Provided by: inn_1.7.2q-40build2_i386
rnews - receive news from a UUCP connection
rnews [ -h host ] [ -v ] [ -U ] [ -N ] [ -S master ] [ input ]
Rnews reads messages typically queued by a UUCP newsfeed and sends them
to the local InterNetNews server. The message is read from the
specified input file, or standard input if no input is named.
When sent over UUCP, Usenet articles are typically joined in a single
batch to reduce the UUCP overhead. Batches can also be compressed, to
reduce the communication time. If a message does not start with a
number sign (``#'') and an exclamation point, then the entire input is
taken as a single news article. If it does start with with those two
characters, then the first line is read and interpreted as a batch
If the command is ``#! rnews nnn'' where nnn is a number, then the next
nnn bytes (starting with the next line) are read as a news article.
If the command is ``#! cunbatch'' then the rest of input is fed to the
compress(1) program with the ``-d'' flag to uncompress it, and the
output of this pipe is read as rnews's input. This is for historical
compatibility — there is no program named cunbatch. A compressed batch
will start with a ``#! cunbatch'' line, then contain a series of
articles separated by ``#! rnews nnn'' lines.
If the command is any other word, then rnews will try to execute a
program with that name in the directory /usr/lib/news/rnews. The batch
will be fed into the program's standard input, and the standard output
will be read back as input into rnews.
If rnews detects any problems with an article such as a missing header,
or an unintelligible reply from the server, it will save a copy of the
article in the /var/spool/news/in.coming/bad directory.
-S If the ``-S'' flag is used, then rnews will connect to the
specified host. If the flag is not used, it will try to connect
to the server by opening a Unix-domain stream connection. If
that fails, it will try to open a TCP connection to the default
-U If the server is not available, the message is spooled into a
new file created in the /var/spool/news/in.coming directory.
The ``-U'' flag may be used to send all spooled messages to the
server once it becomes available again, and can be invoked
regularly by cron(8).
-N Normally, if unpacking the input fails it is re-spooled to
/var/spool/news/in.coming for another attempt later. If the
``-N'' flag is used then no such re-spooling is done and rnews
exits with status value ``9'' to indicate this.
-v If the ``-v'' flag is used, it will print a notice of all errors
on the standard error, naming the input file (if known) and
printing the first few characters of the input. Errors are
always logged through syslog(3).
-h If the ``-h'' flag is given, or failing that, the enviroment
variable UU_MACHINE is set, then rnews will log the Message-ID,
and host, for each article offered to the server via syslog(3).
Logging will only be done if the value is not an empty string.
Rnews cannot process articles that have embedded \0's in them.
Written by Rich $alz <email@example.com> for InterNetNews. This is
revision 1.23, dated 1996/11/08.