain other
           situations, but as yet neither tests nor bug reports have indicated any problems, so
           it might not actually be an edge case that it's possible to reach.

       ·   Several compilation errors and segfaults when perl was built with "-Dmad" were fixed.

       ·   Fixes for lexer API changes in 5.11.2 which broke NYTProf's savesrc option.

       ·   -t should only return TRUE for file handles connected to a TTY

           The Microsoft C version of isatty() returns TRUE for all character mode devices,
           including the /dev/null style "nul" device and printers like "lpt1".

       ·   Fixed a regression caused by commit fafafbaf which caused a panic during parameter
           passing [perl #70171]

       ·   On systems which in-place edits without backup files, -i'*' now works as the
           documentation says it does [perl #70802]

       ·   Saving and restoring magic flags no longer loses readonly flag.

       ·   The malformed syntax "grep EXPR LIST" (note the missing comma) no longer causes abrupt
           and total failure.

       ·   Regular expressions compiled with "qr{}" literals properly set "$'" when matching

       ·   Using named subroutines with "sort" should no longer lead to bus errors [perl #71076]

       ·   Numerous bugfixes catch small issues caused by the recently-added Lexer API.

       ·   Smart match against @_ sometimes gave false negatives. [perl #71078]

       ·   $@ may now be assigned a read-only value (without error or busting the stack).

       ·   "sort" called recursively from within an active comparison subroutine no longer causes
           a bus error if run multiple times. [perl #71076]

New or Changed Diagnostics

       ·   "split" now warns when called in void context

       ·   "printf"-style functions called with too few arguments will now issue the warning
           "Missing argument in %s" [perl #71000]

New Tests

       Many modules updated from CPAN incorporate new tests.

           See if line numbers are correct at EOF

           See if format scoping works

           See if @{"_<$file"} works

           See if -t file test works

           See if qr works

           Tests malfunctions of utf8 cache

           Test unicode \p{} regex constructs


       The following items are now deprecated.

       Use of "goto" to jump into a construct is deprecated
           Using "goto" to jump from an outer scope into an inner scope is now deprecated. This
           rare use case was causing problems in the implementation of scopes.


       Perl 5.11.3 represents approximately one month of development since Perl 5.11.2 and
       contains 61407 lines of changes across 396 files from 40 authors and committers:

       Abigail, Alex Davies, Alexandr Ciornii, Andrew Rodland, Andy Dougherty, Bram, brian d foy,
       Chip Salzenberg, Chris Williams, Craig A. Berry, Daniel Frederick Crisman, David Golden,
       Dennis Kaarsemaker, Eric Brine, Father Chrysostomos, Gene Sullivan, Gerard Goossen, H.
       Merijn Brand, Hugo van der Sanden, Jan Dubois, Jerry D. Hedden, Jesse Vincent, Jim Cromie,
       Karl Williamson, Leon Brocard, Max Maischein, Michael Breen, Moritz Lenz, Nicholas Clark,
       Rafael Garcia-Suarez, Reini Urban, Ricardo Signes, Stepan Kasal, Steve Hay, Steve Peters,
       Tim Bunce, Tony Cook, Vincent Pit and Zefram.

       Many of the changes included in this version originated in the CPAN modules included in
       Perl's core. We're grateful to the entire CPAN community for helping Perl to flourish.

Reporting Bugs

       If you find what you think is a bug, you might check the articles recently posted to the
       comp.lang.perl.misc newsgroup and the perl bug database at .
       There may also be information at , the Perl Home Page.

       If you believe you have an unreported bug, please run the perlbug program included with
       your release.  Be sure to trim your bug down to a tiny but sufficient test case.  Your bug
       report, along with the output of "perl -V", will be sent off to to be
       analysed by the Perl porting team.

       If the bug you are reporting has security implications, which make it inappropriate to
       send to a publicly archived mailing list, then please send it to This points to a closed subscription unarchived mailing
       list, which includes all the core committers, who be able to help assess the impact of
       issues, figure out a resolution, and help co-ordinate the release of patches to mitigate
       or fix the problem across all platforms on which Perl is supported. Please only use this
       address for security issues in the Perl core, not for modules independently distributed on


       The Changes file for an explanation of how to view exhaustive details on what changed.

       The INSTALL file for how to build Perl.

       The README file for general stuff.

       The Artistic and Copying files for copyright information.