Provided by: sane-utils_1.0.22-7ubuntu1_amd64 bug


       scanimage - scan an image


       scanimage    [-d|--device-name   dev]   [--format   format]   [-i|--icc-profile   profile]
       [-L|--list-devices] [-f|--formatted-device-list format] [--batch [=format]] [--batch-start
       start]    [--batch-count    count]    [--batch-increment    increment]    [--batch-double]
       [--accept-md5-only]  [-p|--progress]   [-n|--dont-scan]   [-T|--test]   [-A|--all-options]
       [-h|--help]       [-v|--verbose]       [-B|--buffer-size      [=size]]      [-V|--version]


       scanimage is a command-line interface to control image acquisition devices such as flatbed
       scanners  or  cameras.  The device is controlled via command-line options.  After command-
       line processing, scanimage normally proceeds to acquire  an  image.   The  image  data  is
       written to standard output in one of the PNM (portable aNyMaP) formats (PBM for black-and-
       white images, PGM for grayscale images, and PPM for color images) or in  TIFF  (black-and-
       white, grayscale or color).  scanimage accesses image acquisition devices through the SANE
       (Scanner Access Now Easy) interface and can thus support any device for which there exists
       a SANE backend (try apropos sane- to get a list of available backends).


       To get a list of devices:

         scanimage -L

       To scan with default settings to the file image.pnm:

         scanimage >image.pnm

       To  scan  100x100  mm  to  the  file  image.tiff  (-x and -y may not be available with all

         scanimage -x 100 -y 100 --format=tiff >image.tiff

       To print all available options:

         scanimage -h


       Parameters are separated by a blank from single-character options (e.g.  -d epson) and  by
       a "=" from multi-character options (e.g. --device-name=epson).

       The   -d   or   --device-name  options  must  be  followed  by  a  SANE  device-name  like
       `epson:/dev/sg0' or `hp:/dev/usbscanner0'.  A (partial) list of available devices  can  be
       obtained  with  the  --list-devices  option  (see  below).  If no device-name is specified
       explicitly,   scanimage   reads   a   device-name   from    the    environment    variable
       SANE_DEFAULT_DEVICE.   If  this  variable  is  not set, scanimage will attempt to open the
       first available device.

       The --format format option selects how image data is written to standard  output.   format
       can be pnm or tiff.  If --format is not used, PNM is written.

       The -i or --icc-profile option is used to include an ICC profile into a TIFF file.

       The  -L  or --list-devices option requests a (partial) list of devices that are available.
       The list is not complete since some devices may be available, but are not listed in any of
       the  configuration  files  (which are typically stored in directory /etc/sane.d).  This is
       particularly the case when accessing scanners through the network.  If  a  device  is  not
       listed in a configuration file, the only way to access it is by its full device name.  You
       may need to consult your system administrator to find out the names of such devices.

       The -f or --formatted-device-list option works similar to --list-devices, but  requires  a
       format  string.   scanimage  replaces  the  placeholders %d %v %m %t %i %n with the device
       name, vendor name, model name, scanner type, an index number and newline respectively. The

              scanimage -f  scanner number %i device %d is a %t, model %m, produced by %v 

       will produce something like:

              scanner  number  0  device sharp:/dev/sg1 is  a  flatbed scanner, model JX250 SCSI,
              produced by SHARP

       The --batch* options provide the features for scanning documents using  document  feeders.
       --batch  [format]  is  used  to  specify the format of the filename that each page will be
       written to.  Each page is written out to a single file.  If format is not  specified,  the
       default  of out%d.pnm (or out%d.tif for --format tiff) will be used.  format is given as a
       printf style string with one integer parameter.   --batch-start  start  selects  the  page
       number  to start naming files with. If this option is not given, the counter will start at
       1.  --batch-count count specifies the number of pages to attempt to scan.  If  not  given,
       scanimage will continue scanning until the scanner returns a state other than OK.  Not all
       scanners with document feeders signal when the ADF is empty,  use  this  command  to  work
       around  them.   With --batch-increment increment you can change the amount that the number
       in the filename is incremented by.  Generally this is used when you are  scanning  double-
       sided  documents on a single-sided document feeder.  A specific command is provided to aid
       this: --batch-double will automatically set the increment to 2.  --batch-prompt  will  ask
       for  pressing  RETURN before scanning a page. This can be used for scanning multiple pages
       without an automatic document feeder.

       The --accept-md5-only option only accepts user authorization  requests  that  support  MD5
       security. The SANE network daemon (saned) is capable of doing such requests. See saned(8).

       The  -p  or  --progress option requests that scanimage prints a progress counter. It shows
       how much image data of the current image  has  already  been  received  by  scanimage  (in

       The -n or --dont-scan option requests that scanimage only sets the options provided by the
       user but doesn't actually perform a scan. This option can be used to  e.g.  turn  off  the
       scanner's lamp (if supported by the backend).

       The -T or --test option requests that scanimage performs a few simple sanity tests to make
       sure the backend works as defined by the SANE API (in particular the sane_read function is
       exercised by this test).

       The -A or --all-options option requests that scanimage lists all available options exposed
       the backend, including button options.  The information is printed on standard output  and
       no scan will be done.

       The -h or --help options request help information.  The information is printed on standard
       output and in this case, no attempt will be made to acquire an image.

