Provided by: netpbm_10.0-15_i386 bug


       ppmtoxpm - convert a portable pixmap into an X11 pixmap


       ppmtoxpm   [-name=xpmname]   [-rgb=rgb-textfile]   [-alphamask=pgmfile]

       Minimum unique abbrevations are acceptable.


       Reads a portable pixmap as input.  Produces X11 pixmap (version  3)  as
       output which can be loaded directly by the XPM library.

       For    example,    to    convert    the    file    "dot"    (found   in
       /usr/include/X11/bitmaps), from xbm to xpm one could specify

              xbmtopbm dot | ppmtoxpm -name dot

       or, with a rgb text file (in the local directory)

              xbmtopbm dot | ppmtoxpm -name dot -rgb rgb.txt


              The -name option allows you to specify the prefix  string  which
              is  printed in the resulting XPM output.  If not specified, will
              default to the filename (without  extension)  of  the  <ppmfile>
              argument.   If  you  do not specify -name or ppmfile, (i.e. your
              input is from Standad Input), the prefix string defaults to  the
              string noname.

              The  -rgb  option allows you to specify an X11 rgb text file for
              the lookup of color name  mnemonics.   This  rgb  text  file  is
              typically  the /usr/lib/X11/rgb.txt of the MIT X11 distribution,
              but any file using the same format may be used.  When  specified
              and  a RGB value from the ppm input matches a RGB value from the
              <rgb-textfile>, then the corresponding color  name  mnemonic  is
              printed  in the XPM's colormap.  If you don't specify -rgb or if
              the RGB values don't match, then  ppmtoxpm  produces  the  color
              specifications    in   the   #RGB,   #RRGGBB,   #RRRGGGBBB,   or
              #RRRRGGGGBBBB hexadecimal format.

              This option names a PGM file to use as an  alpha  (transparency)
              mask.  The file must contain an image the same dimensions as the
              input image.  ppmtoxpm marks  as  transparent  any  pixel  whose
              position in the alpha mask image is at most half white.

              If  you  don't  specify -alphamask, ppmtoxpm makes all pixels in
              the output opaque.

              ppmcolormask is one way to generate an  alpha  mask  file.   You
              might  also  generate  it by extracting transparency information
              from an XPM file with the -alphaout option to  xpmtoppm.   There
              are similar options on other Netpbm converters that convert from
              formats that include transparency information too.


       An option to match the closest (rather than exact) color name  mnemonic
       from the rgb text would be a desirable enhancement.

       Truncation  of  the least significant bits of a RGB value may result in
       nonexact matches when performing color name mnemonic lookups.


       ppmcolormask(1), xpmtoppm(1), ppm(5)
       XPM Manual by Arnaud Le Hors


       Copyright (C) 1990 by Mark W. Snitily.

       Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software  and  its
       documentation  for  any  purpose  and  without  fee  is hereby granted,
       provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and  that
       both  that  copyright  notice  and  this  permission  notice  appear in
       supporting documentation.  This software is provided  "as  is"  without
       express or implied warranty.

       This  tool  was  developed for Schlumberger Technologies, ATE Division,
       and with their permission is being made available to  the  public  with
       the above copyright notice and permission notice.

       Upgraded to XPM2 by
          Paul Breslaw, Mecasoft SA, Zurich, Switzerland (
          Thu Nov  8 16:01:17 1990

       Upgraded to XPM version 3 by
          Arnaud Le Hors (
          Tue Apr 9 1991

                                Tue Apr 9 1991                     ppmtoxpm(1)