Provided by: run-one_1.7-0ubuntu1_all bug


       run-one  -  run  just  one  instance at a time of some command and unique set of arguments
       (useful for cronjobs, eg)


       run-one COMMAND [ARGS]

       run-this-one COMMAND [ARGS]

       keep-one-running COMMAND [ARGS]


       run-one is a wrapper script that runs no more than one unique  instance  of  some  command
       with a unique set of arguments.

       This is often useful with cronjobs, when you want no more than one copy running at a time.

       run-this-one is exactly like run-one, except that it will use pgrep(1) and kill(1) to find
       and kill any running processes owned by the user and  matching  the  target  commands  and
       arguments.   Note  that  run-this-one  will block while trying to kill matching processes,
       until all matching processes are dead.

       keep-one-running operates exactly like run-one except that it  respawns  "COMMAND  [ARGS]"
       any time COMMAND exits (zero or non-zero).


       In one shell:

        $ run-one rsync -azP $HOME $
              40298 100%   37.13MB/s    0:00:00 (xfer#1, to-check=3509/3516)
              20352 100%   98.39kB/s    0:00:00 (xfer#3, to-check=3478/3516)
        sent 746228 bytes  received 413059 bytes  36802.76 bytes/sec
        total size is 3732890955  speedup is 3219.99

       In another shell, while the first is still running:

        $ run-one rsync -azP $HOME $
        $ echo $?

       Another example...  In one shell:

        $ run-one top

       In another shell:

        $ run-one top
        $ echo $?
        $ run-this-one top
        top - 17:15:36 up  1:43,  3 users,  load average: 1.05, 1.04, 1.00
        Tasks: 170 total,   1 running, 169 sleeping,   0 stopped,   0 zombie

       And note that the process in the first shell was killed.

       You might want to keep one ssh connection up and running all the time, with:

        $ keep-one-running ssh -N -C -L 3128:localhost:3128 -L 7778:localhost:7778 &


       flock(1), kill(1), pgrep(1)


       This  manpage  and  the  utility  was written by Dustin Kirkland <> for
       Ubuntu systems (but may be used by others).  Permission is  granted  to  copy,  distribute
       and/or  modify  this document under the terms of the GNU General Public License, Version 3
       published by the Free Software Foundation.

       On Debian systems, the complete text of the GNU General Public License  can  be  found  in
       /usr/share/common-licenses/GPL, or on the web at