       The -v or --verbose options increase the verbosity of the  operation  of  scanimage.   The
       option may be specified repeatedly, each time increasing the verbosity level.

       The -B or --buffer-size changes the input buffer size from 32KB to the number kB specified
       or 1M.

       The -V or --version option requests that scanimage prints the program  and  package  name,
       the  version  number  of  the  SANE  distribution that it came with and the version of the
       backend that it loads. Usually that's the dll  backend.  If  more  information  about  the
       version  numbers of the backends are necessary, the DEBUG variable for the dll backend can
       be used. Example: SANE_DEBUG_DLL=3 scanimage -L.

       As you might imagine, much of the power of scanimage comes  from  the  fact  that  it  can
       control  any  SANE  backend.   Thus,  the exact set of command-line options depends on the
       capabilities of the selected device.  To see the options for a device  named  dev,  invoke
       scanimage via a command-line of the form:

              scanimage --help --device-name dev

       The documentation for the device-specific options printed by --help is best explained with
       a few examples:

        -l 0..218mm [0]
           Top-left x position of scan area.

              The description above shows that option -l expects an option  value  in  the  range
              from  0  to 218 mm.  The value in square brackets indicates that the current option
              value is 0 mm. Most backends  provide  similar  geometry  options  for  top-left  y
              position (-t), width (-x) and height of scan-area (-y).

        --brightness -100..100% [0]
           Controls the brightness of the acquired image.

              The description above shows that option --brightness expects an option value in the
              range from -100 to 100 percent.  The value in square brackets  indicates  that  the
              current option value is 0 percent.

           Set default values for enhancement controls.

              The description above shows that option --default-enhancements has no option value.
              It should be thought of as having an immediate effect at the point of the  command-
              line  at  which it appears.  For example, since this option resets the --brightness
              option, the option-pair --brightness 50 --default-enhancements would effectively be
              a no-op.

        --mode Lineart|Gray|Color [Gray]
           Selects the scan mode (e.g., lineart or color).

              The description above shows that option --mode accepts an argument that must be one
              of the strings Lineart, Gray, or Color.  The value in the square bracket  indicates
              that  the  option  is  currently  set  to  Gray.   For  convenience, it is legal to
              abbreviate the string values as long as they remain unique.  Also, the case of  the
              spelling  doesn't  matter.   For example, option setting --mode col is identical to
              --mode Color.

        --custom-gamma[=(yes|no)] [inactive]
           Determines whether a builtin or a custom gamma-table
           should be used.

              The description above shows that option --custom-gamma  expects  either  no  option
              value,  a  "yes"  string, or a "no" string.  Specifying the option with no value is
              equivalent to specifying "yes".  The value in square-brackets  indicates  that  the
              option is not currently active.  That is, attempting to set the option would result
              in an error message.  The  set  of  available  options  typically  depends  on  the
              settings  of  other options.  For example, the --custom-gamma table might be active
              only when a grayscale or color scan-mode has been requested.

              Note that the --help option is processed only after all  other  options  have  been
              processed.  This makes it possible to see the option settings for a particular mode
              by specifying the appropriate mode-options  along  with  the  --help  option.   For
              example, the command-line:

              scanimage --help --mode color

              would print the option settings that are in effect when the color-mode is selected.

        --gamma-table 0..255,...
           Gamma-correction table.  In color mode this option
           equally affects the red, green, and blue channels
           simultaneously (i.e., it is an intensity gamma table).

              The  description  above shows that option --gamma-table expects zero or more values
              in the range 0 to 255.  For example,  a  legal  value  for  this  option  would  be
              "3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12".   Since  it's  cumbersome to specify long vectors in this
              form, the same can be expressed by the abbreviated form  "[0]3-[9]12".   What  this
              means  is  that the first vector element is set to 3, the 9-th element is set to 12
              and the values in between are interpolated linearly.  Of course, it is possible  to
              specify multiple such linear segments.  For example, "[0]3-[2]3-[6]7,[7]10-[9]6" is
              equivalent to "3,3,3,4,5,6,7,10,8,6".  The program gamma4scanimage can be  used  to
              generate such gamma tables (see gamma4scanimage(1) for details).

        --filename <string> [/tmp/input.ppm]
           The filename of the image to be loaded.

              The  description  above  is  an example of an option that takes an arbitrary string
              value (which happens to be a filename).  Again, the value in brackets show that the
              option is current set to the filename /tmp/input.ppm.


              The default device-name.


              This directory holds various configuration files.  For details, please refer to the
              manual pages listed below.

              This file contains lines of the form


              scanimage  uses  this   information   to   answer   user   authorization   requests
              automatically. The file must have 0600 permissions or stricter. You should use this
              file in conjunction with the --accept-md5-only option to avoid server-side attacks.
              The resource may contain any character but is limited to 127 characters.


       sane(7),  gamma4scanimage(1),  xscanimage(1),  xcam(1), xsane(1), scanadf(1), sane-dll(5),
       sane-net(5), sane-"backendname"(5)


       David Mosberger, Andreas Beck, Gordon Matzigkeit, Caskey Dickson, and  many  others.   For
       questions     and     comments     contact     the     sane-devel     mailinglist     (see


       For vector options, the help output currently has no indication as to how many elements  a
       vector-value should have.

                                           10 Jul 2008                               scanimage(1)